Test Your Knowledge About Freshwater! Trivia Quiz

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| By MaineMama
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MaineMama
Community Contributor
Quizzes Created: 1 | Total Attempts: 115
Questions: 25 | Attempts: 115

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Test Your Knowledge About Freshwater! Trivia Quiz - Quiz

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Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    Select the correct definition for the following words: Wetland

    • A.

      A lake that stores water for human use

    • B.

      The broad, flat valley through which a river flows

    • C.

      An area of land that is covered with a shallow layer of water during some or all of the year

    Correct Answer
    C. An area of land that is covered with a shallow layer of water during some or all of the year
    Explanation
    The correct answer is : an area of land that is covered with a shallow layer of water during some or all of the year

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  • 2. 

    Reservoir

    • A.

      New water that enters an aquifer

    • B.

      A lake that stores water for human use

    • C.

      The broad, flat valley through which a river flows

    Correct Answer
    B. A lake that stores water for human use
    Explanation
    The correct answer is a lake that stores water for human use.

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  • 3. 

    Headwaters

    • A.

      An area of land that is covered with a shallow layer of water during some or all of the year

    • B.

      New water that enters an aquifer

    • C.

      The many small streams that come together at the source of a river

    Correct Answer
    C. The many small streams that come together at the source of a river
    Explanation
    The correct answer is: the many small streams that come together at the source of a river

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  • 4. 

    Lake turnover

    • A.

      Water that flows over the ground surface rather than soaking in

    • B.

      A seasonal change that refreshes the supply of nutrients throughout a lake

    • C.

      New water that enters an aquifer

    Correct Answer
    B. A seasonal change that refreshes the supply of nutrients throughout a lake
    Explanation
    The correct answer is: a seasonal change that refreshes the supply of nutrients throughout a lake

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  • 5. 

    Recharge

    • A.

      New water that enters an aquifer

    • B.

      The land area that supplies water to a river system

    • C.

      The process in which levels of nutrients build up in a lake

    Correct Answer
    A. New water that enters an aquifer
    Explanation
    The correct answer is: new water that enters an aquifer

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  • 6. 

    Flood plain

    • A.

      The broad, flat valley through which a river flows

    • B.

      The area that supplies water to a river system

    • C.

      A lake that stores water for human use

    Correct Answer
    A. The broad, flat valley through which a river flows
    Explanation
    The correct answer is: the broad flat valley through which a river flows

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  • 7. 

    Watershed

    • A.

      An area of land that is covered with a shallow layer of water during some or all of the year

    • B.

      The land area that supplies water to a river system

    • C.

      The many small streams that come together at the source of a river

    Correct Answer
    B. The land area that supplies water to a river system
    Explanation
    The correct answer is: the land area that supplies water to a river system

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  • 8. 

    Runoff

    • A.

      Water that flows over the ground surface rather than soaking in

    • B.

      A seasonal change that refreshes the supply of nutrients throughout a lake

    • C.

      New water that enters an aquifer

    Correct Answer
    A. Water that flows over the ground surface rather than soaking in
    Explanation
    The correct answer is: water that flows over the ground surface rather than soaking in

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  • 9. 

    Eutrophication

    • A.

      A seasonal change that refreshes the supply of nutrients throughout a lake

    • B.

      New water that enters an aquifer

    • C.

      The process in which levels of nutrients build up in a lake

    Correct Answer
    C. The process in which levels of nutrients build up in a lake
    Explanation
    The correct answer is: the process in which levels of nutrients build up in a lake

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  • 10. 

    Tributary

    • A.

      A smaller stream or river that flows into a main river

    • B.

      The many small streams that come together at the source of a river

    • C.

      A lake that stores water for human use

    Correct Answer
    A. A smaller stream or river that flows into a main river
    Explanation
    The correct answer is: a smaller stream or river that flows into a main river

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  • 11. 

    A river and all its tributaries together make up a 

    Correct Answer
    river system
    Explanation
    A river system refers to the main river and all its tributaries that flow into it. The tributaries contribute to the overall flow and volume of water in the main river. Together, they form a network of interconnected waterways that drain into a larger body of water such as a lake or an ocean. A river system is essential for the circulation of water, nutrients, and sediment, as well as for supporting various ecosystems and human activities along its course.

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  • 12. 

    ___________________ are the smaller streams and river that feed into a main river.

    Correct Answer
    Tributaries
    Explanation
    Tributaries are smaller streams and rivers that flow into a larger, main river. They contribute to the overall flow and volume of water in the main river. Tributaries can come from various sources such as rainfall, melting snow, or underground springs. They play a crucial role in the water cycle and the overall health of river ecosystems by providing freshwater, sediment, and nutrients to the main river.

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  • 13. 

    ___________________ are huge masses of ice and snow that move slowly over the land,

    Correct Answer
    Glaciers
    Explanation
    Glaciers are massive bodies of ice and snow that slowly move over the land. They are formed over long periods of time from compacted snow and ice, and their movement is driven by the force of gravity. Glaciers can carve out valleys, create lakes, and reshape the landscape as they flow. They are found in areas with cold climates and abundant snowfall, such as polar regions and high mountain ranges. Glaciers play a crucial role in shaping the Earth's surface and are important indicators of climate change.

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  • 14. 

    The particles of rock and soil that are picked up and moved by erosion and deposition are called ___________________.

    Correct Answer
    sediments
    Explanation
    Erosion and deposition involve the process of picking up and moving particles of rock and soil. These particles, when transported by wind, water, or ice, are referred to as sediments. Sediments can vary in size, ranging from tiny grains of sand to larger pieces of gravel or even boulders. They are often found in bodies of water, such as rivers, lakes, and oceans, where they can settle and accumulate over time. Sediments play a crucial role in shaping the Earth's surface and can provide valuable information about past geological events.

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  • 15. 

    One watershed is separated from another by a ridge of land called a _____________________.

    Correct Answer
    divide
    Explanation
    A watershed is a geographical area where all the water drains into a common point, such as a river or a lake. The question asks for the term used to describe the ridge of land that separates one watershed from another. The correct answer is "divide." This term refers to the physical barrier that separates the flow of water between different watersheds.

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  • 16. 

    A flood occurs when the ____________ of water in a river increases so much that the river overflows its channel.

    Correct Answer
    volume
    Explanation
    A flood occurs when the volume of water in a river increases so much that the river overflows its channel. The volume refers to the amount or quantity of water present in the river. When this volume exceeds the capacity of the river channel, it leads to flooding as the excess water spills over onto the surrounding land. Therefore, a high volume of water is the main factor that causes a flood.

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  • 17. 

    People can obtain groundwater from an ___________________ by drilling a well below the water table.

    Correct Answer
    aquifer
    Explanation
    An aquifer is a natural underground layer of permeable rock or sediment that holds and transmits water. By drilling a well below the water table, people can access the water stored in the aquifer. This is because the water table represents the upper boundary of the saturated zone within the aquifer, where the spaces between the rock or sediment particles are filled with water. Therefore, drilling a well below the water table allows people to tap into the groundwater stored in the aquifer and obtain a reliable source of water.

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  • 18. 

    A well in which water rises because of pressure within the aquifer is called an _________________________.

    Correct Answer
    artesian well
    Explanation
    An artesian well is a well that has water rising to the surface due to the pressure within the aquifer. The pressure in the aquifer is typically caused by the presence of a confined aquifer, which is sandwiched between impermeable layers of rock or clay. When a well is drilled into this confined aquifer, the pressure forces the water to rise naturally without the need for pumping. This phenomenon is what distinguishes an artesian well from other types of wells.

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  • 19. 

    A ___________ is a type of hot spring from which the water bursts periodically into the air.

    Correct Answer
    geyser
    Explanation
    A geyser is a type of hot spring that periodically shoots water and steam into the air. This occurs due to underground volcanic activity, where the water is heated and pressurized by magma. Eventually, the pressure becomes too great and the water bursts out, creating a spectacular display. Geysers are typically found in areas with geothermal activity, such as Yellowstone National Park in the United States.

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  • 20. 

    Plants grow throughout a pond because the water is shallow enough for _______________ to reach the bottom.

    Correct Answer
    sunlight
    Explanation
    Plants require sunlight for photosynthesis, a process in which they convert sunlight into energy. In a pond, if the water is shallow enough, sunlight can penetrate through the water and reach the bottom. This allows plants to receive the necessary sunlight for their growth and survival. Therefore, the presence of sunlight reaching the bottom of the pond is the reason why plants can grow throughout the pond.

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  • 21. 

    A looping curve in a river may be cut off to form an oxbow lake.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    A looping curve in a river may be cut off to form an oxbow lake. This is because rivers are constantly changing and eroding their banks. Over time, the force of the water may cause the outer bend of a river's meander to erode, creating a shortcut between the two ends of the loop. Eventually, the river may abandon the loop altogether, leaving behind a curved lake called an oxbow lake. This process is a natural occurrence in river systems and can be observed in many locations around the world.

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  • 22. 

    Materials that do not allow water to easily pass through, or permeate, are called permeable.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    B. False
    Explanation
    Permeable materials allow water to easily pass through, while impermeable materials do not. Therefore, the correct answer is false, as materials that do not allow water to easily pass through are called impermeable, not permeable.

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  • 23. 

    Because of their sheltered waters and rich supply of nutrients, wetlands provide habitats for a few living things.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    B. False
    Explanation
    Wetlands are actually known for their high biodiversity and provide habitats for a wide variety of living organisms. They are rich in nutrients and support a diverse range of plants, insects, birds, fish, and other animals. Therefore, the statement that wetlands provide habitats for only a few living things is incorrect.

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  • 24. 

    Rivers wear away landforms through deposition and build new landforms through erosion.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    B. False
    Explanation
    This statement is false because rivers wear away landforms through erosion and build new landforms through deposition. Erosion is the process by which rivers remove sediment and rock from the land, while deposition is the process by which rivers deposit sediment and build up new landforms. Therefore, the correct answer is false.

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  • 25. 

    Materials that water cannot pass through easily are called impermeable.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    The statement correctly defines impermeable materials as those through which water cannot pass easily. Therefore, the correct answer is True.

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Our quizzes are rigorously reviewed, monitored and continuously updated by our expert board to maintain accuracy, relevance, and timeliness.

  • Current Version
  • Mar 15, 2023
    Quiz Edited by
    ProProfs Editorial Team
  • Apr 11, 2011
    Quiz Created by
    MaineMama

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