Neuroscience Exam Practice Quiz

Approved & Edited by ProProfs Editorial Team
The editorial team at ProProfs Quizzes consists of a select group of subject experts, trivia writers, and quiz masters who have authored over 10,000 quizzes taken by more than 100 million users. This team includes our in-house seasoned quiz moderators and subject matter experts. Our editorial experts, spread across the world, are rigorously trained using our comprehensive guidelines to ensure that you receive the highest quality quizzes.
Learn about Our Editorial Process
| By Failatlife
F
Failatlife
Community Contributor
Quizzes Created: 6 | Total Attempts: 7,898
Questions: 44 | Attempts: 4,069

SettingsSettingsSettings
Neuroscience Exam Practice Quiz - Quiz

The brain is the single most complex organ in the entire human body, and today we’ll be asking a heap of questions regarding it as we focus on the study of neuroscience – also known as the study of the nervous system. What do you know about the scientific study? Take the quiz and find out.


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    The following are all major components of the brainstem except 

    • A.

       the pons

    • B.

      The cerebellum

    • C.

      The medulla oblongata

    • D.

      The midbrain

    • E.

      The diencephalon

    Correct Answer(s)
    B. The cerebellum
    E. The diencephalon
    Explanation
    The major components of the brainstem include the pons, the medulla oblongata, and the midbrain. However, the cerebellum and the diencephalon are not part of the brainstem. Let’s break it down:
    Pons: Located anteriorly and in the middle segment of the brainstem, it plays a role in relaying information between different parts of the brain.
    Medulla oblongata: The narrowest and most distal part of the brainstem, it controls vital functions such as breathing, heart rate, and blood pressure.
    Midbrain: The widest and most superior segment, it is involved in sensory processing, motor control, and sleep-wake cycles.
    The cerebellum is a separate structure located posteriorly and is responsible for coordinating movement and balance. The diencephalon includes structures like the thalamus and hypothalamus, but it is not part of the brainstem.
    So, the correct answer is the cerebellum and the diencephalon. 

    Rate this question:

  • 2. 

    The right and eft cerebral hemispheres are seperated from each other by

    • A.

      The brainstem

    • B.

      The corpus callosum

    • C.

      The longitudinal fissure

    • D.

      Many sulci

    • E.

      Many gyri

    Correct Answer
    C. The longitudinal fissure
    Explanation
    The correct answer is the longitudinal fissure. The longitudinal fissure is a deep groove that runs along the midline of the brain, separating the right and left cerebral hemispheres. It is the largest and most prominent fissure in the brain, and it allows for communication and coordination between the two hemispheres. The brainstem, corpus callosum, sulci, and gyri are all important structures in the brain, but they do not specifically separate the right and left cerebral hemispheres like the longitudinal fissure does.

    Rate this question:

  • 3. 

    The cerebellum is          to the cerebellum

    • A.

      Superficial

    • B.

      Deep

    • C.

      Caudal

    • D.

      Rostral

    • E.

      Medial

    Correct Answer
    C. Caudal
    Explanation
    The given correct answer is "caudal." The term "caudal" refers to the direction towards the tail or the lower part of the body. In this context, the cerebellum is positioned towards the lower part of the brain, making "caudal" the appropriate description.

    Rate this question:

  • 4. 

    The gray matter of the brain forms a surface layer called         and deeper masses called      surrounded by white matter.

    • A.

      Cortex; nuclei

    • B.

      Nucei;tracts

    • C.

      Cortex;medulla

    • D.

      Medulla; midbrain

    • E.

      Medulla; nerves

    Correct Answer
    A. Cortex; nuclei
    Explanation
    The gray matter of the brain forms a surface layer called the cortex and deeper masses called nuclei surrounded by white matter.

    Rate this question:

  • 5. 

    The pons and cerebellum relate with this secondary embryonic vesicle

    • A.

      Telencephalon

    • B.

      Metencephalon

    • C.

      Diencephalon

    • D.

      Mesencephalon

    • E.

      Myelencephalon

    Correct Answer
    B. Metencephalon
    Explanation
    The pons and cerebellum are structures in the brain that are involved in coordinating movement and balance. These structures develop from the metencephalon, which is one of the secondary embryonic vesicles in the brain. The metencephalon gives rise to the pons and cerebellum, making it the correct answer in relation to these structures.

    Rate this question:

  • 6. 

    From superficial to deep, the meninges occur in this order:

    • A.

      Arachnoid, pia mater, dura mater

    • B.

      Pia mater, arachnoid, dura mater

    • C.

      Pia mater, dura mater, arachnoid

    • D.

      Dura mater, arachnoid, pia mater

    • E.

      Dura mater, pia mater, arachnoid

    Correct Answer
    D. Dura mater, arachnoid, pia mater
    Explanation
    The meninges are the protective membranes that surround the brain and spinal cord. The correct order of the meninges from superficial to deep is dura mater, arachnoid, pia mater. The dura mater is the outermost layer, followed by the arachnoid and then the pia mater. This order is important because it reflects the layers of protection and support provided to the central nervous system. The dura mater is a tough, fibrous layer that provides strength and protection, while the arachnoid is a delicate, web-like layer that helps cushion the brain and spinal cord. The pia mater is the innermost layer that adheres directly to the brain and spinal cord, providing nourishment and support.

    Rate this question:

  • 7. 

    Cerebrospinal fluid serves these purposes except,

    • A.

      To protect the brain from sticking to the cranium

    • B.

      To provide oxygen and nutrients to the nervous tissue

    • C.

      To allow the brain to attain considerable size without being impaired by its own weight

    • D.

      To rinse metabolic wastes from the nervous tissue

    • E.

      To regulate the chemical environment of the nervous tissue

    Correct Answer
    B. To provide oxygen and nutrients to the nervous tissue
    Explanation
    Cerebrospinal fluid serves multiple purposes, including protecting the brain from sticking to the cranium, allowing the brain to attain considerable size without being impaired by its own weight, rinsing metabolic wastes from the nervous tissue, and regulating the chemical environment of the nervous tissue. However, it does not directly provide oxygen and nutrients to the nervous tissue. Oxygen and nutrients are primarily supplied to the nervous tissue through the blood-brain barrier, which separates the bloodstream from the brain tissue. Cerebrospinal fluid, on the other hand, acts as a cushioning and supportive medium for the brain, helping to maintain its proper functioning.

    Rate this question:

  • 8. 

    Cerebrospinal fluid is secreted by choroid plexuses in the      ventricles  and reabsorbed by arachonoid villi in the    .

    • A.

      Lateral, third and fourth; superior sagittal sinus

    • B.

      Lateral, and third; superior sagittal sinus

    • C.

      Lateral, third and fourth; central canal of the spinal cord

    • D.

      Lateral; central canal of the spinal cord

    • E.

      Lateral, third and fourth; superior saggital sinus

    Correct Answer
    A. Lateral, third and fourth; superior sagittal sinus
    Explanation
    Cerebrospinal fluid is secreted by the choroid plexuses in the lateral, third, and fourth ventricles of the brain. It is then reabsorbed by the arachnoid villi in the superior sagittal sinus.

    Rate this question:

  • 9. 

    The blood-brain barrier (BBB) is most permeable to

    • A.

      Platelets, white blood cells and red blood cells

    • B.

      Sodium. potassium and chloride

    • C.

      Urea and creatinine

    • D.

      Glucose and oxygen

    • E.

      Antibiotics

    Correct Answer
    D. Glucose and oxygen
    Explanation
    The blood-brain barrier (BBB) is a highly selective and semi-permeable membrane that separates the bloodstream from the brain tissue. It allows certain substances, such as glucose and oxygen, to pass through while blocking the entry of others. Glucose is the primary source of energy for the brain, and oxygen is necessary for cellular respiration. Therefore, the BBB is most permeable to glucose and oxygen to ensure that the brain receives an adequate supply of these essential substances.

    Rate this question:

  • 10. 

    The blood-brain barrier (BBB) consist of

    • A.

      Gap junctions between endothelial cells that form the capillary walls

    • B.

      Desmosomes and tight junctions between astrocytes and endothelial cells that form capillary walls

    • C.

      Tight junctions between enothelial cells that form the capillary wall

    • D.

      Gap and tight junctions between astrocytes and endothelial cells that form the capillary walls.

    • E.

      Gap junctions between ependymal cells and endothelial cells that form the capillary walls

    Correct Answer
    C. Tight junctions between enothelial cells that form the capillary wall
    Explanation
    The correct answer is tight junctions between endothelial cells that form the capillary wall. Tight junctions are specialized connections between cells that form a barrier, preventing substances from freely passing between cells. In the blood-brain barrier, tight junctions between endothelial cells in the capillary walls restrict the movement of molecules and ions, effectively protecting the brain from potentially harmful substances in the bloodstream.

    Rate this question:

  • 11. 

    A patient is experiencing a high fever, stiff neck, drowsiness, and intense headaches. A spinal tap showed bacteria and white blood cells in the cerebrospinal fluid (CSF). This individual most likely has

    • A.

      Meningitis

    • B.

      A stroke

    • C.

      Hydrocephalus

    • D.

      Alzheimer disease

    • E.

      Parkinson disease

    Correct Answer
    A. Meningitis
    Explanation
    The patient is experiencing symptoms such as high fever, stiff neck, drowsiness, and intense headaches, which are commonly associated with meningitis. The presence of bacteria and white blood cells in the cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) confirmed the diagnosis of meningitis. Meningitis is an infection that causes inflammation of the membranes surrounding the brain and spinal cord. It can be caused by bacteria, viruses, or other pathogens. Therefore, meningitis is the most likely condition that the patient is suffering from based on the given information.

    Rate this question:

  • 12. 

    The medulla oblongata orginates from

    • A.

      The telencephalon

    • B.

      The diencephalon

    • C.

      The myelencehalon

    • D.

      The metencephalon

    • E.

      The mesencephalon

    Correct Answer
    C. The myelencehalon
    Explanation
    The medulla oblongata originates from the myelencephalon. The myelencephalon is the most posterior part of the brainstem and is responsible for controlling vital functions such as breathing, heart rate, and blood pressure. It is considered the lower part of the brainstem and is connected to the spinal cord.

    Rate this question:

  • 13. 

    The cardiac, vasomotor, and respiratory centers are found in

    • A.

      The pons

    • B.

      The medulla oblongata

    • C.

      The midbrain

    • D.

      The spinal cord

    • E.

      The diencephalon

    Correct Answer
    B. The medulla oblongata
    Explanation
    The cardiac, vasomotor, and respiratory centers are found in the medulla oblongata. This region of the brainstem is responsible for controlling vital functions such as heart rate, blood pressure, and breathing. It contains specialized neurons that receive sensory information and send out signals to regulate these autonomic processes. The medulla oblongata also connects the brain to the spinal cord, allowing for communication between the central nervous system and the rest of the body.

    Rate this question:

  • 14. 

    The          function(s) in visual attention, such as to look and follow the flight of a butterfly.

    • A.

      Superior colliculi

    • B.

      Tegmentum

    • C.

      Red nucleus

    • D.

      Substantia nigra

    • E.

      Inferior collliculi

    Correct Answer
    A. Superior colliculi
    Explanation
    The superior colliculi are responsible for visual attention, such as tracking the movement of objects like a butterfly. These structures are located in the midbrain and play a crucial role in orienting our eyes and head towards visual stimuli. They receive input from the retina and other visual processing areas of the brain, and then coordinate the movement of our eyes to focus on the object of interest. Therefore, the superior colliculi are the most appropriate answer in this context.

    Rate this question:

  • 15. 

    Degeneration of neurons in this structure, which inhibits unwanted body movements, leads to the muscle tremors of Parkinson disease

    • A.

      Pons

    • B.

      Substantia nigra

    • C.

      Tegmentum

    • D.

      Inferior colliculi

    • E.

      Cerebral crus

    Correct Answer
    B. Substantia nigra
    Explanation
    The substantia nigra is a structure in the brain that plays a crucial role in controlling movement. In Parkinson's disease, there is a degeneration of neurons in the substantia nigra, leading to a decrease in dopamine production. Dopamine is a neurotransmitter that helps regulate movement and coordination. The loss of dopamine in the substantia nigra results in the characteristic muscle tremors and movement difficulties seen in Parkinson's disease.

    Rate this question:

  • 16. 

    The reticular formation is a web of      scattered throughout the     .

    • A.

      Nerves; white matter in the cerebrum

    • B.

      White matter; cerebellum

    • C.

      Neurosomas; hypothalamus

    • D.

      Gray matter; brainstem

    • E.

      Gray matter; cerebrum

    Correct Answer
    D. Gray matter; brainstem
    Explanation
    The reticular formation is a web of gray matter scattered throughout the brainstem.

    Rate this question:

  • 17. 

    The       is the largest part of the hindbrain

    • A.

      Cerebrum

    • B.

      Brainstem

    • C.

      Hypothalamus

    • D.

      Cerebellum

    • E.

      Pons

    Correct Answer
    D. Cerebellum
    Explanation
    The cerebellum is the largest part of the hindbrain. It is responsible for coordinating voluntary movements, maintaining posture and balance, and fine-tuning motor skills. It receives information from sensory systems, the spinal cord, and other parts of the brain, and then sends signals to the motor cortex to execute smooth and coordinated movements.

    Rate this question:

  • 18. 

    Loss of equillibrium and motor coordination would most likely be related with a lesion in the

    • A.

      Limbic system

    • B.

      Pons

    • C.

      Cerebellum

    • D.

      Medulla oblongata

    • E.

      Pituitary gland

    Correct Answer
    C. Cerebellum
    Explanation
    Loss of equilibrium and motor coordination are functions that are primarily controlled by the cerebellum. The cerebellum is responsible for coordinating voluntary movements, maintaining balance, and adjusting muscle tone. Lesions or damage to the cerebellum can result in impaired coordination, unsteady gait, and problems with balance. Therefore, a lesion in the cerebellum is the most likely cause of these symptoms.

    Rate this question:

  • 19. 

    The arbor vitae is a structure found in

    • A.

      The cerebellum

    • B.

      The tegmentum in the midbrain

    • C.

      The reticular formation

    • D.

      The diencephalon

    • E.

      Both right and left cerebral hemispheres

    Correct Answer
    A. The cerebellum
    Explanation
    The arbor vitae is a structure found in the cerebellum. The cerebellum is responsible for coordinating voluntary movements, balance, and posture. The arbor vitae, which means "tree of life" in Latin, refers to the branching pattern of white matter within the cerebellum. It consists of deep cerebellar nuclei surrounded by white matter tracts that resemble the branches of a tree. This structure plays a crucial role in transmitting information between different parts of the cerebellum and other areas of the brain, contributing to the coordination and smooth execution of movements.

    Rate this question:

  • 20. 

    There are no cranial nerves associated with

    • A.

      The cerebellum

    • B.

      The pons

    • C.

      The midbrain

    • D.

      The medulla oblongata

    • E.

      The thalamus

    Correct Answer
    A. The cerebellum
    Explanation
    The cerebellum is not associated with any cranial nerves because it is responsible for coordinating voluntary movements and maintaining balance and posture, rather than transmitting sensory or motor information. The cranial nerves are primarily responsible for transmitting sensory and motor information between the brain and different parts of the body. Therefore, it is logical that there are no cranial nerves specifically associated with the cerebellum.

    Rate this question:

  • 21. 

    The pons is not associated with

    • A.

      Sensory information from the superior region of the face

    • B.

      Lateral eye movements

    • C.

      Neck movements

    • D.

      Sensory information from the inferior region of the face

    • E.

      Sensory information from the middle region of the face

    Correct Answer
    C. Neck movements
    Explanation
    The pons is a part of the brainstem that plays a role in relaying signals between different parts of the brain. It is not directly involved in neck movements. Neck movements are controlled by other structures in the brain and spinal cord, such as the cervical spinal cord and the cerebellum. Therefore, the pons is not associated with neck movements.

    Rate this question:

  • 22. 

    The thalamus, hypothalamus, and epithalamus are derivatives of the embryonic

    • A.

      Telencephalon

    • B.

      Diencephalon

    • C.

      Mesencephalon

    • D.

      Metencephalon

    • E.

      Myelencephalon

    Correct Answer
    B. Diencephalon
    Explanation
    The thalamus, hypothalamus, and epithalamus are all parts of the diencephalon, which is one of the five major divisions of the brain during embryonic development. The diencephalon is responsible for relaying sensory information, regulating hormone production, and controlling various autonomic functions. It is located between the telencephalon (which forms the cerebrum) and the mesencephalon (which forms the midbrain). The thalamus, hypothalamus, and epithalamus all play important roles in processing and regulating sensory information, maintaining homeostasis, and controlling sleep and wake cycles.

    Rate this question:

  • 23. 

    Nearly all the somatosensory input to the cerebrum passes by way of synapses in

    • A.

      The epithalamus

    • B.

      The cerebellum

    • C.

      The reticular formation

    • D.

      The thalamus

    • E.

      The hypothalamus

    Correct Answer
    D. The thalamus
    Explanation
    The thalamus is responsible for relaying sensory information from the body to the cerebral cortex. It acts as a relay station, receiving signals from various sensory receptors and then transmitting them to the appropriate areas of the cerebral cortex for further processing. This makes the thalamus a crucial component in the somatosensory system, as it plays a key role in transmitting tactile, proprioceptive, and nociceptive information to the cerebrum.

    Rate this question:

  • 24. 

    Sex drive, body temperature, and food and water intake are regulated by

    • A.

      The hypothalamus

    • B.

      The limbic system

    • C.

      The thalamus

    • D.

      The pineal gland

    • E.

      The pituitary gland

    Correct Answer
    A. The hypothalamus
    Explanation
    The hypothalamus is responsible for regulating sex drive, body temperature, and food and water intake. It is a small region in the brain that plays a crucial role in maintaining homeostasis and controlling various physiological functions. It receives signals from different parts of the body and releases hormones that help regulate these processes. Therefore, the hypothalamus is the correct answer for this question.

    Rate this question:

  • 25. 

    A lesion of the        would probably cause a person to sleep for random lengths of time during a 24-hour period

    • A.

      Satiety center

    • B.

      Suprachiasmatic nucleus

    • C.

      Mammillary nuclei

    • D.

      Pituitary gland

    • E.

      Medial geniculate nucleus

    Correct Answer
    B. Suprachiasmatic nucleus
    Explanation
    The suprachiasmatic nucleus (SCN) is responsible for regulating the body's circadian rhythm, or internal clock. It receives information about light and darkness from the eyes and helps to synchronize the body's sleep-wake cycle with the natural day-night cycle. If there is a lesion or damage to the SCN, it can disrupt the normal functioning of the circadian rhythm. This can lead to sleep disturbances, such as sleeping for random lengths of time during a 24-hour period, as the body loses its ability to properly regulate sleep and wakefulness.

    Rate this question:

  • 26. 

    Pineal gland belongs to

    • A.

      The epithalamus

    • B.

      The thalamus

    • C.

      The hypothalamus

    • D.

      The midbrain

    • E.

      The occipital lobe

    Correct Answer
    A. The epithalamus
    Explanation
    The pineal gland is a small endocrine gland located in the brain. It is part of the epithalamus, which is a region of the brain that also includes the habenula and the posterior commissure. The pineal gland is responsible for producing and releasing melatonin, a hormone that regulates sleep-wake cycles and circadian rhythms. It is also involved in the regulation of reproductive hormones and has been associated with the body's response to light. Therefore, it is correct to say that the pineal gland belongs to the epithalamus.

    Rate this question:

  • 27. 

    Planning, motivation, and social judgement are functions of the brain associated with

    • A.

      The insula

    • B.

      The temporal lobe

    • C.

      The frontal lobe

    • D.

      The parietal lobe

    • E.

      The occipital lobe

    Correct Answer
    C. The frontal lobe
    Explanation
    The frontal lobe is responsible for planning, motivation, and social judgement. It plays a crucial role in executive functions such as decision-making, problem-solving, and goal-oriented behavior. This area of the brain is involved in regulating emotions, initiating and inhibiting actions, and considering the consequences of one's behavior. It also helps in understanding social cues, empathy, and making judgments about others. Therefore, the functions mentioned in the question are associated with the frontal lobe.

    Rate this question:

  • 28. 

    The occipital lobe is

    • A.

      The principal visual center of the brain

    • B.

      Chiefly concerned with mood, memory, and emotions

    • C.

      The primary site for receiving and interpreting signals from the general senses

    • D.

      Concerned with voluntary motor functions

    • E.

      Likely to play a role in understanding spoken language

    Correct Answer
    A. The principal visual center of the brain
    Explanation
    The occipital lobe is the principal visual center of the brain because it is responsible for receiving and interpreting visual signals. It processes visual information such as shape, color, and motion, allowing us to perceive and make sense of the world around us. Damage to the occipital lobe can result in visual impairments, such as difficulty recognizing objects or faces, and can also affect our ability to perceive depth and motion. Overall, the occipital lobe plays a crucial role in our visual perception and understanding.

    Rate this question:

  • 29. 

    The great majority of          tracts pass through the corpus callosum

    • A.

      Descending

    • B.

      Projection

    • C.

      Commissural

    • D.

      Association

    • E.

      Ascending

    Correct Answer
    C. Commissural
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "commissural." The explanation for this answer is that the majority of tracts pass through the corpus callosum, which is a large commissural fiber bundle connecting the two hemispheres of the brain. Commissural tracts transmit information between the two hemispheres and allow for communication and coordination between them. Therefore, it is likely that the majority of tracts passing through the corpus callosum are commissural tracts.

    Rate this question:

  • 30. 

    Most gray matter of the cerebrum is located in

    • A.

      The substantia

    • B.

      The basal nucei

    • C.

      The neocortex

    • D.

      The reticular formation

    • E.

      The limbic system

    Correct Answer
    C. The neocortex
    Explanation
    The neocortex is the correct answer because it is the outer layer of the cerebrum and contains the majority of the gray matter. It is responsible for higher cognitive functions such as sensory perception, motor commands, spatial reasoning, language, and conscious thought. The other options, such as the substantia, basal nuclei, reticular formation, and limbic system, are not primarily composed of gray matter or are not located in the cerebrum.

    Rate this question:

  • 31. 

    Hippocampus and amygdala are structures found in

    • A.

      The limbic system

    • B.

      The basal nuclei

    • C.

      The midbrain

    • D.

      The cerebral cortex

    • E.

      The medulla oblongata

    Correct Answer
    A. The limbic system
    Explanation
    The hippocampus and amygdala are structures found in the limbic system. The limbic system is a complex network of brain structures involved in emotions, memory, and motivation. The hippocampus plays a crucial role in forming and retrieving memories, while the amygdala is involved in processing and regulating emotions, particularly fear and aggression. These structures work together with other limbic system components to regulate various aspects of behavior and cognition.

    Rate this question:

  • 32. 

    A predominance of          waves in an electroencephalogram (EEG) might indicate that a person is physically and mentally relaxed.

    • A.

      Gamma

    • B.

      Delta

    • C.

      Theta

    • D.

      Alpha

    • E.

      Beta

    Correct Answer
    D. Alpha
    Explanation
    A predominance of alpha waves in an electroencephalogram (EEG) might indicate that a person is physically and mentally relaxed. Alpha waves are typically present when a person is awake but in a relaxed state, such as during meditation or daydreaming. They are associated with a calm and relaxed mental state, as well as a decrease in sensory input and an increase in self-awareness. Therefore, if there is a predominance of alpha waves in an EEG, it suggests that the person is in a state of relaxation both physically and mentally.

    Rate this question:

  • 33. 

    The          association area is responsible for perceiving and attending to stimuli, and the      association area is responsible for identifying them.

    • A.

      Temporal; parietal

    • B.

      Parietal; temporal

    • C.

      Temporal; occipital

    • D.

      Frontal; occipital

    • E.

      Occipital; frontal

    Correct Answer
    B. Parietal; temporal
    Explanation
    The parietal association area is responsible for perceiving and attending to stimuli, while the temporal association area is responsible for identifying them.

    Rate this question:

  • 34. 

    Short-term memory is associated with the       , whereas long-term memory is associated with the       .

    • A.

      Amygdala; hippocampus

    • B.

      Hippocampus; midbrain

    • C.

      Hippocampus; cerebral cortex

    • D.

      Cerebral cortex; hippocampus

    • E.

      Cerebral cortex; amygdala

    Correct Answer
    C. Hippocampus; cerebral cortex
    Explanation
    Short-term memory is associated with the hippocampus, whereas long-term memory is associated with the cerebral cortex. The hippocampus is responsible for the consolidation and retrieval of short-term memories, while the cerebral cortex plays a crucial role in the storage and retrieval of long-term memories. The hippocampus acts as a temporary storage site for new information before it is transferred to the cerebral cortex for long-term storage. This process involves the strengthening of neural connections in the cerebral cortex, allowing for the formation of long-lasting memories.

    Rate this question:

  • 35. 

    Ablation (destruction) of the amygdala would mostly affect

    • A.

      Recognition and identification of objects

    • B.

      Expression of emotional feelings

    • C.

      Cognition

    • D.

      Memory

    • E.

      Awareness of objects

    Correct Answer
    B. Expression of emotional feelings
    Explanation
    The amygdala is a key structure in the brain that plays a crucial role in processing and regulating emotions. Damage or destruction to the amygdala, known as ablation, would primarily affect the expression of emotional feelings. This means that individuals with amygdala damage may have difficulty experiencing and displaying emotions appropriately. Other functions such as recognition and identification of objects, cognition, memory, and awareness of objects may be relatively intact as they are not primarily controlled by the amygdala.

    Rate this question:

  • 36. 

    Which body region is controlled by the largest area of the motor cortex?

    • A.

      The neck

    • B.

      The trunk

    • C.

      The shoulder

    • D.

      The fingers

    • E.

      The toes

    Correct Answer
    D. The fingers
    Explanation
    The correct answer is the fingers. The motor cortex is responsible for controlling voluntary movements in different body regions. The area of the motor cortex dedicated to controlling the fingers is the largest compared to other body regions such as the neck, trunk, shoulder, and toes. This suggests that the fingers require a more precise and intricate control of movement, hence the larger representation in the motor cortex.

    Rate this question:

  • 37. 

    The pyramidal cells of the precentral gyrus are called          neurons

    • A.

      Lower motor

    • B.

      Upper motor

    • C.

      First-order

    • D.

      Third-order

    • E.

      Stellate

    Correct Answer
    B. Upper motor
    Explanation
    The pyramidal cells of the precentral gyrus are called upper motor neurons. These neurons are responsible for transmitting signals from the brain to the spinal cord, where they synapse with lower motor neurons that then transmit signals to the muscles. Upper motor neurons play a crucial role in the initiation and control of voluntary movements.

    Rate this question:

  • 38. 

    Nonfluent aphasia, due to a lesion in the       , results in slow speech, difficulty in choosing words, or use of words that only approximate the correct word.

    • A.

      Broca area

    • B.

      Cerebral lateralization

    • C.

      Primary motor area

    • D.

      Wernicke area

    • E.

      Primary auditory area

    Correct Answer
    A. Broca area
    Explanation
    Nonfluent aphasia, characterized by slow speech, difficulty in word selection, and the use of words that only approximate the correct word, is caused by a lesion in the Broca area. The Broca area is responsible for the production of speech and is located in the frontal lobe of the brain. When this area is damaged, individuals may struggle to form coherent sentences and may have difficulty finding the right words to express themselves. This type of aphasia is often associated with a lack of fluency in speech, but comprehension is generally preserved.

    Rate this question:

  • 39. 

            show more lateralization than      .

    • A.

      Adult females; adult males

    • B.

      Young male children; adult males

    • C.

      Adult males; adult females

    • D.

      Young children; adults

    • E.

      Young children; elders

    Correct Answer
    C. Adult males; adult females
    Explanation
    Adult males and adult females show more lateralization than each other. Lateralization refers to the tendency of one hemisphere of the brain to be more dominant in certain functions. Studies have shown that adult males and adult females have differences in brain lateralization, with males typically showing more lateralization in certain cognitive tasks such as spatial abilities, while females show more lateralization in language-related tasks. This suggests that the brain organization and specialization for certain functions differ between adult males and adult females.

    Rate this question:

  • 40. 

    Which of the following functions would most likely be controlled by the representational hemisphere of the cerebrum

    • A.

      Anwering a question

    • B.

      Balancing your checkbook

    • C.

      Giving a speech

    • D.

      Painting a picture

    • E.

      Diagnosing a patient's disease

    Correct Answer
    D. Painting a picture
    Explanation
    The representational hemisphere of the cerebrum is responsible for visual and spatial processing, as well as artistic and creative abilities. Painting a picture requires visualizing and manipulating shapes, colors, and textures, which aligns with the functions controlled by the representational hemisphere. Therefore, painting a picture is most likely to be controlled by the representational hemisphere of the cerebrum.

    Rate this question:

  • 41. 

    After a stroke a patient complains about the lack of sensitivity in her right hand. The stroke most likely affected the

    • A.

      Precentral gyrus in the right frontal lobe

    • B.

      Postcentral gyrus in the left parietal lobe

    • C.

      Precentral gyrus in the left frontal lobe

    • D.

      Postcentral gyrus in the right temporal lobe

    • E.

      Postcentral gyrus in the left frontal lobe

    Correct Answer
    B. Postcentral gyrus in the left parietal lobe
    Explanation
    The postcentral gyrus is responsible for somatosensory processing, including touch and sensory information from the body. The left parietal lobe is primarily involved in processing sensory information from the right side of the body. Therefore, if a patient complains about a lack of sensitivity in her right hand after a stroke, it is likely that the stroke affected the postcentral gyrus in the left parietal lobe, which would impair sensory processing from the right hand.

    Rate this question:

  • 42. 

    The         is not a motor cranial nerve.

    • A.

      Vetibulocochlear nerve (VII)

    • B.

      Accessory nerve (XI)

    • C.

      Hypoglossal nerve (XII)

    • D.

      Abducens nerve (VI)

    • E.

      Trochlear nerve (IV)

    Correct Answer
    A. Vetibulocochlear nerve (VII)
    Explanation
    The vestibulocochlear nerve (VII) is not a motor cranial nerve. It is primarily a sensory nerve responsible for transmitting auditory and vestibular information from the inner ear to the brain. It helps with hearing and balance, but does not control any motor functions. Motor cranial nerves, on the other hand, are responsible for controlling the muscles of the head and neck. Examples of motor cranial nerves include the accessory nerve (XI), hypoglossal nerve (XII), abducens nerve (VI), and trochlear nerve (IV).

    Rate this question:

  • 43. 

    This is the largest of the cranial nerves and the most important sensory nerve of the face

    • A.

      The accessory nerve (XI)

    • B.

      The facial nerve (VII)

    • C.

      The hypoglossal nerve (XII)

    • D.

      Trigeminal nerve (V)

    • E.

      The abducens nerve (VI)

    Correct Answer
    D. Trigeminal nerve (V)
    Explanation
    The trigeminal nerve (V) is the largest cranial nerve and is responsible for providing sensory information from the face. It is considered the most important sensory nerve of the face because it carries sensations such as touch, pain, and temperature from the skin of the face to the brain. The trigeminal nerve also controls the muscles involved in chewing. Therefore, it is the correct answer for the question.

    Rate this question:

  • 44. 

    This nerve innervates most of the viscera in the thoracic and abdominopelvic cavities

    • A.

      The hypoglossal nerve (XII)

    • B.

      The accessory nerve (XI)

    • C.

      The trochlear nerve (IV)

    • D.

      The vagus nerve (X)

    • E.

      The abducens nerve (VI)

    Correct Answer
    D. The vagus nerve (X)
    Explanation
    The vagus nerve (X) is the correct answer because it is responsible for innervating most of the viscera in the thoracic and abdominopelvic cavities. It is the longest cranial nerve and plays a crucial role in regulating various bodily functions, including heart rate, digestion, and respiration. It provides parasympathetic innervation to the organs in these cavities, helping to maintain homeostasis and control involuntary actions.

    Rate this question:

Quiz Review Timeline +

Our quizzes are rigorously reviewed, monitored and continuously updated by our expert board to maintain accuracy, relevance, and timeliness.

  • Current Version
  • Feb 06, 2024
    Quiz Edited by
    ProProfs Editorial Team
  • Apr 19, 2010
    Quiz Created by
    Failatlife
Back to Top Back to top
Advertisement
×

Wait!
Here's an interesting quiz for you.

We have other quizzes matching your interest.