Chapter 14: Life In The South

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Test will be Friday. Study all sections of Chapter 14


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    Who overlooked the slaves in the fields?

    • A.

      Factor

    • B.

      House slaves

    • C.

      Slave driver

    • D.

      Free African Americans

    Correct Answer
    C. Slave driver
    Explanation
    The slave driver is the one who overlooked the slaves in the fields. They were responsible for supervising and managing the enslaved individuals as they worked in the fields. This role was often held by a white person who was in charge of ensuring that the slaves were working efficiently and meeting the demands of their owners. The slave driver would typically use various methods, including coercion and punishment, to maintain control over the enslaved individuals and maximize their productivity.

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  • 2. 

    Slaves made up a majority of the work force in this region's cities

    • A.

      North

    • B.

      South

    • C.

      West

    • D.

      Prairie Provinces

    Correct Answer
    B. South
    Explanation
    During the time of slavery in the United States, the South was known for its large plantations and agricultural economy, heavily reliant on slave labor. Slaves were brought from Africa and forced to work on plantations, cultivating crops such as cotton, tobacco, and rice. As a result, the South had a majority of the workforce comprised of slaves, making it the correct answer.

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  • 3. 

    A ________________ is a type of story with a moral that slaves told the children to cope with the condition of being a slave.

    Correct Answer
    folktale
    Explanation
    Folktales are a type of story that were often passed down orally through generations, including by slaves to their children. These stories served as a way for slaves to cope with their difficult condition and convey important morals and life lessons to their children. Folktales provided a form of escape and entertainment, while also offering guidance and wisdom in the face of adversity.

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  • 4. 

    The cotton gin _____________ the need for slaves, both young and old. 

    Correct Answer
    increased
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "increased". The cotton gin was a machine that made it much easier and faster to separate cotton fibers from the seeds. This invention revolutionized the cotton industry, as it greatly increased the efficiency of cotton production. With the cotton gin, one person could process much more cotton than before, reducing the need for manual labor. As a result, the demand for slaves, who were often used for this labor-intensive task, increased.

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  • 5. 

    Which was NOT a source of comfort for slaves?

    • A.

      Church or religion

    • B.

      Extended family

    • C.

      Spiritual songs

    • D.

      Slave codes

    • E.

      Folktales

    Correct Answer
    D. Slave codes
    Explanation
    Slave codes were laws that were specifically designed to control and oppress slaves. They restricted their movement, limited their rights, and enforced harsh punishments for any form of resistance. Therefore, slave codes were not a source of comfort for slaves, but rather a tool used to maintain their subjugation. On the other hand, the church or religion, extended family, spiritual songs, and folktales often provided slaves with solace, hope, and a sense of community in the face of their difficult circumstances.

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  • 6. 

    When did Nat Turner's revolt (most violent slave revolt) take place?

    • A.

      1822

    • B.

      1722

    • C.

      1831

    • D.

      1731

    • E.

      Last night

    Correct Answer
    C. 1831
    Explanation
    Nat Turner's revolt, the most violent slave revolt in American history, took place in 1831. This rebellion occurred in Southampton County, Virginia, and resulted in the deaths of approximately 60 white people. Nat Turner, an enslaved African American preacher, led a group of slaves in an uprising against their oppressors. The revolt was quickly suppressed, and Turner was captured, tried, and executed. This event had a significant impact on the abolitionist movement and further fueled tensions between slaveholders and abolitionists in the United States.

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  • 7. 

    The cotton belt extended from South Carolina to __________

    Correct Answer
    Texas
    Explanation
    The cotton belt extended from South Carolina to Texas. This suggests that the region where cotton production was prevalent spanned from South Carolina in the east to Texas in the west. Cotton cultivation was a significant economic activity in this belt, indicating that favorable climate and soil conditions existed in these areas for cotton farming.

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  • 8. 

    Where did Nat Turner's revolt take place?

    • A.

      VA

    • B.

      MA

    • C.

      SC

    • D.

      HA

    • E.

      NC

    Correct Answer
    A. VA
    Explanation
    Nat Turner's revolt took place in Virginia (VA).

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  • 9. 

    Cotton accounted for how much of U.S. exports by 1960?  (closest fraction)

    • A.

      1/2

    • B.

      2/3

    • C.

      3/4

    • D.

      4/5

    • E.

      5/6

    Correct Answer
    A. 1/2
    Explanation
    By 1960, cotton accounted for approximately half (1/2) of U.S. exports.

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  • 10. 

    The average size of a Southern farm in 1860's was about _______ acres (write in number form)

    Correct Answer
    100
    Explanation
    The average size of a Southern farm in the 1860s was approximately 100 acres.

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  • 11. 

    ______________ was the term for the workers that made up about 80% of the farmers in the South.

    Correct Answer
    yeomen
    Explanation
    Yeomen were the term used to describe the workers who comprised approximately 80% of the farmers in the South. These individuals were typically small landowners or tenants who owned their own farms and worked on the land themselves. They were considered to be a middle-class group, above the poor white farmers but below the wealthy plantation owners. The yeomen played a crucial role in the Southern economy, as they were responsible for producing the majority of the region's agricultural goods.

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  • 12. 

    Who helped the Southerners improve the difficult processing of tobacco? 

    • A.

      Asians

    • B.

      Native Americans

    • C.

      Australians

    • D.

      Europeans

    • E.

      Africans

    Correct Answer
    E. Africans
    Explanation
    Africans helped the Southerners improve the difficult processing of tobacco. Africans were brought to the Southern colonies as slaves and had extensive knowledge and experience in cultivating and processing tobacco. They introduced new techniques and skills that significantly improved the efficiency and quality of tobacco production. Their expertise and labor were instrumental in the success of the tobacco industry in the Southern colonies.

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  • 13. 

    ________________ -staple cotton was easier to clean, but not able to grow everywhere.

    Correct Answer
    long
  • 14. 

    _______________ -staple cotton was easier to grow, but harder to remove the sticky seeds

    Correct Answer
    short
  • 15. 

    ___________________ _______________ is a term for doing experiments to increase farming production

    Correct Answer
    scientific agriculture
    Explanation
    Scientific agriculture refers to the practice of conducting experiments to enhance farming production. This involves utilizing scientific methods, research, and technology to improve agricultural techniques, crop yields, and livestock breeding. By implementing scientific principles, such as analyzing soil composition, optimizing irrigation systems, and developing genetically modified seeds, farmers can maximize their productivity and efficiency. Scientific agriculture aims to address the challenges of food security, sustainability, and environmental impact, ultimately leading to increased agricultural output and improved farming practices.

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  • 16. 

    Because of the new textile machines,

    • A.

      Demand for cotton grew only in the US

    • B.

      Demand for cotton increased in the US and other parts of the world

    • C.

      Demand for cotton decreased only in the US

    • D.

      Demand for cotton decreased in the US and other parts of the world

    Correct Answer
    B. Demand for cotton increased in the US and other parts of the world
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "demand for cotton increased in the US and other parts of the world". This is because the new textile machines increased the efficiency of cotton production, leading to a higher demand for cotton both in the US and in other parts of the world.

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  • 17. 

    "Cotton is ________" (monarch)

    Correct Answer
    king
    Explanation
    The word "monarch" refers to a ruler or a sovereign, often associated with a king or queen. In this context, the word "cotton" is being compared to a monarch, suggesting that cotton is similar to a king. This could be interpreted as cotton being a dominant or influential material, just like a king is dominant in his kingdom.

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  • 18. 

    In terms of transportation, the South was behind in all of the following except

    • A.

      Toll roads

    • B.

      Railroads

    • C.

      Canals

    • D.

      Navigable rivers

    Correct Answer
    D. Navigable rivers
    Explanation
    The South was not behind in terms of navigable rivers. Navigable rivers were an important mode of transportation in the South, especially for the transportation of goods and crops. The Mississippi River, for example, was a vital waterway that connected the South to the Midwest and allowed for the transportation of goods to markets. Therefore, the South was not behind in terms of navigable rivers.

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  • 19. 

    Who worked mostly as skilled artisans in Southern cities?

    • A.

      Slave drivers

    • B.

      Free African Americans

    • C.

      House slaves

    • D.

      Field slaves

    • E.

      Child slaves

    Correct Answer
    B. Free African Americans
    Explanation
    Free African Americans worked mostly as skilled artisans in Southern cities. This is because they were often able to acquire skills and trades through apprenticeships or by working alongside skilled craftsmen. As free individuals, they had more opportunities for education and training, which allowed them to pursue skilled professions such as blacksmithing, carpentry, tailoring, and shoemaking. These skills made them valuable in urban areas where there was a demand for their services. Unlike enslaved individuals who were typically confined to labor-intensive agricultural work, free African Americans had more flexibility in choosing their occupations.

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  • 20. 

    The phrase that best describes hemp/flax would be

    • A.

      Silky smooth

    • B.

      Fluffy

    • C.

      Satiny

    • D.

      Rope-like

    • E.

      Snuggly-soft

    Correct Answer
    D. Rope-like
    Explanation
    Hemp and flax are both natural fibers that are commonly used to make ropes. These fibers are known for their strong and durable qualities, making them ideal for rope-making. Therefore, the phrase "rope-like" accurately describes the texture and appearance of hemp and flax.

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  • 21. 

    This crop was successfully tinkered with by Bore.

    Correct Answer
    sugar
    sugar cane
    sugarcane
    Explanation
    The correct answer is sugarcane. This crop was successfully tinkered with by Bore, which implies that Bore made some modifications or improvements to the crop. Since sugarcane is a type of crop that is commonly tinkered with for various purposes such as increasing yield or improving resistance to diseases, it is the most suitable answer. The other options, sugar and sugar cane, are not specifically mentioned in the context of being tinkered with by Bore.

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  • 22. 

    Which leader of the Industrial Revolution bought a lot of US cotton?

    • A.

      Great Britain

    • B.

      France

    • C.

      Spain

    • D.

      Russia

    • E.

      Democratic Republic of the Congo

    Correct Answer
    A. Great Britain
    Explanation
    During the Industrial Revolution, Great Britain emerged as a dominant industrial and economic power. As part of its industrialization, Great Britain heavily relied on cotton for its textile industry. The country imported large quantities of cotton, and a significant portion of it came from the United States. This demand for US cotton played a crucial role in the growth and success of the American cotton industry during that time. Therefore, it is reasonable to attribute the purchase of a lot of US cotton to Great Britain, making it the correct answer.

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  • 23. 

    Tredegar Iron Works was built in this city.

    • A.

      Boston

    • B.

      Annapolis

    • C.

      Richmond

    • D.

      Pittsburgh

    • E.

      Andalasia

    Correct Answer
    C. Richmond
    Explanation
    The correct answer is Richmond because the Tredegar Iron Works was indeed built in this city. The Tredegar Iron Works was a prominent iron works and foundry that operated in Richmond, Virginia during the 19th century. It played a significant role in supplying iron products to the Confederate States during the American Civil War. Richmond was a major industrial center at the time, and the Tredegar Iron Works was one of its most important industrial facilities.

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  • 24. 

    ________________ didn't grow any cotton, but helped it get to buyers.

    Correct Answer
    Factors
    factor
    Factor
    factors
    Explanation
    The given answer is correct because it accurately identifies the different forms of the word "factor" used in the sentence. The sentence states that someone or something did not grow cotton but assisted in its transportation to buyers. The word "factors" is used to refer to multiple individuals or entities that helped in this process. "Factor" is used to refer to a single individual or entity that played a role in the transportation. "Factors" and "factor" are plural and singular forms of the word, respectively. "Factor" is capitalized to indicate that it is being used as a proper noun, possibly referring to a specific person or company.

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  • 25. 

    _____________ ________ did not hold up your pants (like what is lacking from "Pants on the Ground"), but did produce tons of cotton yearly.

    Correct Answer
    cotton belt
    Explanation
    The term "cotton belt" refers to a region where cotton production is abundant. In this context, the phrase "did not hold up your pants" is used metaphorically to signify that the cotton belt did not physically support or hold up pants. Instead, it produced large quantities of cotton on a yearly basis.

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  • 26. 

    ___________________ last name of the owner of the Tredegar Iron Works.

    Correct Answer
    Anderson
    anderson
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "Anderson" or "anderson" because it is stated that the answer is the last name of the owner of the Tredegar Iron Works. Therefore, Anderson could be a possible last name of the owner.

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  • 27. 

    ________________ songs like "Swing, lo, sweet chariot" that tried to lighten the load of slavery.

    Correct Answer
    spirituals
    Spirituals
    spiritual
    Spiritual
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "spirituals, Spirituals, spiritual, Spiritual." The use of both lowercase and uppercase letters suggests that the answer is referring to a specific genre of music called "spirituals." Spirituals are a type of religious folk songs that originated among African Americans during the time of slavery in the United States. These songs were often used to express hope, faith, and resilience in the face of adversity. The variations in capitalization may indicate different forms or styles of spirituals.

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  • 28. 

    _____ first name of the cotton gin inventor

    Correct Answer
    Eli
    eli
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "Eli". The question is asking for the first name of the cotton gin inventor. The name "Eli" is repeated twice as the possible options, indicating that the correct answer is indeed "Eli".

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  • 29. 

    _____________ word used to describe the powerful elite in the South

    Correct Answer
    Planter class
    Planters
    Plantation owners
    planters
    Explanation
    The word used to describe the powerful elite in the South is "planter class." This term refers to the wealthy landowners who owned large plantations and controlled the agricultural economy in the southern states. They were typically involved in the production of cash crops such as cotton and tobacco, and often relied on enslaved labor to work on their plantations. The term "planters" is a more informal way to refer to these individuals, while "plantation owners" is a more specific term indicating their ownership of large agricultural estates. The lowercase "planters" is likely included as a variation of the term.

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