Radical Republicans During Reconstruction Quiz

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Reconstruction Quizzes & Trivia

In the sIn the study of American history, the Reconstruction Era refers to the period of time between 1863 and 1877, which followed the American Civil War where in the United States and the Confederate States fought over the institution of slavery. What do you know about radical republicans during this period?


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    Ch12: Reconstruction ended when

    • A.

      Hayes was elected.

    • B.

      Hayes submitted a plan for the “New South.”

    • C.

      Hayes pulled federal troops out of the South.

    • D.

      Industrialization began in the South.

    Correct Answer
    C. Hayes pulled federal troops out of the South.
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "Hayes pulled federal troops out of the South." This marked the end of Reconstruction because it effectively ended federal intervention and protection for African Americans in the South. With the removal of federal troops, Southern states were able to reinstate discriminatory practices such as Jim Crow laws and further suppress the rights and freedoms of African Americans. This decision by Hayes signaled a shift in the federal government's approach to Reconstruction and allowed Southern states to regain control and perpetuate racial inequality.

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  • 2. 

    Ch12: Lincoln’s plan for Reconstruction called for

    • A.

      Trying Confederate leaders for treason.

    • B.

      Organizing Southern state governments under governors from the North.

    • C.

      Revolutionizing Southern institutions, habits, and manners.

    • D.

      Reconciling with the South rather than punishing it.

    Correct Answer
    D. Reconciling with the South rather than punishing it.
    Explanation
    Lincoln's plan for Reconstruction aimed at reconciling with the South rather than punishing it. This approach was based on the belief that it was important to heal the wounds of the Civil War and bring the Confederate states back into the Union as quickly as possible. Lincoln wanted to offer amnesty to most Confederates who took an oath of loyalty to the Union and recognized the abolition of slavery. He also proposed a lenient process for readmitting Southern states into the Union. Overall, his goal was to promote unity and rebuild the nation rather than seeking retribution against the South.

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  • 3. 

    Ch12: Some scalawags were

    • A.

      Wealthy planters who were looking for a way to regain power.

    • B.

      Owners of small farms who did not want wealthy planters to regain power.

    • C.

      Northern schoolteachers who educated whites and African Americans.

    • D.

      African Americans who had won office in Southern state governments.

    Correct Answer
    B. Owners of small farms who did not want wealthy planters to regain power.
    Explanation
    The correct answer is owners of small farms who did not want wealthy planters to regain power. This answer is supported by the fact that the question mentions the term "scalawags" and states that they were looking for a way to regain power. The term "scalawags" refers to Southern whites who supported the Republican Party during Reconstruction, and many of these individuals were small farmers who opposed the wealthy planters who had held power before the Civil War. These small farmers feared that the wealthy planters would regain power and oppress them once again.

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  • 4. 

    Ch12: During Reconstruction, Congress confiscated land from Southern planters and redistributed it to freedmen.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    B. False
    Explanation
    During Reconstruction, Congress did not confiscate land from Southern planters and redistribute it to freedmen. Instead, they implemented policies such as the Freedmen's Bureau and the Civil Rights Act of 1866 to protect the rights of freedmen and provide them with assistance in education, employment, and legal matters. Land redistribution was not a significant aspect of Reconstruction, and the majority of land remained in the hands of former plantation owners.

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  • 5. 

    Ch12: President Andrew Johnson promoted a harsh policy for bringing the South back into the Union.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    B. False
    Explanation
    President Andrew Johnson did not promote a harsh policy for bringing the South back into the Union. In fact, he favored a more lenient approach towards the Southern states, which was evident in his Reconstruction policies. Johnson's plan allowed for the quick restoration of Southern states into the Union, with limited requirements for readmission. This approach was seen as too forgiving by many Republicans and led to conflicts with Congress over the future of the South. Therefore, the statement that Johnson promoted a harsh policy for bringing the South back into the Union is false.

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  • 6. 

    Ch12: The main goals of the Radical Republicans during Reconstruction included all of the following EXCEPT

    • A.

      Guaranteeing seats in Congress for African Americans.

    • B.

      Preventing Confederate leaders from returning to power.

    • C.

      Making the Republican Party a powerful institution in the South.

    • D.

      Guaranteeing African Americans’ right to vote in the South.

    Correct Answer
    A. Guaranteeing seats in Congress for African Americans.
    Explanation
    The Radical Republicans during Reconstruction had several goals, including preventing Confederate leaders from returning to power, making the Republican Party a powerful institution in the South, and guaranteeing African Americans' right to vote in the South. However, guaranteeing seats in Congress for African Americans was not one of their main goals. While they did advocate for African American political representation, their primary focus was on ensuring civil rights and equal protection under the law for African Americans.

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  • 7. 

    Ch12: The main charge at President Johnson’s impeachment trial was that he had

    • A.

      Taken bribes in exchange for appointments to government jobs.

    • B.

      Broken the law by issuing pardons to Confederate leaders.

    • C.

      Violated the Fourteenth Amendment by allowing black codes to stand.

    • D.

      Broken the law by refusing to uphold the Tenure of Office Act.

    Correct Answer
    D. Broken the law by refusing to uphold the Tenure of Office Act.
    Explanation
    The main charge at President Johnson's impeachment trial was that he had broken the law by refusing to uphold the Tenure of Office Act. The Tenure of Office Act was passed by Congress to restrict the President's power to remove certain officeholders without Senate approval. President Johnson had dismissed Edwin M. Stanton, the Secretary of War, without Senate approval, which was seen as a violation of the law. This act was one of the main reasons for his impeachment, as it was viewed as a challenge to the authority of Congress and a violation of the separation of powers.

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  • 8. 

    Ch12: In the election of 1868, Ulysses S. Grant won several Southern states because

    • A.

      Congress did not allow a presidential candidate from the South to enter the race.

    • B.

      Southern voters respected his leadership abilities.

    • C.

      The presence of Union troops in the South allowed African Americans to vote.

    • D.

      Southern hero Robert E. Lee endorsed Grant for the presidency.

    Correct Answer
    C. The presence of Union troops in the South allowed African Americans to vote.
    Explanation
    In the election of 1868, Ulysses S. Grant won several Southern states because the presence of Union troops in the South allowed African Americans to vote. The Union troops ensured that African Americans were able to exercise their right to vote, which significantly increased the number of voters in the Southern states. This increased support from African American voters played a crucial role in Grant's victory in those states.

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  • 9. 

    CH12:Some carpetbaggers were

    • A.

      Northerners who moved to the South to take advantage of the war-torn region.

    • B.

      Southerners who favored Republican plans for developing the economy.

    • C.

      Southern African American freedmen who moved to the North.

    • D.

      White Southerners who moved to the North to escape the South’s turmoil.

    Correct Answer
    A. Northerners who moved to the South to take advantage of the war-torn region.
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "Northerners who moved to the South to take advantage of the war-torn region." This answer refers to the historical context of the Reconstruction period after the American Civil War. Carpetbaggers were individuals from the North who moved to the South to exploit the economic opportunities that arose from the region's devastation. They often held positions of power and influence, taking advantage of the chaotic situation to further their own interests. This answer accurately reflects the definition and historical significance of carpetbaggers during this time.

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  • 10. 

    Ch12: According to the chart below, the Freedmen’s Bureau impacted all aspects of the newly freed African Americans’ lives...   The Freedmen’s Bureau Helped former slaves find work on plantations. Negotiated labor contacts with planters, including amount of pay and hours worked. Established special courts to deal with grievances between workers and planters. Worked with charities to provide education for former slaves. Provided housing for schools, paid teachers, and helped establish colleges to train African American teachers.

    • A.

      But did not account for education.

    • B.

      Except that of religion.

    • C.

      Except negotiation of contracts between the freed enslaved person and planters.

    • D.

      Except finding teachers.

    Correct Answer
    B. Except that of religion.
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "except that of religion." This means that the Freedmen's Bureau did impact all aspects of the newly freed African Americans' lives, except for their religious education. The bureau did not specifically focus on providing religious education or support to the freed slaves.

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  • 11. 

    Ch12: 49. Lincoln's plan for Reconstruction offered a general ____________________, or pardon, to Southerners who abided by certain conditions.

    Correct Answer
    amnesty
    Amnesty
    Explanation
    Lincoln's plan for Reconstruction offered a general amnesty, or pardon, to Southerners who abided by certain conditions. Amnesty is a term used to describe the act of granting forgiveness or pardon to a group of people for offenses committed. In this case, Lincoln's plan aimed to extend amnesty to Southerners who were willing to follow certain conditions, potentially allowing them to rejoin the Union and participate in the Reconstruction process.

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  • 12. 

    Ch12:   “On a moonlit December night in the late 1860s, Essic Harris, a formerly enslaved man, woke suddenly after hearing loud noises outside his small home in Chatham County, North Carolina. He peered out his bedroom window and a wave of terror rushed over him. Thirty men in white robes and hoods stood around the house. Many held shotguns. They were members of the Ku Klux Klan. . . . They had come to harass Harris, who was active in local politics.— adapted from The Fiery CrossThe overall implication of the above passage involving the Ku Klux Klan was that

    • A.

      Intimidating newly freed slaves was a common practice.

    • B.

      Formerly enslaved persons were driven out of their towns at night.

    • C.

      To intimidate antislavery politicians was okay.

    • D.

      Free African Americans were never really safe from violent actions against them during the 1860s

    Correct Answer
    D. Free African Americans were never really safe from violent actions against them during the 1860s
    Explanation
    The passage describes a specific incident involving Essic Harris, a formerly enslaved man, who was targeted by the Ku Klux Klan. This implies that free African Americans were not safe from violent actions during the 1860s. The presence of the Klan, their intimidation tactics, and the fact that Harris was targeted for his involvement in local politics all suggest that violence against free African Americans was a real and constant threat during this time period.

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  • 13. 

    Ch12: Gaining money illegally through politics is called ____________________.

    Correct Answer
    Graft
    graft
    Explanation
    Graft refers to the act of gaining money illegally through politics. It involves corrupt practices such as bribery, embezzlement, and fraud. This term is commonly used to describe the unethical and illegal activities of politicians who use their positions of power to enrich themselves. Graft is a serious issue as it undermines the integrity of the political system and hinders the development and progress of a society.

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  • 14. 

    CH12: Although Republican reforms impacted many parts of the Southern economy, funding for____ especially grew after the Civil War. Republican Reforms in the South after the Civil War Repealed black codes and made more state offices elective. Established state hospitals and institutions for orphans, disabled, and mentally ill. Rebuilt roads, railways, and bridges. Provided funds for new railroads and industries. Established a system of public schools.

    • A.

      Health care

    • B.

      Agriculture

    • C.

      Transportation

    • D.

      Retail sales

    Correct Answer
    C. Transportation
    Explanation
    After the Civil War, Republican reforms in the South focused on rebuilding and improving various aspects of the region's economy. While funding for healthcare, agriculture, and retail sales may have also increased, the given options suggest that transportation saw the most significant growth. This aligns with the fact that the reforms included the rebuilding of roads, railways, and bridges, as well as providing funds for new railroads and industries. Improved transportation infrastructure was crucial for the economic development and integration of the Southern states.

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  • 15. 

    Ch12: Taxes on alcohol and tobacco, emergency measures introduced during the Civil War, were nicknamed ____________________ taxes.

    Correct Answer
    Sin
    sin
    Explanation
    During the Civil War, taxes were imposed on alcohol and tobacco as emergency measures. These taxes were commonly referred to as "sin taxes" because they targeted goods that were considered vices or indulgences. The term "sin" is used colloquially to describe activities or products that are deemed morally or socially unacceptable, such as excessive drinking or smoking. Therefore, the correct answer is "sin."

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  • 16. 

    CH12: The Ku Klux Klan Act resulted in thousands of arrests and convictions of Klan members, and many served time in prison.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    B. False
    Explanation
    The statement is false. The Ku Klux Klan Act did result in some arrests and convictions of Klan members, but it did not lead to thousands of arrests and convictions or many members serving time in prison. The act was passed in 1871 to combat the violence and intimidation tactics of the Klan during the Reconstruction era, but its enforcement was limited and did not have a significant impact on the organization.

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  • 17. 

    CH12: Many Radical Republicans had been abolitionists before the Civil War.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    Many Radical Republicans had been abolitionists before the Civil War. This means that before the Civil War, a significant number of Radical Republicans were already actively advocating for the abolition of slavery. This aligns with their strong stance against slavery and their commitment to racial equality, which was a central aspect of their political ideology. As abolitionists, they fought for the emancipation of enslaved individuals and the end of the institution of slavery.

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  • 18. 

    CH12:  According to the chart below, under the proposed terms of the Wade-Davis Bill, restrictions were harshest on Wade- Davis Bill Majority of adult white men in former Confederate states must take an oath of allegiance to the Union. Former Confederate states must hold constitutional convention to create a new state government. State conventions must abolish slavery, reject debts acquired in Confederacy. Former Confederate government officials are prohibited from voting or holding office.

    • A.

      Citizens of former Confederate states.

    • B.

      African Americans.

    • C.

      Former Confederate officials.

    • D.

      Congressional delegates.

    Correct Answer
    C. Former Confederate officials.
    Explanation
    The proposed terms of the Wade-Davis Bill included restrictions that were harshest on former Confederate officials. These officials were prohibited from voting or holding office, indicating that they would face severe consequences under the bill. The other options, including citizens of former Confederate states, African Americans, and Congressional delegates, were not specifically mentioned as being targeted by the restrictions outlined in the bill. Therefore, the correct answer is former Confederate officials.

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