Chapter 12 Biology CCA Practice Test

Approved & Edited by ProProfs Editorial Team
The editorial team at ProProfs Quizzes consists of a select group of subject experts, trivia writers, and quiz masters who have authored over 10,000 quizzes taken by more than 100 million users. This team includes our in-house seasoned quiz moderators and subject matter experts. Our editorial experts, spread across the world, are rigorously trained using our comprehensive guidelines to ensure that you receive the highest quality quizzes.
Learn about Our Editorial Process
| By SheaSouthers
S
SheaSouthers
Community Contributor
Quizzes Created: 1 | Total Attempts: 389
Questions: 25 | Attempts: 389

SettingsSettingsSettings
CCA Quizzes & Trivia

It may be a tough subject to master, but biology is undoubtedly one of the scientific topics that cover the most relatable and important aspects of our lives – that which deals with nature and all living things. Have you got the topic down, or have you work to do? Let’s take a look.


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    What are coiled strands of nucleic acids that contain genetic information?

    • A.

      Nucleosomes

    • B.

      Chromosomes

    • C.

      Nucleotides

    • D.

      Codon

    Correct Answer
    B. Chromosomes
    Explanation
    Chromosomes are coiled strands of nucleic acids that contain genetic information. They are found in the nucleus of cells and are made up of DNA and proteins. Chromosomes play a crucial role in carrying and transmitting genetic information from one generation to the next. They are responsible for determining an individual's traits and characteristics.

    Rate this question:

  • 2. 

    What are basic, beadlike units of DNA packaging in eukaryotes consisting of a segment of DNA wound around a protein core

    • A.

      Nucleosome

    • B.

      Chromosomes

    • C.

      Nucleotides

    • D.

      Codon

    Correct Answer
    A. Nucleosome
    Explanation
    Nucleosomes are the basic, beadlike units of DNA packaging in eukaryotes. They consist of a segment of DNA wound around a protein core. This packaging helps to condense the DNA and allows for efficient storage and organization within the cell. Nucleosomes play a crucial role in regulating gene expression and controlling access to the DNA for processes such as transcription and replication.

    Rate this question:

  • 3. 

    What are fundamental structural units of nucleic acids and are composed of a phosphate, a sugar and a nitrogenous containing base

    • A.

      Nucleosomes

    • B.

      Chromosomes

    • C.

      Nucleotides

    • D.

      Codon

    Correct Answer
    C. Nucleotides
    Explanation
    Nucleotides are the fundamental structural units of nucleic acids. They are composed of a phosphate group, a sugar molecule, and a nitrogenous base. Nucleotides are the building blocks of DNA and RNA molecules. They form long chains through phosphodiester bonds between the sugar and phosphate groups, with the nitrogenous bases projecting from the sugar-phosphate backbone. Nucleotides play a crucial role in storing and transmitting genetic information, as well as participating in various cellular processes such as energy transfer and enzyme reactions.

    Rate this question:

  • 4. 

    What is a series of three bases?

    • A.

      Nucleosome

    • B.

      Chromosome

    • C.

      Nucleotide

    • D.

      Codon

    Correct Answer
    D. Codon
    Explanation
    A series of three bases is called a codon. Codons are found in DNA and RNA molecules and they represent specific instructions for the synthesis of proteins. Each codon codes for a particular amino acid or a start/stop signal. The sequence of codons determines the sequence of amino acids in a protein, thus playing a crucial role in protein synthesis.

    Rate this question:

  • 5. 

    _____________ proposed 2 rules regarding DNA structure

    Correct Answer
    Chargaff
  • 6. 

    _____________ took x-ray diffraction picture

    Correct Answer
    Franklin
    Explanation
    Franklin is the correct answer because she was the scientist who took the x-ray diffraction picture that provided crucial evidence for the structure of DNA. Her work, along with that of Watson and Crick, was instrumental in the discovery of the double helix structure of DNA.

    Rate this question:

  • 7. 

    __________ discovered a transforming principle

    Correct Answer
    Griffith
    Explanation
    Griffith discovered a transforming principle. This refers to Frederick Griffith, a British bacteriologist who conducted an experiment in 1928 known as the Griffith's experiment. In his experiment, Griffith observed that a non-virulent strain of bacteria could become virulent when it was exposed to heat-killed virulent bacteria. This led to the discovery of a "transforming principle" that could transfer genetic information between bacteria, later identified as DNA. This groundbreaking discovery laid the foundation for the field of molecular genetics and our understanding of genetic transformation.

    Rate this question:

  • 8. 

    __________ had series of experiments confirming that DNA was genetic material

    Correct Answer
    Hershey and Chase
    Explanation
    Hershey and Chase conducted a series of experiments that provided evidence supporting the idea that DNA is the genetic material. In their famous experiment, they used bacteriophages (viruses that infect bacteria) to infect bacterial cells. They labeled the DNA of the bacteriophage with radioactive phosphorus and the protein coat with radioactive sulfur. After infecting the bacteria, they found that the radioactive phosphorus (DNA) was transferred into the bacterial cells, while the radioactive sulfur (protein) remained outside. This indicated that DNA, not protein, was responsible for carrying genetic information, confirming that DNA is the genetic material.

    Rate this question:

  • 9. 

    __________ isolated DNA from fish sperm and the pus of open wounds and called it nuclein

    Correct Answer
    Miescher
    Explanation
    Miescher is the correct answer because he was the scientist who isolated DNA from fish sperm and the pus of open wounds and named it nuclein. This discovery was a significant contribution to the understanding of genetic material and laid the foundation for future research on DNA.

    Rate this question:

  • 10. 

    __________  discovered that proteins often take the shape of an alpha helix, spiraling like a coil spring

    Correct Answer
    Pauling
    Explanation
    Pauling is the correct answer because Linus Pauling, an American chemist, was the one who discovered that proteins often take the shape of an alpha helix, spiraling like a coil spring. His groundbreaking work in the field of molecular biology and his discovery of the secondary structure of proteins earned him the Nobel Prize in Chemistry in 1954.

    Rate this question:

  • 11. 

    ____________  used Rosalind Franklin’s x-ray diffraction data to proposed the double helix structure of DNA

    Correct Answer
    Watson and Crick
    Explanation
    Watson and Crick used Rosalind Franklin's x-ray diffraction data to propose the double helix structure of DNA. This indicates that Watson and Crick relied on Franklin's experimental findings to develop their model of DNA's structure.

    Rate this question:

  • 12. 

    ________ shared Rosalind Franklin’s x-ray diffraction with Watson without her permission

    Correct Answer
    Wilkins
    Explanation
    Wilkins is the correct answer because he shared Rosalind Franklin's x-ray diffraction with Watson without her permission. This implies that Wilkins acted unethically by disclosing Franklin's work without obtaining her consent, which violated her intellectual property rights and undermined her contribution to the discovery of the structure of DNA. This breach of trust and professional conduct had significant implications for Franklin's recognition and the subsequent Nobel Prize awarded to Watson, Crick, and Wilkins.

    Rate this question:

  • 13. 

    The chemcal composition of DNA has adenine, thymine, guanine, and cytosine

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    The chemical composition of DNA includes four nitrogenous bases: adenine (A), thymine (T), guanine (G), and cytosine (C). These bases pair up in a specific manner, with adenine always pairing with thymine and guanine always pairing with cytosine. This pairing is crucial for the structure and function of DNA. Therefore, the statement that the chemical composition of DNA includes adenine, thymine, guanine, and cytosine is true.

    Rate this question:

  • 14. 

    DNA is located in the cytoplasm

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    B. False
    Explanation
    occurs in nucleus

    Rate this question:

  • 15. 

    RNA is single stranded

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    RNA is single stranded because it is composed of a single strand of nucleotides. Unlike DNA, which is double stranded, RNA does not have a complementary strand. This single-stranded structure allows RNA to fold into complex shapes and perform various functions within the cell, such as protein synthesis and gene regulation. The single-stranded nature of RNA also makes it more versatile and adaptable compared to DNA, as it can form different secondary structures and interact with other molecules more easily.

    Rate this question:

  • 16. 

    RNA carries instructions for protein syntheis

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    RNA carries instructions for protein synthesis. This is because RNA molecules are transcribed from DNA and carry the genetic information from the DNA to the ribosomes, where proteins are synthesized. The process of protein synthesis involves the translation of the instructions encoded in the RNA molecules into the sequence of amino acids that make up proteins. Therefore, RNA plays a crucial role in the synthesis of proteins in cells.

    Rate this question:

  • 17. 

    DNA special product is transcription

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    B. False
    Explanation
    replication

    Rate this question:

  • 18. 

    What is the complement of AUG in RNA? (or anticodon)

    • A.

      UAC

    • B.

      TAC

    • C.

      CAT

    • D.

      CUA

    Correct Answer
    A. UAC
    Explanation
    The complement of AUG in RNA is UAC. In RNA, adenine (A) pairs with uracil (U), and guanine (G) pairs with cytosine (C). Therefore, the complement of A is U, the complement of U is A, and the complement of G is C. Since AUG is the start codon in RNA, its complement would be UAC.

    Rate this question:

  • 19. 

    How many of the 23 chromosomes are autosomes?

    • A.

      1

    • B.

      12

    • C.

      23

    • D.

      22

    Correct Answer
    D. 22
    Explanation
    Autosomes are chromosomes that are not involved in determining the sex of an individual. In humans, there are 23 pairs of chromosomes, with one pair being the sex chromosomes (X and Y) and the remaining 22 pairs being autosomes. Therefore, the correct answer is 22, as there are 22 autosomes out of the total 23 chromosomes.

    Rate this question:

  • 20. 

    What is lack of pigmentation in skin, hair and eyes

    • A.

      Albinism

    • B.

      Tay-Sachs

    • C.

      Phenylketoneuria

    • D.

      Huntington's

    Correct Answer
    A. Albinism
    Explanation
    Albinism is a genetic condition characterized by the lack of pigmentation in the skin, hair, and eyes. It is caused by a defect in the production of melanin, the pigment responsible for giving color to these body parts. People with albinism have very light or white skin, hair, and eye color, and they are often sensitive to sunlight. This condition can also affect the development of the eyes, leading to vision problems. Tay-Sachs, phenylketonuria, and Huntington's are unrelated genetic disorders and do not specifically involve lack of pigmentation.

    Rate this question:

  • 21. 

    Autosomal recessive resulting in degeneration of the nervous system

    • A.

      Tay-Sachs

    • B.

      Phenylketoneuria

    • C.

      Huntington's

    • D.

      Polydactyl

    Correct Answer
    A. Tay-Sachs
    Explanation
    Tay-Sachs is a genetic disorder that is inherited in an autosomal recessive manner. This means that both parents must carry a copy of the mutated gene for the disorder to be passed on to their child. The disorder leads to the degeneration of the nervous system, causing a decline in cognitive and motor functions. Symptoms usually appear in infancy and progress over time, leading to severe disability and a shortened lifespan.

    Rate this question:

  • 22. 

    What is the monomer in nucleic acids?

    • A.

      Nucleotides

    • B.

      Amino acids

    • C.

      Sugar

    • D.

      All the above

    Correct Answer
    A. Nucleotides
    Explanation
    Nucleic acids are composed of repeating units called nucleotides. These nucleotides consist of three components: a nitrogenous base, a sugar molecule, and a phosphate group. The nitrogenous base can be adenine, guanine, cytosine, or thymine (in DNA) or uracil (in RNA). The sugar molecule is either deoxyribose (in DNA) or ribose (in RNA). The phosphate group is responsible for linking the nucleotides together to form the nucleic acid strand. Therefore, the correct answer is nucleotides.

    Rate this question:

  • 23. 

    What is the monomer in proteins?

    • A.

      Sugar

    • B.

      Base

    • C.

      Phosphate

    • D.

      Amino acids

    Correct Answer
    D. Amino acids
    Explanation
    Proteins are polymers made up of repeating units called amino acids. Amino acids are the monomers of proteins. They are organic compounds that contain an amino group (-NH2) and a carboxyl group (-COOH) attached to a central carbon atom. The side chain, or R-group, varies among different amino acids, giving each amino acid its unique properties. When amino acids join together through peptide bonds, they form long chains called polypeptides, which fold into specific three-dimensional structures to create proteins. Therefore, amino acids are the monomers that make up proteins.

    Rate this question:

  • 24. 

    What are components of the nucleic acid monomer?

    • A.

      Sugar

    • B.

      Base

    • C.

      Phosphate

    • D.

      All the above

    Correct Answer
    D. All the above
    Explanation
    The components of the nucleic acid monomer are sugar, base, and phosphate. The sugar component provides the backbone of the nucleic acid molecule, the base component determines the genetic code, and the phosphate component links the sugar and base together. Therefore, all of the above options are correct.

    Rate this question:

  • 25. 

    Red blood cells collapse in?

    • A.

      Muscular dystrophy

    • B.

      Polydactyl

    • C.

      Sickle cell anemia

    • D.

      None of the above

    Correct Answer
    C. Sickle cell anemia
    Explanation
    Sickle cell anemia is the correct answer because it is a genetic disorder that causes red blood cells to become sickle-shaped, rigid, and prone to breaking down. This abnormal shape makes it difficult for the cells to pass through small blood vessels, leading to blockages and reduced oxygen delivery to tissues. The collapse of red blood cells is a characteristic feature of sickle cell anemia. Muscular dystrophy and polydactyl are unrelated conditions that do not involve the collapse of red blood cells.

    Rate this question:

Related Topics

Back to Top Back to top
Advertisement
×

Wait!
Here's an interesting quiz for you.

We have other quizzes matching your interest.