Chapter 11: Interest Groups

47 Questions

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Group Quizzes & Trivia

Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    Participation in both elections and interest groups has declined dramatically since 1960
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 2. 
    Interest groups have no formal Constitutional protections.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 3. 
    Interest groups differ from political parties because
    • A. 

      Parties use technology more effectively

    • B. 

      Groups tend to be policy specialists while parties tend to be policy generalists.

    • C. 

      The group's main arena is the electoral system.

    • D. 

      Parties seek many access points in the government.

  • 4. 
    The theory the argues the just a few groups have most of the power is the 
    • A. 

      Pluralist theory

    • B. 

      Elite theory

    • C. 

      Group theory of politics

    • D. 

      Hyper pluralist theory

  • 5. 
    The gropu theory of politics
    • A. 

      Is a part of traditional democratic theory

    • B. 

      Supports the idea that elites run the government

    • C. 

      Sees groups as an important linkage institution

    • D. 

      States that groups have become too powerful

  • 6. 
    • A. 

      Groups are extremely unequal in power.

    • B. 

      Groups usually play by the rules of the game.

    • C. 

      Groups weak in one resource can use another.

    • D. 

      Groups compete.

  • 7. 
    Public opinion polls have shown that most people believe that government is pretty much run by a few big interests looking out for themselves.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 8. 
    • A. 

      Real power is held by relatively few key groups.

    • B. 

      The power of a few is fortified by an extensive system of interlocking directorates.

    • C. 

      The real game of group politics is the one played by the corporate elites.

    • D. 

      Groups provide an effective check on elite power.

  • 9. 
    • A. 

      It is open to too many groups.

    • B. 

      It benefits the few at the expense of the many.

    • C. 

      It disperses power among a wide range of groups.

    • D. 

      Legislators have become immune to group pressures.

  • 10. 
    Interest group liberalism is characterized by the philosophy that all interests are almost equally legitimate and the job of government is to advance them all.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 11. 
    Which of the following is NOT a part of sub governments?
    • A. 

      Interest group leaders

    • B. 

      Interlocking directorates

    • C. 

      Administrative agencies

    • D. 

      Congressional committees and subcommittees.

  • 12. 
    The Tobacco Institute, the Department of Agriculture, and the House Tobacco Subcommittee working together to protect the interest of tobacco farmers is a classic example of
    • A. 

      Interlocking directorates

    • B. 

      The group theory of politics

    • C. 

      A sub government

    • D. 

      Elite control of government

  • 13. 
    The hyperpluralist position on groups is that 
    • A. 

      Groups have become too powerful int the political process.

    • B. 

      Interest group liberalism is aggravated by numerous sub governments.

    • C. 

      The result of group conflict is contradictory and confusing policy.

    • D. 

      All the above.

  • 14. 
    The larger the group, the 
    • A. 

      More government support it receives.

    • B. 

      More it behaves like a party.

    • C. 

      Less effective it is.

    • D. 

      More specialized it becomes.

  • 15. 
    Large groups have organizational advantages over small groups.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 16. 
    A potential group
    • A. 

      Is composed of people who share a common interest

    • B. 

      Is usually smaller than an actual group

    • C. 

      Is composed of only active group members

    • D. 

      Always consists of all consumers.

  • 17. 
    Collective goods
    • A. 

      Can be packaged and sold separately.

    • B. 

      Can be withheld from any group member

    • C. 

      Are available only to members of the actual group who secure them.

    • D. 

      Are shared by members of the potential group.

  • 18. 
    • A. 

      Are actual group members

    • B. 

      Avoid collective goods

    • C. 

      Aggravate large groups more than small groups

    • D. 

      Automatically share in selective benefits.

  • 19. 
    Which of the following matters could NOT be explained by Mancur Olson's law of large groups?
    • A. 

      The problems of public interest lobbies

    • B. 

      Why small groups are easier to organize

    • C. 

      Why large groups are less effective

    • D. 

      The successes of the Consumers Union

  • 20. 
    Goods that a group can restrict to those who pay their yearly dues are called
    • A. 

      Free-rider goods

    • B. 

      Selective benefits

    • C. 

      Collective goods

    • D. 

      Actual benefits

  • 21. 
    Which of the following is Not true of single-issue groups?
    • A. 

      They are the same as public interest lobbies

    • B. 

      They have narrow interests

    • C. 

      The dislike compromise

    • D. 

      They single-mindedly pursue their goals

  • 22. 
    One of the most emotional issues to generate single-issue groups has been that of abortion.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 23. 
    Critics charge that PACs make the interest group system biased toward the wealthy.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 24. 
    Which of the following statements regarding  the Tax reform Act of 1986 is FALSE?
    • A. 

      The Tax Reform Act eliminated all but a very few loopholes.

    • B. 

      The Tax Reform Act is a classic example of how PACs can influence votes.

    • C. 

      The Chairman of the Senate Finance Committee was Congress's top PAC recipient during the tax reform struggle.

    • D. 

      Senator Packwood turned against lobbyists trying to get his ear on behalf of various tax loopholes.

  • 25. 
    Technology has facilitated the explosion inf the number of interest groups in the United States.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 26. 
    Which of the following is NOT among the strategies used by interest groups to shape public policy?
    • A. 

      Lobbying

    • B. 

      Litigation

    • C. 

      Electioneering

    • D. 

      Avoiding publicity

  • 27. 
    Lobbying
    • A. 

      Is aimed at influencing decision making.

    • B. 

      Is confined solely to the legislative branch.

    • C. 

      Was made illegal with the Federal Regulation of Lobbying Act.

    • D. 

      Is most effective in converting legislators.

  • 28. 
    Which of the following is NOT one of the ways that lobbyists can help a member of Congress?
    • A. 

      Helping to formulate campaign strategy

    • B. 

      Writing and introducing bills

    • C. 

      Providing important information

    • D. 

      Providing idea and innovations.

  • 29. 
    Lobbyists are relatively ineffective in winning over legislators who are opposed to their goals.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 30. 
    • A. 

      Studies have shown that lobbyists are particularly effective as information sources.

    • B. 

      There is plenty of evidence to suggest that sometimes lobbying can persuade legislators to support a certain policy

    • C. 

      It is hard to isolate the effects of lobbying from other influences.

    • D. 

      Unlike campaigning, lobbying is directed primarily toward conversion activities.

  • 31. 
    Which of the following is generally NOT a major part of electioneering?
    • A. 

      Providing financial aid to candidates, frequently through PACs

    • B. 

      Encouraging group members to campaign for a favorite candidate

    • C. 

      Running an interest group leader as a political candidate

    • D. 

      Activating group members to vote for a favorite candidate.

  • 32. 
    Most PAC contributions are given to challengers rather than incumbents.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 33. 
    Congressional candidate Steve Sovern organized a PAC called LASTPAC in order to
    • A. 

      Get PAC money since no other PAC would support him.

    • B. 

      Urge candidates to shun PAC-backing

    • C. 

      Unite the PACs under on political organization

    • D. 

      Get other candidates to support the goals of the Legal Assistance Support Team (LAST).

  • 34. 
    Which of the following types of groups has NOT resorted to litigation as a strategy for affecting policy?
    • A. 

      Groups interested in equality

    • B. 

      Groups interested in the environment

    • C. 

      Public interest lobbies

    • D. 

      None of the above

  • 35. 
    • A. 

      Enable a group of similarly situated plaintiffs to combine similar grievances into a single suit.

    • B. 

      Consist of written arguments submitted to the courts in support of one side of a case.

    • C. 

      Are required before an interest group can sue for enforcement of a particular piece of legislation.

    • D. 

      Are most often used by PACs

  • 36. 
    Most interest groups are not concerned with the opinions of people outside of their membership
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 37. 
    Public policy in America has economic effects through
    • A. 

      Regulations

    • B. 

      Tax advantages

    • C. 

      Subsidies and contracts

    • D. 

      All of the above

  • 38. 
    Right-to-work laws are generally supported by
    • A. 

      Business groups

    • B. 

      Labor unions

    • C. 

      Public interest groups

    • D. 

      All of the above

  • 39. 
    The concept of the "union shop" illustrates the seriousness of the free-rider problem for labor organizations.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 40. 
    The influence of business groups would best illustrate
    • A. 

      Pluralist theory

    • B. 

      Elite theory

    • C. 

      Hyper pluralist theory

    • D. 

      Democratic theory

  • 41. 
    Business PACs have increased more dramatically than any other category of PACs.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 42. 
    Which of the following issues is NOT on the hit list of environmentalist groups?
    • A. 

      Alternative energy sources

    • B. 

      Strip mining

    • C. 

      Offshore oil drilling

    • D. 

      Supersonic aircraft

  • 43. 
    Today, civil rights groups are particularly concerned with affirmative action programs to ensure equal educational and employment opportunities.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 44. 
    Most recently, the National Organization for Women has been most active in 
    • A. 

      Getting the Equal Rights Amendment ratified

    • B. 

      The enactment of individual statutes on equal rights for women.

    • C. 

      Achieving equal voting rights.

    • D. 

      All of the above.

  • 45. 
    Organizations that seek a collective good, the achievement of which will not selectively and materially benefit the membership or activists of the organization are called
    • A. 

      Single-issue groups

    • B. 

      Public interest lobbies

    • C. 

      Political Action Committees

    • D. 

      Pluralistic groups

  • 46. 
    • A. 

      Favored a wide-open system in which many groups would be able to participate to counterbalance one another.

    • B. 

      Wanted the Constitution to forbid the growth of groups and factions.

    • C. 

      Believed american society would be best served by a relatively small number of powerful groups.

    • D. 

      Believed that public interest groups were dangerous because the common man was not qualified to speak for the public interest.

  • 47. 
    Presidents Carter and Reagan both felt that interest groups were beneficial to their administrations and helped with policy formation.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False