Chapter 11: Interest Groups

47 Questions | Total Attempts: 1879

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Group Quizzes & Trivia

Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    Participation in both elections and interest groups has declined dramatically since 1960
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 2. 
    Interest groups have no formal Constitutional protections.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 3. 
    Interest groups differ from political parties because
    • A. 

      Parties use technology more effectively

    • B. 

      Groups tend to be policy specialists while parties tend to be policy generalists.

    • C. 

      The group's main arena is the electoral system.

    • D. 

      Parties seek many access points in the government.

  • 4. 
    The theory the argues the just a few groups have most of the power is the 
    • A. 

      Pluralist theory

    • B. 

      Elite theory

    • C. 

      Group theory of politics

    • D. 

      Hyper pluralist theory

  • 5. 
    The gropu theory of politics
    • A. 

      Is a part of traditional democratic theory

    • B. 

      Supports the idea that elites run the government

    • C. 

      Sees groups as an important linkage institution

    • D. 

      States that groups have become too powerful

  • 6. 
    Which of the following is NOT an essential part of the group theory of politics?
    • A. 

      Groups are extremely unequal in power.

    • B. 

      Groups usually play by the rules of the game.

    • C. 

      Groups weak in one resource can use another.

    • D. 

      Groups compete.

  • 7. 
    Public opinion polls have shown that most people believe that government is pretty much run by a few big interests looking out for themselves.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 8. 
    Which of the following statements about the elite theory perspective on groups is FALSE?
    • A. 

      Real power is held by relatively few key groups.

    • B. 

      The power of a few is fortified by an extensive system of interlocking directorates.

    • C. 

      The real game of group politics is the one played by the corporate elites.

    • D. 

      Groups provide an effective check on elite power.

  • 9. 
    According to elite theorists, interest group lobbying is a problem because 
    • A. 

      It is open to too many groups.

    • B. 

      It benefits the few at the expense of the many.

    • C. 

      It disperses power among a wide range of groups.

    • D. 

      Legislators have become immune to group pressures.

  • 10. 
    Interest group liberalism is characterized by the philosophy that all interests are almost equally legitimate and the job of government is to advance them all.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 11. 
    Which of the following is NOT a part of sub governments?
    • A. 

      Interest group leaders

    • B. 

      Interlocking directorates

    • C. 

      Administrative agencies

    • D. 

      Congressional committees and subcommittees.

  • 12. 
    The Tobacco Institute, the Department of Agriculture, and the House Tobacco Subcommittee working together to protect the interest of tobacco farmers is a classic example of
    • A. 

      Interlocking directorates

    • B. 

      The group theory of politics

    • C. 

      A sub government

    • D. 

      Elite control of government

  • 13. 
    The hyperpluralist position on groups is that 
    • A. 

      Groups have become too powerful int the political process.

    • B. 

      Interest group liberalism is aggravated by numerous sub governments.

    • C. 

      The result of group conflict is contradictory and confusing policy.

    • D. 

      All the above.

  • 14. 
    The larger the group, the 
    • A. 

      More government support it receives.

    • B. 

      More it behaves like a party.

    • C. 

      Less effective it is.

    • D. 

      More specialized it becomes.

  • 15. 
    Large groups have organizational advantages over small groups.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 16. 
    A potential group
    • A. 

      Is composed of people who share a common interest

    • B. 

      Is usually smaller than an actual group

    • C. 

      Is composed of only active group members

    • D. 

      Always consists of all consumers.

  • 17. 
    Collective goods
    • A. 

      Can be packaged and sold separately.

    • B. 

      Can be withheld from any group member

    • C. 

      Are available only to members of the actual group who secure them.

    • D. 

      Are shared by members of the potential group.

  • 18. 
    Free-riders
    • A. 

      Are actual group members

    • B. 

      Avoid collective goods

    • C. 

      Aggravate large groups more than small groups

    • D. 

      Automatically share in selective benefits.

  • 19. 
    Which of the following matters could NOT be explained by Mancur Olson's law of large groups?
    • A. 

      The problems of public interest lobbies

    • B. 

      Why small groups are easier to organize

    • C. 

      Why large groups are less effective

    • D. 

      The successes of the Consumers Union

  • 20. 
    Goods that a group can restrict to those who pay their yearly dues are called
    • A. 

      Free-rider goods

    • B. 

      Selective benefits

    • C. 

      Collective goods

    • D. 

      Actual benefits

  • 21. 
    Which of the following is Not true of single-issue groups?
    • A. 

      They are the same as public interest lobbies

    • B. 

      They have narrow interests

    • C. 

      The dislike compromise

    • D. 

      They single-mindedly pursue their goals

  • 22. 
    One of the most emotional issues to generate single-issue groups has been that of abortion.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 23. 
    Critics charge that PACs make the interest group system biased toward the wealthy.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 24. 
    Which of the following statements regarding  the Tax reform Act of 1986 is FALSE?
    • A. 

      The Tax Reform Act eliminated all but a very few loopholes.

    • B. 

      The Tax Reform Act is a classic example of how PACs can influence votes.

    • C. 

      The Chairman of the Senate Finance Committee was Congress's top PAC recipient during the tax reform struggle.

    • D. 

      Senator Packwood turned against lobbyists trying to get his ear on behalf of various tax loopholes.

  • 25. 
    Technology has facilitated the explosion inf the number of interest groups in the United States.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False