Chapter 11 Civil War Test

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Chapter 11 Civil War Test - Quiz


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    Explain what occurred at the Trent Affair  

  • 2. 

    Explain some political changes following the Civil War  

  • 3. 

    Explain some economic changes following the Civil War  

  • 4. 

    Explain some social changes following the Civil War  

  • 5. 

    Describe the 3 parts to the Union's military plan (Anaconda Plan)  

  • 6. 

    Lincoln was for stopping the expansion of slavery  

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    Lincoln was indeed for stopping the expansion of slavery. He believed that slavery was morally wrong and wanted to prevent its spread to new territories. This was evident in his debates with Stephen Douglas during the 1858 Senate campaign, where he argued against the expansion of slavery. Additionally, Lincoln's Emancipation Proclamation in 1862 declared that all slaves in Confederate territory would be set free, further demonstrating his stance against slavery.

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  • 7. 

    Gettysburg was the bloodiest day of war

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    B. False
    Explanation
    The statement is incorrect. Gettysburg was not the bloodiest day of war. The bloodiest day of war refers to the Battle of Antietam, which took place on September 17, 1862, during the American Civil War. This battle resulted in the highest number of casualties in a single day, with over 22,000 soldiers killed, wounded, or missing. Gettysburg, although a significant and deadly battle, did not surpass the casualties of the Battle of Antietam. Therefore, the correct answer is False.

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  • 8. 

    The Emancipation Proclamation didn't apply to border states  

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    During the American Civil War, the Emancipation Proclamation was issued by President Abraham Lincoln in 1862. It declared that all slaves in Confederate territory were to be set free. However, the Proclamation did not apply to the border states, which were slave states that had not seceded from the Union. The border states, including Delaware, Maryland, Kentucky, and Missouri, were allowed to keep their slaves. Therefore, the statement that the Emancipation Proclamation didn't apply to border states is true.

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  • 9. 

    The President of the South Confederacy was  

    • A.

      Charles Sumner

    • B.

      Robert Lee

    • C.

      Jefferson Davis

    • D.

      Abe Lincoln

    Correct Answer
    C. Jefferson Davis
    Explanation
    Jefferson Davis was the President of the South Confederacy during the American Civil War. He served as the President from 1861 to 1865. Davis was a prominent figure in the Confederacy and played a crucial role in leading the Southern states during the war. His presidency was marked by various challenges and conflicts, including the struggle for independence and the eventual defeat of the Confederacy. Despite his efforts, Davis was unable to secure victory for the South and eventually surrendered to the Union forces.

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  • 10. 

    An advantage to the North was they had advanced military weapons  

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    The statement is true because having advanced military weapons would give the North an advantage in the Civil War. Advanced weapons such as rifled muskets and artillery gave them greater firepower and accuracy compared to the South's outdated weapons. This technological superiority allowed the North to inflict more damage on the enemy and potentially win battles more easily.

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  • 11. 

    The first battle of the Civil War was..  

    • A.

      Antietum

    • B.

      Bull Run

    • C.

      Gettysburg

    Correct Answer
    B. Bull Run
    Explanation
    The correct answer is Bull Run. The first battle of the Civil War was fought at Bull Run. This battle took place on July 21, 1861, in Prince William County, Virginia. It was a significant battle as it marked the first major engagement of the war. The Confederate Army, led by General P.G.T. Beauregard, successfully defended their position against the Union Army, led by General Irvin McDowell. The battle ended in a Confederate victory and highlighted the need for better training and preparation for both sides in the war.

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  • 12. 

    Robert E. Lee was offered a position to lead the Union army, but later resigned from the U.S. Army  

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    Robert E. Lee was indeed offered a position to lead the Union army during the American Civil War. However, he declined the offer and instead chose to resign from the U.S. Army. This decision ultimately led him to become the commander of the Confederate Army of Northern Virginia, where he played a significant role in the Confederate cause during the war.

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  • 13. 

    Habeus Corpus is  

    • A.

      The right to bear arms

    • B.

      The right to a speedy trial

    • C.

      The right to have a counsel/lawyer

    • D.

      Freedom of religion

    Correct Answer
    B. The right to a speedy trial
    Explanation
    Habeas Corpus is the legal principle that protects individuals from being unlawfully detained or imprisoned. It ensures that a person has the right to appear before a court or judge to challenge the legality of their detention and to demand a speedy trial. This right is crucial in safeguarding individual liberties and preventing indefinite or unjust imprisonment without due process of law.

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  • 14. 

    Northern Democrats who wanted to make peace with the South are called...  

    • A.

      Gorillas

    • B.

      Confederates

    • C.

      Rebels

    • D.

      Copperheads

    Correct Answer
    D. Copperheads
    Explanation
    Copperheads were a faction of Northern Democrats during the American Civil War who advocated for a peaceful resolution with the South. They opposed the war and criticized President Lincoln's policies. The term "Copperheads" was used to describe these Democrats because it referred to the venomous snake, symbolizing their perceived treachery and danger to the Union cause.

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  • 15. 

    The Confederates drafted men that were...  

    • A.

      Aged 15-50

    • B.

      Aged 20-45

    • C.

      Aged 17-35

    Correct Answer
    C. Aged 17-35
    Explanation
    During the American Civil War, the Confederates drafted men who were aged 17-35. This age range was chosen because it targeted individuals who were considered physically fit and capable of serving in the military. Younger men were seen as more resilient and able to endure the hardships of war, while older men were often needed to support their families or work in essential industries. By selecting men within this age range, the Confederates aimed to recruit a strong and effective fighting force.

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  • 16. 

    The Union drafted men that were aged...  

    • A.

      15-55

    • B.

      20-45

    • C.

      16-35

    Correct Answer
    B. 20-45
    Explanation
    The Union drafted men that were aged between 20 and 45. This age range was considered ideal for military service as it encompassed individuals who were physically fit and capable of fighting. Younger men were often deemed too inexperienced or immature, while older men were seen as less physically capable. By selecting men within the 20-45 age range, the Union aimed to create a strong and effective fighting force.

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  • 17. 

    Every slave was freed from the Emancipation Proclmation

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    B. False
    Explanation
    The Emancipation Proclamation, issued by President Abraham Lincoln in 1863, declared that all slaves in Confederate territory were to be set free. However, it did not actually free all slaves. The proclamation only applied to areas that were under Confederate control, and therefore did not immediately free all slaves in the United States. Many slaves in border states or areas under Union control were not immediately freed by the proclamation. It was a significant step towards ending slavery, but it did not free every slave.

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  • 18. 

    By staying neutral in the war, Britain instead imported cotton from...  

    • A.

      Africa

    • B.

      South America and Asia

    • C.

      Egypt and India

    Correct Answer
    C. Egypt and India
    Explanation
    During the war, Britain stayed neutral and could not import cotton from the American South, which was a major supplier before the war. To meet the demand for cotton, Britain turned to other sources such as Egypt and India. These regions were known for their cotton production and were able to supply Britain with the cotton it needed during this time.

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  • 19. 

    The 13th Amendment stated...  

    • A.

      The right to freedom to protest

    • B.

      Equal rights to all races and religions

    • C.

      Slavery, nor involuntary servitude is allowed

    • D.

      Voting age changed to 18

    Correct Answer
    C. Slavery, nor involuntary servitude is allowed
    Explanation
    The 13th Amendment to the United States Constitution abolished slavery and involuntary servitude, making it illegal in the country. This amendment was a significant step towards ensuring the freedom and rights of all individuals, regardless of their race or background. It marked the end of a dark chapter in American history and laid the foundation for equality and justice for all.

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  • 20. 

    Abe Lincoln was assasinated in...  

    • A.

      Washington D.C.

    • B.

      Pennsylvania

    • C.

      Kentucky

    • D.

      North Carolina

    Correct Answer
    A. Washington D.C.
    Explanation
    Abe Lincoln was assassinated in Washington D.C. This is a well-known fact in history. Washington D.C. is the capital of the United States and was the location of Ford's Theatre, where Lincoln was shot by John Wilkes Booth on April 14, 1865. The assassination of Lincoln had a significant impact on American history and is a widely studied event.

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  • 21. 

    At the end of the war, slavery was legal in border states  

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    At the end of the war, slavery was legal in border states. This means that in states located on the border between the Union and the Confederacy, slavery was still permitted. Despite the Emancipation Proclamation and the eventual abolition of slavery with the passage of the 13th Amendment, border states such as Delaware, Maryland, Kentucky, and Missouri continued to allow slavery until the end of the Civil War.

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  • 22. 

    There were more deaths in the South than in the North  

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    B. False
    Explanation
    The given statement is "There were more deaths in the South than in the North." The correct answer is False. This means that there were not more deaths in the South compared to the North. The explanation for this answer could be that there were either equal or more deaths in the North than in the South.

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  • 23. 

    The start of the Civil War occurred at _________ _____________ in South Carolina.  

    Correct Answer
    Fort Sumter
    Explanation
    The start of the Civil War occurred at Fort Sumter in South Carolina. Fort Sumter was a federal fort located in Charleston Harbor, South Carolina. The Confederate forces attacked and captured the fort on April 12, 1861, which marked the beginning of the Civil War. This event was significant because it was the first military engagement of the war and it demonstrated the secessionist movement's determination to break away from the Union. The attack on Fort Sumter ultimately led to the mobilization of both Union and Confederate forces and the escalation of the conflict.

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  • 24. 

    The South would fight a _____________ war  

    Correct Answer
    defensive
    Explanation
    The South would fight a defensive war because they were primarily focused on protecting their territory and way of life rather than launching aggressive attacks. They were outnumbered and lacked the resources and industrial capacity of the North, so their best strategy was to defend their positions and wear down the Union forces. Additionally, the South believed that their knowledge of the terrain and their determination to defend their homes and families would give them an advantage in a defensive war.

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  • 25. 

    Who was  a major contributor at the Battle of Bull Run?  

    • A.

      Robert Lee

    • B.

      "Stonewall" Jackson

    • C.

      David Farragut

    Correct Answer
    B. "Stonewall" Jackson
    Explanation
    "Stonewall" Jackson was a major contributor at the Battle of Bull Run. He was a Confederate general known for his tactical skills and leadership during the American Civil War. His steadfast defense at the First Battle of Bull Run played a crucial role in the Confederate victory, earning him the nickname "Stonewall." Jackson's strategic maneuvers and ability to inspire his troops were instrumental in the Confederate success at Bull Run.

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  • 26. 

    The first Union officer that Lincoln appointed (who later got fired) was...  

    • A.

      Ulysses Grant

    • B.

      Stephen R. Mallory

    • C.

      George McClellan

    • D.

      Thomas Jackson

    Correct Answer
    C. George McClellan
    Explanation
    George McClellan was the first Union officer appointed by Lincoln who later got fired. McClellan served as the general-in-chief of the Union Army during the early years of the Civil War. Despite his initial successes, McClellan's cautious and overly conservative approach frustrated Lincoln, who believed that he was not taking enough aggressive action against the Confederacy. As a result, Lincoln relieved McClellan of his command in November 1862.

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  • 27. 

    Feb. 1862-Union army invades Tennessee and captures 2 Confederate forts (Fort Henry, Donelson). This was lead by...  

    • A.

      McClellan

    • B.

      Grant

    • C.

      Jackson

    • D.

      Farragut

    Correct Answer
    B. Grant
    Explanation
    In February 1862, the Union army invaded Tennessee and successfully captured two Confederate forts, Fort Henry and Fort Donelson. The leader of this invasion was Grant.

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  • Current Version
  • Jan 06, 2023
    Quiz Edited by
    ProProfs Editorial Team
  • Nov 15, 2011
    Quiz Created by
    Ekang2
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