Pericles And The History Of Athens Quiz

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Athens Quizzes & Trivia

Have you ever imagined meeting Pericles? Do you know the history of Athens? Pericles was a famous and influential Greek statesman, orator, and general of Athens during its golden age during two wars. He was proclaimed as “the first citizen of Athens. ” The period during which he ran Athens was 461 to 429 BC. This quiz will transport you back in time to meet Pericles. Get ready for the experience.


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    What does Pericles mean by saying that Athens's government was a "pattern to others"?

    • A.

      Athens copied the government of neighboring countries.

    • B.

      Athens and its neighboring countries shared the same form of government.

    • C.

      Athens was an example for other countries to follow.

    Correct Answer
    C. Athens was an example for other countries to follow.
    Explanation
    Pericles means that Athens's government served as a model or example for other countries to emulate. This suggests that the government of Athens was considered superior or successful, and that other nations could learn from its practices and principles. By describing Athens's government as a "pattern to others," Pericles implies that it was a positive and influential force in the political landscape.

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  • 2. 

    According to Pericles, which of the following describes a democracy?

    • A.

      A government that considers the needs of the few instead of the many

    • B.

      A government that considers the needs of the many instead of the few

    • C.

      A government under the control of a small group of people

    Correct Answer
    B. A government that considers the needs of the many instead of the few
    Explanation
    Pericles believed that a democracy is a government that considers the needs of the many instead of the few. This means that in a democratic system, the government should prioritize the well-being and interests of the majority of the population, rather than a select few individuals or groups. This aligns with the principles of equality and representation that are fundamental to a democratic society.

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  • 3. 

    Which of the following phrases best describes Pericles' view of Athenian democracy?

    • A.

      All people are equal under the law.

    • B.

      People do not have the right to rule themselves.

    • C.

      The right to rule belongs to the few.

    Correct Answer
    A. All people are equal under the law.
    Explanation
    Pericles' view of Athenian democracy can be best described as "All people are equal under the law." This suggests that he believed in the principle of equality, where every individual in Athens was subject to the same laws and regulations, regardless of their social status or wealth. Pericles valued the idea that no one was above the law and that all citizens should be treated fairly and equally in the democratic system. This viewpoint aligns with the fundamental principles of democracy, emphasizing the importance of equal rights and opportunities for all.

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  • 4. 

    According to Pericles, which qualification is most important for a person who wants to serve their country?

    • A.

      Power

    • B.

      Wealth

    • C.

      Strength

    • D.

      Ability

    Correct Answer
    D. Ability
    Explanation
    Pericles believed that the most important qualification for a person who wants to serve their country is ability. This implies that having the necessary skills, knowledge, and competence is crucial in effectively contributing to the betterment of one's country. Power, wealth, and strength may be advantageous, but without the ability to utilize them effectively, they may not lead to meaningful service. Therefore, ability stands out as the key attribute required to serve one's country effectively.

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  • 5. 

    An economy is the way in which a community organizes the manufacture and exchange of goods and services. Athens's economy was based on:

    • A.

      Trade

    • B.

      Farming

    • C.

      Land

    • D.

      Sea

    Correct Answer
    A. Trade
    Explanation
    Athens, being a city-state in ancient Greece, had a strong economy that primarily relied on trade. Its location near the sea facilitated maritime commerce, allowing the Athenians to engage in extensive trading activities with other city-states and regions. The city's bustling marketplace, known as the Agora, served as a hub for commercial transactions. Athens also imported and exported various goods, including pottery, olive oil, wine, and silver. Trade played a vital role in the prosperity and growth of Athens, contributing to its economic development and influence in the ancient world.

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  • 6. 

    Athenians bought and sold goods at a marketplace called the:

    • A.

      Peloponnesus

    • B.

      Council of 500

    • C.

      Agora

    Correct Answer
    C. Agora
    Explanation
    The correct answer is Agora. The Agora was a marketplace in ancient Athens where Athenians would buy and sell goods. It was the center of commercial, political, and social life in the city and was a bustling hub of activity. The Agora was not only a place for trade but also served as a meeting place for citizens to discuss and debate important matters. It was an integral part of Athenian society and played a significant role in shaping the city's culture and economy.

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  • 7. 

    Which sentence best describes education in Athens?

    • A.

      Education did not include music.

    • B.

      Book learning and physical training were both important.

    Correct Answer
    B. Book learning and physical training were both important.
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "Book learning and physical training were both important." This sentence accurately describes education in Athens by highlighting the importance of both intellectual and physical development. In Athens, education was not limited to just academic pursuits, but also emphasized the importance of physical fitness and training. This holistic approach to education aimed to produce well-rounded individuals who excelled in both mental and physical abilities.

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  • 8. 

    Which statement describes the life of women in Athens?

    • A.

      They had fewer rights than free men.

    • B.

      They were not allowed to have jobs.

    Correct Answer
    A. They had fewer rights than free men.
    Explanation
    The statement "They had fewer rights than free men" accurately describes the life of women in Athens. In ancient Athens, women had significantly fewer rights compared to free men. They were not considered citizens and were excluded from participating in politics, owning property, and having legal rights. They were primarily confined to domestic roles and had limited opportunities for education and employment. This statement highlights the gender inequality and discrimination that women faced in Athenian society.

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  • Current Version
  • Dec 04, 2023
    Quiz Edited by
    ProProfs Editorial Team
  • Mar 05, 2015
    Quiz Created by
    Taormina46035
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