Cells, Body Systems, Genetics Review

68 Questions | Total Attempts: 74

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Cells, Body Systems, Genetics Review

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Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    Cells are the simplest form of life.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 2. 
    The nucleus acts as the control center for the Eukaryotic Cell.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 3. 
    The following types of cells belong in which category? Plant Animal Fungi Protists
    • A. 

      Prokaryotic Cells

    • B. 

      Eukaryotic Cells

    • C. 

      Bacteria Cells

    • D. 

      White blood cells

  • 4. 
    Which function does the nucleus of a cell perform? 
    • A. 

      It releases energy for the cell.

    • B. 

      It provides structure for the cell.

    • C. 

      It controls the activities of the cell.

    • D. 

      It protects the cell 

  • 5. 
    In which way are a euglena and a volvox different?
    • A. 

      A euglena is an individual cell, while a volvox is a colony of cells.

    • B. 

      A euglena uses cilia to move, while a volvox uses flagella to move.

    • C. 

      A euglena can make its own food, while a volvox must capture its food.

    • D. 

      A euglena only reproduces sexually, while a volvox only reproduces asexually.

  • 6. 
    Which statement describes the organization of living organisms?
    • A. 

      All organisms are composed of many cells, which are the basic units of structure but do not perform life functions.

    • B. 

      All organisms are composed of one or more cells, which are the basic units of structure and perform essential life functions.

    • C. 

      All organisms are composed of many cells that have basic units with unique structures and functions.

    • D. 

      All organisms are composed of one or more cells with the same shape and purpose but are not the basic units of structure.

  • 7. 
    How do a volvox and an amoeba get their food? 
    • A. 

      A volvox uses eyespots, and an amoeba uses cilia to find food.

    • B. 

      A volvox uses photosynthesis, and an amoeba surrounds its food.

    • C. 

      A volvox surrounds its food, and an amoeba uses cilia to find food.

    • D. 

      A volvox uses pseudopods to find food, and an amoeba uses photosynthesis.

  • 8. 
    Which best explains why muscle is considered a tissue?
    • A. 

      It connects to the bones

    • B. 

      It can move voluntarily or involuntarily 

    • C. 

      It interacts with several organ systems

    • D. 

      It is a group of cells working together

  • 9. 
    Which is the highest level of organization?
    • A. 

      Cells

    • B. 

      Tissues 

    • C. 

      Organ

    • D. 

      Organ systems

  • 10. 
    What part of the cell organelles produces "energy" for a animal cell? (Peanut/kidney shape)
    • A. 

      Nucleus

    • B. 

      Mitochondria

    • C. 

      ER

    • D. 

      Ribosomes

  • 11. 
    Where does photosynthesis take place within the plant cell organelles?
    • A. 

      Nucleus

    • B. 

      Chloroplasts

    • C. 

      ER

    • D. 

      Ribosomes

  • 12. 
    Which organelle is not correctly paired with its function? 
    • A. 

      Cell wall- allows things to enter and exit the cell

    • B. 

      Ribosomes- makes proteins

    • C. 

      DNA- the powerhouse of the cell 

    • D. 

      ER- processing center, transport center of the cell 

  • 13. 
    What is the source of energy that powers photosynthesis?
    • A. 

      Water in the soil

    • B. 

      Chemicals in leaves

    • C. 

      Light from the sun

    • D. 

      Food from sugars 

  • 14. 
    Complete the analogy below:  Photosynthesis: Chloroplasts Cellular Respiration: ___________________
    • A. 

      Mitochondria

    • B. 

      Chloroplasts

    • C. 

      ER

    • D. 

      Nucleus 

  • 15. 
    Which of the following organelle(s) are only found in plant cells?
    • A. 

      Cell Wall

    • B. 

      Chloroplasts

    • C. 

      Mitochondria 

    • D. 

      Both A and B

    • E. 

      Both B and C 

  • 16. 
    The process of mitosis is used in which of the following?
    • A. 

      Repairing a cut on your skin

    • B. 

      Growth of cells 

    • C. 

      Replacing cells that are worn out 

    • D. 

      All of the above

  • 17. 
    In the process of meiosis....
    • A. 

      Chromosomes are reduced from 46 to 23

    • B. 

      Make gametes- sperm and egg cells 

    • C. 

      A form of sexual reproduction

    • D. 

      The process of cell division occurs twice (PMAT cycle)

    • E. 

      All of the above

  • 18. 
    What type of cell is a plant cell? 
    • A. 

      Prokaryote

    • B. 

      Eukaryote

    • C. 

      Both prokaryote and eukaryote

    • D. 

      Bacteria cells 

  • 19. 
    What type of cell is found below?
    • A. 

      Prokaryotic- bacteria cell 

    • B. 

      Eukaryotic cell- protists

    • C. 

      Eukaryotic cell-fungi

    • D. 

      None of the above

  • 20. 
    Type your answer by correctly identifying the correct Protist- Amoeba, Volvox, or Euglena
  • 21. 
    Type the answer in order to identify the Protist in the photo- Amoeba, Euglena, Paramecium
  • 22. 
    Type in the correct answer to identify the correct protist- Volvox, Euglena, or Paramecium
  • 23. 
    Type in the correct answer to correctly identify the correct protist- Euglena, Volvox, Amoeba
  • 24. 
    Which two organisms contain chloroplasts and eyespots?
    • A. 

      Amoeba and paramecium

    • B. 

      Paramecium and volvox

    • C. 

      Volvox and euglena

    • D. 

      Euglena and amoeba

  • 25. 
    A student practicing for the outdoor track team begins to sweat.  To what stimulus is the body responding?
    • A. 

      An increase in heart rate

    • B. 

      Increase in body temperature

    • C. 

      Increase in oxygen demand

    • D. 

      Increase in breathing rate

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