Cause And Effect: Logical Reasoning Trivia Quiz

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| By Tanmay Shankar
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Cause And Effect: Logical Reasoning Trivia Quiz - Quiz

Everything has a reason happening in that every action has a consequence. Below is a Logical Reasoning Trivia Quiz on cause and effect. Do you think you have what it takes to choose from the paragraphs below, the cause and effect of the events in the stories? Do take up this quiz and get to find out. All the best!


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    In each of the following questions, two statements numbered I and II are given. There may be cause and effect relationship between the two statements. These two statements may be the effect of the same cause or independent causes. These statements may be independent causes without having any relationship. Read both the statements in each question and mark your answer as • (A) If statement I is the cause and statement II is its effect; • (B) If statement II is the cause and statement I is its effect; • (C) If both the statements I and II are independent causes; • (D) If both the statements I and II are effects of independent causes; and • (E) If both the statements I and II are effects of some common cause. Statements: I. The central government has decided to make all the information related to primary education available to the general public. II. In the past, the general public did not have access to all these information related to primary education.

    • A.

      Statement I is the cause and statement II is its effect

    • B.

      Statement II is the cause and statement I is its effect

    • C.

      Both the statements I and II are independent causes

    • D.

      Both the statements I and II are effects of independent causes

    • E.

      Both the statements I and II are effects of some common cause

    Correct Answer
    B. Statement II is the cause and statement I is its effect
    Explanation
    The given answer suggests that statement II is the cause and statement I is its effect. This means that the fact that the general public did not have access to information related to primary education in the past has led to the central government's decision to make all this information available to the public. In other words, the lack of access in the past has prompted the government to take action and make the information accessible.

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  • 2. 

    There may be cause and effect relationship between the two statements. These two statements may be the effect of the same cause or independent causes. These statements may be independent causes without having any relationship. Read both the statements in each question and mark your answer as • (A) If statement I is the cause and statement II is its effect; • (B) If statement II is the cause and statement I is its effect; • (C) If both the statements I and II are independent causes; • (D) If both the statements I and II are effects of independent causes; and • (E) If both the statements I and II are effects of some common cause. Statements: I. The farmers have decided against selling their Rabi crops to the Government agencies. II. The Government has reduced the procurement price of Rabi crops starting from last month to the next six months.

    • A.

      Statement I is the cause and statement II is its effect

    • B.

      Statement II is the cause and statement I is its effect

    • C.

      Both the statements I and II are independent causes

    • D.

      Both the statements I and II are effects of independent causes

    • E.

      Both the statements I and II are effects of some common cause

    Correct Answer
    B. Statement II is the cause and statement I is its effect
    Explanation
    The reduction in procurement price of Rabi crops by the Government has caused the farmers to decide against selling their crops to the Government agencies. This suggests that the decrease in price has made it unprofitable for the farmers to sell their crops to the Government. Therefore, statement II is the cause and statement I is its effect.

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  • 3. 

    There may be cause and effect relationship between the two statements. These two statements may be the effect of the same cause or independent causes. These statements may be independent causes without having any relationship. Read both the statements in each question and mark your answer as • (A) If statement I is the cause and statement II is its effect; • (B) If statement II is the cause and statement I is its effect; • (C) If both the statements I and II are independent causes; • (D) If both the statements I and II are effects of independent causes; and • (E) If both the statements I and II are effects of some common cause. Statements: I. The performance of most of the students in final exam of class XII in the schools run by the Government was excellent. II. Many teachers of the Government schools left the school and joined private schools.

    • A.

      Statement I is the cause and statement II is its effect

    • B.

      Statement II is the cause and statement I is its effect

    • C.

      Both the statements I and II are independent causes

    • D.

      Both the statements I and II are effects of independent causes

    • E.

      Both the statements I and II are effects of some common cause

    Correct Answer
    D. Both the statements I and II are effects of independent causes
    Explanation
    The statement I states that the performance of most students in the final exam of class XII in government-run schools was excellent. This could be due to various factors such as good teaching, effective study materials, or dedicated students. On the other hand, statement II mentions that many teachers from government schools left and joined private schools. This could be due to reasons like better pay, improved working conditions, or personal career growth. Therefore, both statements are independent causes and do not have a cause and effect relationship with each other.

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  • 4. 

    There may be cause and effect relationship between the two statements. These two statements may be the effect of the same cause or independent causes. These statements may be independent causes without having any relationship. Read both the statements in each question and mark your answer as • (A) If statement I is the cause and statement II is its effect; • (B) If statement II is the cause and statement I is its effect; • (C) If both the statements I and II are independent causes; • (D) If both the statements I and II are effects of independent causes; and • (E) If both the statements I and II are effects of some common cause. Statements: I. There is considerable reduction in the number of people affected by water-borne diseases in City F during this rainy season. II. The government has opened four new civil hospitals in City F in the beginning of the year.

    • A.

      Statement I is the cause and statement II is its effect

    • B.

      Statement II is the cause and statement I is its effect

    • C.

      Both the statements I and II are independent causes

    • D.

      Both the statements I and II are effects of independent causes

    • E.

      Both the statements I and II are effects of some common cause

    Correct Answer
    C. Both the statements I and II are independent causes
    Explanation
    The reduction in the number of people affected by water-borne diseases in City F during the rainy season could be due to various factors such as improved sanitation, awareness campaigns, or personal hygiene practices. On the other hand, the government opening four new civil hospitals in City F at the beginning of the year may be a separate initiative to improve healthcare infrastructure in the city. Therefore, both statements I and II are independent causes and are not directly related to each other.

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  • 5. 

    There may be cause and effect relationship between the two statements. These two statements may be the effect of the same cause or independent causes. These statements may be independent causes without having any relationship. Read both the statements in each question and mark your answer as • (A) If statement I is the cause and statement II is its effect; • (B) If statement II is the cause and statement I is its effect; • (C) If both the statements I and II are independent causes; • (D) If both the statements I and II are effects of independent causes; and • (E) If both the statements I and II are effects of some common cause. Statements:   I. The prices of fruits have been increased considerably during this summer. II. There is tremendous increase in the temperature during this summer thereby damaging crops greatly.

    • A.

      Statement I is the cause and statement II is its effect

    • B.

      Statement II is the cause and statement I is its effect

    • C.

      Both the statements I and II are independent causes

    • D.

      Both the statements I and II are effects of independent causes

    • E.

      Both the statements I and II are effects of some common cause

    Correct Answer
    B. Statement II is the cause and statement I is its effect
    Explanation
    The explanation for the given answer is that the increase in temperature during the summer has led to a tremendous increase in the temperature, which in turn has damaged crops greatly. This suggests that the increase in temperature is the cause (Statement II) and the increase in prices of fruits is the effect (Statement I). The increase in temperature has directly affected the crops, leading to a decrease in supply and an increase in prices.

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  • 6. 

    There may be cause and effect relationship between the two statements. These two statements may be the effect of the same cause or independent causes. These statements may be independent causes without having any relationship. Read both the statements in each question and mark your answer as • (A) If statement I is the cause and statement II is its effect; • (B) If statement II is the cause and statement I is its effect; • (C) If both the statements I and II are independent causes; • (D) If both the statements I and II are effects of independent causes; and • (E) If both the statements I and II are effects of some common cause. Statements: I. There has been a growth in the incidents of atrocities against women in the city during last year. II. The police authority has been unable to nab the culprits who are committing crime against women.

    • A.

      Statement I is the cause and statement II is its effect

    • B.

      Statement II is the cause and statement I is its effect

    • C.

      Both the statements I and II are independent causes

    • D.

      Both the statements I and II are effects of independent causes

    • E.

      Both the statements I and II are effects of some common cause

    Correct Answer
    C. Both the statements I and II are independent causes
    Explanation
    The explanation for the answer "Both the statements I and II are independent causes" is that statement I suggests that there has been a growth in the incidents of atrocities against women in the city during the last year. This implies that there is an increase in the number of crimes being committed. On the other hand, statement II states that the police authority has been unable to nab the culprits who are committing crime against women. This suggests that the police's inability to catch the culprits is a separate issue and not directly related to the increase in the number of crimes. Therefore, both statements are independent causes.

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  • 7. 

    There may be cause and effect relationship between the two statements. These two statements may be the effect of the same cause or independent causes. These statements may be independent causes without having any relationship. Read both the statements in each question and mark your answer as • (A) If statement I is the cause and statement II is its effect; • (B) If statement II is the cause and statement I is its effect; • (C) If both the statements I and II are independent causes; • (D) If both the statements I and II are effects of independent causes; and • (E) If both the statements I and II are effects of some common cause. Statements: I. Rural and semi-urban areas in the state have been suffering due to load shedding for quite some time. II. If the Government is not able to overcome the power crisis, load shedding will be extended even to the urban areas.

    • A.

      Statement I is the cause and statement II is its effect

    • B.

      Statement II is the cause and statement I is its effect

    • C.

      Both the statements I and II are independent causes

    • D.

      Both the statements I and II are effects of independent causes

    • E.

      Both the statements I and II are effects of some common cause

    Correct Answer
    E. Both the statements I and II are effects of some common cause
    Explanation
    The explanation for the given answer is that both statements I and II are related to the issue of load shedding. Statement I states that rural and semi-urban areas have been suffering from load shedding for some time, indicating that there is already a power crisis in these areas. Statement II suggests that if the government is unable to overcome the power crisis, load shedding will be extended to urban areas as well. This implies that there is a common cause, which is the power crisis, that is affecting both rural/semi-urban areas and potentially urban areas as well. Therefore, both statements I and II are effects of the common cause of the power crisis.

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  • 8. 

    There may be cause and effect relationship between the two statements. These two statements may be the effect of the same cause or independent causes. These statements may be independent causes without having any relationship. Read both the statements in each question and mark your answer as • (A) If statement I is the cause and statement II is its effect; • (B) If statement II is the cause and statement I is its effect; • (C) If both the statements I and II are independent causes; • (D) If both the statements I and II are effects of independent causes; and • (E) If both the statements I and II are effects of some common cause. Statements: I. The university authority has instructed all the colleges under its jurisdiction to ban use of mobile phones inside the classrooms. II. Majority of the professors of the colleges signed a joint petition to the university complaining the disturbances caused by cell phone ring-tones inside the classrooms.

    • A.

      Statement I is the cause and statement II is its effect

    • B.

      Statement II is the cause and statement I is its effect

    • C.

      Both the statements I and II are independent causes

    • D.

      Both the statements I and II are effects of independent causes

    • E.

      Both the statements I and II are effects of some common cause

    Correct Answer
    B. Statement II is the cause and statement I is its effect
    Explanation
    Statement II is the cause and statement I is its effect. The majority of the professors signing a joint petition to the university complaining about disturbances caused by cell phone ring-tones inside the classrooms is the cause for the university authority instructing all the colleges to ban the use of mobile phones inside the classrooms. The professors' complaint likely prompted the university to take action and implement the ban.

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  • 9. 

    There may be cause and effect relationship between the two statements. These two statements may be the effect of the same cause or independent causes. These statements may be independent causes without having any relationship. Read both the statements in each question and mark your answer as • (A) If statement I is the cause and statement II is its effect; • (B) If statement II is the cause and statement I is its effect; • (C) If both the statements I and II are independent causes; • (D) If both the statements I and II are effects of independent causes; and • (E) If both the statements I and II are effects of some common cause. Statements: I. Most of the steel producing companies in the country have made considerable profit during the last financial year. II. Many Asian countries have been importing huge quantities of steel from India.

    • A.

      Statement I is the cause and statement II is its effect

    • B.

      Statement II is the cause and statement I is its effect

    • C.

      Both the statements I and II are independent causes

    • D.

      Both the statements I and II are effects of independent causes

    • E.

      Both the statements I and II are effects of some common cause

    Correct Answer
    B. Statement II is the cause and statement I is its effect
    Explanation
    Statement II is the cause and statement I is its effect. This is because the fact that many Asian countries have been importing huge quantities of steel from India has led to most of the steel producing companies in the country making considerable profit during the last financial year. The increased demand for steel from Asian countries has created a market for Indian steel producers, resulting in higher profits for these companies.

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  • 10. 

    There may be cause and effect relationship between the two statements. These two statements may be the effect of the same cause or independent causes. These statements may be independent causes without having any relationship. Read both the statements in each question and mark your answer as • (A) If statement I is the cause and statement II is its effect; • (B) If statement II is the cause and statement I is its effect; • (C) If both the statements I and II are independent causes; • (D) If both the statements I and II are effects of independent causes; and • (E) If both the statements I and II are effects of some common cause. Statements: I. There is an increase in water level of all the water tanks supplying drinking water to the city during the last month. II. Most of the trains were cancelled last week due to water-logging on the tracks.

    • A.

      Statement I is the cause and statement II is its effect

    • B.

      Statement II is the cause and statement I is its effect

    • C.

      Both the statements I and II are independent causes

    • D.

      Both the statements I and II are effects of independent causes

    • E.

      Both the statements I and II are effects of some common cause

    Correct Answer
    E. Both the statements I and II are effects of some common cause
    Explanation
    Both statements indicate a correlation between water levels and water-logging. The increase in water level in the water tanks supplying drinking water to the city could be due to heavy rainfall and water-logging, which in turn caused the cancellation of trains due to water-logging on the tracks. Therefore, both statements are effects of some common cause, which is likely heavy rainfall and water-logging in the city.

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Our quizzes are rigorously reviewed, monitored and continuously updated by our expert board to maintain accuracy, relevance, and timeliness.

  • Current Version
  • Mar 21, 2023
    Quiz Edited by
    ProProfs Editorial Team
  • May 03, 2012
    Quiz Created by
    Tanmay Shankar
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