Eyes And Ears Disorder care Quiz

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Eyes And Ears Disorder care Quiz - Quiz

Eyes and ears disorder can be excruciating. If you are having the same issue take this quiz on eyes and ears disorder care that will help you take good care of yourself. The quiz covers various aspects of the disease and how you can mitigate the pain and take good care. In such a disorder, it is best to consult a doctor. Take this quiz and see what you know about this topic. If you find this quiz helpful, do share it with your peers. All the best!


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    The primary problem in cataract is:

    • A.

      Blurring of vision

    • B.

      Loss of peripheral vision

    • C.

      Presence of floaters

    • D.

      Halos around light

    Correct Answer
    A. Blurring of vision
    Explanation
    The primary problem in cataract is blurring of vision. Cataract is a condition where the lens of the eye becomes cloudy, causing vision to become blurry or hazy. This cloudiness prevents light from passing through the lens properly, resulting in a loss of sharpness and clarity in vision. As the cataract progresses, the blurring of vision becomes more pronounced, making it difficult to see clearly. Other symptoms such as sensitivity to light and difficulty seeing at night may also occur, but blurring of vision is the main issue caused by cataract.

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  • 2. 

    The primary reason for performing iridectomy after cataract extraction is:

    • A.

      To prevent secondary glaucoma

    • B.

      To improve the vision of the client

    • C.

      To prevent postop hemorrhage

    • D.

      To reduce eye discomfort

    Correct Answer
    A. To prevent secondary glaucoma
    Explanation
    Performing an iridectomy after cataract extraction is done to prevent secondary glaucoma. Secondary glaucoma can occur due to various factors such as pupillary block, inflammation, or angle closure caused by the iris blocking the drainage angle. By performing an iridectomy, a small portion of the iris is removed, creating a new opening for the aqueous fluid to flow freely and preventing the buildup of intraocular pressure that can lead to glaucoma. This procedure helps to maintain the health of the eye and prevent potential complications.

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  • 3. 

    Pterygium is caused primarily by:

    • A.

      Exposure to sunlight

    • B.

      Exposure to dust

    • C.

      Exposure to wind

    • D.

      Exposure to chemicals

    Correct Answer
    B. Exposure to dust
    Explanation
    Pterygium is a condition characterized by the growth of a fleshy tissue on the white part of the eye. It is primarily caused by exposure to dust. When dust particles enter the eye, they can irritate the conjunctiva, leading to inflammation and the formation of a pterygium. Dust particles can also cause dryness and abrasion on the surface of the eye, further contributing to the development of this condition. Therefore, regular exposure to dust increases the risk of developing pterygium.

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  • 4. 

    The surgical procedure which involves removal of the eyeball is:

    • A.

      Enucleation

    • B.

      Evisceration

    • C.

      Exanteration

    • D.

      Extraction

    Correct Answer
    A. Enucleation
    Explanation
    Enucleation is the correct answer because it refers to the surgical procedure of removing the entire eyeball while preserving the surrounding tissues and muscles. This procedure is typically performed in cases of severe eye trauma, uncontrollable eye pain, or to treat certain types of eye cancer. Evisceration, on the other hand, involves removing the contents of the eyeball while leaving the sclera intact. Exanteration is the removal of the entire eye along with the surrounding tissues, while extraction refers to the removal of a foreign object or cataract from the eye.

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  • 5. 

    A sterile chronic granulomatous inflammation of the meibomian gland is:

    • A.

      Chalazion

    • B.

      Hordeulum

    • C.

      Uveitis

    • D.

      Keratoconjunctivitis

    Correct Answer
    A. Chalazion
    Explanation
    A chalazion is a sterile chronic granulomatous inflammation of the meibomian gland. The meibomian glands are located in the eyelids and produce an oily substance that helps lubricate the eyes. When the gland becomes blocked, it can lead to the formation of a chalazion. Chalazions are typically painless and appear as a firm, non-tender lump on the eyelid. They can cause swelling and redness, and if they become large enough, they may cause blurred vision. Treatment options include warm compresses, eyelid hygiene, and in some cases, surgical removal.

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  • 6. 

    The following are nursing interventions for a blind person EXCEPT:

    • A.

      When approaching the client, talk before touching

    • B.

      Orient the client to the environment

    • C.

      When assisting the client during ambulation, the nurse stays beside the client

    • D.

      Promote the independence in activities of daily living

    Correct Answer
    C. When assisting the client during ambulation, the nurse stays beside the client
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "When assisting the client during ambulation, the nurse stays beside the client." This is the incorrect nursing intervention for a blind person because it does not promote independence. A blind person should be encouraged to use a cane or other assistive device to navigate their surroundings independently. The nurse should instead provide verbal cues and guidance while allowing the client to take the lead in ambulation.

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  • 7. 

    Otosclerosis is characterized by:

    • A.

      Increased endolymphatic pressure

    • B.

      Replacement of normal bones by spongy and highly-vascularized bones and the stapes become fixed with the oval window

    • C.

      Rupture of the tympanic membrane

    • D.

      Damage of the labyrinth or acoustic nerve

    Correct Answer
    B. Replacement of normal bones by spongy and highly-vascularized bones and the stapes become fixed with the oval window
    Explanation
    Otosclerosis is a condition characterized by the replacement of normal bones in the ear with spongy and highly-vascularized bones. This leads to the fixation of the stapes, one of the small bones in the middle ear, with the oval window. This fixation hampers the transmission of sound vibrations from the middle ear to the inner ear, resulting in hearing loss.

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  • 8. 

    Hyperopia is corrected with that type of lens?

    • A.

      Concave lens

    • B.

      Convex lens

    • C.

      Aphakic lens

    • D.

      Bifocal lens

    Correct Answer
    B. Convex lens
    Explanation
    Hyperopia, also known as farsightedness, is a condition where distant objects are seen more clearly than near objects. It occurs when the eyeball is shorter than normal or when the cornea is not curved enough. A convex lens is used to correct hyperopia by converging light rays before they enter the eye, allowing the image to focus properly on the retina. The convex lens helps to increase the focusing power of the eye, enabling the person to see nearby objects more clearly. Therefore, a convex lens is the correct choice for correcting hyperopia.

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  • 9. 

    The following are appropriate nursing interventions after cataract extraction EXCEPT:

    • A.

      Place the client in supine position or turn towards unoperated side

    • B.

      Advise the client to avoid bending, stooping or lifting heavy objects for several weeks postop

    • C.

      Instruct the client to limit fluid intake

    • D.

      Advise the client to protect his eyes with eye pad and eye shield for a week

    Correct Answer
    C. Instruct the client to limit fluid intake
    Explanation
    After cataract extraction, it is important for the client to maintain adequate hydration to prevent dehydration and promote healing. Therefore, limiting fluid intake would not be an appropriate nursing intervention in this case.

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  • 10. 

    The client with retinal detachment would least likely manifest which of the following signs & symptoms:

    • A.

      Floating spots before the eyes

    • B.

      Flashes of light

    • C.

      Progressive constriction of vision in one area

    • D.

      Pain in the eye

    Correct Answer
    D. Pain in the eye
    Explanation
    Retinal detachment occurs when the retina, the layer of tissue at the back of the eye responsible for vision, becomes separated from its underlying supportive tissue. This condition often presents with symptoms such as floating spots before the eyes, flashes of light, and progressive constriction of vision in one area. However, pain in the eye is not typically associated with retinal detachment. Therefore, the client with retinal detachment would least likely manifest pain in the eye.

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  • 11. 

    In acute glaucoma, the obstruction to the flow of aqueous humor is caused by:

    • A.

      Thickening of the trabecular meshwork

    • B.

      Displacement of the iris

    • C.

      Narrowing of the canal schlemm

    • D.

      Constriction of the pupil

    Correct Answer
    B. Displacement of the iris
    Explanation
    In acute glaucoma, the obstruction to the flow of aqueous humor is caused by displacement of the iris. When the iris is displaced, it can block the drainage angle, which is where the aqueous humor normally flows out of the eye. This blockage leads to an increase in intraocular pressure, causing symptoms such as severe eye pain, blurred vision, and redness. Prompt medical attention is required to relieve the blockage and prevent further damage to the optic nerve.

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  • 12. 

    Which of the following is true about glaucoma?

    • A.

      It is characterized by irreversible blindness

    • B.

      It is treated with mydriatics

    • C.

      The IOP is 14-21mmHg

    • D.

      Central vision is lost initially, followed by the peripheral vision

    Correct Answer
    A. It is characterized by irreversible blindness
    Explanation
    Glaucoma is a condition characterized by irreversible blindness. This means that once vision loss occurs due to glaucoma, it cannot be reversed or restored. Glaucoma is caused by damage to the optic nerve, often due to increased pressure within the eye. It is a progressive disease that can lead to gradual vision loss, starting with the peripheral vision and eventually affecting central vision as well. Treatment for glaucoma typically involves reducing intraocular pressure through the use of medications, surgery, or other interventions. Mydriatics, on the other hand, are drugs used to dilate the pupils and are not specifically used to treat glaucoma.

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  • 13. 

    The following drugs maybe administered to the client with glaucoma EXCEPT:

    • A.

      Diamox (Acetazolamide)

    • B.

      Pilocarpine

    • C.

      Atropine SO4

    • D.

      Timolol maleate

    Correct Answer
    C. Atropine SO4
    Explanation
    Atropine SO4 is not administered to clients with glaucoma because it is a mydriatic agent that dilates the pupils. In glaucoma, there is an increase in intraocular pressure, and dilation of the pupils can further worsen the condition by blocking the outflow of fluid from the eye. Therefore, Atropine SO4 is contraindicated in glaucoma. Diamox (Acetazolamide), Pilocarpine, and Timolol maleate are commonly used drugs in the treatment of glaucoma as they help reduce intraocular pressure.

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  • 14. 

    The client with retinal detachment had undergone scleral buckling. The following are appropriate nursing interventions EXCEPT:

    • A.

      Position the client with the area of detachment dependent

    • B.

      Cover the eyes with pressure dressing

    • C.

      Advise the client to avoid reading for few weeks

    • D.

      Encourage the client to increase fluid intake

    Correct Answer
    A. Position the client with the area of detachment dependent
    Explanation
    Positioning the client with the area of detachment dependent is not an appropriate nursing intervention for a client with retinal detachment who has undergone scleral buckling. The correct position for a client with retinal detachment is to keep the head of the bed elevated to promote drainage and decrease intraocular pressure. Positioning the client with the area of detachment dependent could potentially worsen the detachment and increase the risk of complications.

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  • 15. 

    Which of the following is the most characteristic manifestation of Meniere’s Dse?

    • A.

      Tinnitus

    • B.

      Headache

    • C.

      Vertigo

    • D.

      Nausea and Vomiting

    Correct Answer
    C. Vertigo
    Explanation
    Meniere's Disease is a disorder of the inner ear that affects balance and hearing. The most characteristic manifestation of this condition is vertigo, which is a sensation of spinning or dizziness. Vertigo is often accompanied by other symptoms such as tinnitus (ringing in the ears), hearing loss, and a feeling of fullness in the affected ear. Headache, nausea, and vomiting may occur during severe episodes of vertigo but are not the primary characteristic of Meniere's Disease.

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  • 16. 

    He diet of the client with Meniere’s disease should be:

    • A.

      Low-Protein

    • B.

      Low-fats

    • C.

      Low-potassium

    • D.

      Low-Sodium

    Correct Answer
    D. Low-Sodium
    Explanation
    The diet for a client with Meniere's disease should be low in sodium. Meniere's disease is a disorder of the inner ear that can cause episodes of vertigo, hearing loss, and tinnitus. Excess sodium intake can worsen the symptoms of Meniere's disease by causing fluid retention in the inner ear, leading to increased pressure and fluid imbalance. Therefore, a low-sodium diet is recommended to help manage the symptoms and reduce the frequency and severity of the episodes.

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  • 17. 

    Which of the following is inappropriate nursing intervention for the client with hearing impairment:

    • A.

      Talk in clearly enunciated words using normal tone of voice

    • B.

      Talk directly in front of the client

    • C.

      Use speech with gestures

    • D.

      Use high-pitch voice

    Correct Answer
    D. Use high-pitch voice
    Explanation
    Using a high-pitch voice is an inappropriate nursing intervention for a client with hearing impairment. Hearing impairment often affects the ability to hear high-frequency sounds, so speaking in a high-pitch voice may make it even more difficult for the client to understand. It is important to speak in clearly enunciated words using a normal tone of voice, talk directly in front of the client, and use speech with gestures to enhance communication for a client with hearing impairment.

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  • 18. 

    Which of the following dx tests compare air conduction with bone conduction

    • A.

      Rinne’s test

    • B.

      Weber’s tes

    • C.

      Barany’s Rotation Test

    • D.

      Caloric Ice Test

    Correct Answer
    A. Rinne’s test
    Explanation
    Rinne's test is a diagnostic test that compares air conduction with bone conduction. It involves placing a vibrating tuning fork on the mastoid bone behind the ear and then in front of the ear. The test is used to determine if there is a conductive hearing loss, where bone conduction is better than air conduction, or a sensorineural hearing loss, where air conduction is better than bone conduction.

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  • 19. 

    A client who had cataract should be told to call his MD if he has which of the following situations?

    • A.

      Blurred Vision

    • B.

      Eye Pain

    • C.

      Glare

    • D.

      Glare

    Correct Answer
    B. Eye Pain
    Explanation
    A client who had cataract should be told to call his MD if he has eye pain. Eye pain can be a sign of complications or infection after cataract surgery. It is important for the client to seek medical attention in order to prevent any further damage or complications to the eye. Blurred vision and glare are common symptoms experienced by clients with cataract and are expected after the surgery.

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  • 20. 

    The following are appropriate nursing interventions after ear surgery EXCEPT:

    • A.

      Position the client on the operated side

    • B.

      Instruct the client not to blow the nose for at least 2 weeks

    • C.

      Observe for signs and symptoms of 7th cranial nerve damage

    • D.

      Advise the client against wathing TV or fast-moving objects for few weeks postop

    Correct Answer
    A. Position the client on the operated side
    Explanation
    Positioning the client on the operated side after ear surgery is not an appropriate nursing intervention. This position may put pressure on the surgical site and potentially cause complications. It is important to maintain the client in a position that promotes comfort and prevents any harm or strain to the surgical site.

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  • 21. 

    Which of the ff test assesses visual acuity

    • A.

      Snellen’s Tes

    • B.

      Ishihara Plate

    • C.

      Retinoscopy

    • D.

      Tonometry

    Correct Answer
    A. Snellen’s Tes
    Explanation
    Snellen's Test is used to assess visual acuity. It involves reading letters of various sizes from a distance of 20 feet. The test measures how well a person can see and identify letters at a specified distance, which helps determine the clarity and sharpness of their vision. Ishihara Plate is used to test for color blindness, Retinoscopy is used to determine the refractive error of the eye, and Tonometry is used to measure intraocular pressure.

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  • 22. 

    Which of the following nursing interventions has priority when a client has a foreign body protruding from the eye?

    • A.

      Irrigate the eye with sterile saline

    • B.

      Assess visual acuity with snellen’s cha

    • C.

      Remove the foreign body with sterile gauz

    • D.

      Patch both eyes until seen by Opthalmologist

    Correct Answer
    A. Irrigate the eye with sterile saline
    Explanation
    When a client has a foreign body protruding from the eye, the priority nursing intervention is to irrigate the eye with sterile saline. This is important because it helps to flush out the foreign body and prevent further damage to the eye. Irrigating the eye with sterile saline can also help to alleviate any discomfort or pain that the client may be experiencing. Assessing visual acuity with Snellen's chart, removing the foreign body with sterile gauze, and patching both eyes until seen by an Ophthalmologist are important interventions, but they are not the priority in this situation.

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  • 23. 

    A client is diagnosed with Meniere’s disease. Which of the following nursing diagnosis should take priority for the client?

    • A.

      Altered body image

    • B.

      Risk for injury

    • C.

      Impaired social interaction

    • D.

      Ineffective coping

    Correct Answer
    B. Risk for injury
    Explanation
    The nursing diagnosis that should take priority for a client diagnosed with Meniere's disease is "Risk for injury". Meniere's disease is a disorder of the inner ear that can cause sudden episodes of vertigo, hearing loss, and tinnitus. These symptoms can significantly impact the client's balance and coordination, increasing the risk of falls and injuries. Therefore, the priority nursing diagnosis would be to address and minimize the risk of injury for the client.

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  • 24. 

    It is an eye disorder characterized by lessening of the effective powers of accommodation:

    • A.

      Myopia

    • B.

      Presbyopia

    • C.

      Hypertropia

    • D.

      Presbycusis

    Correct Answer
    B. Presbyopia
    Explanation
    Presbyopia is the correct answer because it is an eye disorder that is characterized by a lessening of the effective powers of accommodation. This means that the eye's ability to focus on near objects gradually decreases with age, making it difficult to see things up close. Myopia, on the other hand, is nearsightedness and is not related to a decrease in the eye's focusing ability. Hypertropia is a condition where there is an upward deviation of one eye, and presbycusis is age-related hearing loss, which is unrelated to the eye.

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  • Current Version
  • Dec 14, 2023
    Quiz Edited by
    ProProfs Editorial Team
  • May 16, 2012
    Quiz Created by
    RNpedia.com
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