The Campaign Of Alexander The Great (335-323 BC)

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The Campaign Of Alexander The Great (335-323 BC)

General knowledge testing on the histories of Alexander the Great.


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    Greek General and mercenary commander for the Persians that led a successful counter insurgency against Alexander along the western port cities of Anatolia, in the city of Halicarnassus, and the Aegean Sea before his death in 334 BC. 
    • A. 

      Mentor of Rhodes

    • B. 

      Azemilkos of Tyre

    • C. 

      Memnon of Rhodes

    • D. 

      Pixodaros

  • 2. 
    Originally a commander under Philip II, in 334 BC Alexander appoints this future Diadochi member as Satrap of Greater Phrygia (western Anatolia) charging him with mopping up operations and quelling rebellions in the wake of his march east.
    • A. 

      Hephaestion

    • B. 

      Antigonus Monopthalmus

    • C. 

      Perdiccas

    • D. 

      Ptolemy

  • 3. 
    Name the battle depicted in this famous fresco discovered among the ruins of Pompeii showing Alexander the Great and King Darius in the thick of battle. 
    • A. 

      The Siege of Halicarnassus

    • B. 

      Battle of Gaugamela

    • C. 

      Battle of Issus

    • D. 

      Battle of the Granicus River

  • 4. 
    After achieving victory at the Battle of Issus in 333 BC Alexander quickly advances south through Syria towards Egypt.  Nearly all coastal cities in the Levant submit to Alexander.  Tyre, while giving every assurance they recognized the young Macedonian as the new master of the realm they refused repeated requests from Alexander to come onto the island.  What pretense did Alexander use to warrant his visit?  
    • A. 

      To make a sacrifice at the Temple of Melqart, the Tyrian equivalent of Herakles.

    • B. 

      To meet with King Azemilkos to discuss his appointment as Satrap over the Levant.

    • C. 

      To search for Darius who was suspected of hiding in the city's citadel after his defeat at Issus.

    • D. 

      To discuss plans for Tyre to bring Carthage back under its purview.

  • 5. 
    After lengthy sieges at Tyre (333/442) and Gaza(332), Egypt was a relative cake walk for Alexander to subjugate.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 6. 
    In the autum of 331 BC Alexander and Darius meet on a plain near the small villiage of Gaugamela, approximately 75 miles north of Arbela.  Though heavily outnumbered, he chose to offer battle on terrain knowingly favorable to the Persians.  What special weapon did Darius use against Alexander at Gaugamela that he ordered his men prepared the battlefield the night before being careful to remove rocks and other impediments?
    • A. 

      Bactrian Dromedaries

    • B. 

      War Elephants from India

    • C. 

      Scythed Chariots

    • D. 

      10,000 Immortal Soldiers

  • 7. 
    Which Egyptian God had an oracle located in the Oasis of Siwa that Alexander risked a 200 mile dessert crossing to consult?  This god was considered the equivalent of the Greek God of Zeus, which Alexander believed was his actual father.
    • A. 

      Bastet

    • B. 

      Ammon-Ra

    • C. 

      Osiris

    • D. 

      Seth

  • 8. 
    This cavalry commander served under Darius during the Battle of Gaugamela and was Satrap of Bactria before mortally wounding and leaving for dead the Great King as he fled east.  This would be an offense Alexander would not let pass finally having him killed a year later.
    • A. 

      Spitamenes

    • B. 

      Satibarzames

    • C. 

      Bessus

    • D. 

      Dataphernes

  • 9. 
    In the autumn of 328 BC Alexander murders his friend and officer during a drunken argument at a drinking party somewhere in Marakanda.  Name this general that once saved the life of Alexander the Great during the Battle of Granicus river from Spithradates.  Gary Stretch playing the role of *********** in the 2004 film adaptation of Alexander
    • A. 

      Cleitos the White

    • B. 

      Cleitos the Black

    • C. 

      Craterus

    • D. 

      Kleomenes

  • 10. 
    Name of the stone fortification in the Pareitakene region of Sogdiana at the foothills of the Indian Caucasus that Oxyartes, the brother of Darius, kept his wife and daughter (Roxana) while off organizing resistance against Alexander's advance.
    • A. 

      Aornos Rock

    • B. 

      Mt. Meros

    • C. 

      Fort Oxus

    • D. 

      Sogdian Rock

  • 11. 
    Alexander's attack on Indian King Porus required him to divide his army and land half of his army on the eastern side of the Hydaspes River further up stream to capture the element of surprise.  Alexander accomplishes this by quickly building a large bridge over the river which enabled the logistics of his plan and struck awe and fear in the ranks of the Indian tribes.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 12. 
    Name the Indian tribal clan that offered fierce resistance against Alexander as he grugingly headed south towards the source of the Indus River after his men threatened to mutiny if they continued their easterly march..  It was while fighting this faction that he received a near fatal arrow shot in the lung after storming over the walls of a fortified town. 
    • A. 

      Malloi

    • B. 

      Ossadians

    • C. 

      Kathaioi

    • D. 

      Xathrians

  • 13. 
    Alexander sped up his westward journey to Babylon by constructing a naval fleet to sail his entire army back home, skirting the costline towards the Persian Gulf.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 14. 
    On his return approach to Babylon, Chaldaean soothsayers took Alexander aside referencing a prophecy from priests of the city's patron god Marduk suggesting he should return through the city's _________ gate and not the __________ gate that he ultimately chose. 
    • A. 

      North, South

    • B. 

      West, East

    • C. 

      South, North

    • D. 

      East, West

  • 15. 
    Whose death a half year before Alexander's own passing caused him inconsolable grief that he would never fully recover from?
    • A. 

      Nerchus

    • B. 

      Perdiccas

    • C. 

      Ptolemy

    • D. 

      Hephaistion

  • 16. 
    Alexander was working on an expedition to what region while taking up residence in Babylon in 323 BC?
    • A. 

      Armenia

    • B. 

      Scythia

    • C. 

      The return to India

    • D. 

      Arabia

  • 17. 
    According to the Royal Journals, (a series of documents possibly maintained by Eumenes), many of his generals reportedly spent the last night of Alexander's life in the temple of Serapis, seeking the god's advice regarding his grave illness and what to do next.  What is flawed about this journal entry?
    • A. 

      They sought the guidance of Ammon-Ra who was reportedly Alexander's father.

    • B. 

      They would have been in Marduk's temple as he was the post powerful god in the Babylonian pantheon.

    • C. 

      Serapis was a cult began by Ptolemy after he set up his rule in Egypt. It was a conveinent fusion of Greek and Egyptian religions and served to spread harmony between the ruling Greeks and their Egyptian subjects.

  • 18. 
    Which Macedonian was named regent of the empire after the death of Alexander during the contentious Settlement of Babylon while awaiting the birth of Alexander's unborn child with Roxana?
    • A. 

      Antipater

    • B. 

      Ptolemy

    • C. 

      Perdiccas

    • D. 

      Polyperchon