Breast Cancer

5 Questions | Total Attempts: 199

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Breast Cancer Quizzes & Trivia

Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    A 64-year-old woman presents to clinic because she has noticed a lump in her breast. She underwent menarche at 14 years of age. Her first of four children was born when she was 18 years of age. She entered menopause at 46 years of age and never underwent hormone replacement therapy. Her mother was diagnosed with breast cancer at 42 years of age, and her sister developed breast cancer at 54 years of age.   Which of the following factors is associated with the greatest increase in this patient's risk of developing breast cancer?
    • A. 

      Menarche occurring when the patient was older than 13 years

    • B. 

      Multiparity

    • C. 

      Early menopause in the absence of hormone replacement therapy

    • D. 

      Advancing age and a family history of breast cancer

  • 2. 
    A 52-year-old woman is worried about her risk of developing breast cancer. Her sister was recently diagnosed with breast cancer at the age of 45 years. Her mother also had breast cancer; the age at which her mother's breast cancer was diagnosed is unknown. The patient asks if there is anything she can do to reduce her risk of developing breast cancer.   Which of the following statements regarding the prevention of breast cancer is true?
    • A. 

      No interventions have been shown to reduce the diagnosis of breast cancer

    • B. 

      A low-fat diet has clearly been shown to prevent breast cancer

    • C. 

      In women at high risk, treatment with tamoxifen significantly reduces the risk of developing breast cancer

    • D. 

      Raloxifene is more effective than tamoxifen in reducing the risk of developing breast cancer

  • 3. 
    A 24-year-old woman recently tested positive for the BRCA1 gene mutation after her 28-year-old sister was diagnosed with metastatic breast cancer. She asks you for advice regarding screening strategies for breast cancer.   For this patient, which of the following is the best method of screening for breast cancer?
    • A. 

      Teach her to perform monthly breast self-examination (BSE)

    • B. 

      Begin annual mammographic screening at this time

    • C. 

      Annual mammograms beginning at 40 years of age

    • D. 

      Perform a clinical breast examination, and if no abnormalities are found, recommend no further screening

  • 4. 
    A 55-year-old woman presents to clinic because she noticed a change in the contour of her left breast and thinks she feels a mass in this breast. She has never noticed similar lesions in either breast. Her mother died of metastatic breast cancer at 52 years of age, and the patient has two aunts who were diagnosed with breast cancer when they were in their 50s. On physical examination, a palpable mass is noted in the upper left outer quadrant of the patient's left breast.   Which of the following is the most appropriate step to take next in the evaluation of this patient's breast mass?
    • A. 

      Refer for fine-needle aspiration and core-needle biopsy

    • B. 

      Instruct the patient to continue monthly BSEs and have the patient return in 6 months for follow-up of the mass

    • C. 

      Schedule an excisional biopsy of the left breast mass

    • D. 

      Continue routine breast cancer screening with annual mammograms and clinical breast examinations

  • 5. 
    A 63-year-old woman who was diagnosed with stage I breast cancer 5 years ago is referred to your clinic for breast cancer follow-up. She was successfully treated with breast conservation therapy, which included lumpectomy, radiotherapy, and adjuvant chemotherapy. She has been doing well since the completion of her treatment and today is asymptomatic. Her physical examination, including clinical breast examination, is within normal limits.   For this patient, which of the following tests is recommended as surveillance following breast cancer treatment?
    • A. 

      Annual complete blood count and chemistry panel

    • B. 

      Annual mammography

    • C. 

      Mammography every 6 months

    • D. 

      Computed tomography scan of the chest, abdomen, and pelvis every 2 years

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