Breast Cancer By Rnpedia.Com

45 Questions | Total Attempts: 1190

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Breast Cancer Quizzes & Trivia

Choose the letter of the correct answer. Good luck!


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    Nurse April is teaching a client who suspects that she has a lump in her breast. The nurse instructs the client that a diagnosis of breast cancer is confirmed by:  
    • A. 

      Breast self-examination.

    • B. 

      Mammography.

    • C. 

      Fine needle aspiration.

    • D. 

      Chest X-ray.

  • 2. 
    • A. 

      Urine output of 400 ml in 8 hours

    • B. 

      Serum potassium level of 3.6 mEq/L

    • C. 

      Blood pressure of 120/64 to 130/72 mm Hg

    • D. 

      Dry oral mucous membranes and cracked lips

  • 3. 
    Nurse April is teaching a group of women to perform breast self-examination. The nurse should explain that the purpose of performing the examination is to discover:  
    • A. 

      Cancerous lumps.

    • B. 

      Areas of thickness or fullness.

    • C. 

      Changes from previous self-examinations.

    • D. 

      Fibrocystic masses.

  • 4. 
    Nurse Amy is speaking to a group of women about early detection of breast cancer. The average age of the women in the group is 47. Following the American Cancer Society guidelines, the nurse should recommend that the women:  
    • A. 

      Perform breast self-examination annually.

    • B. 

      Have a mammogram annually.

    • C. 

      Have a hormonal receptor assay annually.

    • D. 

      Have a physician conduct a clinical examination every 2 years.

  • 5. 
    A male client with a nagging cough makes an appointment to see the physician after reading that this symptom is one of the seven warning signs of cancer. What is another warning sign of cancer?  
    • A. 

      Persistent nausea

    • B. 

      Rash

    • C. 

      Indigestion

    • D. 

      Chronic ache or pain

  • 6. 
    Nurse Lucia is providing breast cancer education at a community facility. The American Cancer Society recommends that women get mammograms:  
    • A. 

      Yearly after age 40.

    • B. 

      After the birth of the first child and every 2 years thereafter.

    • C. 

      After the first menstrual period and annually thereafter.

    • D. 

      Every 3 years between ages 20 and 40 and annually thereafter.

  • 7. 
    Jeovina, with advanced breast cancer is prescribed tamoxifen (Nolvadex). When teaching the client about this drug, the nurse should emphasize the importance of reporting which adverse reaction immediately?  
    • A. 

      Vision changes

    • B. 

      Hearing loss

    • C. 

      Headache

    • D. 

      Anorexia

  • 8. 
    • A. 

      She should have had a baseline mammogram before age 30.

    • B. 

      She should eat a low-fat diet to further decrease her risk of breast cancer.

    • C. 

      She should perform breast self-examination during the first 5 days of each menstrual cycle.

    • D. 

      When she begins having yearly mammograms, breast self-examinations will no longer be necessary.

  • 9. 
    Nina, an oncology nurse educator is speaking to a women’s group about breast cancer. Questions and comments from the audience reveal a misunderstanding of some aspects of the disease. Various members of the audience have made all of the following statements. Which one is accurate?   
    • A. 

      Mammography is the most reliable method for detecting breast cancer.

    • B. 

      Breast cancer is the leading killer of women of childbearing age.

    • C. 

      Breast cancer requires a mastectomy.

    • D. 

      Men can develop breast cancer.

  • 10. 
    Nurse Meredith is instructing a premenopausal woman about breast self-examination. The nurse should tell the client to do her self-examination:   
    • A. 

      At the end of her menstrual cycle.

    • B. 

      On the same day each month.

    • C. 

      On the 1st day of the menstrual cycle.

    • D. 

      Immediately after her menstrual period.

  • 11. 
    • A. 

      Breast cancer

    • B. 

      Lung cancer

    • C. 

      Brain cancer

    • D. 

      Colon and rectal cancer

  • 12. 
    During a breast examination, which finding most strongly suggests that the Luz has breast cancer?    
    • A. 

      Slight asymmetry of the breasts.

    • B. 

      A fixed nodular mass with dimpling of the overlying skin

    • C. 

      Bloody discharge from the nipple

    • D. 

      Multiple firm, round, freely movable masses that change with the menstrual cycle

  • 13. 
     A client with breast cancer is returned to the room following a right total mastectomy. The nurse should:      
    • A. 

      Elevate the client’s right arm on pillows

    • B. 

      Place the client’s right arm in a dependent sling

    • C. 

      Keep the client’s right arm on the bed beside her

    • D. 

      Place the client’s right arm across her body

  • 14. 
    Maria Sison, 40 years old, single, was admitted to the hospital with a diagnosis of Breast Cancer. She was scheduled for radical mastectomy. Nursing care during the preoperative period should consist of   
    • A. 

      Assuring Maria that she will be cured of cancer

    • B. 

      Assessing Maria’s expectations and doubts

    • C. 

      Maintaining a cheerful and optimistic environment

    • D. 

      Keeping Maria’s visitors to a minimum so she can have time for herself

  • 15. 
    Maria refuses to acknowledge that her breast was removed. She believes that her breast is intact under the dressing. The nurse should   
    • A. 

      Call the MD to change the dressing so Kathy can see the incision

    • B. 

      Recognize that Kathy is experiencing denial, a normal stage of the grieving process

    • C. 

      Reinforce Kathy’s belief for several days until her body can adjust to stress of surgery.

    • D. 

      Remind Kathy that she needs to accept her diagnosis so that she can begin rehabilitation exercises.

  • 16. 
    • A. 

      Thyroxine to treat thyroid cancer.

    • B. 

      ACTH to treat adrenal carcinoma.

    • C. 

      Estrogen antagonists to treat breast cancer.

    • D. 

      Glucagon to treat pancreatic carcinoma.

  • 17. 
     The nurse recognizes which of the following statements as accurately reflecting a risk factor for breast cancer?
    • A. 

      Mother affected by cancer before 60 years of age

    • B. 

      Onset of menses before 14 years of age

    • C. 

      Multiparity

    • D. 

      No alcohol consumption

  • 18. 
    Which of the following terms is used to describe removal of the breast tissue and an axillary lymph node dissection leaving muscular structure intact as surgical treatment of breast cancer?
    • A. 

      Modified radical mastectomy

    • B. 

      Segmental mastectomy

    • C. 

      Total mastectomy

    • D. 

      Radical mastectomy

  • 19. 
    Ductal lavage is used for
    • A. 

      Women at higher risk for benign proliferative breast disease.

    • B. 

      women at low risk for breast cancer.

    • C. 

      Screening women over age 65.

    • D. 

      Women with breast implants.

  • 20. 
    The 2000 NIH Consensus Development Conference Statement states that what percentage of women with invasive breast cancer should consider the option of systemic chemotherapy, not just women whose tumors are greater than 1cm in size?
    • A. 

      100% (all)

    • B. 

      75%

    • C. 

      50%

    • D. 

      25%

  • 21. 
    The community health nurse implemented a new program about effective breast cancer screening technique for the female personnel of the health department of Valenzuela. Which of the following technique should the nurse consider to be of the lowest priority?   
    • A. 

      Yearly breast exam by a trained professional

    • B. 

      Detailed health history to identify women at risk

    • C. 

      Screening mammogram every year for women over age 50

    • D. 

      Screening mammogram every 1-2 years for women over age of 40

  • 22. 
    A client receiving chemotherapy for breast cancer has an order for Zofran (ondansetron) 8mg PO to be given 30 minutes before induction of the chemotherapy. The purpose of the medication is to:
    • A. 

      Prevent anemia

    • B. 

      Promote relaxation

    • C. 

      Prevent nausea

    • D. 

      Increase neutrophil counts

  • 23. 
    A female client was diagnosed with breast cancer. It is found to be stage IV, and a modified mastectomy is performed. After the procedure, what behaviors could the nurse expects the client to display?   
    • A. 

      Denial of the possibility of carcinoma.

    • B. 

      Signs of grief reaction.

    • C. 

      Relief that the operation is over.

    • D. 

      Signs of deep depression.

  • 24. 
    The nurse is teaching the client about breast self-examination. Which observation should the client be taught to recognize when doing the examination for detection of breast cancer?   
    • A. 

      Tender, movable lump

    • B. 

      Pain on breast self-examination

    • C. 

      Round, well-defined lump

    • D. 

      Dimpling of the breast tissue

  • 25. 
    The nurse is speaking to a group of women about early detection of breast cancer. The average age of the women in the group is 47. Following the American Cancer Society (ACS) guidelines, the nurse should recommend that the women:  
    • A. 

      Perform breast self-examination annually

    • B. 

      Have a mammogram annually

    • C. 

      Have a hormonal receptor assay annually

    • D. 

      Have a physician conduct a clinical evaluation every 2 years