Bone Markings And Terms

Approved & Edited by ProProfs Editorial Team
The editorial team at ProProfs Quizzes consists of a select group of subject experts, trivia writers, and quiz masters who have authored over 10,000 quizzes taken by more than 100 million users. This team includes our in-house seasoned quiz moderators and subject matter experts. Our editorial experts, spread across the world, are rigorously trained using our comprehensive guidelines to ensure that you receive the highest quality quizzes.
Learn about Our Editorial Process
| By Amyrlin026
A
Amyrlin026
Community Contributor
Quizzes Created: 6 | Total Attempts: 32,898
Questions: 16 | Attempts: 4,572

SettingsSettingsSettings
Bone Markings And Terms - Quiz

Quick review over the bone markings and terms for A&P Bio 141.


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    Round or oval opening through a bone.

    • A.

      Fissure

    • B.

      Tuberosity

    • C.

      Foramen

    • D.

      Trochanter

    • E.

      Fossa

    Correct Answer
    C. Foramen
    Explanation
    A foramen is a round or oval opening through a bone. It allows the passage of blood vessels, nerves, or other structures. This is different from a fissure, which is a narrow slit-like opening, a tuberosity, which is a large rounded projection on a bone, a trochanter, which is a large, rough projection found only on the femur bone, and a fossa, which is a shallow depression or hollow on a bone. Therefore, the correct answer is foramen.

    Rate this question:

  • 2. 

    Shallow, basinlike depression in a bone, often serving as an articular surface.

    • A.

      Fossa

    • B.

      Head

    • C.

      Ramus

    • D.

      Groove

    • E.

      Facet

    Correct Answer
    A. Fossa
    Explanation
    A fossa is a shallow, basinlike depression in a bone that often serves as an articular surface. It is a concave area that allows for articulation or connection with another bone or structure. Fossae can be found in various bones of the body, such as the scapula, humerus, and femur, among others. They provide stability and support to the joints, allowing for smooth movement and range of motion.

    Rate this question:

  • 3. 

    Rounded articular projection.

    • A.

      Process

    • B.

      Condyle

    • C.

      Facet

    • D.

      Tubercle

    • E.

      Cavities

    Correct Answer
    B. Condyle
    Explanation
    Condyle is the correct answer because it refers to a rounded articular projection. In anatomy, a condyle is a rounded prominence at the end of a bone that forms part of a joint. It allows for smooth movement and articulation between bones. The other options, such as process, facet, tubercle, and cavities, do not specifically refer to rounded articular projections and are not as relevant in this context.

    Rate this question:

  • 4. 

    Smooth, nearly flat articular surface.

    • A.

      Head

    • B.

      Spine

    • C.

      Epicondyle

    • D.

      Meatus

    • E.

      Facet

    Correct Answer
    E. Facet
    Explanation
    A facet is a smooth, nearly flat articular surface. It is commonly found in joints, where it allows for smooth movement and articulation between bones. Unlike the other options listed (head, spine, epicondyle, meatus), a facet specifically refers to a flat surface rather than a protrusion or opening. Therefore, the correct answer is facet.

    Rate this question:

  • 5. 

    Canal-like passageway.

    • A.

      Meatus

    • B.

      Tuberosity

    • C.

      Fissure

    • D.

      Crest

    • E.

      Trochanter

    Correct Answer
    A. Meatus
    Explanation
    A meatus is a canal-like passageway in the body. It is often found in anatomical structures such as the ear, nose, or urinary system. Meatuses serve as openings or conduits for various substances or fluids to pass through. They can be narrow or wide depending on their function.

    Rate this question:

  • 6. 

    Very large, blunt, irregularly shaped process.

    • A.

      Tuberosity

    • B.

      Fissure

    • C.

      Ramus

    • D.

      Trochanter

    • E.

      Line

    Correct Answer
    D. Trochanter
    Explanation
    A trochanter is a very large, blunt, irregularly shaped process found on certain bones, such as the femur. It serves as a site for muscle attachment and helps to stabilize and support the bone during movement. The other options, tuberosity, fissure, ramus, and line, do not accurately describe the characteristics of a trochanter. A tuberosity is a large, rounded projection, a fissure is a narrow, slit-like opening, a ramus is a branch-like extension, and a line is a linear elevation. Therefore, the correct answer is trochanter.

    Rate this question:

  • 7. 

    Sharp, slender, often pointed projection.

    • A.

      Line

    • B.

      Fissure

    • C.

      Spine

    • D.

      Groove

    • E.

      Process

    Correct Answer
    C. Spine
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "Spine." A spine is a sharp, slender, often pointed projection. It is a term commonly used in anatomy to describe a bony or cartilaginous projection that protrudes from a bone. Spines can be found in various parts of the body, such as the vertebrae in the spine or the spines on the surface of certain plants. Therefore, "Spine" is the most appropriate option that fits the given description.

    Rate this question:

  • 8. 

    Space within a bone, filled with air and lined with mucous membrane.

    • A.

      Ramus

    • B.

      Line

    • C.

      Tuberosity

    • D.

      Process

    • E.

      Cavities

    Correct Answer
    E. Cavities
    Explanation
    Cavities are spaces within a bone that are filled with air and lined with a mucous membrane. These spaces serve various functions, such as reducing the weight of the bone, providing passage for blood vessels and nerves, and allowing for the attachment of muscles and ligaments. Cavities can be found in different bones throughout the body and play an important role in supporting and protecting various bodily structures.

    Rate this question:

  • 9. 

    Large, rounded projection; may be roughened.

    • A.

      Tuberocity

    • B.

      Fissure

    • C.

      Epicondyle

    • D.

      Ramus

    • E.

      Line

    Correct Answer
    A. Tuberocity
    Explanation
    A large, rounded projection that may be roughened is known as tuberosity. This term is commonly used in anatomy to describe bony prominences or protuberances on bones. These tuberosities often serve as attachment points for muscles, tendons, or ligaments, providing stability and support to the skeletal system. Examples of tuberosities include the greater tubercle of the humerus and the lateral and medial tuberosities of the tibia.

    Rate this question:

  • 10. 

    Armlike bar of bone.

    • A.

      Fissure

    • B.

      Process

    • C.

      Ramus

    • D.

      Tubercle

    • E.

      Epicondyle

    Correct Answer
    C. Ramus
    Explanation
    The term "ramus" refers to an armlike bar of bone. It is a bony projection that extends from a larger bone, resembling the shape of an arm. This anatomical structure can be found in various parts of the body, such as the mandible, ischium, and pubis. The ramus serves as a site for muscle attachment and plays a role in providing stability and support to the surrounding structures.

    Rate this question:

  • 11. 

    Small rounded projection or process.   

    • A.

      Tubercle

    • B.

      Epicondyle

    • C.

      Fissure

    • D.

      Process

    • E.

      Crest

    Correct Answer
    A. Tubercle
    Explanation
    A tubercle is a small rounded projection or process. It is a term commonly used in anatomy to describe a small bump or elevation on a bone or other anatomical structure. Tubercles can be found in various locations throughout the body and serve different functions depending on their location. They can be used as attachment points for muscles, provide stability to joints, or aid in the movement of certain body parts.

    Rate this question:

  • 12. 

    Raised area on or above a condyle.

    • A.

      Line

    • B.

      Crest

    • C.

      Process

    • D.

      Epicondyle

    • E.

      Head

    Correct Answer
    D. Epicondyle
    Explanation
    An epicondyle is a raised area on or above a condyle. It is a bony prominence that serves as an attachment site for muscles and ligaments. Epicondyles are commonly found in joints, such as the elbow or knee, where they provide stability and support to the joint. In this context, the term "epicondyle" accurately describes the raised area on or above a condyle.

    Rate this question:

  • 13. 

    Prominence or projection.

    • A.

      Line

    • B.

      Process

    • C.

      Crest

    • D.

      Head

    • E.

      Groove

    Correct Answer
    B. Process
    Explanation
    The word "process" refers to a series of actions or steps taken to achieve a particular result. In the given options, "process" is the only word that relates to a series of actions or steps. The other options, such as "line," "crest," "head," and "groove," do not have the same meaning and do not convey the idea of a series of actions or steps. Therefore, "process" is the correct answer.

    Rate this question:

  • 14. 

    Narrow ridge of bone; less prominent than a crest.

    • A.

      Line

    • B.

      Head

    • C.

      Trochanter

    • D.

      Meatus

    • E.

      Fossa

    Correct Answer
    A. Line
    Explanation
    A line is a narrow ridge of bone that is less prominent than a crest. It is a linear elevation on the surface of a bone that is not as pronounced or raised as a crest. It is a subtle feature that can be found on various bones in the body.

    Rate this question:

  • 15. 

    Bony expansion carried on a narrow neck.

    • A.

      Crest

    • B.

      Line

    • C.

      Foramen

    • D.

      Head

    • E.

      Facet

    Correct Answer
    D. Head
    Explanation
    The term "head" refers to the bony expansion carried on a narrow neck. It is a rounded or enlarged end of a bone that typically articulates with another bone. In this context, the other options such as crest, line, foramen, and facet do not accurately describe a bony expansion carried on a narrow neck. Therefore, the correct answer is "head."

    Rate this question:

  • 16. 

    Narrow ridge of bone; usually prominent.

    • A.

      Process

    • B.

      Spine

    • C.

      Ramus

    • D.

      Crest

    • E.

      Condyle

    Correct Answer
    D. Crest
    Explanation
    A crest is a narrow ridge of bone that is usually prominent. It refers to a raised, elongated projection on a bone surface. It is different from other options because a process is a general term for any projection on a bone, a spine is a pointed projection, a ramus is a branch-like extension, and a condyle is a rounded projection that articulates with another bone. Therefore, the best option that fits the given description is crest.

    Rate this question:

Back to Top Back to top
Advertisement
×

Wait!
Here's an interesting quiz for you.

We have other quizzes matching your interest.