Inferior lobe of the left lung
Is part of the omental bursa.
Is in the subphrenic recess
Receives infected fluids draining from the omental bursa in the supine position.
Is a potential space in the hepatorenal ligament.
Is part of the greater omentum
Contains the portal vein, common bile duct, and hepatic artery.
Contains the round ligament of the liver.
Attaches to the bare area of the liver.
Attaches to the neck of the gallbladder
Right gastric artery.
Inferior vena cava.
It is typically formed by the superior mesenteric and splenic veins posterior to the neck of the pancreas
It carries more of the total blood volume reaching the liver than any other vessel.
It is typically the most anterior of the structures within the hepatoduodenal ligament
It divides into right and left branches at the porta hepatis.
It may spread cancer to the liver.
There are both superficial and deep lymphatic vessels.
Some drainage is via vessels passing directly to phrenic nodes.
Some drainage is to vessels within the falciform ligament.
Hepatic nodes are located in the greater omentum.
Metastases spread via the lymph system will eventually reach the celiac nodes.
Inferior vena cava
Softening of the liver.
Destruction of hepatocytes
Enlargement of the liver
Bile is propelled into the duodenum
Bile is forced into the gallbladder for concentration and storage.
Pancreatic juices are prevented from entering the duodenum
Bile flow in the common hepatic duct is occluded.
Bile flow in the cystic duct is occluded
Some venous drainage is directly into the visceral surface of the liver
Cholecystitis can result from an impacted gallstone
A gallstone lodged in the cystic duct causes intense spasmodic pain
During cholecystectomy surgeons typically ligate the left hepatic artery.
The infundibulum of the gall bladder is a pouch that appears between the neck and the cystic duct in diseased states.
Right crus of the diaphragm
Inferior pole of the right kidney
Increased blood flow in the inferior vena cava
Surgically making a splenorenal anastomosis
Surgically connecting the portal vein to the inferior vena cava
The inferior phrenic artery
An abnormal lumbar rib.
Separates the kidney from the ureter
Usually prevents pus from a perinephric abscess from spreading to the contralateral kidney.
Prevents the kidney from moving during respiration.
Holds the renal artery and vein together
Is composed of peritoneum.
Suprarenal gland is transplanted with the kidney
Renal artery and vein are sutured to the aorta and inferior vena cava, respectively
Kidney is sutured to the diaphragm to maintain its position
Transplanted ureter is sutured to the patient's ureter
Kidney is placed in the iliac fossa of the greater pelvis
The right kidney is related anteriorly to the liver, duodenum, and ascending colon
The left kidney is related anteriorly to stomach, spleen, pancreas, jejunum, and descending colon
The renal pelvis is the junction between the renal artery and the renal hilum
Extension of the hip joint may increase pain associated with kidney disease
Both kidneys are retroperitoneal
Ruptured renal artery
Are typically each drained by one vein
Are each supplied by one artery that arises from the abdominal aorta.
Are each supplied by one artery that arises from a renal artery.
Each receive blood from and drain directly into the kidney.
Receive sympathetic innervation via the lumbar splanchnic nerves
It surrounds the root of the celiac arterial trunk.
It contains both sympathetic and parasympathetic fibers
It supplies the stomach
It supplies the descending colon
It supplies the gallbladder
Its central tendon is in contact with the fibrous pericardium
Its crura attach to the inferior six costal cartilages.
It is partially supplied with blood via branches of the internal thoracic artery
It is at its most superior level when a person is supine
Irritation of the diaphragmatic pleura can result in pain that is referred to the shoulder
Could indicate liver cancer
Means that the thigh can be extended more than 30 degrees
Means that the psoas muscle is normal in strength
Could indicate pancreatitis
Indicates a normal psoas reflex
Innervate the psoas muscle.
Pass posterior to the quadratus lumborum.
Are both L1 ventral rami.
Together form the lumbosacral trunk.
Supply the adductor muscles of the thigh
Horizontal part of duodenum
Coils of jejunum and ileum
Root of the mesentery
Begins anterior to the L5 vertebrae
Receives the right testicular vein.
Is shorter than the abdominal aorta
Passes into the thorax at the T10 level
Is the only route by which blood from the inferior part of the body can return to the heart.