Biosciences II Practice Exam 3

24 Questions | Total Attempts: 61

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Biosciences II Practice Exam 3 - Quiz

Practice exam over topics: Plant Diversity, Invertebrates, Vertebrates, and Plant Structure.


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    Name the phyla/phylum sponges belong to, and how they feed.
    • A. 

      Cnidaria, have a single opening which serves as both the mouth and anus.

    • B. 

      Ctenophora, feed with the aid of tentacles which capture prey with sticky threads

    • C. 

      Echinodermata, feed by using a network of internal canals to pump water to different parts of their body

    • D. 

      Calcarea/Silicea, live as suspension feeders, trapping particles that pass through the internal channels of their bodies.

  • 2. 
    Cnidarians, also known as "jellies" have a _________, which is a specialized cnidae containing a stinging thread.
  • 3. 
    Name the two variations of a cnidarian's body plan (begin with the one on the left). 
    • A. 

      Medusa, Polyp

    • B. 

      Larva, Medusa

    • C. 

      Polyp, Medusa

    • D. 

      Coral reef, sea anemone

  • 4. 
    Which of the following is a significant aspect of a cestode (tapeworm)?
    • A. 

      Lack a mouth and gastrovascular cavity.

    • B. 

      Only carnivorous species of its kind.

    • C. 

      Cestode is derived from Latin, meaning "wheel bearer."

    • D. 

      Are free-living.

  • 5. 
    All molluscs have a similar body plan. Name their 3 main body parts and whether they are acoelomates or coelomates.
    • A. 

      Alimentary canal, exoskeleton, protonephrida... coelomates

    • B. 

      Muscular foot, mantle, radula... coelomates

    • C. 

      Planula, osculum, mesohyl... acoelomates

    • D. 

      Spongocoel, choanocyte, gastrovascular cavity... acoelomates

  • 6. 
    Like many molluscs, arthropods have an _____ circulatory system, in which fluid called hemolymph is propelled by a heart through short arteries and then into spaces called sinuses.
    • A. 

      Closed

    • B. 

      Open

  • 7. 
    Label the phlylogeny... starting with sponges, jellies, clams & segmented worms, then sea stars & vertebrates.
    • A. 

      Calcarea/ Silicea, Cnidaria, Lophotrochozoa, Ecdysozoa, Deuterostomia

    • B. 

      Cnidaria, Calcera/Silcea, Deuterostomia, Lophotrochozoa, Ecdysozoa

    • C. 

      Calcaera/Silicea, Lophotrochozoa, Cndaria, Ecdysozoa, Deutrostomia

    • D. 

      Lophotrpchozoa, Cnidaria, Ecdysozoa, Deutrostomia, Lophotrochozoa

  • 8. 
    What attribute of insects can contribute to their success?
    • A. 

      Tendency to spread disease

    • B. 

      Their aid in pollination

    • C. 

      Flight

    • D. 

      Their segmented body structure

  • 9. 
    Found in amphibians, ____________ is the retention of larval features in sexually mature adults.
    • A. 

      Diapsid

    • B. 

      Allantois

    • C. 

      Metamorphosis

    • D. 

      Paedomorphosis

  • 10. 
    How does a reptile's fertilization occur?
    • A. 

      Internally

    • B. 

      Externally

  • 11. 
    Which of the following is NOT a characteristic of mammals?
    • A. 

      Hair

    • B. 

      Mammary glands

    • C. 

      Can lay eggs

    • D. 

      Do not undergo complete metamorphosis

    • E. 

      Embryonic development can occur within a maternal pouch

  • 12. 
    Marsupials are only found in Australia, except for the Opossum which is found in North America. What term below best explains this?
    • A. 

      Evolution

    • B. 

      Pangea

    • C. 

      Convergent evolution

    • D. 

      Mass extinction

  • 13. 
    Which is not an example of a Eutherian?
    • A. 

      Kangaroo

    • B. 

      Lemur

    • C. 

      Loris

    • D. 

      Anthropoids

    • E. 

      Tarsiers

  • 14. 
    What is the difference between a New World monkey and an Old World monkey?
    • A. 

      Old World monkeys lack a prehensile tail while New World monkeys have a prehensile tail

    • B. 

      New World monkeys do not have a prehensile tail while Old World monkeys do

    • C. 

      Only New World monkeys are diurnal, or active during the day

    • D. 

      Old World monkeys originated in Africa while New World Monkeys originated in Europe.

  • 15. 
    Which of the following are derived traits of plants? You may check more than one.
    • A. 

      Multicellular dependent embryos

    • B. 

      Gametangia (male or female)

    • C. 

      Apical meristem

    • D. 

      Photosynthesis

  • 16. 
    The 3 main categories of plants are: Seedless vascular, seed plants, ___________.
    • A. 

      Land plants

    • B. 

      Vascular plants

    • C. 

      Nonvascular plants

    • D. 

      Angiosperms

  • 17. 
    Which of the following best explains why bryophyes are not found in dry habitats or conditions?
    • A. 

      Their stomata are not able to get CO2 in these conditions.

    • B. 

      Moisture is needed for flagellated sperm.

    • C. 

      The gameotophyte stage can not occur completely.

    • D. 

      Nutrients are sparse causing the plant to have a shorter life span.

  • 18. 
    Why was the development of seed plants significant?
    • A. 

      Their roots can anchor them more securely

    • B. 

      The seeds were able to increase the surface area for nutrient absorption.

    • C. 

      Were more sexually dominant by being heterosporous

    • D. 

      Enabled plants to become more dominant producers in most terrestrial ecosystems

  • 19. 
    Knowing that angiosperms have two separate male (stamens) and female (carpels) structures used in reproduction, it can be inferred that they...
    • A. 

      Have a better chance and reproducing with 2 different structures

    • B. 

      Cannot self-fertilize

    • C. 

      Reproduce the fastest

    • D. 

      Are the most recent type of plant

  • 20. 
    Pollen is found on
    • A. 

      Sporophytes

    • B. 

      Megaspores

    • C. 

      Zygote

    • D. 

      Anthers

  • 21. 
    Which structures are contained in the vascular tissue system of a plant?
    • A. 

      Roots and axillary buds

    • B. 

      Stems and leaves

    • C. 

      Xylem and phloem

    • D. 

      Specialized cells

  • 22. 
    The Plant Kingdom contains...(Check all that apply.)
    • A. 

      Red algae

    • B. 

      Chlorophytes

    • C. 

      Charphyceans

    • D. 

      Embroyocetes

  • 23. 
    What is the correct order of plant development?
    • A. 

      Seeds, vascular plants, flowers, bryophytes

    • B. 

      Bryophytes, vascular plants, seeds, flowers

    • C. 

      Flowers, bryophytes, seeds, vascular plants

    • D. 

      Bryophytes, seeds, vascular plants, flowers

  • 24. 
    Characteristics of arthropods include: hard exoskeleton, fused segments and...
    • A. 

      Specialized appendages

    • B. 

      Better developed mandibles

    • C. 

      Pentasymmetry

    • D. 

      Modified appendages

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