Biomedical Science Multiple Choice Questions

90 Questions | Total Attempts: 4440

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Biomedical Science Multiple Choice Questions - Quiz

Have you studied biomedical science? Do you have a good understanding of it? Here is a biomedical science quiz consisting of multiple-choice questions on this topic. Try this quiz, and you'll get the chance to refresh your concepts today. For starters, let us remind you that Biomedical science is a field of study focusing on how certain areas of biology and chemistry can apply to health care. Play this quiz now and test your knowledge.


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    The prevention of illness through vaccination occurs due to the formation of ______ cells. 
    • A. 

      Helper B cells

    • B. 

      Mast cells

    • C. 

      Immunosurveillance

    • D. 

      Memory cells

  • 2. 
    Many bacterial diseases are transmitted directly from person to person. Which of the diseases listed next is a bacterial disease transmitted by way of a tick vector? 
    • A. 

      Legionnaires' disease

    • B. 

      Lyme disease

    • C. 

      Tetanus

    • D. 

      Tuberculosis

  • 3. 
    All of the following are examples of direct transmission of a disease EXCEPT 
    • A. 

      Contaminated foods

    • B. 

      Droplet spread

    • C. 

      Coughing or sneezing

    • D. 

      Physical contact

  • 4. 
    The most common blood borne infection in Canada is _________. 
    • A. 

      Helicobacter pylori

    • B. 

      Hepatitis A

    • C. 

      Hepatitis C

    • D. 

      Hemophilia

  • 5. 
    The organism transmitted by a mosquito bite that causes malaria is a 
    • A. 

      Bacteria

    • B. 

      Protozoa

    • C. 

      Prion

    • D. 

      Virus

  • 6. 
    A pharyngeal culture is taken from a 13-year-old male patient presenting to the ER with fever, painful cervical lymph nodes, purulent tonsillar exudate, and difficulty swallowing. A blood agar culture plate shows complete hemolysis around Streptococcus pyogenes bacterial colonies. The patient is given a prescription for erythromycin. The diagnosis in this case is 
    • A. 

      A group A beta-hemolytic streptococcal throat infection

    • B. 

      A methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus skin infection

    • C. 

      Tuberculosis with drug-resistant Mycobacterium tuberculosis-positive sputum.

    • D. 

      Meningitis due to Neisseria meningitidis-positive cerebrospinal fluid.

  • 7. 
    A 19-year-old college student, who lives on campus in a dormitory, is brought to the ER by his roommates, complaining of a severe headache, nuchal rigictity, fever, and photophobia. The ER physician performs an LP and orders a CSF analysis with a bacterial culture and sensitivity. The young man is admitted to the ICU with a provisional diagnosis of 
    • A. 

      A group A beta-hemolytic streptococcal throat infection.

    • B. 

      A methcillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus skin infection.

    • C. 

      Tuberculosis with drug-resistant Mycobacteriuum tuberculosis-positive sputum

    • D. 

      Meningitis due to Neisseria meningitidis-positive cerebrospinal fluid.

  • 8. 
    Name the most common type of skin cancer and the most deadly type of skin cancer.
    • A. 

      Malignant melanoma, basal cell carcinoma

    • B. 

      Basal cell carcinoma, malignant melanoma

    • C. 

      Oat cell carcinoma, squamous cell carcinoma

    • D. 

      Squamous cell carcinoma‚Äč, oat cell carcinoma

  • 9. 
    Which is the most fatal type of lung cancer?
    • A. 

      Adenocarcinoma

    • B. 

      Large cell cancer

    • C. 

      Small cell cancer

    • D. 

      Squamous cell cancer

  • 10. 
    Mary has diabetes. Her physician has told her about some factors that put her more at risk for infections. Which of the following factors would probably NOT be applicable? 
    • A. 

      Hypoxia

    • B. 

      Increased glucose in body fluids

    • C. 

      Increased blood supply

    • D. 

      Both A and C

  • 11. 
    Which of these organs have endocrine and exocrine functions?
    • A. 

      Kidney

    • B. 

      Liver

    • C. 

      Lung

    • D. 

      Pancreas

  • 12. 
    Old age, obesity, and a family history of diabetes are all characteristics of ______ type of diabetes. 
    • A. 

      Type 1 diabetes

    • B. 

      Juvenile diabetes

    • C. 

      IDDM

    • D. 

      Type 2 diabetes

  • 13. 
    Clinical manifestations of this disease include polydipsia, polyuria, polyphagia, weight loss, and hyperglycemia. Which of the following tests would be ordered to confirm the disease?
    • A. 

      Fasting blood sugar

    • B. 

      Glucagon

    • C. 

      Glucose tolerance test

    • D. 

      Postprandial blood sugar

  • 14. 
    Which of the following is characteristic of Graves' disease?
    • A. 

      It is an autounmune disease

    • B. 

      It most commonly affects males

    • C. 

      Lt usually cannot be treated

    • D. 

      It usually affects the elderly

  • 15. 
    A toxic goiter has a __________ type of distinguishing characteristic. 
    • A. 

      Iodine deficiency

    • B. 

      Parathyroid involvement

    • C. 

      Presence of muscle spasm

    • D. 

      Thyroid hyperfunction

  • 16. 
    Graves' disease be treated by: 
    • A. 

      Antithyroid drugs

    • B. 

      Radioactive iodine therapy

    • C. 

      Surgery

    • D. 

      All of the above

  • 17. 
    The etiology of a plastic anemia is 
    • A. 

      Acute blood loss

    • B. 

      Bone marrow failure

    • C. 

      Chronic blood loss

    • D. 

      Inadequate iron intake

  • 18. 
    A 75-year-old patient has a sore tongue with tingling and numbness of the hands and feet. She has headaches and is fatigued. Following diagnostic workup, the doctor orders monthly injections of vitamin B12. This patient most likely has which of the following conditions? 
    • A. 

      A plastic anemia

    • B. 

      Autoimmune hemolytic anemia

    • C. 

      Pernicious anemia

    • D. 

      Sickle cell anemia

  • 19. 
    Which one of the following is NOT a pathophysiological factor in anemia?
    • A. 

      Excessive RBC breakdown

    • B. 

      Lack of RBC maturation

    • C. 

      Loss of bone marrow function

    • D. 

      Loss of spleen function

  • 20. 
    In systemic circulation, which of the following vessel carries oxygenated blood? 
    • A. 

      Right vena cava

    • B. 

      Renal arteries

    • C. 

      Pulmonary veins

    • D. 

      Left ventricle

  • 21. 
    Ln general, excessive RBC breakdown can result in: 
    • A. 

      Crohn's disease

    • B. 

      Elevated BUN

    • C. 

      High bilirubin levels

    • D. 

      Peptic ulcers

  • 22. 
    In ______ anemia, the red blood cells become shaped like elongated crescents in the presence of low oxygen concentration.
    • A. 

      Aplastic

    • B. 

      Folic acid

    • C. 

      Sickle cell

    • D. 

      Vitamin B12

  • 23. 
    A 76-year-old white female patient is on Coumadin therapy. Which of the following tests is commonly ordered to monitor the patient's Coumadin levels?
    • A. 

      Bleeding time

    • B. 

      Blood smear

    • C. 

      Partial thromboplastin time

    • D. 

      Prothrombin time

  • 24. 
    An African American couple is undergoing genetic counseling to determine the likelihood of producing children with a recessively genetic blood condition. The genetic tests reveal that the father carries the trait to produce abnormal hemoglobin, HbS, which causes crystallization in RBCs and deforms their shape when Oxygen is low. This condition causes painful crises and is termed as ______. 
    • A. 

      Hemophilia

    • B. 

      Thalassemia

    • C. 

      Sickle cell anemia

    • D. 

      Iron-deficiency anemia

  • 25. 
    Which is the most common etiology of dementia in Canada?
    • A. 

      Autism

    • B. 

      Alzheimer's disease

    • C. 

      Alcohol abuse

    • D. 

      Anxiety disorder

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