Biology: Protists And Fungi Review Quiz

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Quizzes Created: 2 | Total Attempts: 1,651
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Protist And Fungi Quizzes & Trivia

Protists and Fungi are two types of eukaryotic organisms which belong to Kingdom Protista and fungi group. Protists are unicellular organisms and fungi are multicellular. Fungi cannot make their own food and eat rather than absorb their nutrients from decaying organisms. This review quiz has been created to test your knowledge about Protists and Fungi. So, let's try out the quiz. All the best!


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    Downy mildews and water molds are similar to fungi in that they (choose 3 answers)

    • A.

      Both resemble fungi

    • B.

      Both have strange body structure

    • C.

      Decompose organic materials

    • D.

      Absorb nutrients

    • E.

      Are released from gills

    Correct Answer(s)
    A. Both resemble fungi
    C. Decompose organic materials
    D. Absorb nutrients
    Explanation
    Downy mildews and water molds are similar to fungi in that they both resemble fungi in terms of their appearance. They also decompose organic materials, breaking them down and aiding in the recycling of nutrients. Additionally, like fungi, they absorb nutrients from their surroundings to sustain their growth and reproduction.

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  • 2. 

    Members of the Kingdom Protista have (choose three answers)

    • A.

      Membrane bound organelles

    • B.

      Are bound on all sides by membranes

    • C.

      A wide variety of sizes and shapes

    • D.

      Have large unicellular protists

    • E.

      One or many cells

    Correct Answer(s)
    A. Membrane bound organelles
    C. A wide variety of sizes and shapes
    E. One or many cells
    Explanation
    Members of the Kingdom Protista have membrane-bound organelles, which means that their organelles are enclosed within a membrane, allowing for compartmentalization and specialization of functions. They also exhibit a wide variety of sizes and shapes, as the Kingdom Protista encompasses a diverse group of organisms ranging from microscopic single-celled organisms to larger multicellular forms. Lastly, members of the Kingdom Protista can exist as either one or many cells, meaning they can be unicellular or multicellular depending on the specific organism.

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  • 3. 

    The bread mold, Rhizopus, produces ________________________ when environment conditions are unfavorable

    • A.

      Sexual zygospores

    • B.

      Unbounded stamens

    • C.

      Plasmodium

    • D.

      Haustoria

    • E.

      Chitin

    Correct Answer
    A. Sexual zygospores
    Explanation
    When the environment conditions are unfavorable, the bread mold Rhizopus produces sexual zygospores. These zygospores are a form of sexual reproduction in which two different strains of Rhizopus come together and fuse their nuclei to form a thick-walled resting structure called a zygospore. This allows the mold to survive in unfavorable conditions and wait until the environment becomes more suitable for growth and reproduction.

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  • 4. 

    IN Rhizopus, spores are formed in the ______________________

    • A.

      Algae

    • B.

      Sporangium

    • C.

      Ciliate

    Correct Answer
    B. Sporangium
    Explanation
    In Rhizopus, spores are formed in the sporangium. The sporangium is a specialized structure that contains and protects the spores until they are ready to be released. This structure is found in fungi, including Rhizopus, and is responsible for the production and dispersal of spores. Sporangia are typically located at the tips of specialized hyphae called sporangiophores. Within the sporangium, the spores undergo development and maturation, eventually being released into the environment to initiate new fungal growth.

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  • 5. 

    IN Rhizopus, rhizoids gather ______________

    • A.

      Berries

    • B.

      Molds

    • C.

      Nutrients

    Correct Answer
    C. Nutrients
    Explanation
    Rhizopus is a type of fungus that has root-like structures called rhizoids. These rhizoids gather nutrients from the surrounding environment. This allows the fungus to obtain the necessary resources for growth and reproduction. Therefore, the correct answer is "nutrients".

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  • 6. 

    IN Rhizopus, rhizoid act as an ___________________

    • A.

      Foot

    • B.

      Stomach

    • C.

      Anchor

    Correct Answer
    C. Anchor
    Explanation
    In Rhizopus, rhizoids act as anchors. Rhizoids are root-like structures that extend from the lower surface of the thallus (the vegetative body of the fungus) into the substrate. They help to anchor the fungus in place, providing stability and preventing it from being washed away or dislodged. This anchoring function is important for the fungus to maintain its position and access nutrients from the surrounding environment.

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  • 7. 

    IN mushrooms, spores are released by the _____________

    • A.

      Meiosis

    • B.

      Protozoan

    • C.

      Gills

    Correct Answer
    C. Gills
    Explanation
    In mushrooms, spores are released by the gills. Gills are the thin, blade-like structures found on the underside of the mushroom cap. These gills contain numerous microscopic spore-producing cells called basidia. When the basidia mature, they release spores into the air, allowing them to disperse and potentially germinate into new mushroom organisms. The gills serve as the main reproductive structure in mushrooms, facilitating the dispersion of spores for reproduction.

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  • 8. 

    A group of cells that live together in close association are a

    • A.

      Algae

    • B.

      Colony

    • C.

      Fragmentation

    Correct Answer
    B. Colony
    Explanation
    A group of cells that live together in close association is referred to as a colony. In a colony, individual cells work together and perform specific functions for the overall benefit of the group. This close association allows for cooperation and division of labor within the colony, which can enhance the survival and success of the group as a whole. Algae and fragmentation are not accurate answers as they do not specifically describe a group of cells living together in close association.

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  • 9. 

    A kind of reprodcution that occurs when an individual breaks up into pieces, each of which grows into a new individual

    • A.

      Ciliate

    • B.

      Alternation

    • C.

      Fragmentation

    Correct Answer
    C. Fragmentation
    Explanation
    Fragmentation is a type of reproduction where an individual organism breaks up into multiple pieces, and each piece grows into a new individual. This process is commonly observed in certain organisms like flatworms, starfish, and plants. The fragments have the ability to regenerate missing body parts and develop into complete organisms. This method of reproduction allows for rapid population growth and colonization of new habitats.

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  • 10. 

    Multicellular and unicellular photosynthetic protists

    • A.

      Algae

    • B.

      Fragmentation

    • C.

      Protozoan

    Correct Answer
    A. Algae
    Explanation
    Algae is the correct answer because it refers to both multicellular and unicellular photosynthetic protists. Algae can exist in various forms, ranging from single-celled organisms to complex, multicellular structures. They are capable of photosynthesis, using sunlight as an energy source to convert carbon dioxide into organic compounds. Algae play a crucial role in aquatic ecosystems as primary producers, providing food and oxygen for other organisms.

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