Biology Prefixes Suffixes And Roots Quiz 1

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| By Tomkir1
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Tomkir1
Community Contributor
Quizzes Created: 2 | Total Attempts: 11,068
Questions: 22 | Attempts: 3,301

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Biology Prefixes Suffixes And Roots Quiz 1 - Quiz

Take this quiz to practice using prefixes, suffixes and roots that are commonly found in biology


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    Match the prefix gene- with its meaning

    • A.

      Between among

    • B.

      Origin, birth

    • C.

      Same alike

    • D.

      Green

    Correct Answer
    B. Origin, birth
    Explanation
    The prefix "gene-" is matched with the meaning "origin, birth" because the prefix "gene-" is commonly used in words related to birth and origin, such as "genealogy" (the study of family history) and "genesis" (the origin or beginning of something). The prefix "gene-" is not related to the meanings "between among," "same alike," or "green," so these options are incorrect.

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  • 2. 

    Match the prefix inter- with its meaning

    • A.

      Before, ahead of time

    • B.

      Carbon

    • C.

      Transmission: carrying

    • D.

      Between , among

    Correct Answer
    D. Between , among
    Explanation
    The prefix "inter-" is used to indicate something that occurs between or among things. It is not related to the other options provided such as "before, ahead of time" or "carbon" or "transmission: carrying". Therefore, the correct answer is "between, among".

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  • 3. 

    Match the prefix homo- with its meaning

    • A.

      Same; alike

    • B.

      White

    • C.

      Water

    • D.

      Over, above, excess

    Correct Answer
    A. Same; alike
    Explanation
    The prefix "homo-" means "same; alike". This prefix is commonly used in words like "homogeneous" or "homosexual" to indicate similarity or sameness. It is not related to the meanings "white", "water", or "over, above, excess".

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  • 4. 

    Match the prefix intra- with its meaning

    • A.

      Small, minute

    • B.

      Large; enlarged

    • C.

      Storeroom; chamber

    • D.

      Inside

    Correct Answer
    D. Inside
    Explanation
    The prefix "intra-" means "inside".

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  • 5. 

    Match the prefix cell- with its meaning

    • A.

      The fluid of a cell

    • B.

      Under, beneath, less

    • C.

      Storeroom; chamber

    • D.

      White

    Correct Answer
    C. Storeroom; chamber
    Explanation
    The prefix "cell-" is matched with the meaning "storeroom; chamber". This is because the prefix "cell-" is commonly used to refer to a small enclosed space or compartment, similar to a storeroom or chamber. It does not match with the other meanings provided, such as "the fluid of a cell", "under, beneath, less", or "white".

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  • 6. 

    Match the prefix hypo- with its meaning

    • A.

      Over, above, excess

    • B.

      Under, beneath, less

    • C.

      Lacking, none

    • D.

      Skin

    Correct Answer
    B. Under, beneath, less
    Explanation
    The prefix hypo- is commonly used to indicate something that is under, beneath, or less than the normal or expected level. It is opposite to the prefix hyper-, which signifies excessive or above the normal level. Therefore, the correct match for hypo- is under, beneath, less.

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  • 7. 

    Match the prefix hyper- with its meaning

    • A.

      Small, minute

    • B.

      Over, above, excess

    • C.

      Lacking, none

    • D.

      Write or draw

    Correct Answer
    B. Over, above, excess
    Explanation
    The prefix "hyper-" means over, above, or excess. It is commonly used to indicate an excessive or exaggerated state of something. For example, in words like "hyperactive" or "hypertension," the prefix "hyper-" implies an excessive level of activity or blood pressure. Therefore, the correct match for the prefix "hyper-" is over, above, excess.

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  • 8. 

    Match the prefix ov- with its meaning

    • A.

      Inside

    • B.

      Before, ahead of time

    • C.

      Egg

    • D.

      Leaf

    Correct Answer
    C. Egg
    Explanation
    The prefix "ov-" is matched with the meaning "egg." This is because the prefix "ov-" is commonly used to refer to eggs or ovum in various scientific terms, such as "ovary" or "oviparous." Therefore, "egg" is the correct meaning for the prefix "ov-."

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  • 9. 

    Match the prefix a- with its meaning

    • A.

      Lacking; none

    • B.

      Condition, state

    • C.

      Eat

    • D.

      White

    Correct Answer
    A. Lacking; none
    Explanation
    The prefix "a-" is commonly used to indicate the absence or lack of something. It can also mean "none" in certain contexts. Therefore, when we match this prefix with its meaning, "lacking; none" is the correct choice as it accurately represents the meaning of the prefix "a-".

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  • 10. 

    Match the prefix carb- with its meaning

    • A.

      Carbon

    • B.

      Water

    • C.

      Over, above, excess

    • D.

      Skin

    • E.

      Eat

    Correct Answer
    A. Carbon
    Explanation
    The prefix "carb-" is matched with the meaning "carbon" because "carbon" is a chemical element that is often associated with compounds related to organic chemistry. This prefix is commonly used in words like "carbohydrate" (a compound composed of carbon, hydrogen, and oxygen) and "carbonate" (a compound containing the carbonate ion, which is made up of carbon and oxygen). Therefore, "carbon" is the correct match for the prefix "carb-".

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  • 11. 

    Match the suffix -phyll with its meaning

    • A.

      Cell

    • B.

      Leaf

    • C.

      Green

    • D.

      Small

    Correct Answer
    B. Leaf
    Explanation
    The suffix -phyll is matched with the meaning "leaf". This is because -phyll is derived from the Greek word "phyllon" which means leaf. Therefore, when -phyll is added as a suffix to a word, it indicates that it is related to or has the characteristics of a leaf.

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  • 12. 

    Match the suffix -plast with its meaning

    • A.

      Before, ahead of time

    • B.

      Lacking;none

    • C.

      Particle

    • D.

      The fluid of a cell

    Correct Answer
    C. Particle
    Explanation
    The suffix -plast is matched with the meaning "particle".

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  • 13. 

    Match the suffix -synthesis with its meaning

    • A.

      Dissolution

    • B.

      White

    • C.

      To put together

    • D.

      Carbon

    Correct Answer
    C. To put together
    Explanation
    The suffix -synthesis means "to put together." The other options, dissolution, white, and carbon, do not match this meaning. Dissolution means to break apart or dissolve, white is a color, and carbon is a chemical element. Therefore, the correct answer is "to put together."

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  • 14. 

    Match the suffix -ism with its meaning

    • A.

      Over, above, excess

    • B.

      Under, beneath, below

    • C.

      A state or condition

    • D.

      Within, inside

    Correct Answer
    C. A state or condition
    Explanation
    The suffix -ism refers to a state or condition. This means that when a word ends with -ism, it indicates that it is related to a particular state or condition. For example, the word "capitalism" refers to the state or condition of an economic system where private individuals or corporations own and control the means of production. Similarly, the word "socialism" refers to the state or condition of a political and economic theory advocating for collective or government ownership and control of the means of production.

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  • 15. 

    Match the prefix exo- with its meaning

    • A.

      Within; inside

    • B.

      White

    • C.

      Between, among

    • D.

      Without; outside

    Correct Answer
    D. Without; outside
    Explanation
    The prefix "exo-" means "without; outside".

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  • 16. 

    Match the prefix endo- with its meaning

    • A.

      Within; inside

    • B.

      Without; outside

    • C.

      Before, ahead of time

    • D.

      Lacking; none

    Correct Answer
    A. Within; inside
    Explanation
    The prefix "endo-" is used to indicate something that is within or inside. It is commonly used in medical terms to refer to something that is located or occurring within a particular organ or structure. For example, endoscopy is a medical procedure that involves using a flexible tube with a camera to examine the inside of a person's body. Therefore, the correct meaning for the prefix "endo-" is within or inside.

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  • 17. 

    Match the prefix cyt- with its meaning

    • A.

      Storeroom; chamber

    • B.

      Cell

    • C.

      Green

    • D.

      Carbon

    Correct Answer
    B. Cell
    Explanation
    The prefix "cyt-" is commonly used in biology and refers to "cell". This is because the word "cyt-" is derived from the Greek word "kytos" which means "cell". Therefore, when we see the prefix "cyt-" in a word, it usually indicates that it is related to cells or cellular structures.

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  • 18. 

    Match the prefix pre- with its meaning

    • A.

      White

    • B.

      Condition, state

    • C.

      Particle

    • D.

      Before, ahead of time

    Correct Answer
    D. Before, ahead of time
    Explanation
    The prefix "pre-" means "before" or "ahead of time." It is used to indicate that something occurs or exists before a particular time or event. In this case, the prefix "pre-" is matched with its meaning "before, ahead of time."

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  • 19. 

    Match the prefix hydr- with its meaning

    • A.

      Green

    • B.

      Water

    • C.

      Light

    • D.

      Cell

    Correct Answer
    B. Water
    Explanation
    The prefix "hydr-" is commonly used to refer to water. It is derived from the Greek word "hydor," which means water. Therefore, when we match the prefix "hydr-" with its meaning, the correct answer is water.

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  • 20. 

    Match the prefix photo- with its meaning

    • A.

      Light

    • B.

      Skin

    • C.

      Leaf

    • D.

      Small

    Correct Answer
    A. Light
    Explanation
    The prefix "photo-" is commonly used to refer to light. In this context, "light" can be understood as the opposite of darkness or the presence of illumination. Therefore, when the prefix "photo-" is added to a word, it usually indicates a connection to light or something related to light.

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  • 21. 

    Match the prefix macro- with its meaning

    • A.

      Small

    • B.

      Same; alike

    • C.

      Large; enlarged

    • D.

      Different

    Correct Answer
    C. Large; enlarged
    Explanation
    The prefix "macro-" is commonly used to indicate something large or enlarged. This matches with the given meaning "large; enlarged".

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  • 22. 

    Match the prefix micro- with its meaning

    • A.

      Large; enlarged

    • B.

      Small, minute

    • C.

      Dissolution

    • D.

      Different

    Correct Answer
    B. Small, minute
    Explanation
    The prefix "micro-" refers to something that is small or minute in size. It is commonly used in words like "microscopic" or "microorganism" to indicate something that is very tiny or miniature.

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Our quizzes are rigorously reviewed, monitored and continuously updated by our expert board to maintain accuracy, relevance, and timeliness.

  • Current Version
  • Dec 16, 2023
    Quiz Edited by
    ProProfs Editorial Team
  • Jan 05, 2009
    Quiz Created by
    Tomkir1
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