Biology Final - Birds And Mammals

29 Questions | Total Attempts: 512

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Biology Final Birds and Mammals


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    The liver produces ______ for the digestive system
    • A. 

      Digestive enzymes

    • B. 

      Bile

    • C. 

      Blood

    • D. 

      Oxygen

  • 2. 
    Scientific evidence suggests that birds evolved:
    • A. 

      Before the dinosaurs

    • B. 

      During the Mesozoic era

    • C. 

      From the pterodactyls

    • D. 

      During the Precambrian era

  • 3. 
    Monotremes are:
    • A. 

      A group of mammals that have a placenta that nourishes the fetus

    • B. 

      A group of mammals that include the marsupials

    • C. 

      Primitive egg-laying mammals

    • D. 

      A group of reptiles that gave rise to the birds

  • 4. 
    The pancreas produces ________ for the digestive system
    • A. 

      Digestive enzymes that are secreted into the small intestine

    • B. 

      Bile

    • C. 

      Lipids

    • D. 

      Oxygen

  • 5. 
    Birds are advanced when compared to reptiles because they:
    • A. 

      Excrete uric acid

    • B. 

      Have a degenerated ovary in the females

    • C. 

      Produce an amniote egg

    • D. 

      Are endothermic

  • 6. 
    Mammals are advanced when compared to most reptiles because they:
    • A. 

      Have fur that covers their body

    • B. 

      Have internal fertilization

    • C. 

      Have waterproof skin

    • D. 

      Have a waterproof egg

  • 7. 
    The crop of a bird's digestive system...
    • A. 

      Stores food

    • B. 

      Secretes enzymes to chemically digest food

    • C. 

      Is muscular and mechanically digests food

    • D. 

      Chemically digests food and absorbs nutrients

  • 8. 
    Synapsids are:
    • A. 

      A group of reptiles that eventually gave rise to the therapsid

    • B. 

      A group of reptiles that gave rise to the turtles and tortoises

    • C. 

      A group of reptiles that gave rise to the lizards and snakes

    • D. 

      A group of reptiles that gave rise to the birds

  • 9. 
    Bile aids in the digestion of...
    • A. 

      Proteins

    • B. 

      Carbohydrates

    • C. 

      Lipids

    • D. 

      Nucleic acids

  • 10. 
    Adaptations of bird that help them reduce weight include:
    • A. 

      Lack of teeth

    • B. 

      Lungs that get fresh air during inspiration and expiration

    • C. 

      A four chambered heart

    • D. 

      Being endothermic

  • 11. 
    Scientific evidence suggests that birds evolved:
    • A. 

      Before the dinosaurs

    • B. 

      During the Jurassic period of the Mesozoic era

    • C. 

      From the pterodactyls

    • D. 

      During the Precambrian era

  • 12. 
    Therapsids are:
    • A. 

      A group of reptiles that gave rise to turtles and tortoises

    • B. 

      Mammal like reptiles that gave rise to true mammals

    • C. 

      A group of repriles that gave rise to lizards and snakes

    • D. 

      A group of reptiles that gave rise to birds

  • 13. 
    Birds are advanced when compared to reptiles because they:
    • A. 

      Excrete uric acid

    • B. 

      Have a more efficient respiratory system

    • C. 

      Have internal fertilization

    • D. 

      Produce an amniote egg

  • 14. 
    During internal fertilization...
    • A. 

      A sperm is deposited directly inside an egg that is floating in a pond

    • B. 

      Males and females need not be present at the site of fertilization at the same time

    • C. 

      A male deposits sperm directly into the female

    • D. 

      A female deposits eggs into a next and the male covers them with sperm

  • 15. 
    Mammals first appear in the fossil record:
    • A. 

      After the extinction of the dinosaurs

    • B. 

      During the first part of the Mesozoic era

    • C. 

      Less than 1 million years ago

    • D. 

      During the last part of the Mesozoic era

  • 16. 
    Anthropod primates are different from prosimians in that they:
    • A. 

      Have opposable thumbs

    • B. 

      Have binocular vision

    • C. 

      Live in trees

    • D. 

      Have rotating shoulder joints

  • 17. 
    The gizzard of a bird's digestive system:
    • A. 

      Stores food

    • B. 

      Reabsorbs water and compacts wastes

    • C. 

      Is muscular and mechanically digests food

    • D. 

      Chemically digests food and absorbs nutrients

  • 18. 
    Mammals are different than reptiles because the mammals:
    • A. 

      Have internal fertilization

    • B. 

      Have waterproof skin

    • C. 

      Are ectotherms

    • D. 

      Produce milk

  • 19. 
    A bird's heart has how many chambers?
    • A. 

      1

    • B. 

      2

    • C. 

      3

    • D. 

      4

  • 20. 
    Monotremes are:
    • A. 

      A group of mammals that includes the duck-billed platypus and spiny anteater

    • B. 

      A group of mammals that includes marsupials

    • C. 

      A group of mammals that includes the placental mammals

    • D. 

      A group of reptiles that gave rise to lizards and snakes

  • 21. 
    The ratites are:
    • A. 

      Wading birds

    • B. 

      Flightless birds, including chickens

    • C. 

      Flightless birds, including ostriches

    • D. 

      Perching birds

  • 22. 
    The proventricular of a bird's digestive system:
    • A. 

      Reabsorbs water and compacts waste

    • B. 

      Secretes enzymes to chemically digest food

    • C. 

      Is muscular and mechanically digests food

    • D. 

      Stores food

  • 23. 
    Birds reproduction can be characterized by whihc of the following sets of statements?
    • A. 

      Internal fertilization, amniote egg, high degree of parental care

    • B. 

      External fertilization, water permeable egg, low degree of parental care

    • C. 

      Internal fertilization, anamniote egg, viviparous

    • D. 

      External fertilization, waterpoof egg, live birth

  • 24. 
    Bile is stored in the
    • A. 

      Pancreas

    • B. 

      Large intestine

    • C. 

      Urinary bladder

    • D. 

      Gall bladder

  • 25. 
    Lucy's skelton revealed that she was bipedal. This means that she:
    • A. 

      Walked using all four limbs

    • B. 

      Walked on two legs

    • C. 

      Lived in trees

    • D. 

      Crawled along the jungle floor

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