The Evolution Of Altruism Quiz! Trivia

14 Questions | Total Attempts: 429

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The Evolution Of Altruism Quiz! Trivia - Quiz

What do you realize about the evolution of altruism? Do you think you can pass this quiz? Altruistic behavior reduces the possibility that an individual will reproduce. The notion of group selection might explain the evolution of altruism, as Charles Darwin first presented it. The concept of group selection has been controversial throughout the history of evolutionary biology. Take this quiz and learn more about the evolution of altruism.


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    Which of the following is NOT true about mutations?
    • A. 

      Mutations cause new traits to emerge.

    • B. 

      Mutations change the DNA sequence of a cell´s genome.

    • C. 

      Most mutations have positive effects for the organism

    • D. 

      Mutations can cause errors in protein sequence.

  • 2. 
    Which of the following is a process in evolution?
    • A. 

      Mutation

    • B. 

      Natural selection

    • C. 

      Genetic drift

    • D. 

      All of the above

  • 3. 
    Which of the following processes in evolution is NON-random?
    • A. 

      Mutation

    • B. 

      Natural selection

    • C. 

      Genetic drift

    • D. 

      All of the above

  • 4. 
    The use of antibiotics to fight bacteria might result in a population of bacteria that is resistant to antibiotics, because
    • A. 

      ... individuals in the bacteria population become resistant to antibiotics

    • B. 

      ... antibiotics might not effect a part of the bacteria population

    • C. 

      ... antibiotics cause mutations in the DNA structure of the bacteria

    • D. 

      ... antibiotics killed all the bacteria and new alien bacteria population arrived

  • 5. 
    Before the industrial revolution in England, there was a forest, which had a population of moths that were mainly white, with a few black moths. After the industrial revolution, there were mainly black moths and just a few white. This change in the moth population can best be explained by?
    • A. 

      Mutation

    • B. 

      Natural selection

    • C. 

      Genetic drift

    • D. 

      All of the above

  • 6. 
    What is true about genetic drift?
    • A. 

      Gene variants may disappear completely

    • B. 

      Effect is larger in small population than in large populations

    • C. 

      Random non-selective change in gene frequency over time

    • D. 

      All of the above

  • 7. 
    Biological altruism is when an organism puts itself at risk to help another organism. What of the following is true about altruistic behavior? Altruistic behavior...
    • A. 

      ... contradicts the theory of evolution

    • B. 

      ... can be explained by kin selection

    • C. 

      ... can be explained by reciprocal altruism

    • D. 

      ... B and C are correct

  • 8. 
    Which of the following is the best example of kin selection?
    • A. 

      Alarm call of birds

    • B. 

      Alarm signal of the Beldin ground squirrel

    • C. 

      Blood sharing in vampire bats

    • D. 

      Cleaning symbioses

  • 9. 
    How many siblings must an organism save, if it loses its own life, for it to be a fair deal in evolutionary terms?
    • A. 

      1

    • B. 

      2

    • C. 

      4

    • D. 

      8

  • 10. 
    The prisoner´s dilemma is a great example of benefits of ...
    • A. 

      ... selfish behaviour

    • B. 

      ... kin selection

    • C. 

      ... reciprocal altruism

    • D. 

      ... rational choice

  • 11. 
    Cleaning symbioses can be explained by ...
    • A. 

      ... kin selection

    • B. 

      ... reciprocal altruism

    • C. 

      ... both A and B

    • D. 

      ... neither A nor B

  • 12. 
    Vampire bats share blood ...
    • A. 

      ... randomly

    • B. 

      ... only with relatives

    • C. 

      ... selectively with bats whom they have received from

    • D. 

      ... rarely

  • 13. 
    A specific 32 base pair deletion in human CCR5 confers HIV resistance to homozygotes and delays AIDS onset in heterozygotes. This is an example of ...
    • A. 

      ... beneficial mutation

    • B. 

      ... natural selection

    • C. 

      ... genetic drift

    • D. 

      ... none of the above

  • 14. 
    In 1814, fifteen colonists went to live on the Island Tristan Da Cunha. By the 1960s there were 240 of them all descendants of the first fifteen. One of them carried (but was not affected by) a rare recessive mutation, retinitis pigmentosa. In the 1960s four people have had it and at least nine were carriers. This is an example of ...
    • A. 

      ... mutation

    • B. 

      ... natural selection

    • C. 

      ... genetic drift

    • D. 

      ... all of the above

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