Bio 130 Eye Practical

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The eye is a very complex organ that is composed of many parts. Good vision depends on the way those parts work together it is very important to understand how the eye operates. Bio 130 Eye Practical will help you understand the anatomy of an eye. Try this and good luck.


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    What conveys visual impulses to the brain and creates the optic disk.

    • A.

      Oculomotor nerve

    • B.

      Optic Nerve

    • C.

      Vagus Nerve

    • D.

      Facial Nerve

    Correct Answer
    B. Optic Nerve
    Explanation
    The optic nerve is responsible for conveying visual impulses from the eye to the brain. It is a bundle of nerve fibers that connects the retina to the brain, allowing for the transmission of visual information. The optic nerve also creates the optic disk, which is the point where the nerve fibers exit the eye and form a blind spot.

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  • 2. 

    What is the Jelly-like substance that maintains the retina's postion?

    • A.

      Aqueous Humor

    • B.

      Sclera

    • C.

      Choriod

    • D.

      Vitreous Gel

    Correct Answer
    D. Vitreous Gel
    Explanation
    The jelly-like substance that maintains the retina's position is called the vitreous gel. This gel fills the space between the lens and the retina, providing support and helping to maintain the shape of the eyeball. It also helps to transmit light to the retina and assists in maintaining the overall health of the eye. The vitreous gel is composed mainly of water and collagen fibers, giving it a gel-like consistency.

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  • 3. 

    What is the white non-vascular layer of the eye? 

    • A.

      Cornea

    • B.

      Iris

    • C.

      Sclera

    • D.

      Choriod

    Correct Answer
    C. Sclera
    Explanation
    The white non-vascular layer of the eye is called the sclera. It is the tough, protective outer layer of the eyeball that covers most of its surface. The sclera helps maintain the shape of the eye and provides attachment points for the muscles that control eye movement. It also serves as a barrier against external forces and helps to protect the delicate structures within the eye.

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  • 4. 

    What is the transparent part of the Sclera?

    • A.

      Iris

    • B.

      Fovea Centralis

    • C.

      Choroid

    • D.

      Cornea

    Correct Answer
    D. Cornea
    Explanation
    The transparent part of the sclera is the cornea. The cornea is the clear, dome-shaped surface that covers the front of the eye. It acts as a protective layer and helps to focus light onto the retina at the back of the eye. Being transparent, it allows light to pass through it, enabling clear vision. The iris, fovea centralis, and choroid are not transparent parts of the sclera and have different functions in the eye.

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  • 5. 

    What contains circular muscle fibers that change the size of the pupil?

    • A.

      Iris

    • B.

      Lens

    • C.

      Choriod

    • D.

      Retina

    Correct Answer
    A. Iris
    Explanation
    The iris is the correct answer because it contains circular muscle fibers that can contract or relax, thus changing the size of the pupil. When the circular muscles contract, the pupil becomes smaller, and when they relax, the pupil becomes larger. This mechanism allows the iris to regulate the amount of light entering the eye and helps in maintaining clear vision in different lighting conditions.

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  • 6. 

    What changes shape according to the distance of an object?

    • A.

      Iris

    • B.

      Lens

    • C.

      Pupil

    • D.

      Cornea

    Correct Answer
    B. Lens
    Explanation
    The lens of the eye changes shape according to the distance of an object. When focusing on something close, the lens becomes thicker, allowing the eye to focus on nearby objects. When focusing on something far away, the lens becomes thinner, allowing the eye to focus on distant objects. This change in shape of the lens helps to adjust the focal length of the eye, allowing for clear vision at different distances.

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  • 7. 

    What is the watery-fluid filled section of the eye responsible for maintaining eye pressure?

    • A.

      Fovea Centralis

    • B.

      Choriod

    • C.

      Viterous Humar

    • D.

      Aqueous Humar

    Correct Answer
    D. Aqueous Humar
    Explanation
    The watery-fluid filled section of the eye responsible for maintaining eye pressure is called the aqueous humor. This clear fluid is located in the front part of the eye, between the cornea and the lens. It helps to nourish the cornea and lens, as well as maintain the shape and pressure of the eye. The aqueous humor is constantly produced and drained to regulate the intraocular pressure, which is important for the overall health and function of the eye.

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  • 8. 

    What is the inner layer of the eye?

    • A.

      Retina

    • B.

      Cornea

    • C.

      Choriod

    • D.

      Ciliary body

    Correct Answer
    A. Retina
    Explanation
    The inner layer of the eye is called the retina. The retina is a thin layer of tissue located at the back of the eye that contains specialized cells called photoreceptors. These photoreceptors, known as rods and cones, are responsible for converting light into electrical signals that can be interpreted by the brain. The retina plays a crucial role in vision by capturing and processing visual information before sending it to the brain through the optic nerve.

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  • 9. 

    Name the area of highest concentration of Cones located in the inner layer of the eye.

    • A.

      Susperory ligament

    • B.

      Sclera

    • C.

      Fovea Centralis

    • D.

      Pupil

    Correct Answer
    C. Fovea Centralis
    Explanation
    The Fovea Centralis is the area of highest concentration of Cones located in the inner layer of the eye. Cones are photoreceptor cells responsible for color vision and visual acuity, and they are highly concentrated in the fovea centralis. This area is responsible for our central vision and is responsible for our ability to see fine details and colors. The other options, such as the suspensory ligament, sclera, and pupil, are not areas of high cone concentration.

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  • 10. 

    What is the thin membrane that covers and nourishes the inner layer of the eye?

    • A.

      Sclera

    • B.

      Choriod

    • C.

      Cornea

    • D.

      Ciliary Bodies

    Correct Answer
    B. Choriod
    Explanation
    The choroid is a thin membrane that covers and nourishes the inner layer of the eye. It is located between the sclera (the white part of the eye) and the retina. The choroid contains blood vessels that supply oxygen and nutrients to the retina, which is essential for maintaining good vision.

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  • 11. 

    What is the smooth muscle that changes the shape of the lens?

    • A.

      Iris

    • B.

      Suspensory Ligaments

    • C.

      Pupil

    • D.

      Ciliary Bodies

    Correct Answer
    D. Ciliary Bodies
    Explanation
    The ciliary bodies are responsible for changing the shape of the lens. They are a part of the eye located behind the iris and are connected to the lens by the suspensory ligaments. When the ciliary muscles contract, they cause the suspensory ligaments to relax, which allows the lens to become more rounded and focus on nearby objects. Conversely, when the ciliary muscles relax, the suspensory ligaments tighten, making the lens flatter and enabling the eye to focus on distant objects.

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  • 12. 

    What is the black hole in the center of the eye?

    • A.

      Pupil

    • B.

      Iris

    • C.

      Cornea

    • D.

      Retina

    Correct Answer
    A. Pupil
    Explanation
    The black hole in the center of the eye is called the pupil. The pupil is an opening in the center of the iris, which is the colored part of the eye. It appears black because it allows light to enter the eye and reach the retina, which is located at the back of the eye. The size of the pupil can change in response to different lighting conditions, with it getting smaller in bright light and larger in dim light.

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  • 13. 

    What attaches the lens to the ciliary bodies?

    • A.

      Sclera

    • B.

      Fovea Centralis

    • C.

      Suspensory Ligaments

    • D.

      Choriod

    Correct Answer
    C. Suspensory Ligaments
    Explanation
    The suspensory ligaments attach the lens to the ciliary bodies. These ligaments are thin, fibrous strands that help hold the lens in place and allow it to change shape for focusing on objects at different distances. They connect the ciliary bodies, which are part of the ciliary muscle, to the lens. This connection allows the ciliary muscle to control the shape of the lens, enabling the eye to focus on objects at various distances.

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  • 14. 

    What is the process of changing the shape of the lens according to the distance of an object?

    • A.

      Procreation

    • B.

      Action Potential

    • C.

      Accomodation

    • D.

      Recruiment

    Correct Answer
    C. Accomodation
    Explanation
    Accommodation refers to the process of changing the shape of the lens in response to the distance of an object. This adjustment allows the eye to focus on objects at different distances, ensuring that the image formed on the retina is clear and in focus. The lens becomes thicker or thinner depending on whether the object is near or far, respectively. This change in lens shape is controlled by the ciliary muscles, which contract or relax to alter the lens curvature. Therefore, accommodation plays a crucial role in maintaining clear vision at various distances.

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  • Current Version
  • Mar 22, 2023
    Quiz Edited by
    ProProfs Editorial Team
  • Nov 29, 2008
    Quiz Created by
    Victorgonzalez
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