Bentley Ch. 7 Test

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Bentley Ch. 7 Test

Multiple choice test for Bentley chapter on Persia


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    The Persian king who regularized tax levies and standardized laws was
    • A. 

      Cyrus

    • B. 

      Cambyses

    • C. 

      Darius

    • D. 

      Xerxes

  • 2. 
    The center of the Persian communication network was
    • A. 

      The Royal Road

    • B. 

      The Qanats

    • C. 

      The Emperor's Trail

    • D. 

      The Persian navy

  • 3. 
    The Persian legal code was designed to
    • A. 

      Impose a uniform law code on the entire empire

    • B. 

      Terrify the subject tribes of the empire into submission

    • C. 

      Codify the laws of the subject peoples

    • D. 

      Abolish the laws of individual lands

  • 4. 
    For his decision to allow them to return to their capital city and rebuild their temple, Darius received high praise from these people. Who were they?
    • A. 

      Medes

    • B. 

      Jews

    • C. 

      Egyptians

    • D. 

      Assyrians

  • 5. 
    The major early turning point in the rise of the Persian Empire was the
    • A. 

      Victory of Darius at Salamis

    • B. 

      Victory of Cambyses over Rome

    • C. 

      Victory of Cyrus over Lydia

    • D. 

      Victory in the Persian Wars

  • 6. 
    The battle of Marathon in 490 B.C.E. proved to be
    • A. 

      A bloody stalemate with neither side claiming victory

    • B. 

      An overwhelming Persian victory

    • C. 

      A Persian loss

    • D. 

      A slight victory that turned the tide in Persia's favor in the Persian

  • 7. 
    The social structure of the Medes and Persians was originally very similar to
    • A. 

      The Mesopotamians

    • B. 

      The Greeks

    • C. 

      The Aryans

    • D. 

      The Romans

  • 8. 
    Zarathustra viewed the material world
    • A. 

      As a trick of Angra Mainyu to mislead the faithful, similar to Christianity

    • B. 

      As the equivalent of hell, similar to Christianity

    • C. 

      As a gift from Ahura Mazda that should be enjoyed

    • D. 

      As a resting place for the reincarnated, similar to Hinduism

  • 9. 
    Which of the following lists of Persian empires is correct chronologically?
    • A. 

      Achaemenids, Sasanids, Seleucids, Parthians

    • B. 

      Parthians, Achaemenids, Seleucids, Sasanids

    • C. 

      Sasanids, Parthians, Seleucids, Achaemenids

    • D. 

      Achaemenids, Seleucids, Parthians, Sasanids

  • 10. 
    Darius picked up the idea of a standardized government-issued coinage from the
    • A. 

      Babylonians

    • B. 

      Egyptians

    • C. 

      Lydians

    • D. 

      Indians

  • 11. 
    Which of the following empires normally displayed the greatest degree of toleration toward its subject peoples?
    • A. 

      Assyrian

    • B. 

      Greek

    • C. 

      Egyptian

    • D. 

      Achaemenid

  • 12. 
    The classic Persian governmental approach was
    • A. 

      The use of relentless terror to oppress the conquered tribes

    • B. 

      To impose their own religious beliefs on the peoples of the empire

    • C. 

      To appoint every governmental post with a member of the Persian royal family

    • D. 

      An enlightened and tolerant one

  • 13. 
    Which of the following basic tenets of Zoroastrianism did NOT influence later religions?
    • A. 

      The belief in a heaven and hell

    • B. 

      The encouragement of high moral standards

    • C. 

      The view of the material world as a place of temptation that had to be ignored

    • D. 

      The belief that each individual plays a key role in determining his or her spiritual destiny

  • 14. 
    The Medes and Persians were originally
    • A. 

      Indo-European tribes

    • B. 

      Semitic-speaking nomads related to the Hyksos

    • C. 

      Later Mesopotamian petty kingdoms

    • D. 

      Minor Babylonian rulers

  • 15. 
    Zoroastrianism was
    • A. 

      Spread by force throughout the Persian empire

    • B. 

      Very strongly monotheistic

    • C. 

      Allowed to spread through its own merits

    • D. 

      Borrowed by the Persians from the Assyrians

  • 16. 
    In organizing their empire, Perisna rulers relied heavily on techniques of administration from the
    • A. 

      Lydians

    • B. 

      Egyptians

    • C. 

      Mesopotamians

    • D. 

      Chinese

  • 17. 
    The Seleucids, Parthians, and Sasanids were different ethnic groups but they all shared one attibute that allowed them to continue strong imperial rule. What was it?
    • A. 

      They founded new cities to serve as administrative capitals

    • B. 

      They continued Darius' administrative policies

    • C. 

      They had few neighbors with imperial ambitions

    • D. 

      They used Persian administrators as satraps

  • 18. 
    Like Mesopotamia and Egypt, Perisan society was highly stratified. As in these cutlures, most people in rural areas were engaged in
    • A. 

      Building temple complexes and new cities

    • B. 

      Manufacturing trade items for the export market

    • C. 

      Cultivation of grain crops exclusively since slaves could be used in irrigation duties

    • D. 

      Agriculture and the maintenance of an adequate watter supply for the crops

  • 19. 
    The Achaemenids fell due to a combination of 
    • A. 

      A weakening army and succession problems

    • B. 

      Growing intolerance of other cultures and internal rebellions

    • C. 

      Attacks from central Asia and weak bureaucracy

    • D. 

      Bureaucratic infighting and a discontented population

  • 20. 
    What aspect of Zoroastrianism is the most significant with respect to world history?
    • A. 

      It became one of the many foreign religions that found a home in India

    • B. 

      It sustained the Persian empire and served as a justification for their rule

    • C. 

      Parts of its tenets were adopted by monotheistic religions

    • D. 

      Zoroastrianism is the founding faith of Judaism, Christianity, and Islam

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