Bentley Ch. 34 Test Age Of Anxiety

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| By Mrscindytong
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Bentley Ch. 34 Test Age Of Anxiety - Quiz

Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    The term "lost generation" was coined by

    • A.

      E. Remarche

    • B.

      John Steinbeck

    • C.

      Karl Barth

    • D.

      Gertrude Stein

    Correct Answer
    D. Gertrude Stein
    Explanation
    Gertrude Stein is the correct answer because she is the one who coined the term "lost generation." This term refers to the group of writers and artists who came of age during World War I and felt disillusioned by the societal changes that followed. Gertrude Stein, an American writer and art collector, used the term in reference to the young people of that time who felt lost and disconnected from the values and traditions of the past. Her use of the term became widely recognized and influential in describing this generation.

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  • 2. 

    Why did Germany manage to rebuild faster than France or Russia after World War I?

    • A.

      No major military engagements had taken place on German soil, so Germany had not suffered the physical destruction of its natural resources, infrastructure, or production capacity as had France and Russia

    • B.

      Germany benefitted from extensive U.S. financial support as part of the Marshall Plan while France and Russia were excluded from the program

    • C.

      The Nazi Party was incredibly efficient in construction projects as it relied on slave labor rather than wageworkers as France and Russia did

    • D.

      Both France and Russia experienced internal revolt and revolution during the years of World War I which added to their nations' physical destruction

    Correct Answer
    A. No major military engagements had taken place on German soil, so Germany had not suffered the physical destruction of its natural resources, infrastructure, or production capacity as had France and Russia
    Explanation
    Germany managed to rebuild faster than France or Russia after World War I because it had not suffered the physical destruction of its natural resources, infrastructure, or production capacity. Unlike France and Russia, Germany did not experience major military engagements on its soil, which spared it from the extensive damage caused by warfare. This allowed Germany to focus on rebuilding and recovering its economy more quickly than the other two countries.

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  • 3. 

    The concept of "path of legality" is associated with fascism in

    • A.

      Germany

    • B.

      Italy

    • C.

      Japan

    • D.

      Spain

    Correct Answer
    A. Germany
    Explanation
    The concept of "path of legality" refers to the idea that fascist regimes, like the one in Germany, sought to establish their power and control through legal means. In Germany, the Nazi Party led by Adolf Hitler rose to power through democratic elections and then gradually dismantled democratic institutions to establish a totalitarian regime. This concept highlights the deceptive nature of fascism, as it initially operated within the legal framework before subverting it for its own purposes.

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  • 4. 

    In which of the following nations did women achieve greater economic success during the 1930s?

    • A.

      Germany

    • B.

      United States

    • C.

      Italy

    • D.

      Russia

    Correct Answer
    D. Russia
    Explanation
    During the 1930s, women in Russia achieved greater economic success compared to the other nations listed. This can be attributed to the Soviet government's emphasis on gender equality and women's rights. The Soviet Union implemented policies that provided women with equal access to education, job opportunities, and healthcare. Women were encouraged to participate in the workforce and were given opportunities for leadership roles. This focus on gender equality allowed women in Russia to make significant advancements in the economic sphere during the 1930s.

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  • 5. 

    Why did Germany and Japan suffer most extensively during the Great Depression?

    • A.

      Both nations relied heavily on the export of manufactured goods to pay for imported fuel and food

    • B.

      Both were under fascist rule which made it very difficult for the common person to survive

    • C.

      Neither nation had fully recovered from the physical destruction left from World War I

    • D.

      Neither peoples were used to living under difficult economic conditions and had few personal resources to draw upon

    Correct Answer
    A. Both nations relied heavily on the export of manufactured goods to pay for imported fuel and food
    Explanation
    Germany and Japan suffered most extensively during the Great Depression because both nations heavily depended on exporting manufactured goods to pay for imported fuel and food. As the global economy contracted, international trade declined, leading to a significant decrease in demand for their exports. This resulted in a severe economic downturn in both countries, as they were unable to generate enough revenue to sustain their imports. The heavy reliance on exports made them vulnerable to the economic downturn, exacerbating the impact of the Great Depression on their economies.

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  • 6. 

    A troubling economic problem in the 1920s was the depressed state of agriculture caused by

    • A.

      Virulent new strains of disease

    • B.

      The success of several new communist regimes

    • C.

      Overproduction and falling prices

    • D.

      Dangerous underproduction

    Correct Answer
    C. Overproduction and falling prices
    Explanation
    The correct answer is overproduction and falling prices. During the 1920s, agriculture faced a major economic problem due to overproduction. Farmers were producing more crops and goods than the market demanded, leading to a surplus. This surplus caused prices to fall as the supply exceeded the demand. The combination of overproduction and falling prices created a depressed state in the agricultural sector, causing financial difficulties for farmers. This problem was a significant challenge during the 1920s.

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  • 7. 

    Which of the following groups was NOT one of the new artistic movements of the twentieth century?

    • A.

      Expressionists

    • B.

      Cubists

    • C.

      Dadaists

    • D.

      Impressionists

    Correct Answer
    D. Impressionists
    Explanation
    The impressionists were not one of the new artistic movements of the twentieth century. The impressionist movement emerged in the late 19th century, primarily in France, and was characterized by its focus on capturing the fleeting effects of light and color in outdoor settings. While the expressionists, cubists, and dadaists were all significant artistic movements that emerged in the twentieth century, the impressionists preceded them and were part of the earlier artistic developments.

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  • 8. 

    The First Five-Year Plan

    • A.

      Was a military scheme that called for a massive increase in arms production

    • B.

      Was designed to transform the Soviet Union from an agricultural nation into an industrial one

    • C.

      Was designed to increase the agricultural production of the Soviet Union and make it the world's leading food producer

    • D.

      Was a political plan to spark a communist revolution in the United States

    Correct Answer
    B. Was designed to transform the Soviet Union from an agricultural nation into an industrial one
    Explanation
    The correct answer is that the First Five-Year Plan was designed to transform the Soviet Union from an agricultural nation into an industrial one. This plan, implemented by the Soviet government in 1928, aimed to rapidly industrialize the country by setting targets for industrial output and increasing the production of heavy machinery, steel, and other industrial goods. The plan also involved collectivizing agriculture and increasing agricultural productivity to support the growing industrial sector. The ultimate goal was to modernize the Soviet economy and establish the Soviet Union as a major industrial power.

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  • 9. 

    The Russian Civil War that broke out after the revolution was between

    • A.

      Utopian socialists and Trotskyites

    • B.

      Reds, being the communists of Lenin's regime, and Whites comprising a collection of anti-communist groups

    • C.

      Leninists and Stalinists

    • D.

      Nicholas II's Imperial Army and Lenin's Revolutionary Army

    Correct Answer
    B. Reds, being the communists of Lenin's regime, and Whites comprising a collection of anti-communist groups
    Explanation
    The correct answer explains that the Russian Civil War was fought between the Reds, who were the communists of Lenin's regime, and the Whites, who were a collection of anti-communist groups. This answer accurately identifies the two main opposing factions in the conflict, with the Reds representing the Bolsheviks and the Whites representing a diverse range of groups opposed to the communist regime.

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  • 10. 

    The official goal of the Nazi regime toward Jews in the period before World War II was

    • A.

      One of killling all Jews that could be arrested in order to eliminate the Jews from Germany and eventually the world

    • B.

      To turn them into slaves to work in Germany's armament factories

    • C.

      To pressure them to emigrate

    • D.

      To force all educated German Jews to stay in Germany and expel the rest of the Jewish population

    Correct Answer
    C. To pressure them to emigrate
    Explanation
    The correct answer is to pressure them to emigrate. The Nazi regime aimed to create conditions that would make life so unbearable for Jews in Germany that they would choose to leave the country. This was part of their broader goal to eliminate Jews from German society. They implemented various discriminatory policies and laws to marginalize and isolate Jews, making it increasingly difficult for them to live and work in Germany. The ultimate objective was to force Jews to emigrate and leave the country, rather than outright killing them or turning them into slaves.

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  • 11. 

    The spread of photography

    • A.

      Led many painters to choose the camera as their instrument of expression

    • B.

      Resulted in a lack of creative artist expression because of general pessimism

    • C.

      Led to a new artistic genre that tried to produce paintings that were more accurate than the camera

    • D.

      Led many painters to believe that the purpose of painting was not to mirror reality but to create it

    Correct Answer
    D. Led many painters to believe that the purpose of painting was not to mirror reality but to create it
    Explanation
    The spread of photography led many painters to believe that the purpose of painting was not to mirror reality but to create it. This suggests that painters were influenced by the rise of photography and began to see their role as artists in a different light. They saw photography as a medium that could accurately capture reality, so they sought to differentiate themselves by emphasizing their ability to create something beyond reality through their paintings. This shift in perspective highlights the impact that photography had on the mindset of painters during this time period.

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  • 12. 

    This individual believed in a philosophy of promoting communism primarily in the Soviet Union rather than trying to export the revolution to other nations.

    • A.

      Lenin

    • B.

      Marx

    • C.

      Trotsky

    • D.

      Stalin

    Correct Answer
    D. Stalin
    Explanation
    Stalin believed in the philosophy of promoting communism primarily in the Soviet Union rather than exporting the revolution to other nations. Unlike Trotsky, who advocated for worldwide revolution, Stalin focused on consolidating and strengthening the Soviet Union internally. This philosophy, known as "socialism in one country," aimed to build a strong socialist state in the Soviet Union before attempting to spread communism globally. Stalin's approach prioritized the development and industrialization of the Soviet Union, leading to the implementation of policies that emphasized rapid industrial growth and collectivization of agriculture.

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  • 13. 

    The KRISTALLNACHT was

    • A.

      A new artistic movement that flourished after World War I

    • B.

      A Nazi-arranged attack on thousands of Jewish stores

    • C.

      Hitler's political treatise that expressed his main ideas

    • D.

      The Russian term for the destructive civil war that followed the revolution

    Correct Answer
    B. A Nazi-arranged attack on thousands of Jewish stores
    Explanation
    KRISTALLNACHT, also known as the Night of Broken Glass, refers to a series of coordinated attacks against Jews in Nazi Germany and Austria in November 1938. During this violent pogrom, thousands of Jewish-owned stores, synagogues, and homes were vandalized, looted, and destroyed. The term "Kristallnacht" is derived from the shattered glass that covered the streets from broken windows. This event marked a significant escalation in the persecution of Jews by the Nazi regime and is considered a precursor to the Holocaust.

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  • 14. 

    Which of the following was NOT one of the chief actions of Roosevelt's New Deal?

    • A.

      Tighten money supply

    • B.

      Give workers the right to organize and bargain collectively

    • C.

      Provide social security in old age

    • D.

      Create jobs through public works projects

    Correct Answer
    A. Tighten money supply
    Explanation
    The chief actions of Roosevelt's New Deal included giving workers the right to organize and bargain collectively, providing social security in old age, and creating jobs through public works projects. However, tightening the money supply was not one of the chief actions of the New Deal.

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  • 15. 

    In response to the Great Depression, economist John Maynard Keynes

    • A.

      Urged the government to expand the money supply and undertake public works to provide jobs

    • B.

      Wrote that capitalism had failed and that it was time for the United States to experiment with communism

    • C.

      Felt that the government should tighten the money supply

    • D.

      Proposed that the government should do nothing and wait out the economic hard times

    Correct Answer
    A. Urged the government to expand the money supply and undertake public works to provide jobs
    Explanation
    During the Great Depression, economist John Maynard Keynes advocated for the government to expand the money supply and undertake public works projects in order to stimulate the economy and create jobs. This approach, known as Keynesian economics, aimed to increase aggregate demand and pull the economy out of recession. By increasing the money supply, more money would be available for lending and investment, which would spur economic activity. Additionally, undertaking public works projects would create jobs and provide income for workers, further boosting consumer spending and stimulating economic growth.

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Our quizzes are rigorously reviewed, monitored and continuously updated by our expert board to maintain accuracy, relevance, and timeliness.

  • Current Version
  • Mar 21, 2023
    Quiz Edited by
    ProProfs Editorial Team
  • Apr 07, 2013
    Quiz Created by
    Mrscindytong

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