Bay Area Justicecorps Small Claims Quiz

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Quizzes Created: 16 | Total Attempts: 2,873
Questions: 22 | Attempts: 153

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This Assessment Test is given at the beginning and end of your JusticeCorps experience to evaluate your level of knowledge in the area of Small Claims Court. The purpose to the Assessment Test is to see if your level of knowledge and understanding has enhanced throughout the program. It is only for statistical purposes. This test will have no effect on your education award.


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    What should a litigant do before filing a small claims case?

    • A.

      Ask for the money owed in person, phone or letter

    • B.

      Ask for the money owed by a formal letter only

    • C.

      Get an attorney to ask for the money owed

    • D.

      Nothing; a litigant can just file

    Correct Answer
    A. Ask for the money owed in person, phone or letter
    Explanation
    Before filing a small claims case, a litigant should first attempt to ask for the money owed in person, over the phone, or through a letter. This step is important as it allows the litigant to try to resolve the issue without going to court. By communicating directly with the other party, the litigant may be able to reach a settlement or agreement, avoiding the need for legal action. It is a recommended first step before proceeding with a small claims case.

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  • 2. 

    What is the most an individual can sue for in a small claims court?

    • A.

      $5,000

    • B.

      $10,000

    • C.

      $7,500

    • D.

      $15,000

    Correct Answer
    C. $7,500
    Explanation
    In a small claims court, the maximum amount that an individual can sue for is $7,500. This means that if someone has a legal dispute and wants to take it to a small claims court, they can only seek compensation up to this amount. It is important to note that small claims courts are designed to handle minor disputes and provide a simplified and cost-effective process for resolving them. Therefore, the maximum limit is set to ensure that cases within the court's jurisdiction can be handled efficiently.

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  • 3. 

    What is the most a business can sue for in a small claims court?

    • A.

      $5,000

    • B.

      $10,000

    • C.

      $15,000

    • D.

      7,500

    Correct Answer
    A. $5,000
    Explanation
    In a small claims court, the maximum amount a business can sue for is $5,000. This means that if a business has a dispute or claim against another party, they can only seek compensation up to this amount in a small claims court. Anything above $5,000 would typically need to be pursued in a higher court or through alternative legal channels.

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  • 4. 

    What form is used to initiate a small claims case?

    • A.

      SC-200

    • B.

      SC-100

    • C.

      SR-300

    • D.

      SR-100

    Correct Answer
    B. SC-100
    Explanation
    The correct answer is SC-100. SC-100 is the form used to initiate a small claims case. This form is typically filed with the court to begin the process of resolving a dispute in small claims court. It includes important information such as the names of the parties involved, a description of the claim, and the requested amount of damages. By filling out and submitting the SC-100 form, individuals can officially start their small claims case and seek a resolution to their dispute.

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  • 5. 

    What determines the court location where a small claims case is tried?

    • A.

      The court house nearest to where the defendant lives or works

    • B.

      Where the contract was signed or action performed

    • C.

      Where the accident took place

    • D.

      Any of the above

    Correct Answer
    D. Any of the above
    Explanation
    The court location where a small claims case is tried can be determined by any of the options provided. It can be based on the proximity to where the defendant lives or works, where the contract was signed or action performed, or where the accident took place. The specific circumstances of the case will determine which of these factors is considered in determining the court location.

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  • 6. 

    What are examples of types of cases that may be heard in small claims court?

    • A.

      Landlord/tenant (non-eviction)

    • B.

      Car accident

    • C.

      Bad check

    • D.

      Divorce

    • E.

      A, B, and C only

    Correct Answer
    E. A, B, and C only
    Explanation
    Small claims court is a specialized court that handles civil cases involving small amounts of money. Examples of cases that may be heard in small claims court include landlord/tenant disputes (non-eviction cases), car accidents, and cases involving bad checks. Divorce cases are typically not heard in small claims court as they are usually handled in family court. Therefore, the correct answer is A, B, and C only.

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  • 7. 

     Once a small claims case is filed, how soon is it scheduled for court?

    • A.

      It is scheduled 20 to 70 days out

    • B.

      It is scheduled 5 to 10 days out

    • C.

      It is scheduled 40 to 60 days out

    • D.

      Its is scheduled the following day

    Correct Answer
    C. It is scheduled 40 to 60 days out
    Explanation
    Once a small claims case is filed, it is not scheduled for court immediately. Instead, it takes some time for the court to process the case and assign a date for the hearing. The correct answer states that the case is scheduled 40 to 60 days out, meaning that it typically takes around 40 to 60 days for the court to schedule the case and set a hearing date. This allows both parties involved in the case to have sufficient time to prepare their arguments and gather any necessary evidence before appearing in court.

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  • 8. 

    How does a litigant name a defendant in a small claims case?

    • A.

      John S. Doe

    • B.

      Smith and Hones A Corporation, DBA Continental Candies

    • C.

      Mary Smith, as an individual, and DBA Continental Candies

    • D.

      Smith & Hones, a partnership

    • E.

      All of the above

    Correct Answer
    E. All of the above
    Explanation
    A litigant can name a defendant in a small claims case by using any of the options mentioned. They can name an individual defendant using their full name, such as John S. Doe. They can also name a defendant that is a corporation by using the corporation's name, such as Smith and Hones A Corporation, DBA Continental Candies. Additionally, they can name a defendant who is both an individual and a business owner by including their personal name and the name of their business, such as Mary Smith, as an individual, and DBA Continental Candies. Lastly, they can name a defendant that is a partnership by using the partnership's name, such as Smith & Hones, a partnership.

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  • 9. 

    How does a litigant notify a defendant of a hearing date?  What ways listed below are adequate   notification procedures?

    • A.

      Someone over the age of 18 that is not involved in the case personally hands the defendant the court papers

    • B.

      Defendant receives notice by certified mail (through the court only)

    • C.

      By the Sherriff

    • D.

      Registered processor

    • E.

      All of the above

    Correct Answer
    E. All of the above
    Explanation
    All of the listed ways are adequate notification procedures for a litigant to notify a defendant of a hearing date. Someone over the age of 18 can personally hand the defendant the court papers, the defendant can receive notice by certified mail through the court, or the notification can be done by the Sheriff or a registered processor.

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  • 10. 

    In Small Claims defendants must be served in California, except:

    • A.

      If the case involves an auto accident that took place in CA

    • B.

      If the case involves an internet transaction with an out-of-state defendant

    • C.

      If the case involves property owned by an out-of-state defendant

    • D.

      If the case involves property owned by an out-of-state defendant

    • E.

      A & C

    Correct Answer
    E. A & C
    Explanation
    In small claims court, defendants must generally be served in California. However, there are two exceptions to this rule. The first exception is if the case involves an auto accident that took place in California. In such cases, the defendant can be served outside of California. The second exception is if the case involves property owned by an out-of-state defendant. In this situation as well, the defendant can be served outside of California. Therefore, the correct answer is A & C, which means that if the case involves an auto accident that took place in California or if it involves property owned by an out-of-state defendant, the defendant does not have to be served in California.

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  • 11. 

     How many days before the trial date does the defendant have to be personally served?

    • A.

      15 days in County and 20 days out of County

    • B.

      5 days in County and 10 days out of County

    • C.

      70 days in County and 70 days out of County

    Correct Answer
    A. 15 days in County and 20 days out of County
    Explanation
    The defendant must be personally served 15 days before the trial date if the trial is in the same county. If the trial is out of county, the defendant must be personally served 20 days before the trial date.

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  • 12. 

    When can attorneys represent litigants in small claims court?

    • A.

      Only on an appeal

    • B.

      Only if the judge allows it

    • C.

      Attorneys can never represent litigants in Small Claims Court

    • D.

      Attorneys can Always represent litigants in Small Claims Court

    Correct Answer
    A. Only on an appeal
    Explanation
    Attorneys can only represent litigants in small claims court on an appeal. This means that if a party is dissatisfied with the decision made in small claims court and decides to appeal the case to a higher court, they can then hire an attorney to represent them. However, during the initial proceedings in small claims court, attorneys are generally not allowed to represent litigants.

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  • 13. 

    How does one get a witness to come to court and testify?

    • A.

      Ask for a witness to come testify

    • B.

      Subpoena a witness to come and testify

    • C.

      All of the above

    Correct Answer
    C. All of the above
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "All of the above". Both options mentioned, asking a witness to come testify and subpoenaing a witness to come and testify, are valid ways to get a witness to appear in court and give their testimony. Asking a witness directly is a more informal approach, where the individual is requested to voluntarily come to court and testify. On the other hand, a subpoena is a legal order issued by the court, requiring the witness to appear and testify. Both methods can be used to ensure the presence of a witness in court.

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  • 14. 

    If a defendant is sued in the wrong court, what can he/she do?

    • A.

      Challenge the court venue by writing a letter to the court

    • B.

      There is nothing to do

    • C.

      Sue the court

    • D.

      Not show up to the hearing because it is the wrong court

    Correct Answer
    A. Challenge the court venue by writing a letter to the court
    Explanation
    If a defendant is sued in the wrong court, they can challenge the court venue by writing a letter to the court. This means that they can inform the court that they believe the case should be heard in a different court, and provide reasons for their argument. By doing so, the defendant is asserting their right to have the case heard in the appropriate court and not be subject to jurisdiction in the wrong court.

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  • 15. 

    If a defendant wants to counter-sue a plaintiff in small claims court for $10,000 what can he/she do?

    • A.

      The defendant can sue for the maximum amount and forgo the difference

    • B.

      The defendant can take it to a higher court

    • C.

      Defendants can not counter sue

    • D.

      None of the above

    • E.

      A and B only

    Correct Answer
    E. A and B only
    Explanation
    The correct answer is A and B only. This means that if a defendant wants to counter-sue a plaintiff in small claims court for $10,000, they have two options. They can sue for the maximum amount of $10,000 and forgo any difference, or they can take the case to a higher court. Both options are available to the defendant in this situation.

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  • 16. 

     If a defendant cannot attend a court date, what can he/she do?

    • A.

      File a SC-110 and request for postponement 10 days before the court date

    • B.

      File a SC-110 and request for the hearing to be canceled

    • C.

      They will automatically lose the case if they try to change the date

    • D.

      File a SC-110 and pay a fine of 200 dollars to have the hearing date changed

    Correct Answer
    A. File a SC-110 and request for postponement 10 days before the court date
    Explanation
    If a defendant cannot attend a court date, they can file a SC-110 and request for postponement 10 days before the court date. This allows them to request a new date for the hearing, giving them more time to prepare or resolve any conflicts that prevent their attendance.

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  • 17. 

    If a defendant misses his/her trial date, what can he/she do?

    • A.

      File SC-135 Motion to Vacate Judgment

    • B.

      If a defendant misses his/her trial date there is nothing left to do other than obey the courts order

    • C.

      File a SC-135 Motion to Vacate Judgment and pay a 500 dollar fine

    • D.

      None of the above

    Correct Answer
    A. File SC-135 Motion to Vacate Judgment
    Explanation
    If a defendant misses his/her trial date, they can file a SC-135 Motion to Vacate Judgment. This motion is a legal request to have the judgment against them set aside or voided. By filing this motion, the defendant is seeking to have the court reconsider the judgment due to their absence on the trial date. It is a proactive step that the defendant can take to try to rectify the situation and have the opportunity for their case to be heard.

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  • 18. 

     What can a plaintiff do to collect on a small claims judgment?

    • A.

      Obtain a bank levy

    • B.

      Do a till tap or a wage garnishment

    • C.

      Keeper or vehicle levy or record an abstract of judgment on real property

    • D.

      All of the above

    • E.

      None of the above

    Correct Answer
    D. All of the above
    Explanation
    A plaintiff can collect on a small claims judgment by using various methods. One option is to obtain a bank levy, which allows the plaintiff to freeze the defendant's bank account and collect the owed amount. Another option is to do a till tap or wage garnishment, where the plaintiff can collect money directly from the defendant's paycheck or cash register. Additionally, the plaintiff can choose to do a keeper or vehicle levy, which involves seizing and selling the defendant's personal property or vehicle. Lastly, the plaintiff can record an abstract of judgment on real property, which creates a lien on the defendant's real estate. Therefore, all of the options listed can be used by a plaintiff to collect on a small claims judgment.

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  • 19. 

    If a plaintiff wants to collect on a judgment and only has the defendants address and needs additional information what can he/she do?

    • A.

      Request a court order for a debtor’s examination and a statement of assets

    • B.

      Check with the recorders office

    • C.

      They cannot do anything

    • D.

      A and B only

    Correct Answer
    D. A and B only
    Explanation
    If a plaintiff wants to collect on a judgment and only has the defendant's address and needs additional information, they can request a court order for a debtor's examination and a statement of assets. This allows them to legally compel the defendant to provide information about their assets and financial situation. Additionally, they can check with the recorder's office to gather any relevant public records or information that may help in collecting the judgment.

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  • 20. 

    How many years does a plaintiff have to collect on small claims judgment?

    • A.

      10 years and it can be renewed for an additional 10 years

    • B.

      5 years and it can be renewed for an additional 5 years

    • C.

      2 years and it can be renewed for an additional year

    • D.

      1 year and it can not be renewed

    Correct Answer
    A. 10 years and it can be renewed for an additional 10 years
    Explanation
    A plaintiff has 10 years to collect on a small claims judgment, and this time period can be extended for an additional 10 years through renewal. This means that the plaintiff has a total of 20 years to try and collect the judgment amount. After the initial 10 years, they can renew the judgment for another 10 years if necessary. This gives the plaintiff a significant amount of time to pursue the collection of the judgment.

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  • 21. 

    Yes or No-Can a plaintiff appeal a small claims court judgment?

    • A.

      Yes

    • B.

      No

    Correct Answer
    B. No
    Explanation
    A plaintiff cannot appeal a small claims court judgment. In small claims court, the purpose is to provide a quick and inexpensive resolution to disputes involving small amounts of money. As a result, the rules and procedures are simplified, and there are usually limited or no options for appeal. The decision made by the small claims court is typically final, and the parties involved must accept the judgment.

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  • 22. 

    Yes or No-Can a collection agency file a small claims court action?

    • A.

      Yes

    • B.

      No

    Correct Answer
    B. No
    Explanation
    A collection agency cannot file a small claims court action because they are not the original creditor. Small claims court actions can only be filed by the original creditor or the person or entity to whom the debt is owed. Collection agencies are hired by the original creditor to collect the debt on their behalf, but they do not have the legal authority to file a small claims court action.

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