Lex Transnational : Philippine Civil Law MCQ

15 Questions | Total Attempts: 334

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Civil Law Quizzes & Trivia

2011 Bar Questions and Answers


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    When does a declaration of absence of a missing person take effect?
    • A. 

      Immediately from the issuance of the declaration of absence

    • B. 

      3 months after the publication of the declaration of absence

    • C. 

      6 months after the publication of the declaration of absence

    • D. 

      15 days from the issuance of the declaration of absence

  • 2. 
    The authority that school administrators exercise over school children under their supervision, instruction, or custody is called
    • A. 

      Legal parental authority.

    • B. 

      Ordinary parental authority.

    • C. 

      Substitute parental authority.

    • D. 

      Special parental authority.

  • 3. 
    Can future inheritance be the subject of a contract of sale?
    • A. 

      No, since it will put the predecessor at the risk of harm from a tempted buyer, contrary to public policy.

    • B. 

      Yes, since the death of the decedent is certain to occur.

    • C. 

      No, since the seller owns no inheritance while his predecessor lives.

    • D. 

      Yes, but on the condition that the amount of the inheritance can only be ascertained after the obligations of the estate have been paid.

  • 4. 
    Upon the proposal of a third person, a new debtor substituted the original debtor without the latter’s consent.  The creditor accepted the substitution.  Later, however, the new debtor became insolvent and defaulted in his obligation.  What is the effect of the new debtor’s default upon the original debtor?
    • A. 

      The original debtor is freed of liability since novation took place and this relieved him of his obligation.

    • B. 

      The original debtor shall pay or perform the obligation with recourse to the new debtor.

    • C. 

      The original debtor remains liable since he gave no consent to the substitution.

    • D. 

      The original debtor shall pay or perform 50% of the obligation to avoid unjust enrichment on his part.

  • 5. 
    Lennie bought a business class ticket from Alta Airlines.  As she checked in, the manager downgraded her to economy on the ground that a Congressman had to be accommodated in the business class.  Lennie suffered the discomfort and embarrassment of the downgrade. She sued the airlines for quasi-delict butAlta Airlines countered that, since her travel was governed by a contract between them, no quasi-delict could arise.  Is the airline correct?
    • A. 

      No, the breach of contract may in fact be tortious as when it is tainted as in this case with arbitrariness, gross bad faith, and malice.

    • B. 

      No, denying Lennie the comfort and amenities of the business class as provided in the ticket is a tortious act.

    • C. 

      Yes, since the facts show a breach of contract, not a quasi-delict

    • D. 

      Yes, since quasi-delict presupposes the absence of a pre-existing contractual relation between the parties.

  • 6. 
    Which of the following is an indispensable requirement in an action for “quieting of title” involving real property?  The plaintiff must
    • A. 

      Be in actual possession of the property

    • B. 

      Be the registered owner of the property

    • C. 

      Have legal or equitable title to the property.

    • D. 

      Be the beneficial owner of the property

  • 7. 
    X and Y were to marry in 3 months.  Meantime, to express his affection, X donated a house and lot to Y, which donation X wrote in a letter to Y.  Y wrote back, accepting the donation and took possession of the property.  Before the wedding, however, Y suddenly died of heart attack. Can Y’s heirs get the property?
    • A. 

      No, since the marriage did not take place

    • B. 

      Yes, since all the requisites of a donation of an immovable are present

    • C. 

      No, since the donation and its acceptance are not in a public instrument.

    • D. 

      Yes, since X freely donated the property to Y who became its owner.

  • 8. 
    Rene and Lily got married after a brief courtship.  After one month, Lily discovered that while Rene presented himself as a macho man he was actually gay.  He would not go to bed with her.  He kept obscene magazines of nude men and always sought the company of handsome boys.  What legal remedy does Lily have?
    • A. 

      She can file an action for annulment of marriage on ground of fraud

    • B. 

      She can seek a declaration of nullity of the marriage based on Rene’s psychological incapacity

    • C. 

      She can go abroad and file for divorce in a country that can grant it.

    • D. 

      She has none since she had the opportunity to examine the goods and freely entered into the marriage.

  • 9. 
    Lucio executed a simple deed of donation of P50 million on time deposit with a bank in favor of  A, B, C, D, and E, without indicating the share of each donee. All the donees accepted the donation in writing.  A, one of the donees, died.  Will  B, C, D, and E get A’s share in the money?
    • A. 

      Yes, accretion will automatically apply to the joint-donees in equal shares

    • B. 

      Yes, since the donor’s intention is to give the whole of P50 million to the jointdonees in equal shares.

    • C. 

      No, A”s share will revert to the donor because accretion applies only if the joint-donees are spouses

    • D. 

      No, A’s share goes to his heirs since the donation did not provide for reversion to donor.

  • 10. 
    Raul, Ester, and Rufus inherited a 10-hectare land from their father.  Before the land could be partitioned, however, Raul sold his hereditary right to Raffy, a stranger to the family, for P5 million.  Do Ester and Rufus have a remedy for keeping the land within their family?
    • A. 

      Yes, they may be subrogated to Raffy’s right by reimbursing to him within the required time what he paid Raul.

    • B. 

      Yes, they may be subrogated to Raffy’s right provided they buy him out before he registers the sale.

    • C. 

      . No, they can be subrogated to Raffy’s right only with his conformity

    • D. 

      No, since there was no impediment to Raul selling his inheritance to a stranger

  • 11. 
    When one exercises a right recognized by law, knowing that he thereby causes an injustice to another, the latter is entitled to recover damages. This is known as the principle of
    • A. 

      Res ipsa loquitur.

    • B. 

      Damnum absque injuria.

    • C. 

      Vicarious liability

    • D. 

      Abuse of rights.

  • 12. 
    Which of the following is NOT a basis for rendering a disinheritance defective or imperfect?
    • A. 

      Its cause comes from the guilt of a spouse in a legal separation case, the innocent-spouse having died.

    • B. 

      The truth of its cause is denied and not sufficiently proved by evidence

    • C. 

      Its cause is not authorized by the law.

    • D. 

      Its cause is not specified.

  • 13. 
    Manuel came to Manila and married Marianne.  Unknown to Marianne, Manuel had been previously convicted in Palawan of theft and served time for it. After Marianne learned of his previous conviction, she stopped living with him. Can Marianne seek the annulment of the marriage based on Manuel’s nondisclosure of his previous crime?
    • A. 

      No, since the assumption is that marriage forgives all past wrongs

    • B. 

      Yes, since the non-disclosure of that crime is the equivalent of fraud, which is a ground for annulment

    • C. 

      . No, in case of doubt, the law must be construed to preserve the institution of marriage

    • D. 

      No, since Manuel already served the penalty for his crime

  • 14. 
    Arthur and Helen, both Filipinos, got married and had 2 children.  Arthur later worked in Rome where he acquired Italian citizenship.  He got a divorce from Helen in Rome but, on returning to the Philippines, he realized his mistake, asked forgiveness of his wife, and resumed living with her.  They had 2 more children.  What is the status of their 4 children?
    • A. 

      The children born before the divorce are legitimate but those born after it are not since Arthur got the divorce when he had ceased to be a Filipino

    • B. 

      The divorce rendered illegitimate the children born before it since the marriage that begot them had been nullified.

    • C. 

      The children born before and after the divorce are all legitimate since Philippine law does not recognize divorce

    • D. 

      All the children are legitimate since they were born of the same father and mother.

  • 15. 
    Who can make a donation?
    • A. 

      All persons who can enter into contracts and dispose of their property

    • B. 

      All persons who are of legal age and suffer from no civil interdiction.

    • C. 

      All persons who can make a last will and testament.

    • D. 

      All persons, whether natural or artificial, who own property

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