Basic Animal care - 100 Questions On Reptiles And Amphibians

By Caroline Estrada
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Basic Animal care - 100 Questions On Reptiles And Amphibians - Quiz

For anyone interested in the basics, but complex world of reptiles and amphibians.
P. S for students: covers the 16 pages of notes.


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    What is the difference between ectothermy and endothermy?

  • 2. 

    Herpetologists are biologists that focus on......

    • A.

      Reptiles

    • B.

      Amphibians

    • C.

      The study of herpes and how it can affect animals.

    • D.

      Reptiles and amphibians

    Correct Answer
    D. Reptiles and amphibians
    Explanation
    Herp, herptile: A slang, collective term for reptiles and amphibians, derived from “herpetology,” the
    study of reptiles.

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  • 3. 

    Herpetoculturists are people that .....

    • A.

      ..keep and breed herps in captivity.

    • B.

      .. study reptiles and amphibians.

    • C.

      .. study the cultures of bacteria that affect reptiles and amphibians.

    • D.

      .. help and care for the reptile and amphibian community in the wild.

    Correct Answer
    A. ..keep and breed herps in captivity.
    Explanation
    Herpetoculturists are individuals who keep and breed herps (reptiles and amphibians) in captivity. This means that they are responsible for taking care of these animals and ensuring their reproduction in a controlled environment. They play a crucial role in preserving and maintaining the captive population of herps, which can help to conserve these species and protect them from threats in the wild.

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  • 4. 

    Check off the various characteristics that REPTILES have as compared to amphibians.

    • A.

      Ectothermic amniote tetrapods

    • B.

      Ectothermic non-amniote tetrapods

    • C.

      Permeable skin

    • D.

      Glandular skin

    • E.

      Dry skin

    • F.

      Skin works as a respiratory and osmoregulatory organ

    • G.

      Non-permeable skin

    • H.

      Non-glandular skin

    • I.

      Most have scales

    • J.

      Have a three-chambered heart (except crocodilians)

    • K.

      Two-chambered heart

    • L.

      Have larval and adult life stages

    • M.

      Many are uricotelic

    • N.

      Undergo metamorphosis

    Correct Answer(s)
    A. Ectothermic amniote tetrapods
    E. Dry skin
    G. Non-permeable skin
    H. Non-glandular skin
    I. Most have scales
    J. Have a three-chambered heart (except crocodilians)
    M. Many are uricotelic
    Explanation
    Reptile: Ectothermic amniote tetrapods. Dry, non-permeable skin, and non-glandular skin (most
    have scales). Three-chambered heart (except crocodilians). Many are uricotelic.
    Amphibian: Ectothermic non-amniote tetrapods. Permeable, glandular skin that works as a
    respiratory and osmoregulatory organ. Two-chambered heart. Have larval and adult life stages
    (“amphi” + “bios” = “double life”), undergo metamorphosis (they are the only vertebrate group
    to experience metamorphosis).

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  • 5. 

    Name one animal that referred to as an anuran.

    Correct Answer(s)
    Frog
    Toad
    Tree-frog
    Explanation
    Frogs, toads and tree-frogs

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  • 6. 

    Order Caudata is also called....

    • A.

      Salientia

    • B.

      Apoda

    • C.

      Snarpola

    • D.

      Urodela

    Correct Answer
    D. Urodela
    Explanation
    Order Caudata is also called Urodela.

    Rate this question:

  • 7. 

    In which order can you find tailless amphibian?

    • A.

      Order Caudata

    • B.

      Order Anura

    • C.

      Order Gymnophiona

    • D.

      Order Caudata and Gymnophiona

    Correct Answer
    B. Order Anura
    Explanation
    Anura is the correct answer because it is the order that includes tailless amphibians. Anura is the order of frogs and toads, which are characterized by their lack of a tail during their adult stage. The other options, Order Caudata and Order Gymnophiona, include amphibians with tails. Therefore, the correct order to find tailless amphibians is Order Anura.

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  • 8. 

    Which is true?

    • A.

      REPTILES ≠ AMPHIBIANS

    • B.

      REPTILES = AMPHIBIANS

    Correct Answer
    A. REPTILES ≠ AMPHIBIANS
    Explanation
    They are completely different groups of animals, they are grouped
    together in the science of “herpetology” due to past misconceptions of their ancestry.

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  • 9. 

    Which of these is characterized by a stout body, short arms and long, powerful hind legs?

    • A.

      Order Anura

    • B.

      Order Caudata

    • C.

      Order Urodela

    • D.

      Order Apoda

    Correct Answer
    A. Order Anura
    Explanation
    Order Anura is characterized by a stout body, short arms, and long, powerful hind legs. Anura refers to the order of amphibians that includes frogs and toads. These animals have adapted to a life primarily in water, with their hind legs being specialized for jumping and swimming. The stout body and short arms are also adaptations for their semi-aquatic lifestyle. Therefore, the characteristics described in the question align with the features of animals in the order Anura.

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  • 10. 

    Class Amphibia, order Anura is also called....

    • A.

      Salientia

    • B.

      Urodela

    • C.

      Apoda

    • D.

      Reptilia

    Correct Answer
    A. Salientia
    Explanation
    The correct answer is Salientia. Class Amphibia, order Anura is commonly referred to as Salientia. This order includes frogs and toads, which are characterized by their long hind legs and ability to jump.

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  • 11. 

    In which order can you find salamanders, newts, sirens, and amphiuma?

    • A.

      Order Caudata

    • B.

      Order Gymnophobia

    • C.

      Order Anura

    • D.

      Order Reptilia

    Correct Answer
    A. Order Caudata
    Explanation
    The correct order in which you can find salamanders, newts, sirens, and amphiuma is Order Caudata. This order includes all the mentioned amphibians. Order Gymnophobia is not a valid order for these animals, and Order Anura refers to frogs and toads, which are not included in the given list. Order Reptilia includes reptiles, not amphibians. Therefore, the correct answer is Order Caudata.

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  • 12. 

    Name a characteristic of an animal in the orer Caudata. ( Just put the main word. For example: Tail, instead of >>he has a tail.)

    Correct Answer
    Elongated body
    Tail
    Stout legs
    Reduced limbs
    No back limbs
    Explanation
    Characterized by an elongated body with a tail and stout legs (some
    species such as sirens or amphiumas have extremely reduced limbs or no back limbs)

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  • 13. 

    In the class Amphibia, order Caudata, do you find animals with tails?

    • A.

      Yes

    • B.

      No

    Correct Answer
    A. Yes
    Explanation
    In the class Amphibia, order Caudata, animals with tails can be found. This is because the order Caudata, also known as Urodela, consists of amphibians that have tails throughout their lives. These animals, commonly known as salamanders or newts, have elongated bodies and long tails, which are important for swimming and balance. Therefore, it is correct to say that animals with tails can be found in the class Amphibia, order Caudata.

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  • 14. 

    About how many species do you find in the order Anura?

    • A.

      Over 5000 species

    • B.

      Over 500 species

    • C.

      Over 3000 species

    • D.

      Over 355 species

    Correct Answer
    A. Over 5000 species
    Explanation
    Anura is the order of amphibians that includes frogs and toads. The correct answer states that there are over 5000 species in the order Anura. This means that there are more than 5000 different species of frogs and toads. This large number of species highlights the diversity and abundance of this group of amphibians.

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  • 15. 

    How many species do you find in the order Caudata? About _____ species.

    Correct Answer
    500
    Explanation
    Caudata is an order of amphibians that includes newts and salamanders. The correct answer is 500, indicating that there are approximately 500 different species within this order.

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  • 16. 

    What is a caecilian?

    • A.

      An animal in order Gymnophiona

    • B.

      A reptile

    • C.

      An animal in order Caudata

    • D.

      A reptile or amphibian which has had an artificial pregnancy. (Ceasarian)

    Correct Answer
    A. An animal in order Gymnophiona
    Explanation
    A caecilian is an animal in the order Gymnophiona. This order consists of limbless amphibians that resemble earthworms or snakes. Caecilians are found in tropical regions and are known for their burrowing habits. They have a unique reproductive behavior, with some species exhibiting internal fertilization and giving birth to live young. Caecilians are not reptiles or amphibians that have had an artificial pregnancy.

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  • 17. 

    In the order Gymnophiona, the amphibians are formerly called Apoda, but in every day words, what type of animal do we find?

    Correct Answer
    Snake
    Snakes
    Explanation
    In the order Gymnophiona, the amphibians are commonly referred to as snakes.

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  • 18. 

    in the class Amphibia, we find a very secretive group, not well-studied, but we know that they have some unique physical and behavioural adaptations. We know little about them, because there are less species than in the other groups. What estimation can you give about the number of species that exist in this group?

    • A.

      230 species

    • B.

      300 species

    • C.

      163 species

    • D.

      136 species

    Correct Answer
    C. 163 species
    Explanation
    The given answer of 163 species is based on the information provided in the question. It states that the group of Amphibia is secretive and not well-studied, but it is known that they have unique physical and behavioral adaptations. It also mentions that there are fewer species in this group compared to other groups. Therefore, based on the limited knowledge available, an estimation of 163 species existing in this group is made.

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  • 19. 

    How many orders are there in the class Reptilia?

    • A.

      3

    • B.

      4

    • C.

      5

    • D.

      6

    Correct Answer
    B. 4
    Explanation
    There are four orders in the class Reptilia.

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  • 20. 

    Which order is collectively referred to as chelonians because they are within the superorder Chelonia?

    • A.

      Order Testudines

    • B.

      Order Sphenodontia

    • C.

      Order Squamata

    • D.

      Order Tostephonitia

    Correct Answer
    A. Order Testudines
    Explanation
    Order Testudines is collectively referred to as chelonians because they belong to the superorder Chelonia. Chelonians include turtles, tortoises, and terrapins, which are characterized by their protective shells. The name "chelonians" is derived from the Greek word "chelone," which means turtle. This order is distinct from other reptiles such as lizards and snakes, which belong to the orders Sphenodontia and Squamata, respectively. Order Tostephonitia is not a recognized order and is likely a made-up option.

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  • 21. 

    Check off what belongs to the order Testudines.

    • A.

      Reptiles with an anapsid skull

    • B.

      Amphibians with tails

    • C.

      Have a rhamphotheca

    • D.

      Have the presence of scales and hemipenes

    • E.

      Have a protective shell (bony or cartilaginous)

    • F.

      Only have a bony protective shell

    • G.

      Only have a cartilaginous protective shell

    • H.

      Have no shell

    • I.

      Their shell is derived from rib tissue

    • J.

      About 300 species

    • K.

      About 436 species

    Correct Answer(s)
    A. Reptiles with an anapsid skull
    C. Have a rhamphotheca
    E. Have a protective shell (bony or cartilaginous)
    I. Their shell is derived from rib tissue
    J. About 300 species
    Explanation
    Testudines, commonly known as turtles or tortoises, are a group of reptiles that belong to the order Testudines. They have an anapsid skull, which means they lack temporal openings in their skull. They also have a rhamphotheca, which is a horny beak-like structure in their mouth. Testudines have a protective shell, which can be either bony or cartilaginous, and this shell is derived from rib tissue. There are about 300 species of Testudines, making them a diverse group of reptiles.

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  • 22. 

    Crocodilians such as alligators, crocodiles, gavials/gharials and caimans can be found in this order: Order __________.

    Correct Answer(s)
    Crocodilia
    Explanation
    Crocodilians such as alligators, crocodiles, gavials/gharials, and caimans belong to the order Crocodilia. This order includes all the species of reptiles that are commonly referred to as crocodilians.

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  • 23. 

    Give the formal name (not order name) of the only survivors of an ancient clade of reptiles that appear lizard-like but have unique skull, brain, lung and spine anatomy.

    Correct Answer(s)
    Rhyncocephalia
    Explanation
    Only 2 or 3 extant species (somewhat debated).

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  • 24. 

    Squamates share characteristics such as the presence of scales and hemipenes.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    Squamates, which include lizards and snakes, are characterized by the presence of scales and hemipenes. Scales are protective coverings on their bodies, while hemipenes are paired reproductive organs found in males. These characteristics are unique to squamates and distinguish them from other reptiles. Therefore, the statement that squamates share characteristics such as the presence of scales and hemipenes is true.

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  • 25. 

    In which order  do you have tuataras or sphenodons? Order ____________.

    Correct Answer
    Sphenodontia
  • 26. 

    Suborder Amphisbaenia has about 129 species, what kind of reptiles do you find in this suborder?

    Correct Answer
    Worm-lizards.
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "Worm-lizards." In the suborder Amphisbaenia, you can find approximately 129 species of reptiles known as worm-lizards. These reptiles have a long, cylindrical body and resemble worms, hence the name. They are characterized by their limblessness and the ability to move in a snake-like motion. Worm-lizards are typically found in tropical and subtropical regions, and they primarily feed on insects and other small invertebrates.

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  • 27. 

    In suborder Lacertilia, you find lizards.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    In the suborder Lacertilia, lizards are indeed found. Lacertilia is a suborder of reptiles that includes all species of lizards. Therefore, it is correct to say that lizards are found in this suborder.

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  • 28. 

    In the order Crocodilia, you get crocodilians with few or no unique morphological and physiological features, they are just “big lizards,” and have 23 species.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    B. False
    Explanation
    Many unique morphological and physiological features, they are not just “big lizards.” 23 species.

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  • 29. 

    Selena has just bought a new lizard, and her brother, Mathiew, has bought an elegant snake. Mathiew tells you, an animal health expert, that his friend has a worm-lizard. You then tell them that these 3 types of reptiles belong to the same order. In which of these do they belong to?

    • A.

      Order Squamata

    • B.

      Order Sphenodontia

    • C.

      Order Testudines

    • D.

      Order Sphnephonetia

    Correct Answer
    A. Order Squamata
    Explanation
    Selena's new lizard, Mathiew's elegant snake, and Mathiew's friend's worm-lizard all belong to the same order, which is Order Squamata.

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  • 30. 

    The Giant Green Iguana (Iguana iguana) and the Desert Iguana (Dipsosaurus dorsalis) are two iguanids with similar care requirements, because they are Iguanas.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    B. False
    Explanation
    False! The Giant Green Iguana (Iguana iguana) and the Desert Iguana (Dipsosaurus dorsalis) are two
    iguanids with very different care requirements, because they are different species! Imagine if you treated dogs and cats the same!

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  • 31. 

    There are some clinically significant differences between the suborders of squamate reptiles, can you name the three artificial groups that give the suborders of the order Squamata? (In alphabetical order)

    Correct Answer
    Suborder Amphisbaenia, Suborder Lacertilia, Suborder Serpentes.
    Explanation
    The three artificial groups that give the suborders of the order Squamata are Suborder Amphisbaenia, Suborder Lacertilia, and Suborder Serpentes. These suborders represent different groups of squamate reptiles, with Amphisbaenia referring to worm lizards, Lacertilia referring to lizards, and Serpentes referring to snakes.

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  • 32. 

    Fill in the blanks and seperate your answers with a comma and then a space. Albinism is essentially amelanism, a complete ___ of melanin, the dark pigment that causes brown or black __________. Because melanin is almost always the only pigment found in _______ (rare cases where a species has more pigmentation than just varying degrees of _______), this leads to misuse of the term, that any animal missing all pigment is an albino. Or, any animal with lighter colouration is an albino.

    Correct Answer
    lack, coulouration, mammals, melanin
    Explanation
    Albinism is essentially amelanism, a complete lack of melanin, the dark pigment that causes brown or black colouration. Because melanin is almost always the only pigment found in mammals (rare cases where a species has more pigmentation than just varying degrees of melanin), this leads to misuse of the term, that any animal missing all pigment is an albino. Or, any animal with lighter colouration is an albino.

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  • 33. 

    Why are reptiles highly dependent on their environment?

    • A.

      Because they are complex animals, not "simple."

    • B.

      Partly due to their ectothermic nature.

    • C.

      We tend to oversimplify the captive environment.

    • D.

      Because wedo not pay attention to their wildlife environment.

    Correct Answer
    B. Partly due to their ectothermic nature.
    Explanation
    These are also reason they have common health problems.

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  • 34. 

    What does the captive environment need?

    • A.

      Must fulfill all physiological and psychological needs of the animal.

    • B.

      Must be exactly like its wildlife counterpart.

    • C.

      Must be based on the species’ natural habitat

    • D.

      Natural dangers from the species’ habitat should be omitted

    • E.

      For enrichment, natural dangers should be added, but with supervision.

    • F.

      Ease of maintenance (accessibility to the animal, ease of sanitation) must be considered in enclosure design

    • G.

      Even if it is hard to clean, the animal should have everything he needs that he would usually have in his natural environment.

    Correct Answer(s)
    A. Must fulfill all physiological and psychological needs of the animal.
    C. Must be based on the species’ natural habitat
    D. Natural dangers from the species’ habitat should be omitted
    F. Ease of maintenance (accessibility to the animal, ease of sanitation) must be considered in enclosure design
    Explanation
    The captive environment needs to fulfill all physiological and psychological needs of the animal in order to ensure its well-being and overall health. It should also be based on the species' natural habitat, providing a suitable and familiar living environment. However, natural dangers from the species' habitat should be omitted to prevent harm or stress to the animal. Additionally, ease of maintenance, including accessibility to the animal and ease of sanitation, must be considered in the design of the enclosure to ensure proper care and cleanliness.

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  • 35. 

    Like any other animal, cagemates are the best enrichment for any reptile or amphibian.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    B. False
    Explanation
    Herps are antisocial: They see other herps as predators, competitors or
    mates (at the right time of year) Stress occurs from the presence of cagemates, even if it’s not
    obvious.

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  • 36. 

    Cagemates may be bad, but only if they are of the same species. Species mixing is a great way to make you herps interact naturally.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    B. False
    Explanation
    Species mixing is an even worse idea. Different species have very specific habitat needs, it can be
    difficult to impossible to provide appropriate care for more than one species in the same
    enclosure. Disease transmission can occur, as well as predation.

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  • 37. 

    Thermophysiology: Herps are (mostly)___________ ectotherms, not _____- _______!

    Correct Answer
    heterothermic, cold, blooded
    Explanation
    Thermophysiology: Herps are (mostly) heterothermic ectotherms, not cold- blooded!

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  • 38. 

    Ectotherms rely on the environment for thermal ____________, their body temperature varies (heterothermy or poikilothermy). The appropriate body temperature is _________ for many _________ processes

    Correct Answer
    homeostasis, required, physiological
    Explanation
    Ectotherms rely on the environment for thermal homeostasis, their body temperature varies
    (heterothermy or poikilothermy). The appropriate body temperature is required for many
    physiological processes

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  • 39. 

    Heterotherms experience variations in body temperature.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    Heterotherms are organisms that can regulate their body temperature to some extent, but also experience variations in temperature depending on their environment. This means that their body temperature can fluctuate and change in response to external factors such as weather conditions or activity levels. Therefore, the statement that heterotherms experience variations in body temperature is true.

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  • 40. 

    Homeotherms experience little change in body temperature while maintaining homeostasis.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    Homeotherms are organisms that can maintain a constant body temperature despite external temperature fluctuations. They achieve this by regulating their internal temperature through various physiological mechanisms. This allows them to maintain homeostasis, which is the stable internal environment necessary for proper bodily functions. Therefore, it is correct to say that homeotherms experience little change in body temperature while maintaining homeostasis.

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  • 41. 

    What can be added to fulfill the behavioural vs. physiological thermoregulation in a herp when designing an appropriate habitat or to understand behaviour?

    • A.

      A thermal gradient

    • B.

      A light

    • C.

      A warm egg for a snake and a heating pad for the other classes of herps.

    • D.

      A 12:12 photoperiod

    Correct Answer
    A. A thermal gradient
    Explanation
    A thermal gradient can be added to fulfill the behavioural vs. physiological thermoregulation in a herp when designing an appropriate habitat or to understand behavior. This is because herps are ectothermic animals that rely on external sources of heat to regulate their body temperature. By providing a thermal gradient, which means creating a range of temperatures within the habitat, the herp can move to different areas to regulate its body temperature based on its behavioral preferences. This allows the herp to effectively thermoregulate and maintain its physiological functions.

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  • 42. 

    What does POTR stand for?

    • A.

      Probable onset temperature for reptiles

    • B.

      Preferred on the reptile species

    • C.

      Pentium optimum temperature range

    • D.

      Preferred optimum temperature range

    Correct Answer
    D. Preferred optimum temperature range
    Explanation
    The acronym POTR stands for Preferred Optimum Temperature Range. This refers to the range of temperatures that is most favorable for the optimal functioning and well-being of a particular organism or species. It is important for reptiles, as they are ectothermic animals that rely on external sources of heat to regulate their body temperature. The preferred optimum temperature range for reptiles varies depending on the species and can have significant impacts on their metabolism, digestion, and overall health.

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  • 43. 

    A POTR exists for every species, which is a range of body temperatures that the herp tries to achieve that centre around a PBT. This is the goal of thermoregulation. What is PBT?

    • A.

      Preferred body temperature

    • B.

      Probable body temperature

    • C.

      Pending body temperature

    • D.

      Preferred bearing terrainium

    Correct Answer
    A. Preferred body temperature
    Explanation
    PBT stands for Preferred Body Temperature. It refers to the range of body temperatures that a herp (reptile or amphibian) tries to achieve. This range is specific to each species and is the goal of thermoregulation, where the herp adjusts its behavior to maintain its body temperature within this preferred range.

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  • 44. 

    General rule of thumb, that you should have at least an __ °C difference from the warm side of the gradient to the cool side so that the animal can thermoregulate properly.

    • A.

      6

    • B.

      8

    • C.

      21-23

    • D.

      5

    Correct Answer
    B. 8
    Explanation
    The general rule of thumb for proper thermoregulation in animals is to have at least an 8°C difference between the warm side and the cool side of the gradient. This temperature difference allows the animal to adjust its body temperature effectively.

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  • 45. 

    When talking about heating devices, you should firstly consider the _________and ________ of your devices.

    • A.

      Heating and expiration

    • B.

      Heating and safety

    • C.

      Safety and suitability

    • D.

      Suitability and pricing

    Correct Answer
    C. Safety and suitability
    Explanation
    When considering heating devices, it is important to prioritize safety and suitability. Safety ensures that the devices are designed and built to minimize any potential risks or hazards, such as overheating or electrical malfunctions. Suitability refers to whether the heating devices are appropriate for the intended use and environment, taking into account factors such as size, power output, and energy efficiency. By considering safety and suitability, you can ensure that the heating devices you choose are both effective and safe to use.

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  • 46. 

    Species that obtain their body heat from a radiant source, the sun ( usually, diurnal basking species), are called __________.

    • A.

      Heliothermic

    • B.

      Thigmothermic

    Correct Answer
    A. Heliothermic
    Explanation
    Heliothermic species are those that obtain their body heat from a radiant source, typically the sun. These species are usually diurnal basking species, meaning they actively expose themselves to the sun to warm up their bodies. This behavior helps them regulate their body temperature and maintain optimal functioning. Thigmothermic refers to species that obtain their body heat from direct contact with a warm surface or object.

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  • 47. 

    Species that obtain their body heat from a surface pre-heated by the sun. Usually nocturnal species.

    • A.

      Heliothermic

    • B.

      Thigmothermic

    Correct Answer
    B. Thigmothermic
    Explanation
    Thigmothermic refers to species that obtain their body heat from a surface pre-heated by the sun. These species are usually nocturnal, meaning they are active during the night. They rely on the warmth of surfaces that have been heated by the sun during the day to regulate their body temperature. This allows them to conserve energy by not having to produce their own body heat.

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  • 48. 

    What are heating devices for heliotherms ?

    • A.

      Incandescent bulbs

    • B.

      Halogen bulbs

    • C.

      Ceramic heat emitters

    • D.

      Undertank heating pads

    • E.

      Heat tape

    • F.

      Radiant heat panels

    Correct Answer(s)
    A. Incandescent bulbs
    B. Halogen bulbs
    C. Ceramic heat emitters
    F. Radiant heat panels
    Explanation
    Heating devices for heliotherms include incandescent bulbs, halogen bulbs, ceramic heat emitters, and radiant heat panels. These devices provide heat for heliotherms, which are animals that rely on external heat sources to regulate their body temperature. Incandescent bulbs and halogen bulbs emit heat through the process of incandescence, while ceramic heat emitters produce heat through a ceramic element. Radiant heat panels emit infrared radiation to warm the environment. These devices are commonly used in reptile enclosures to create a suitable thermal gradient for heliotherms.

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  • 49. 

    What are heating devices for Thigmotherms ?

    • A.

      Ceramic heaters

    • B.

      Any over head (heliothermic)

    • C.

      Undertank heating pads

    • D.

      Fan

    • E.

      Heat tape

    • F.

      Heat cable

    • G.

      Hot rocks, caves, branches

    Correct Answer(s)
    B. Any over head (heliothermic)
    C. Undertank heating pads
    E. Heat tape
    Explanation
    Thigmotherms are organisms that rely on external heat sources to regulate their body temperature. Heating devices such as any overhead (heliothermic) source, undertank heating pads, and heat tape can provide the necessary heat for thigmotherms. These devices help maintain a suitable temperature for the organisms, allowing them to thrive and function properly.

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  • 50. 

    Which of these can burn a heliotherm? 1. Incandescent bulbs: Not very energy-efficient, short lifespan. 2. Halogen bulbs: More energy-efficient than incandescent bulbs,not suitable for all enclosures. 3. Ceramic heat emitters: Emit infrared heat (no light), great for nighttime heating, lasts 6-12 months. 4. Radiant heat panels: Emit infrared heat (no light), very expensive but last a “lifetime”

    • A.

      1 and 2.

    • B.

      2 only.

    • C.

      1, 2, and 3.

    • D.

      None, they are all safe.

    Correct Answer
    C. 1, 2, and 3.
    Explanation
    The correct answer is 1, 2, and 3. This is because all three options - incandescent bulbs, halogen bulbs, and ceramic heat emitters - can burn a heliotherm. Incandescent bulbs and halogen bulbs are not very energy-efficient and can have a short lifespan, while halogen bulbs are also not suitable for all enclosures. Ceramic heat emitters, although great for nighttime heating, only last 6-12 months. Therefore, all three options can potentially cause damage to a heliotherm.

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Caroline Estrada |Medical editor
Carolina, a dedicated researcher, scientist, and medical editor, contributes to the advancement of scientific knowledge and the dissemination of medical information.

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