Axial Muscles

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Axial Muscles - Quiz

The axial muscles name, location, origin, insertions, action and innervation


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    The frontalis action
    • A. 

      Moves head

    • B. 

      Raises eyebrows and wrinkle forehead

    • C. 

      Extend head and neck, laterally flex and rotate head

    • D. 

      Pulls corners of the mouth upward and outward

    • E. 

      Compression of the abdomen

  • 2. 
    The Frontalis insertion is
    • A. 

      Mastoid process of temporal bone

    • B. 

      Spine of scapula

    • C. 

      Xiphoid process of sternum

    • D. 

      Orbicularis oris

    • E. 

      Skin above the eye

  • 3. 
    Frontalis origin is
    • A. 

      Occipital bone

    • B. 

      Manubrium of sternum and medial of clavicle

    • C. 

      Zygomatic arch

    • D. 

      Epicranial aponeurosis

  • 4. 
    Zygomaticus origin
    • A. 

      Epicranial aponeuroses

    • B. 

      Ligamentum nuchae

    • C. 

      Spinous process of vertebrae C7-T4

    • D. 

      Zygomatic arch

  • 5. 
    Zygomaticus action is
    • A. 

      Pulls corner of mouth upward and outward

    • B. 

      Rotation of the head and neck

    • C. 

      Upward rotation of scapula

    • D. 

      Protraction and depression

  • 6. 
    Zygomaticus insertion is
    • A. 

      Pubic bone

    • B. 

      Ribs 5-7

    • C. 

      Orbicularis oris

    • D. 

      Mastoid process of temporal bone

  • 7. 
    Sternocleidomastoid origin
    • A. 

      Manubrium of sternum and medial clavicle

    • B. 

      Ligamentum nuchae

    • C. 

      Spinous process of vertebrae C7-T4

    • D. 

      Epicranial aponeurosis

  • 8. 
    Sternocleidomastoid innervation is
    • A. 

      Dorsal rami of spinal nerve

    • B. 

      Facial nerve (CN-VII)

    • C. 

      Accessory nerve (CN-XI)

    • D. 

      Ventral rami of spinal nerve T7-T12

  • 9. 
    Splenius Capitus origin
    • A. 

      Ligamentum nuchae and spinous processes of C7-T4 vertebrae

    • B. 

      Epicranial aponeurosis

    • C. 

      Manubrium of sternum and medial clavicle

    • D. 

      Iliac crest of ilium, thoracolumbar fascia

  • 10. 
    Splenius Capitus action
    • A. 

      Compression of abdomen & rotation of trunk assists in forced expiration, defecation, urination and parturition

    • B. 

      Elevation of scapula, downward rotation of scapula

    • C. 

      Protraction, depression and downward rotation of scapula

    • D. 

      Extend head and neck,laterally flex and rotate head to same side

  • 11. 
    Splenius Capitus insertion
    • A. 

      Medial border of scapula, inferior angle of scapula

    • B. 

      Mastoid process of temporal bone

    • C. 

      Coracoid process of scapula

  • 12. 
    Splenius Capitus innervation
    • A. 

      Medial pectoral nerve

    • B. 

      Long thoracic nerve

    • C. 

      Dorsal rami of spinal nerves

    • D. 

      Cranial nerve

  • 13. 
    External oblique origin
    • A. 

      Ribs 3,4,5

    • B. 

      Transverse processes of C1-C4

    • C. 

      Clavicle

    • D. 

      Anterior surface of ribs 5-12

  • 14. 
    External oblique action
    • A. 

      Abducts humerus

    • B. 

      Compression of abdomen & rotation of trunk assists in forced expiration, defecation, urination and parturition

    • C. 

      Medial rotation

    • D. 

      Flex leg

  • 15. 
    External oblique insertion
    • A. 

      iliac crest of ilium, pubis, linea alba

    • B. 

      Spine of scapula

    • C. 

      Coracoid process of scapula

    • D. 

      Lateral border of intertubercular groove

  • 16. 
    External oblique innervation
    • A. 

      Radial nerve

    • B. 

      Axillary nerve

    • C. 

      Lower scapular nerve

    • D. 

      Ventral rami of spinal nerves T7-T12

  • 17. 
    Internal oblique action
    • A. 

      Extend humerus

    • B. 

      Compression of abdomen & rotation of trunk assists in forced expiration, defecation, urination and parturition

    • C. 

      Rotation of head

  • 18. 
    Internal oblique insertion
    • A. 

      Ribs 5-7

    • B. 

      Cartilage of ribs 9-12, linea alba

    • C. 

      Deltoid tuberosity

    • D. 

      Fossa below spine of scapula

  • 19. 
    Internal oblique innervation
    • A. 

      Axillary nerve

    • B. 

      Dorsal scapular nerve

    • C. 

      Ventral rami of spinal nerves T7-T12

    • D. 

      Accessory nerve

  • 20. 
    Transverse abdominus origin
    • A. 

      Zygomatic arch

    • B. 

      Transverse processes of vertebrae C4-C6

    • C. 

      Upper ribs

    • D. 

      iliac crest of ilium, cartilage of ribs 7-12

  • 21. 
    Transverse abdominus insertion
    • A. 

      Above the eyes

    • B. 

      Mastoid process of temporal bone

    • C. 

      Xiphoid process of sternum & linea alba

  • 22. 
    Rectus abdominus origin
    • A. 

      Pubic crest and pubic symphysis

    • B. 

      Anterior surface of ribs 5-12

    • C. 

      Iliac crest of ilium, cartilage of ribs 7-12

  • 23. 
    Rectus abdominus insertion
    • A. 

      Raises ribs

    • B. 

      xiphoid process of sternum & cartilage of ribs 5-7

    • C. 

      Xiphoid process of sternum & linea alba

    • D. 

      Cartilage of ribs 9-12, linea alba

  • 24. 
  • 25. 
    Trapezius origins
    • A. 

      iliac crest of ilium, cartilage of ribs 7-12

    • B. 

      transverse processes of C-1 through C-4

    • C. 

      Occipital bone, ligamentum nuchae, spinous processes of C-7 through T-12

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