Avas 2018 Qs A

8 Questions | Total Attempts: 56

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Avas 2018 Qs A

AVAS Quickshot Session A, Saturday May 5, 2018


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    Comparison of Repeat Falls, Intracranial Hemorrhage, and Stroke Rate in the National Readmission Database The biggest risk factor predicting future falls is:
    • A. 

      Alcohol use

    • B. 

      Dementia

    • C. 

      History of falls

    • D. 

      Use of walker or cane

  • 2. 
    2. Effects of Packed Red Blood Cells and Fresh Frozen Plasma Transfusion on Venous Thromboembolism Risk After Trauma According to this study, which characteristic puts a patient at the greatest risk for venous thromboembolism?
    • A. 

      Transfusion of 5 units of fresh frozen plasma

    • B. 

      Transfusion of 5 units of packed red blood cells

    • C. 

      Transfusion of 4 units of packed red blood cells and 4 units of fresh frozen plasma

    • D. 

      Transfusion of 7 units of packed red blood cells and 4 units of fresh frozen plasma

  • 3. 
    3. Neurophysiological Changes Impacting Hand Function after Arteriovenous Hemodialysis Fistula Placement Which comorbid condition is associated with alterations of nerve conduction studies at all time points surrounding AVF creation?
    • A. 

      COPD

    • B. 

      Diabetes

    • C. 

      CHF

    • D. 

      Right hand dominance

  • 4. 
    Postoperative Narcotic Prescriptions: How Much Is Too Much? Which of the following patient characteristics are NOT associated with a higher risk of prolonged opioid use:
    • A. 

      Diabetes mellitus

    • B. 

      Heart failure

    • C. 

      Renal failure

    • D. 

      Pulmonary disease

  • 5. 
    ENDOTOXEMIA AFTER PENETRATING OR BURN TRAUMA What is the source of endotoxemia?
    • A. 

      Gram-positive bacteria

    • B. 

      Viruses

    • C. 

      Gram-negative bacteria

    • D. 

      Fungal infections

  • 6. 
    Comparison of Flow-Volume Chart Parameters Between Caucasian and African-American Men with Nocturia A 78-year old male presents with troublesome nocturia and you prescribe desmopressin. What in the patient’s serum should be monitored when prescribing this drug?
    • A. 

      Transferrin Levels

    • B. 

      Alpha-fetoprotein

    • C. 

      Albumin

    • D. 

      Sodium Levels

  • 7. 
    Routine postoperative gastrografin UGI following sleeve gastrectomy should be abandoned. A 45-year old morbidly obese female patient is considering a laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy procedure. She inquires about complications and you discuss anastomotic leaks. She should be told that most leaks following sleeve gastrectomy
    • A. 

      Occur on POD#1-2

    • B. 

      Are detected with routine gastrograffin UGI studies

    • C. 

      Occur near the pylorus

    • D. 

      Occur after discharge from the hospital

  • 8. 
    Feasibility and efficiency of a decision aid to help Veterans choose between open and endovascular repair of abdominal aortic aneurysm Decision aids have been used when helping patients with decisions within surgery
    • A. 

      Rarely

    • B. 

      Widely

    • C. 

      Unsuccessfully

    • D. 

      Widely outside of VA