Autismems: Ems And The Autism Spectrum Disorders

10 Questions | Total Attempts: 55

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Autism Quizzes & Trivia

This is a short quiz about autism spectrum disorders and the EMS provider. It may be helpful to promote learning prior to completing a class on autism. Try again after the class to compare results!


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    In the United States, Autism Spectrum Disorders (ASD or “autism”) is currently estimated to affect:
    • A. 

      About 1% of Children

    • B. 

      About 1 in 150 Children

    • C. 

      About 1 in 500 Children

    • D. 

      About 1 in 10,000 Children

  • 2. 
    Autism is best described as:
    • A. 

      A psychological condition

    • B. 

      A form of mental retardation

    • C. 

      A brain-based developmental disability

    • D. 

      A category of mental health illnesses

  • 3. 
    Persons diagnosed with autism will have which of the following?   Select ALL correct answers.
    • A. 

      Trouble with communication

    • B. 

      Difficulty with social interaction

    • C. 

      Restrictive, repetitive and stereotypical behaviors and interests

    • D. 

      Savant abilities

  • 4. 
    Which of the following best describes the cause for autism spectrum disorders?
    • A. 

      Vaccinations, specifically the MMR vaccination

    • B. 

      Distant/cold parenting styles and unaffectionate maternal relationships

    • C. 

      Parents who are ineffective at disciplining or rearing their children

    • D. 

      The cause remains largely unknown

  • 5. 
    Autism spectrum disorders include all of the following disorders, EXCEPT:
    • A. 

      Down Syndrome

    • B. 

      Asperger's syndrome

    • C. 

      PDD-NOS (Pervasive Developmental Disability - Not Otherwise Specified)

    • D. 

      Autistic disorder

  • 6. 
    What is TRUE of a person with a ASDs ability to communicate?  Select ALL correct answers.  
    • A. 

      They may take everything you say at ‘face value’

    • B. 

      They may have good receptive verbal ability

    • C. 

      About 25% will stop speaking, usually by age 2

    • D. 

      They may have difficulty recognizing literary devices, such as sarcasm and humor.

  • 7. 
    Escalation and meltdown behavior:  
    • A. 

      Is an attempt to manipulate parents or caregivers in to ‘caving in’ to a demand or giving them something they want

    • B. 

      May require your assistance to regain control

    • C. 

      Can sometimes be resolved if threats of disciplinary action are made and are realistic

    • D. 

      Despite the fact the person appears out of control, they will take protective measures to prevent causing harm to themselves or things they care about

  • 8. 
    If the individual with autism is out-of-control and you cannot help the individual regain control, restraining the individual may become necessary.  In these situations:  
    • A. 

      Police should intervene, and restrain the individual with handcuffs if necessary

    • B. 

      The person may be restrained in a prone position using hobble restraints until he de-escalates

    • C. 

      Sudden death resulting from excited delirium is not a consideration, as the patient is usually not high on street drugs

    • D. 

      A four-person manual restraint technique is the best initial restraint

  • 9. 
    Which of the following is NOT a stressor that may result in escalation or meltdown?
    • A. 

      New or unfamiliar situations

    • B. 

      Interruption of routines

    • C. 

      Disruption of stereotypy (self-stimulatory behaviors, “stimming”)

    • D. 

      None of the above (all options are stressors)

  • 10. 
    Which of the following is NOT true of escalation behavior?
    • A. 

      They do not understand or comprehend the implications of their actions.

    • B. 

      The behavior is a choice, typically made because they have difficulty communicating with other methods.

    • C. 

      They often know they are out of control and want the situation to change; they just don’t know how to implement that change.

    • D. 

      All emergencies cause stress.