About 1% of Children
About 1 in 150 Children
About 1 in 500 Children
About 1 in 10,000 Children
A psychological condition
A form of mental retardation
A brain-based developmental disability
A category of mental health illnesses
Trouble with communication
Difficulty with social interaction
Restrictive, repetitive and stereotypical behaviors and interests
Vaccinations, specifically the MMR vaccination
Distant/cold parenting styles and unaffectionate maternal relationships
Parents who are ineffective at disciplining or rearing their children
The cause remains largely unknown
PDD-NOS (Pervasive Developmental Disability - Not Otherwise Specified)
They may take everything you say at ‘face value’
They may have good receptive verbal ability
About 25% will stop speaking, usually by age 2
They may have difficulty recognizing literary devices, such as sarcasm and humor.
Is an attempt to manipulate parents or caregivers in to ‘caving in’ to a demand or giving them something they want
May require your assistance to regain control
Can sometimes be resolved if threats of disciplinary action are made and are realistic
Despite the fact the person appears out of control, they will take protective measures to prevent causing harm to themselves or things they care about
Police should intervene, and restrain the individual with handcuffs if necessary
The person may be restrained in a prone position using hobble restraints until he de-escalates
Sudden death resulting from excited delirium is not a consideration, as the patient is usually not high on street drugs
A four-person manual restraint technique is the best initial restraint
New or unfamiliar situations
Interruption of routines
Disruption of stereotypy (self-stimulatory behaviors, “stimming”)
None of the above (all options are stressors)
They do not understand or comprehend the implications of their actions.
The behavior is a choice, typically made because they have difficulty communicating with other methods.
They often know they are out of control and want the situation to change; they just don’t know how to implement that change.
All emergencies cause stress.