Astronomy Unit 1 Quiz 2

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Astronomy Unit 1 Quiz 2 - Quiz


Another simple quiz that will give you an idea of where you are at for Unit 1.


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    Of the following planets which one is the smallest?

    • A.

      Earth

    • B.

      Mars

    • C.

      Mercury

    • D.

      Venus

    Correct Answer
    C. Mercury
    Explanation
    Mercury is the smallest planet among the given options. It has a diameter of about 4,879 kilometers, making it slightly smaller than Mars and significantly smaller than Earth and Venus. Its small size is attributed to its close proximity to the Sun, which resulted in the loss of its outer layers due to intense heat and solar winds.

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  • 2. 

    The moons Deimos and Phobos belong to which of the four inner planets?

    • A.

      Earth

    • B.

      Mars

    • C.

      Mercury

    • D.

      Venus

    Correct Answer
    B. Mars
    Explanation
    The moons Deimos and Phobos belong to Mars. Both Deimos and Phobos are natural satellites that orbit around Mars. Mars is one of the four inner planets in our solar system, along with Earth, Mercury, and Venus. Therefore, the correct answer is Mars.

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  • 3. 

    Of Jupiter's major moons, which one most likely has life?

    • A.

      Io

    • B.

      Europa

    • C.

      Ganymede

    • D.

      Callisto

    Correct Answer
    B. Europa
    Explanation
    Europa is believed to be the most likely moon of Jupiter to have life. This is because it has a subsurface ocean of liquid water, which is considered a key ingredient for the possibility of life. The ocean is kept warm by tidal forces from Jupiter's gravity, and it is thought to have a rocky seafloor that could provide the necessary chemical reactions for life to exist. Additionally, Europa has a thin icy crust that may protect the ocean from harmful radiation. These factors make Europa a promising candidate for the presence of life in our solar system.

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  • 4. 

    What is an extrasolar planet?

    • A.

      A planet that is very far from our Sun but still inside the solar system.

    • B.

      A planet that is very close to the Sun but too small to be a normal planet.

    • C.

      A planet that is orbiting another star.

    • D.

      A planet that is usually far from the Sun and is too small to be a normal planet.

    Correct Answer
    C. A planet that is orbiting another star.
    Explanation
    An extrasolar planet refers to a planet that is orbiting a star other than our Sun. This means that it is outside of our solar system and is part of another star system.

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  • 5. 

    Some of the inner planets have canyons, mountains, and canals.  Which one has the largest canyon and mountains?

    • A.

      Mars

    • B.

      Earth

    • C.

      Mercury

    • D.

      Venus

    Correct Answer
    A. Mars
    Explanation
    Mars has the largest canyon and mountains among the inner planets. This is because Mars is known for its enormous canyon called Valles Marineris, which is about 4,000 kilometers long and up to 7 kilometers deep. Additionally, Mars has the highest mountain in the solar system called Olympus Mons, which stands at a height of about 22 kilometers. Earth, Mercury, and Venus also have canyons and mountains, but they are not as large or impressive as those found on Mars.

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  • Current Version
  • Dec 13, 2023
    Quiz Edited by
    ProProfs Editorial Team
  • Jan 13, 2011
    Quiz Created by
    Psbreiding
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