APUSH Unit IV Practice Test!

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APUSH Unit IV Practice Test! - Quiz

Do you know what the APUSH exam is? Are you preparing to appear for this exam? This "APUSH Unit IV Practice Test" will help you to revise the concepts and terminologies you studied in your curriculum. APUSH, which stands for Advanced Placement United States History (also known as AP U.S. History), is a college-level course offered by the Advanced Placement Program to teach everyone about American history. The quiz below will improve your knowledge of more advanced aspects of American shape by discussing Monroe's presidency, Republican policies, and the Adams-Onis Treaty of 1819. Interested? Just go for it!


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    THe Era of Good Feelings during the presidency of Monroe reflects a end of ____ _____ and the renewal of _____ _____

    • A.

      Party warfare; Federalist spirit

    • B.

      Party warfare; national unity

    • C.

      National unity; party warfare

    • D.

      National unity; optimistic Americans

    Correct Answer
    B. Party warfare; national unity
    Explanation
    During the presidency of Monroe, the Era of Good Feelings signaled the end of party warfare and the beginning of national unity. This period was characterized by a decline in political divisions and a sense of harmony among Americans. The Federalist spirit, which had fueled partisan conflicts, was replaced by a collective focus on the nation's well-being. The emphasis on national unity allowed for a more optimistic outlook among Americans, fostering a sense of togetherness and shared goals.

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  • 2. 

    The secretary of state during Monroe's presidency was _____ _____ ____

    Correct Answer
    John Quincy Adams
    john quincy adams
    ni**a please! this is an answer, but i doubt you will type this one
    Explanation
    The correct answer for the secretary of state during Monroe's presidency is John Quincy Adams.

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  • 3. 

    Which of the following policies did the Republicans NOT adopt from the Federalists as time went by?

    • A.

      Establishing a second national bank

    • B.

      Protective tariff

    • C.

      Improvements in transportation such as national roads

    • D.

      Limited federal government

    • E.

      Standing Army

    Correct Answer
    D. Limited federal government
    Explanation
    As time went by, the Republicans adopted several policies from the Federalists. They established a second national bank, implemented protective tariffs, and made improvements in transportation like national roads. However, they did not adopt the policy of limited federal government. This means that the Republicans did not believe in restricting the powers and responsibilities of the federal government, unlike the Federalists.

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  • 4. 

    All of the following are commonalities of Clay, Calhoun and Webster except?

    • A.

      Each was born on a poor or modest farm

    • B.

      Each became a lawyer

    • C.

      All served as secretary of war in the cabinet

    • D.

      Each died in the early 1850s

    • E.

      Each served as secretary of state in the cabinet

    Correct Answer
    C. All served as secretary of war in the cabinet
    Explanation
    prolly the gayest question on this quiz

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  • 5. 

    Henry Clay used his position as Speaker of the House to advance an economic program that he later called the _____ _____

    Correct Answer
    American System
    "American System"
    Explanation
    Henry Clay used his position as Speaker of the House to advance an economic program that he later called the American System. This program aimed to promote economic growth and development in the United States by implementing protective tariffs, establishing a national bank, and investing in infrastructure projects such as roads and canals. Clay believed that these measures would help to strengthen the American economy and promote national unity. The American System was an important policy agenda during the early 19th century and had a significant impact on shaping the economic and political landscape of the United States.

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  • 6. 

    Who was described as by John Quincy Adams, "above all sectional and factious prejudices more than any other statesman of this Union with whom I have ever acted"?

    • A.

      Andrew Jackson

    • B.

      John C. Calhoun

    • C.

      Henry Clay

    • D.

      John Adams

    Correct Answer
    B. John C. Calhoun
    Explanation
    John C. Calhoun was described by John Quincy Adams as someone who was able to rise above sectional and factious prejudices more than any other statesman of the Union. This suggests that Calhoun was able to put aside personal biases and work towards the greater good of the country, making him a highly respected and influential figure in American politics.

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  • 7. 

    Which supreme court case established the Supreme Court as the final arbiter of the Constitution and its power to declare acts of Congress unconstitutional?

    • A.

      Fletcher v Peck

    • B.

      Marbury v Madison

    • C.

      Martin v Hunter's Lessee

    • D.

      McCulloch v Maryland

    • E.

      Dartmouth v Woodard

    Correct Answer
    B. Marbury v Madison
    Explanation
    Marbury v Madison is the correct answer because this landmark case established the principle of judicial review, giving the Supreme Court the power to declare acts of Congress unconstitutional. In this case, the Court ruled that a section of the Judiciary Act of 1789 was unconstitutional, thus asserting its authority to interpret the Constitution and invalidate laws that are in conflict with it. This decision solidified the Supreme Court's role as the final arbiter of the Constitution and its power to check the actions of the other branches of government.

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  • 8. 

    What Indians did Jackson attack under the authorization of Monroe in Florida (December 1817)?

    • A.

      Cherokees

    • B.

      Powhattans

    • C.

      Seminole

    • D.

      Iroquois

    • E.

      Cree

    Correct Answer
    C. Seminole
    Explanation
    Under the authorization of Monroe, Jackson attacked the Seminole Indians in Florida in December 1817. The Seminole were a Native American tribe who inhabited Florida and had been resisting American expansion into their territory. Jackson's attack was part of the First Seminole War, which aimed to remove the Seminole from Florida and open up the land for American settlement. This conflict was a result of tensions between Native American tribes and the United States government over land disputes and the desire for territorial expansion.

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  • 9. 

    Which of the following are effects of the Adams-Onis Treaty of 1819? (MARK all that apply)

    • A.

      Spain ceded Florida to the US

    • B.

      Spain relinquished claims to Louisiana

    • C.

      Spain relinquished claims to Oregon

    • D.

      Spain temporarily renounced its claims to Texas

    • E.

      US payed 5 million in damage claims by Americans against Spain from the raid in Florida

    Correct Answer(s)
    A. Spain ceded Florida to the US
    C. Spain relinquished claims to Oregon
    D. Spain temporarily renounced its claims to Texas
    E. US payed 5 million in damage claims by Americans against Spain from the raid in Florida
    Explanation
    The Adams-Onis Treaty of 1819 had several effects. Firstly, Spain ceded Florida to the US, which resulted in the acquisition of this territory by the United States. Secondly, Spain relinquished claims to Oregon, which helped to clarify the territorial boundaries in the Pacific Northwest. Thirdly, Spain temporarily renounced its claims to Texas, paving the way for future American settlement and eventual annexation of this region. Lastly, the US paid 5 million in damage claims by Americans against Spain from the raid in Florida, settling financial disputes between the two countries.

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  • 10. 

    In the Monroe Doctrine declared/announced/stated (mark all that apply ;p)

    • A.

      The US would be open to all trade to Britain

    • B.

      Britain and the US will unite to suppress the Spanish from colonizing

    • C.

      The Western Hemisphere was henceforth closed to any further European colonization

    • D.

      US will not interfere in internal European affairs

    • E.

      US would regard any further attempt by European nations colonizing the western hemisphere dangerous to the "country's peace and safety"

    Correct Answer(s)
    C. The Western Hemisphere was henceforth closed to any further European colonization
    D. US will not interfere in internal European affairs
    E. US would regard any further attempt by European nations colonizing the western hemisphere dangerous to the "country's peace and safety"
    Explanation
    The answer is correct because the Monroe Doctrine, which was declared in 1823, stated that the Western Hemisphere would be closed to any further European colonization. It also declared that the United States would not interfere in internal European affairs and that any further attempt by European nations to colonize the Western Hemisphere would be seen as a threat to the peace and safety of the United States. This doctrine was significant in establishing the United States as a dominant power in the Western Hemisphere and asserting its influence in international affairs.

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  • 11. 

    "There has been within these 2 years an immense revolution of fortunes in every part of the Union; enormous numbers of persons utterly ruined; multitudes in deep distress." John C. Calhoun in 1820 is describing the ____ __ _____

    Correct Answer(s)
    Panic of 1819
    panic of 1819
    gayness of albert xiao hahahahaha suck it bitch
    Explanation
    John C. Calhoun's statement in 1820 describes the Panic of 1819. During this time, there was a significant economic downturn in the United States, resulting in many people experiencing financial ruin and distress. The mention of "enormous numbers of persons utterly ruined" and "multitudes in deep distress" align with the effects of the Panic of 1819, making it the correct answer. The additional inappropriate statement at the end of the given options is unrelated and should be disregarded.

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  • 12. 

    What were the boundaries between the North and South before the Missouri Crisis? (MATA) mark all that apply

    • A.

      East of the Mississippi

    • B.

      West of the Mississippi

    • C.

      Ohio River

    • D.

      Mason-Dixon Line

    Correct Answer(s)
    A. East of the Mississippi
    C. Ohio River
    D. Mason-Dixon Line
    Explanation
    Before the Missouri Crisis, the boundaries between the North and South were the Ohio River and the Mason-Dixon Line. The Ohio River served as a natural boundary between the two regions, while the Mason-Dixon Line, which was a surveyed line, marked the boundary between Pennsylvania and Maryland, and later became symbolic of the divide between the North and South.

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  • 13. 

    Which of the following make up the "Great Triumvirate" (MATA)

    • A.

      God

    • B.

      Daniel Webster

    • C.

      Henry Clay

    • D.

      James Madison

    • E.

      John C Calhoun

    Correct Answer(s)
    B. Daniel Webster
    C. Henry Clay
    E. John C Calhoun
    Explanation
    The "Great Triumvirate" refers to a group of three influential politicians in the United States during the early 19th century. They were known for their leadership and impact on American politics. Daniel Webster, Henry Clay, and John C Calhoun were all members of this group. James Madison, while an important figure in American history as one of the Founding Fathers and the fourth President of the United States, was not part of the Great Triumvirate.

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  • 14. 

    What position was considered the president's designated successor around 1800?(Henry Clay sought out for)

    • A.

      Supreme Justice

    • B.

      Secretary of War

    • C.

      Secretary of State

    • D.

      Vice President

    • E.

      Gaybert

    Correct Answer
    C. Secretary of State
    Explanation
    During the early 1800s, the position of Secretary of State was considered the president's designated successor. This was because the Secretary of State was often seen as the second most powerful position in the government, after the president. Additionally, the Secretary of State was responsible for foreign affairs and diplomacy, which was seen as a crucial role in shaping the nation's future. Henry Clay, a prominent politician during this time, sought out the position of Secretary of State in his quest for the presidency.

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  • 15. 

    Of the Triumvirate, who did not support the War of 1812?

    • A.

      Daniel Webster

    • B.

      John C Calhoun

    • C.

      Henry Clay

    • D.

      God

    • E.

      Samuel L Jackson

    Correct Answer
    A. Daniel Webster
    Explanation
    Daniel Webster did not support the War of 1812 because he believed that it was unnecessary and would lead to further conflict with Britain. He argued for peaceful negotiations and diplomatic solutions instead of engaging in war. Webster's stance on the war was influenced by his belief in preserving the Union and avoiding unnecessary bloodshed.

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  • 16. 

    Who is known as the "Expounder of the Constitution"

    Correct Answer
    Daniel Webster
    daniel webster
    Explanation
    Daniel Webster is known as the "Expounder of the Constitution" because of his significant contributions to the understanding and interpretation of the United States Constitution. He was a prominent American statesman and lawyer who served as a U.S. Senator and Secretary of State. Webster played a key role in several important constitutional cases and debates, including the landmark Dartmouth College v. Woodward case, where he successfully argued for the protection of private contracts under the Constitution. His speeches and writings on constitutional law have had a lasting impact and have earned him the title of the "Expounder of the Constitution."

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  • 17. 

    By 1840 voting participation of adult white males was nearly ____ percent.

    • A.

      40

    • B.

      50

    • C.

      80

    • D.

      Less than 30

    Correct Answer
    C. 80
    Explanation
    By 1840, voting participation of adult white males was nearly 80 percent. This means that a significant majority of adult white males were actively participating in the voting process during this time period. This high level of participation suggests a strong sense of civic duty and engagement among the population, as well as a belief in the importance of exercising their right to vote.

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  • 18. 

    What was the most significant political innovation of the early nineteenth century?

    • A.

      Abolition of property qualifications for voting and officeholding

    • B.

      Elimination of voting by voice

    • C.

      Direct methods of selecting presidential electors

    • D.

      Allowing slaves to vote

    • E.

      Reducing residency requirements for voting

    Correct Answer
    A. Abolition of property qualifications for voting and officeholding
    Explanation
    The most significant political innovation of the early nineteenth century was the abolition of property qualifications for voting and officeholding. This innovation expanded political participation and allowed a larger portion of the population to have a voice in the political process. By eliminating the requirement of owning property in order to vote or hold office, it promoted greater democracy and representation. This change helped to dismantle the elitist nature of politics and paved the way for a more inclusive and egalitarian society.

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  • 19. 

    Which of the following are words from the new democratic political vocabulary during the first quarter of the nineteenth century? MATA (Mark all that apply)

    • A.

      "Faction"

    • B.

      "ran"

    • C.

      "caucus"

    • D.

      "pork barrel"

    • E.

      "log-rolled"

    Correct Answer(s)
    B. "ran"
    D. "pork barrel"
    E. "log-rolled"
    Explanation
    During the first quarter of the nineteenth century, new democratic political vocabulary emerged. "Ran" refers to individuals seeking political office, "pork barrel" refers to government spending on projects that benefit a specific locality, and "log-rolled" refers to the practice of exchanging favors or support in politics. "Faction" and "caucus" are not mentioned as words from the new democratic political vocabulary during this time period.

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  • 20. 

    According to Digital history, what state expressed the loudest outcry against the tariff of abominations?

    • A.

      Virginia

    • B.

      New York

    • C.

      Massachusetts

    • D.

      Kentucky

    • E.

      South Carolina

    Correct Answer
    E. South Carolina
    Explanation
    South Carolina is the correct answer because it was the state that expressed the loudest outcry against the tariff of abominations. This tariff, passed in 1828, imposed high import taxes on goods, which greatly affected Southern states, including South Carolina. The state's economy heavily relied on agriculture and trade, and the tariff threatened their economic interests. In response, South Carolina declared the tariff unconstitutional and threatened to secede from the Union. This event, known as the Nullification Crisis, highlighted the growing tensions between the federal government and states' rights, ultimately leading to the Civil War.

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  • 21. 

    Who published and wrote the "South Carolina Exposition" that advanced the principle of nullification?

    • A.

      Henry Clay

    • B.

      Thomas Jefferson

    • C.

      Colonel Angus

    • D.

      John C. Calhoun

    Correct Answer
    D. John C. Calhoun
    Explanation
    John C. Calhoun published and wrote the "South Carolina Exposition" that advanced the principle of nullification. Nullification was the idea that states had the right to reject or nullify federal laws they deemed unconstitutional. Calhoun, a prominent political figure in the 19th century, was a strong advocate for states' rights and believed that nullification was a way to protect states from federal overreach. His publication of the "South Carolina Exposition" in 1828 helped popularize the concept of nullification and had a significant impact on the debate over states' rights and the balance of power between the federal government and the states.

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  • 22. 

    The ___ (candidate - last name) campaign in 1828 was the first campaign to appeal directly for voter support through a professional political organization

    Correct Answer
    Jackson, jackson
    Explanation
    The answer is Jackson because the question mentions the candidate's last name and the year 1828. It also states that this campaign was the first to appeal directly for voter support through a professional political organization. Since Andrew Jackson was a candidate in the 1828 election and his campaign utilized a professional political organization, it can be inferred that the correct answer is Jackson.

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  • 23. 

    Whose presidency is associated with the "spoils system"?

    • A.

      Henry Clay

    • B.

      Andrew Jackson

    • C.

      John C Calhoun

    • D.

      John Quincy Adams

    Correct Answer
    B. Andrew Jackson
    Explanation
    The correct answer is Andrew Jackson. Andrew Jackson's presidency is associated with the "spoils system," which refers to the practice of rewarding political supporters with government positions. Jackson believed that ordinary citizens should have the opportunity to participate in government, so he appointed his loyal supporters to various positions, regardless of their qualifications. This system led to widespread corruption and inefficiency, as many of these appointees were not qualified for the positions they held.

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  • 24. 

    Which of the following Marshall cases ruled that states could not pass laws conflicting with federal Indian treaties and that the federal government had an obligation to exclude white intruders from Indian lands?

    • A.

      Fletcher v Peck

    • B.

      Gibbons v Ogden

    • C.

      Marbury v Madison

    • D.

      McCulloch v. Maryland

    • E.

      Worcester v Georgia

    Correct Answer
    E. Worcester v Georgia
    Explanation
    Worcester v Georgia is the correct answer because this case established that states could not pass laws conflicting with federal Indian treaties. It also recognized that the federal government had a responsibility to exclude white intruders from Indian lands. This case was significant in defining the relationship between the federal government and Native American tribes, affirming the sovereignty of tribes and their rights to their lands.

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  • 25. 

    In September 1833, Jackson ordered his Treasury secretary to divert federal revenues from the Bank of the US to selected state banks known as ____ banks

    Correct Answer
    pet
    Pet
  • 26. 

    In the Specie Circular of 1836, Jackson prohibited payment for public lands in anything but what two types of currencies?

    • A.

      Paper money

    • B.

      Bank notes

    • C.

      Gold and Silver

    • D.

      Sex and Drugs

    Correct Answer
    C. Gold and Silver
    Explanation
    In the Specie Circular of 1836, Jackson prohibited payment for public lands in anything but gold and silver currencies. This decision was made to combat the inflationary pressures caused by the excessive issuance of paper money and bank notes. By requiring payment in gold and silver, Jackson aimed to stabilize the economy and restore confidence in the value of currency. This policy also aimed to limit speculation and prevent the overextension of credit, which were seen as contributing factors to economic instability at the time.

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  • 27. 

    The Whig party ran 3 regional candidates against Martin Van Buren during the election of 1836. Who were they? (MATA)

    • A.

      Daniel Webster

    • B.

      William Henry Harrison

    • C.

      Jonathan Blanchard

    • D.

      Paul M. Johnson

    • E.

      Hugh Lawson White

    Correct Answer(s)
    A. Daniel Webster
    B. William Henry Harrison
    E. Hugh Lawson White
    Explanation
    In the election of 1836, the Whig party ran three regional candidates against Martin Van Buren. These candidates were Daniel Webster, William Henry Harrison, and Hugh Lawson White. These individuals were chosen by the Whig party to represent different regions of the country and appeal to a broader voter base. By running multiple candidates, the Whig party hoped to increase their chances of defeating Van Buren and gaining power in the election.

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  • 28. 

    The Whigs tended to be of all of the following except?

    • A.

      Educators and professionals

    • B.

      Manufacturers

    • C.

      British and German Protestant Immigrants

    • D.

      Catholic Irish and Scots-Irish

    • E.

      Free Blacks

    Correct Answer
    D. Catholic Irish and Scots-Irish
    Explanation
    The Whigs were a political party in the United States during the 19th century. They were known for their support of industrialization, protective tariffs, and a strong central government. The Whigs tended to appeal to educators and professionals, manufacturers, British and German Protestant immigrants, and free blacks. However, they did not typically attract Catholic Irish and Scots-Irish individuals, as these groups often aligned themselves with the Democratic Party due to its more favorable stance on immigration and religious freedom.

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  • 29. 

    True or false? Virtually none of the founding generation of party systems believed political parties were a positive force in the governing of a nation

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    Even though the development would not ultimately become detrimental to government, ppl at that time thought it was evil

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  • 30. 

    Who built the Albany Regency, a state political organization that worked hard for the Democratic party and placed party loyalty above personal political ambitions?

    • A.

      Andrew Jackson

    • B.

      John C Calhoun

    • C.

      Van Buren

    Correct Answer
    C. Van Buren
    Explanation
    Van Buren built the Albany Regency, a state political organization that prioritized party loyalty over personal political ambitions. This organization was instrumental in advancing the Democratic party's agenda and supporting its candidates. Van Buren's leadership and organizational skills helped solidify the party's influence in New York and beyond.

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  • 31. 

    Jackson describes this man as the "Judas of the West", who is that person?

    • A.

      John C Calhoun

    • B.

      Van Buren

    • C.

      John Quincy Adams

    • D.

      Crawford

    • E.

      None of the Above

    Correct Answer
    E. None of the Above
    Explanation
    The question asks about a person who is described by Jackson as the "Judas of the West". However, none of the given options (John C Calhoun, Van Buren, John Quincy Adams, Crawford) fit this description. Therefore, the correct answer is "None of the Above".

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  • 32. 

    The effects of Jackson's Spoils System in relation to its purpose can be described as

    • A.

      Sentimental

    • B.

      Suitable

    • C.

      Ironic

    • D.

      Widespread

    Correct Answer
    C. Ironic
    Explanation
    The effects of Jackson's Spoils System can be described as ironic because although its purpose was to promote democracy and give ordinary citizens a chance to participate in government, it ended up creating a system of political patronage and corruption. Instead of increasing transparency and accountability, the Spoils System led to favoritism, nepotism, and the appointment of unqualified individuals to government positions. This irony stems from the fact that Jackson intended to empower the common people, but the system he implemented ultimately undermined the principles of meritocracy and good governance.

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  • 33. 

    The so-called Five Civilized Tribes of the Southeast walked the Trail of Tears. Which of the following is not part of the 5 tribes? (MATA)

    • A.

      Choctaw

    • B.

      Chickasaw

    • C.

      Creek

    • D.

      Cree

    • E.

      Cherokee

    Correct Answer
    D. Cree
    Explanation
    The last one is the Seminole

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  • 34. 

    Which tariff was the first true protectionist measure, and increased the price of British goods so that American goods could compete with them.

    • A.

      Tariff off 1816

    • B.

      Compromise Tariff of 1833

    • C.

      Tariff of 1832

    • D.

      Tariff of 1828

    • E.

      Tariff of Abominations

    Correct Answer
    A. Tariff off 1816
    Explanation
    The Tariff of 1816 was the first true protectionist measure because it increased the price of British goods, making American goods more competitive. This tariff aimed to protect American industries from foreign competition and promote domestic manufacturing. By imposing higher tariffs on imported goods, the government intended to encourage consumers to buy American-made products, thereby supporting the growth of the domestic economy. The Tariff of 1816 marked a shift towards protectionism in the United States and set the stage for future tariff policies aimed at safeguarding American industries.

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  • 35. 

    Van Buren's system for the retaining of government funds in the United States Treasury and its subtreasuries, independently of the national banking and financial systems was called the ______ _____

    • A.

      Separation Bill

    • B.

      Schism Bill

    • C.

      Divorce Bill

    • D.

      Conservation Bill

    Correct Answer
    C. Divorce Bill
    Explanation
    Van Buren's system for the retaining of government funds in the United States Treasury and its subtreasuries, independently of the national banking and financial systems was called the Divorce Bill. This term suggests that the system aimed to separate or divorce the government funds from the influence and control of the national banking and financial systems. By implementing this bill, Van Buren aimed to establish a more independent and secure system for managing government funds.

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  • Aug 18, 2023
    Quiz Edited by
    ProProfs Editorial Team
  • Oct 23, 2008
    Quiz Created by
    Sngoh55
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