AP Vocab Unit 04

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AP Vocab Quizzes & Trivia

Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    Which word MOST NEARLY matches the synonyms: aspersion; calumny; abuse; verbal assault  

    • A.

      Hoi polloi

    • B.

      Mnemonic

    • C.

      Pundit

    • D.

      Elixir

    • E.

      Obloquy

    Correct Answer
    E. Obloquy
    Explanation
    Obloquy is the word that most nearly matches the synonyms aspersion, calumny, abuse, and verbal assault. Obloquy refers to strong public criticism or verbal abuse, which aligns with the meaning of the given synonyms. The other options, hoi polloi, mnemonic, pundit, and elixir, do not have similar meanings or connotations to the given synonyms.

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  • 2. 

    Which word MOST NEARLY matches the synonyms: proletariat; commoners; masses; plebeians

    • A.

      Risible

    • B.

      Ineffable

    • C.

      Corollary

    • D.

      Hoi polloi

    • E.

      Bilious

    Correct Answer
    D. Hoi polloi
    Explanation
    The word "hoi polloi" is the most suitable synonym for the given words "proletariat, commoners, masses, plebeians." "Hoi polloi" refers to the common people or the masses, which aligns with the meaning of the other words. "Risible" means laughable, "ineffable" means indescribable, "corollary" means a consequence, and "bilious" means ill-tempered.

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  • 3. 

    Which word MOST NEARLY matches the synonyms: laborious study; meditation; pedantic writing

    • A.

      Mnemonic

    • B.

      Parameter

    • C.

      Lucubration

    • D.

      Symptomatic

    • E.

      Risible

    Correct Answer
    C. Lucubration
    Explanation
    The word "lucubration" is the best match for the given synonyms. "Laborious study" implies a dedicated and intense effort to learn, which aligns with the meaning of "lucubration." "Meditation" suggests deep reflection and contemplation, which can be associated with the focused and diligent nature of "lucubration." "Pedantic writing" refers to overly formal and meticulous writing, which can be related to the meticulousness and attention to detail that is often involved in "lucubration." Therefore, "lucubration" is the most suitable word among the options provided.

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  • 4. 

    Which word MOST NEARLY matches the synonyms: condition; factor; characteristic; criterion

    • A.

      Symptomatic

    • B.

      Elixir

    • C.

      Cul-de-sac

    • D.

      Parameter

    • E.

      Risible

    Correct Answer
    D. Parameter
    Explanation
    The word "parameter" is the best match for the given synonyms because it refers to a condition, factor, characteristic, or criterion that is used to assess or determine something. The other words do not have the same meaning or connotation as the given synonyms.

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  • 5. 

    Which word MOST NEARLY matches the synonyms: liking; partiality; attraction; simpatico

    • A.

      Corollary

    • B.

      Affinity

    • C.

      Elixir

    • D.

      Divination

    • E.

      Hoi polloi

    Correct Answer
    B. Affinity
    Explanation
    The word "affinity" is the best match for the given synonyms because it refers to a liking or attraction towards someone or something. It implies a sense of connection or compatibility, similar to the terms "liking," "partiality," and "attraction." The other options, "corollary," "elixir," "divination," and "hoi polloi," do not convey the same meaning as the given synonyms.

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  • 6. 

    Which word MOST NEARLY matches the synonyms: scope; range; area; extent

    • A.

      Gamut

    • B.

      Pundit

    • C.

      Cul-de-sac

    • D.

      Elixir

    • E.

      Divination

    Correct Answer
    A. Gamut
    Explanation
    The word "gamut" is the best match for the given synonyms because it refers to the complete range or extent of something. It is synonymous with "scope," "range," "area," and "extent" as it encompasses the entire spectrum or variety of something. The other options, such as "pundit," "cul-de-sac," "elixir," and "divination," do not convey the same meaning as the given synonyms.

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  • 7. 

    Which word MOST NEARLY matches the synonyms: greenish; pukish; queasy; nauseated

    • A.

      Lucubration

    • B.

      Hoi polloi

    • C.

      Bilious

    • D.

      Corollary

    • E.

      Cul-de-sac

    Correct Answer
    C. Bilious
    Explanation
    The word "bilious" is the best match for the given synonyms because it is associated with a sickly, nauseated feeling, which aligns with the words "greenish," "pukish," "queasy," and "nauseated." "Lucubration" refers to intense studying or working, "hoi polloi" means the common people, "corollary" is a logical consequence, and "cul-de-sac" is a dead-end street.

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  • 8. 

    Which word MOST NEARLY matches the antonyms: disregard; lassitude; inattention

    • A.

      Gamut

    • B.

      Lucubration

    • C.

      Hoi polloi

    • D.

      Ineffable

    • E.

      Symptomatic

    Correct Answer
    B. Lucubration
    Explanation
    The word "lucubration" is the correct answer because it means intense study or laborious work, which is the opposite of disregard, lassitude, and inattention. The other words listed do not have a similar meaning or antonym to the given words.

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  • 9. 

    Which word MOST NEARLY matches the antonyms: beginning; initiation; start; inception  

    • A.

      Obloquy

    • B.

      Folderol

    • C.

      Divination

    • D.

      Volte-face

    • E.

      Corollary

    Correct Answer
    E. Corollary
    Explanation
    A corollary is a logical consequence or result of something. In the context of the given words, a corollary is closely related to the idea of a beginning, initiation, start, or inception. It represents a subsequent or natural outcome that follows from these initial stages. Therefore, corollary is the word that most nearly matches the antonyms provided.

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  • 10. 

    Which word MOST NEARLY matches the antonyms: narrowness; restrictedness

    • A.

      Hoi polloi

    • B.

      Lucubration

    • C.

      Bilious

    • D.

      Gamut

    • E.

      Mnemonic

    Correct Answer
    D. Gamut
    Explanation
    The word "gamut" is the closest in meaning to the antonyms "narrowness" and "restrictedness" because it refers to a complete range or extent of something. It implies a wide variety or scope, which is opposite to the idea of being narrow or restricted. The other options, "hoi polloi," "lucubration," "bilious," and "mnemonic," do not convey the same meaning of a wide range or extent.

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  • 11. 

    Which word MOST NEARLY matches the antonyms: uncertainty; doubt; wavering; skepticism

    • A.

      Risible

    • B.

      Folderol

    • C.

      Hoi polloi

    • D.

      Divination

    • E.

      Bilious

    Correct Answer
    D. Divination
    Explanation
    The word "divination" is the best match for the antonyms uncertainty, doubt, wavering, and skepticism because divination refers to the practice of seeking knowledge of the future or unknown by supernatural means, which implies a certainty or belief in something beyond doubt or skepticism. The other options, "risible," "folderol," "hoi polloi," and "bilious," do not have a direct connection to the concept of uncertainty or doubt.

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  • 12. 

    Which word MOST NEARLY matches the antonyms: aristocracy; nobility; elite

    • A.

      Corollary

    • B.

      Volte-face

    • C.

      Hoi olloi

    • D.

      Cul-de-sac

    • E.

      Ineffable

    Correct Answer
    C. Hoi olloi
    Explanation
    The words aristocracy, nobility, and elite all refer to a privileged or high-ranking group of people. The term "hoi polloi" is a Greek phrase that means the common people or the masses, which is the opposite of aristocracy, nobility, and elite. Therefore, "hoi polloi" is the word that most nearly matches the antonyms of the given words.

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  • 13. 

    Which word MOST NEARLY matches the antonyms: composite; aggregate; whole; compound

    • A.

      Parameter

    • B.

      Cognate

    • C.

      Bilious

    • D.

      Risible

    • E.

      Hoi polloi

    Correct Answer
    A. Parameter
    Explanation
    The word "parameter" is most nearly matched with the word "composite" as they both refer to something that is made up of multiple elements or factors.

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  • 14. 

    Which word MOST NEARLY matches the antonyms: cowardice; chicken heartedness

    • A.

      Ineffable

    • B.

      Affinity

    • C.

      Derring-do

    • D.

      Gamut

    • E.

      Parameter

    Correct Answer
    C. Derring-do
    Explanation
    Derring-do is the word that most nearly matches the antonyms "cowardice" and "chicken-heartedness." Derring-do refers to brave and daring actions, which is the opposite of being a coward or having a chicken-hearted nature. This word implies bravery and fearlessness, which contrasts with the negative traits mentioned in the antonyms.

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  • 15. 

    Which word MOST NEARLY matches the antonyms: opus; novel; prose

    • A.

      Bilious

    • B.

      Risible

    • C.

      Folderol

    • D.

      Parameter

    • E.

      Derring-do

    Correct Answer
    C. Folderol
    Explanation
    The word "folderol" is the most suitable antonym for the words "opus," "novel," and "prose." "Folderol" means nonsense or trivial or foolish ideas or talk. It is the closest in meaning to the given words as they all refer to serious, substantial, or significant literary works or forms of writing.

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