AP Review Quiz Chapter 12

25 Questions | Total Attempts: 100

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AP Review Quiz Chapter 12

Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    Unlike a prime minister, the president selects his cabinet officers and advisers to 
    • A. 

      Help control Congress.

    • B. 

      Reward personal followers.

    • C. 

      Ensure that both parties are represented.

    • D. 

      Appease the electorate.

    • E. 

      Pacify interest groups.

  • 2. 
    If the Framers had decided to have the president chosen by Congress, we could reasonably expect Congress to dominate the president
    • A. 

      And to control the military.

    • B. 

      And to pick the cabinet.

    • C. 

      Or the president to ignore Congress.

    • D. 

      Or the president to corrupt the legislature.

    • E. 

      Or the president to capitulate to the judiciary.

  • 3. 
    Once concern expressed at the convention focused on the possibility that shared powers would cause the president to be a mere "tool" of
    • A. 

      The House of Representatives.

    • B. 

      The Senate

    • C. 

      The Supreme Court

    • D. 

      The Electoral College

    • E. 

      Special interest groups.

  • 4. 
    The Framers solved the problem of how to elect the president by
    • A. 

      Forming a quasi-parliamentary system of government.

    • B. 

      Providing for constitutional amendments.

    • C. 

      Forming the House Election Committee.

    • D. 

      Creating the Committee on Detail.

    • E. 

      Creating the Electoral College.

  • 5. 
    Presidents have been limited to two terms by the
    • A. 

      14th Amendment.

    • B. 

      16th Amendment.

    • C. 

      19th Amendment.

    • D. 

      21st Amendment

    • E. 

      22nd Amendment.

  • 6. 
    Which of the following statements is INCORRECT?
    • A. 

      In order to win an election, a candidate must receive at least half of the votes of the electoral college.

    • B. 

      Each state receives an electoral vote for each number it has in the House.

    • C. 

      In some states, electoral votes can be split.

    • D. 

      State electors assemble in their state capitals to cast their ballots.

    • E. 

      Electoral ballots are opened before a joint session of Congress during the first week in January.

  • 7. 
    Which of the following statements about elections thrown into the House of Representatives is INCORRECT?
    • A. 

      The House chooses from among the top two candidates.

    • B. 

      Each state casts one vote.

    • C. 

      A state's vote is given to the candidate preferred by the majority of the state's House delegation.

    • D. 

      If there is a tie within a state, that state's vote is not counted.

    • E. 

      This process is only used when no candidate receives a majority of the votes of the electoral college.

  • 8. 
    The personality of which president began to alter the relationship between the president and Congress and the nature of presidential leadership?
    • A. 

      Andrew Jackson

    • B. 

      Ulysses S. Grant

    • C. 

      Richard Nixon

    • D. 

      Jimmy Carter

    • E. 

      Warren G. Harding

  • 9. 
    The era from 1836 to 1932 is commonly viewed as one of
    • A. 

      Presidential dominance.

    • B. 

      A true balance of powers.

    • C. 

      Supreme Court dominance.

    • D. 

      Presidential and Supreme Court dominance

    • E. 

      Congressional dominance.

  • 10. 
    The powers that the president shares with the Senate include
    • A. 

      Receiving ambassadors.

    • B. 

      Making treaties.

    • C. 

      Granting pardons for federal offenses.

    • D. 

      Wielding legislative power.

    • E. 

      Commission officers of the armed forces.

  • 11. 
    The greatest source of presidential power lies in
    • A. 

      The U.S. Constitution.

    • B. 

      Interpretation of laws.

    • C. 

      The execution of laws.

    • D. 

      Foreign-policy formulation.

    • E. 

      Politics and public opinion.

  • 12. 
    The rule of propinquity states that
    • A. 

      Power corrupts, and absolute power corrupts absolutely.

    • B. 

      Power tends to be shared most evenly when leadership is weakest.

    • C. 

      Power tends to be wielded by the people who are in the room where a decision is made.

    • D. 

      Power is greatest when legitimacy is strongest.

    • E. 

      Power is rarely distinguishable from wealth and fame.

  • 13. 
    The principal function of the White House Office is to
    • A. 

      Oversee the political and policy interests of the president.

    • B. 

      Administer federal departments as the president's representative.

    • C. 

      Prepare the national budget for the president.

    • D. 

      Supervise the national security agencies, such as the CIA and the FBI.

    • E. 

      Supervise military intelligence agencies.

  • 14. 
    Presidents arrange their personal staffs by using one of these three organizational methods:
    • A. 

      Intuitive, pyramid, and circular

    • B. 

      Pyramid,ad hoc, and circular

    • C. 

      Intuitive, ad hoc, and circular

    • D. 

      Intuitive, pyramid, and ad hoc

    • E. 

      Tubular, linear, and circular

  • 15. 
    Included in the Executive Office of the president are all of the following EXCEPT
    • A. 

      The Office of Personnel Management (OPM).

    • B. 

      The Central Intelligence Agency (CIA).

    • C. 

      The Council of Economic Advisers (CEA)

    • D. 

      The Office of Technology Assessment (OTA).

    • E. 

      The Office of the U.S. Trade Representative (OUSTR).

  • 16. 
    One reason a president has relatively little power over his/her cabinet departments is because he/she 
    • A. 

      Cannot appoint their heads.

    • B. 

      Requires Senate approval of his choices for heads of these departments.

    • C. 

      Must share power with the judicial branch of government.

    • D. 

      Must share power with the legislative branch of government.

    • E. 

      Cannot appoint more than a fraction of their employees.

  • 17. 
    Which of the following statements about the effect of presidential coattails on congressional elections is true?
    • A. 

      It has increased in recent years.

    • B. 

      It has benefited Democrats, but not Republicans.

    • C. 

      It has been a consistently powerful factor in recent years.

    • D. 

      It has been a consistently negative factor in recent years.

    • E. 

      It has decreased in recent years.

  • 18. 
    Members of Congress pay attention to the personal popularity of a president because
    • A. 

      The president may be called upon to campaign for them.

    • B. 

      The president may campaign against them in a primary.

    • C. 

      Many members of Congress have aspirations to the presidency.

    • D. 

      Politicians tend to rise and fall together.

    • E. 

      Interest group contributions often depend on perceptions of proximity with popular presidents.

  • 19. 
    Impeachment does not necessarily mean guilt.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 20. 
    The Supreme Court rules whether a disabled president should continue to serve in office.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 21. 
    Veto power and executive privilege give a president both a way of blocking action and a
    • A. 

      Route of appeal to the people.

    • B. 

      Means of affecting the party platform.

    • C. 

      Trump card to play with the media.

    • D. 

      Means of forcing Congress to bargain.

    • E. 

      Means of overriding the influence of special interests.

  • 22. 
    A bill is passed to the president for action while Congress is still in session. After 10 days the president still has not signed it. What happens to the bill?
    • A. 

      It is returned to Congress.

    • B. 

      It is vetoed.

    • C. 

      It becomes law.

    • D. 

      Nothing. The president has 30 days to act on a bill.

    • E. 

      Nothing. The president has 90 days to act on a bill.

  • 23. 
    The presidential claims for executive privilege are based on the separation of powers and on
    • A. 

      The U.S. Constitution.

    • B. 

      The need for cooperation with Congress.

    • C. 

      International law.

    • D. 

      Marbury v. Madison

    • E. 

      The need for candid advice from aides.

  • 24. 
    A president's reorganization of the Executive Office can occur only in consultation with Congress.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 25. 
    The only official task of the vice president is  to preside over the Senate and to vote in case of a tie.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

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