AP US Government Multiple Choice Exam Practice

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Questions: 10 | Attempts: 254

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Welcome to this multiple-choice quiz which will put your knowledge of the US government to the test at an advanced placement level. Do you have what it takes to lead the country and get all answers correct? Take this AP US Government Multiple Choice Exam Practice Quiz now!


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    All of the following are examples of checks and balances EXCEPT

    • A.

      Presidential veto

    • B.

      Impeachment of the president

    • C.

      Appointment of Supreme court justices

    • D.

      Declaration of war by congress

    • E.

      Ratification of treaties

    Correct Answer
    D. Declaration of war by congress
    Explanation
    Checks and balances refer to the system in which different branches of government have the power to limit and control each other. The presidential veto is an example of a check and balance because it allows the president to reject legislation passed by Congress. Impeachment of the president is another example, as it allows Congress to remove a president from office for misconduct. The appointment of Supreme Court justices is also a check and balance, as it allows the executive branch to influence the judicial branch. The ratification of treaties is another example, as it requires the approval of the Senate. However, the declaration of war by Congress is not a check and balance, as it is a power specifically granted to Congress by the Constitution, rather than a power that limits or controls another branch of government.

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  • 2. 

    Cooperative Federalism can best be described as

    • A.

      National government ability to help states through the spending of tax dollars

    • B.

      Layer cake federalism

    • C.

      Marble cake federalism

    • D.

      Extension of new federalism

    Correct Answer
    C. Marble cake federalism
    Explanation
    Marble cake federalism is the correct answer because it refers to a cooperative form of federalism where the powers and responsibilities of the national government and the state governments are intertwined and mixed together, just like the ingredients in a marble cake. This means that the national government and the states work together and collaborate on policy-making and implementation, rather than having clearly defined and separate spheres of authority. This form of federalism promotes a more cooperative relationship between the different levels of government, allowing for more flexibility and shared decision-making.

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  • 3. 

    Which of the following has the fewest strings attached when it comes to spending government monies?

    • A.

      Mandates

    • B.

      Categorical grants

    • C.

      Block grants

    • D.

      Revenue sharing

    • E.

      Grants in aid

    Correct Answer
    D. Revenue sharing
    Explanation
    Revenue sharing has the fewest strings attached when it comes to spending government monies. This means that the funds provided through revenue sharing can be used by the receiving government entity with greater flexibility and discretion. Unlike mandates, which impose specific requirements, and categorical grants, which are designated for specific purposes, revenue sharing allows the recipient to allocate the funds as they see fit. Similarly, block grants and grants in aid may have more specific guidelines and restrictions compared to revenue sharing.

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  • 4. 

    Which of the following documents best describes a government based unity, natural rights, and the social contract theory?

    • A.

      Articles of confederation

    • B.

      Declaration of independence

    • C.

      Us constitution

    • D.

      Mayflower compact

    Correct Answer
    B. Declaration of independence
    Explanation
    The Declaration of Independence best describes a government based on unity, natural rights, and the social contract theory. The document asserts that all individuals are entitled to certain unalienable rights, such as life, liberty, and the pursuit of happiness. It emphasizes the importance of a government that derives its power from the consent of the governed and can be overthrown if it fails to protect these rights. The Declaration also promotes the idea of unity among the American colonies in their struggle for independence from British rule.

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  • 5. 

    The constitutional basis for dual federalism can be found in

    • A.

      Necessary and proper clause

    • B.

      10th amendment

    • C.

      Implied powers provision

    • D.

      Enumerated powers

    Correct Answer
    B. 10th amendment
    Explanation
    The 10th amendment of the Constitution serves as the constitutional basis for dual federalism. This amendment states that any powers not specifically granted to the federal government are reserved for the states or the people. Dual federalism emphasizes the clear separation of powers between the federal and state governments, with each level of government having distinct and independent spheres of authority. The 10th amendment reinforces this principle by affirming the reserved powers of the states and limiting the scope of federal power.

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  • 6. 

    Those who support the pluralist theory of democracy believe that

    • A.

      The government depends on the consent of the governed

    • B.

      Interest groups compete to promore thier preferences

    • C.

      A small number of powerful coporate and military leaders rule in their own self interest

    Correct Answer
    B. Interest groups compete to promore thier preferences
    Explanation
    The correct answer is interest groups compete to promote their preferences. Pluralist theory of democracy suggests that in a democratic society, various interest groups compete with each other to influence government decisions and policies. These interest groups represent different segments of society and advocate for their own preferences and agendas. This theory emphasizes the importance of a diverse range of voices and interests in shaping the government's actions, rather than a concentration of power in the hands of a few corporate or military leaders.

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  • 7. 

    The bill of rights includes

    • A.

      The preamble

    • B.

      Articles of the constitution

    • C.

      Articles of confederation

    • D.

      The first ten amendements

    Correct Answer
    C. Articles of confederation
    Explanation
    The correct answer is the articles of confederation. The articles of confederation were the first constitution of the United States, which was in effect from 1781 to 1789. They established a weak central government and granted more power to the individual states. The Bill of Rights, on the other hand, refers to the first ten amendments to the United States Constitution, which were added in 1791 to protect individual rights and limit the power of the government. Therefore, the articles of confederation are not part of the Bill of Rights.

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  • 8. 

    Which of the following steps are required to amend the constitution?

    • A.

      Presidential signature

    • B.

      Ratification at the state level

    • C.

      Proposal at the state level

    Correct Answer
    B. Ratification at the state level
    Explanation
    To amend the constitution, ratification at the state level is required. This means that the proposed amendment must be approved by a certain number of states in order for it to become part of the constitution. The process usually involves the state legislatures or state conventions voting on the amendment. The requirement for state-level ratification ensures that any changes to the constitution have widespread support and are not easily made. The other steps mentioned, such as presidential signature and proposal at the state level, are not necessary for amending the constitution.

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  • 9. 

    Which general area of policy is generally left up to the central government?

    • A.

      Health

    • B.

      Interstate commerce

    • C.

      Education

    • D.

      Voting requirements

    Correct Answer
    B. Interstate commerce
    Explanation
    Interstate commerce is generally left up to the central government because it involves the regulation and oversight of trade and economic activities that occur between states. This includes the movement of goods, services, and money across state lines. The central government has the authority to establish and enforce rules and regulations to ensure fair and efficient interstate commerce, as well as to prevent any unfair trade practices or barriers that may hinder the free flow of goods and services between states.

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  • 10. 

    The president most responsible for the implement of new federalism was

    • A.

      George bush

    • B.

      Ronald reegan

    • C.

      Bill clinton

    • D.

      Gerald ford

    Correct Answer
    B. Ronald reegan
    Explanation
    Ronald Reagan is the correct answer because he was the president most responsible for the implementation of new federalism. During his presidency, Reagan advocated for reducing the size and power of the federal government and transferring more responsibilities to state and local governments. He believed in devolving power and decision-making authority to the states, which aligns with the principles of new federalism. Reagan's policies and initiatives aimed to limit the federal government's role in areas such as welfare, education, and environmental regulation, giving more autonomy to the states.

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