Anesthesia Technology: Final Exam Review For Anesthesia Equipment 202

97 Questions | Total Attempts: 309

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Anesthesia Technology: Final Exam Review For Anesthesia Equipment 202

All information presented here is from the Anesthesia Technology Program through CCBC and Johns Hopkins in Baltimore, MD.


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    The most common perioperative neuropathy involves which peripheral nerve?
    • A. 

      Median

    • B. 

      Sciatic

    • C. 

      Ulnar

    • D. 

      Obturator

  • 2. 
    Which of the following my increase the risk of perioperative neuropathy?
    • A. 

      Elbow flexion

    • B. 

      Improperly positioned operating room equipment

    • C. 

      Shoulder abduction

    • D. 

      Head that has fallen off the pillow

    • E. 

      All of the above

  • 3. 
    A perioperative ulnar neuropathy that is associated with motor dysfunction (an inability to firmly close the little finger against the thumb - a motion of opposition) suggests a more significant ulnar nerve injury and will recover less quickly than a neuropathy with only sensory loss because _________________.
    • A. 

      The motor fibers are damaged more easily than sensory fibers

    • B. 

      Sensory fibers heal more quickly than motor fibers

    • C. 

      A more significant ischemic injury has occurred if the motor fibers deep in the ulnar nerve are affected

    • D. 

      The motor fibers are more superficial on the ulnar nerve

  • 4. 
    Which maneuver increases the risk of brachial plexopathy in a prone-positioned patient?
    • A. 

      Abduction of the shoulder for greater than 90 degrees

    • B. 

      Flexion of the elbow for greater than 90 degrees

    • C. 

      Neutral position of the head

    • D. 

      Placement of the arms at the side

  • 5. 
    Which joint maneuver increases the risk of obturator neuropathy in a patient who is placed in the lithotomy position?
    • A. 

      Hip flexion for greater than 90 degrees

    • B. 

      Full knee extension

    • C. 

      Lumbar hyperextension

    • D. 

      Hip abduction for greater than 30 degrees

  • 6. 
    Which is the most common cause of perioperative peroneal neuropathy in a patient who is positioned in a lithotomy position?
    • A. 

      Compression of a nerve by a leg holder as the nerve wraps around the fibular head

    • B. 

      Hyperextension of the knee and ankle simultaneously 

    • C. 

      Prolonged dorsiflexion of the foot in a leg holder

    • D. 

      Excessive hip flexion when the lower extremity is placed in a leg holder

  • 7. 
    Which is the primary reason to pad peripheral nerves when positioning patients?
    • A. 

      The pad improves blood flow

    • B. 

      The pad limits stretch of the nerve

    • C. 

      The pad increase strain on the nerve

    • D. 

      The pad distributes point pressure

  • 8. 
    Nonintubating techniques available for laser surgery of the airway that remove the fire potential of an ETT include all of the following except:
    • A. 

      Apneic oxygenation

    • B. 

      Spontaneous ventilation

    • C. 

      Venturi Jet Ventilation

    • D. 

      Laryngeal Mask Airway (LMA)

    • E. 

      None of the above

  • 9. 
    A fire in the operating room requires three components:
    • A. 

      Match, plastic, and oxidizing source

    • B. 

      Ignition source, plastic, and nitrous oxide

    • C. 

      Fuel, nitrous oxide, and explosives

    • D. 

      Fuel, oxidizing sourse, and ignition source

    • E. 

      Oxidizing source, ignition source, and helium

  • 10. 
    Risks associated with jet ventilation include:
    • A. 

      Eye injury

    • B. 

      Burns

    • C. 

      Aspiration of gastric contents

    • D. 

      Infection 

    • E. 

      Pain

  • 11. 
    A laser beam of energy can be all of the following except:
    • A. 

      Invisible

    • B. 

      Multicolored

    • C. 

      A distinct color

    • D. 

      Derived from an active medium (solid, liquid, or gas)

    • E. 

      Travel through a substance without affecting the substance at all

  • 12. 
    Benefits of laser over other surgical techniques include all of the following except:
    • A. 

      Decreased pain

    • B. 

      Expense

    • C. 

      Decreased swelling

    • D. 

      Decreased bleeding

    • E. 

      Ability to target difficult-to-reach regions of the body

  • 13. 
    RACE stands for:
    • A. 

      Remove, Alarm, Contain, Extinguish 

    • B. 

      Recover, Alarm, Cover, Evacuate

    • C. 

      Rescue, Alarm, Contain, Evacuate

    • D. 

      Respond, Alarm, Contain, Extinguish

    • E. 

      None of the above

  • 14. 
    As an Anesthesia Technician, you may be asked to assist with various types of fire, which may include:
    • A. 

      Airway fires

    • B. 

      OR fires

    • C. 

      Surgical fires

    • D. 

      Facility fires

    • E. 

      All of the above

  • 15. 
    The recommended type of fire extinguisher for use in an OR is:
    • A. 

      CO2

    • B. 

      Pressurized Water

    • C. 

      Halon

    • D. 

      Dry Powder

    • E. 

      None of the above

  • 16. 
    In the event of a fire in the OR, it is important to turn off the flow of oxygen.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 17. 
    All of the following statements apply when drying the hands and arms except:
    • A. 

      Bend over slightly from the waist.

    • B. 

      Begin drying with the hand and move up the arm

    • C. 

      Dry thoroughly to avoid skin irritation

    • D. 

      Roll the towel before discarding into the appropriate container.

  • 18. 
    The closed-glove technique is used:
    • A. 

      Only when the hands have never passed through the gown cuffs

    • B. 

      When regloving without assistance during the procedure

    • C. 

      To assist a surgeon in donning sterile attire

    • D. 

      As a method for correcting glove contamination

  • 19. 
    When a scrub person assists another team member with gowning and gloving, he or she does all of the following except:
    • A. 

      Protect gloved hands by forming a cuff of the neck and shoulder area

    • B. 

      Release the gown when the team member’s hands are in the sleeves

    • C. 

      Handle the glove on the inside only

    • D. 

      Always offer the right glove first

  • 20. 
    The sterile areas of the gown include the:
    1. Front from two inches below the neck to waist or table level
    2. Gloves and gown sleeve to two inches above the elbow
    3. Sides from axillae to waist or table level
    4. Back of a wraparound gown
    • A. 

      1 and 2

    • B. 

      1 and 3

    • C. 

      1, 2, and 3

    • D. 

      1, 2, 3, and 4

  • 21. 
    During gowning, the circulating nurse can assists the scrub person by:
    • A. 

      Pulling the bottom edge of the front of the gown to eliminate blousing

    • B. 

      Helping to get the creases out of the gown’s sleeves by pulling the shoulders up

    • C. 

      Reaching inside the gown and pulling the inside seam

    • D. 

      All of the above

  • 22. 
    The use of a brush for surgical hand scrubs is not necessary.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 23. 
    When taking off the gown at the end of the case, the gloves’ cuffs usually turn down as the sleeves pass off the arms. The wearer removes the gloves using which one of the techniques listed below?
    • A. 

      Pull off by fingers of each glove

    • B. 

      Glove-to-glove and then skin-to-skin

    • C. 

      Open-glove technique

    • D. 

      Scrubbed person’s choice if gloves are not too dirty

  • 24. 
    When one or both gloves must be changed without assistance, which one of the following methods listed below should be used?
    • A. 

      Double gloving

    • B. 

      Open-glove technique

    • C. 

      Barehanded gloving

    • D. 

      Closed-glove technique

  • 25. 
    When a team member other than the scrub nurse contaminates a glove during the surgical procedure, the scrub nurse regloves the team member using which one of the following methods?
    • A. 

      Assisted gloving

    • B. 

      Reverse gloving

    • C. 

      Protected gloving

    • D. 

      Open gloving

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