Roads for trade routes
Consistent water supply
Protection from enemies
Prevention of earthquakes
Ganges River Valley
Indus River Valley
Astronauts saw it from space.
Historians read ancient scrolls.
Archaeologists found its ruins.
Geographers studied old maps.
It had traders who stayed near the roads.
It had religious leaders who lived separately.
It had rich people who owned the best homes.
It had enemies who might attack the residents.
Likely causes for its beginning
Theories for why it disappeared
Problems with being near a river
Reasons it was led by strong rulers
The highest caste in India
The original tribes of southern India
A nomadic people who moved into India
A group of scribes who recorded Indian teachings
Sanskrit written language
The Great Bath
Indian customs and rituals
They wanted to stay pure.
They shared all their goods.
They had to eat a special diet.
They were considered unclean.
For making wine
For grinding grain
In the citadel
In the tall tower
In the lower city
In the courtyards
Wheeled carts were pulled by animals.
The workshops were made of mud bricks.
Some of the houses were larger than others.
Nine streets divided the lower city into blocks.
An ancient statue
A report by a visitor
Remains of an old robe