Ancient India Graded Practice

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| By Stjulianad
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Quizzes Created: 4 | Total Attempts: 1,924
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Ancient India Graded Practice - Quiz

Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    During the summer in India, the monsoon brings

    • A.

      Heavy rain

    • B.

      Dust storms

    • C.

      Unbearable heat

    • D.

      Pleasant mornings

    Correct Answer
    A. Heavy rain
    Explanation
    During the summer in India, the monsoon season is characterized by heavy rain. The monsoon winds bring moisture from the Indian Ocean, resulting in significant rainfall across the country. This heavy rain is a crucial factor for agriculture, replenishing water sources, and providing relief from the scorching heat. The monsoon season typically brings relief from the unbearable heat, dust storms, and brings about pleasant mornings due to the cooler temperatures and fresh air after the rain.

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  • 2. 

    Which phrase best describes the Eastern and Western Ghats?

    • A.

      Fertile plains

    • B.

      Sandy beaches

    • C.

      Mountain ranges

    • D.

      Marshy wetlands

    Correct Answer
    C. Mountain ranges
    Explanation
    The Eastern and Western Ghats are best described as mountain ranges. These ghats are long, continuous mountain ranges that run parallel to the east and west coasts of India. They are known for their rugged terrain, steep slopes, and high peaks. The Eastern Ghats and Western Ghats are important ecological hotspots, hosting a wide range of biodiversity and providing a habitat for numerous plant and animal species. They also play a crucial role in influencing the climate and rainfall patterns in the surrounding regions.

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  • 3. 

    Which letter on the map shows the location of Mohenjo-Daro?

    • A.

      Letter M

    • B.

      Letter N

    • C.

      Letter O

    • D.

      Letter P

    Correct Answer
    A. Letter M
    Explanation
    The letter M on the map shows the location of Mohenjo-Daro.

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  • 4. 

    How has the location of the Himalaya Mountains benefited India?

    • A.

      Roads for trade routes

    • B.

      Consistent water supply

    • C.

      Protection from enemies

    • D.

      Prevention of earthquakes

    Correct Answer
    C. Protection from enemies
    Explanation
    The location of the Himalaya Mountains has benefited India by providing protection from enemies. The mountain range acts as a natural barrier, making it difficult for invaders to penetrate into the Indian subcontinent. The steep and rugged terrain, along with the high altitudes, make it challenging for armies to cross the mountains, thus offering a strategic advantage to India. This geographical feature has played a crucial role in safeguarding the country from potential threats throughout history.

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  • 5. 

    Travelers went through the Khyber Pass to cross the

    • A.

      Hindu Kush

    • B.

      Eastern Ghats

    • C.

      Deccan Plateau

    • D.

      Himalaya Mountains

    Correct Answer
    A. Hindu Kush
    Explanation
    Travelers went through the Khyber Pass to cross the Hindu Kush because the Hindu Kush is a mountain range located in Afghanistan and Pakistan, and the Khyber Pass is a narrow mountain pass that cuts through this range. The pass has been historically important as a trade route and a gateway between Central Asia and the Indian subcontinent. Therefore, it is logical to infer that travelers would have used the Khyber Pass to cross the Hindu Kush.

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  • 6. 

    Mohenjo-Daro developed in the 

    • A.

      Western Ghats

    • B.

      Ganges River Valley

    • C.

      Himalayas

    • D.

      Indus River Valley

    Correct Answer
    D. Indus River Valley
    Explanation
    Mohenjo-Daro developed in the Indus River Valley. This ancient city was one of the largest settlements of the Indus Valley Civilization, which flourished around 2500 BCE. Located in present-day Pakistan, Mohenjo-Daro was strategically positioned along the banks of the Indus River, which provided a reliable water source for agriculture and trade. The city's advanced urban planning, sophisticated drainage system, and well-organized layout indicate a highly developed civilization. The Indus River Valley was an ideal location for the growth and prosperity of Mohenjo-Daro.

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  • 7. 

    How did modern scholars learn that Mohenjo-Daro had ever existed?

    • A.

      Astronauts saw it from space.

    • B.

      Historians read ancient scrolls.

    • C.

      Archaeologists found its ruins.

    • D.

      Geographers studied old maps.

    Correct Answer
    C. Archaeologists found its ruins.
    Explanation
    Modern scholars learned that Mohenjo-Daro had ever existed through the discovery of its ruins by archaeologists. By excavating the site and studying the artifacts and structures found there, archaeologists were able to piece together the history and existence of this ancient city. This physical evidence provided valuable insights into the civilization that once thrived at Mohenjo-Daro.

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  • 8. 

    Part of Mohenjo-Daro was raised and surrounded by a wall.  What does this suggest about the city?

    • A.

      It had traders who stayed near the roads.

    • B.

      It had religious leaders who lived separately.

    • C.

      It had rich people who owned the best homes.

    • D.

      It had enemies who might attack the residents.

    Correct Answer
    D. It had enemies who might attack the residents.
    Explanation
    The fact that part of Mohenjo-Daro was raised and surrounded by a wall suggests that the city had enemies who might attack the residents. The wall was likely built as a defensive measure to protect the city from potential invaders or hostile forces. This indicates that the people of Mohenjo-Daro were aware of external threats and took measures to safeguard their community.

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  • 9. 

    What is the list below related to Mohenjo-Daro?
    • Invaders
    • Floods
    • Earthquakes

    • A.

      Likely causes for its beginning

    • B.

      Theories for why it disappeared

    • C.

      Problems with being near a river

    • D.

      Reasons it was led by strong rulers

    Correct Answer
    B. Theories for why it disappeared
    Explanation
    The list of "Invaders, Floods, Earthquakes" is related to Mohenjo-Daro because these are possible reasons that have been suggested for the disappearance of the ancient city. It is believed that invasions by outside forces, frequent floods, and earthquakes may have contributed to the decline and abandonment of Mohenjo-Daro. These theories aim to explain why the once prosperous city eventually vanished from history.

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  • 10. 

    Who were the Aryans?

    • A.

      The highest caste in India

    • B.

      The original tribes of southern India

    • C.

      A nomadic people who moved into India

    • D.

      A group of scribes who recorded Indian teachings

    Correct Answer
    C. A nomadic people who moved into India
    Explanation
    The Aryans were a nomadic people who migrated into India. They were believed to have originated from Central Asia and entered the Indian subcontinent around 1500 BCE. The Aryans brought with them their language, culture, and religious beliefs, which heavily influenced the development of ancient Indian civilization. They settled in the northern parts of India and established kingdoms and societies based on their Vedic traditions. The arrival of the Aryans had a significant impact on the indigenous population and laid the foundation for the Vedic period in Indian history.

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  • 11. 

    Which of the following was NOT a contribution of the Aryans?

    • A.

      Sanskrit written language

    • B.

      The Great Bath

    • C.

      Caste System

    • D.

      Indian customs and rituals

    Correct Answer
    B. The Great Bath
    Explanation
    The Great Bath was not a contribution of the Aryans. The Great Bath is a structure located in the ancient city of Mohenjo-daro, which is associated with the Indus Valley Civilization. It was built around 2500 BCE, predating the arrival of the Aryans in the Indian subcontinent by several centuries. The Aryans, on the other hand, are credited with the development of the Sanskrit written language, the establishment of the caste system, and the influence on Indian customs and rituals.

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  • 12. 

    In the caste system, how were people in India placed into a certain social class?

    • A.

      By skill

    • B.

      By birth

    • C.

      By wealth

    • D.

      By education

    Correct Answer
    B. By birth
    Explanation
    In the caste system, people in India were placed into a certain social class based on their birth. This means that individuals were assigned to a specific caste or social group at birth, and their social status and privileges were determined by the caste they belonged to. This system was inherited and passed down from generation to generation, with little to no possibility of upward mobility or changing one's caste.

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  • 13. 

    Why did Untouchables live in separate communities?

    • A.

      They wanted to stay pure.

    • B.

      They shared all their goods.

    • C.

      They had to eat a special diet.

    • D.

      They were considered unclean.

    Correct Answer
    D. They were considered unclean.
    Explanation
    The Untouchables lived in separate communities because they were considered unclean. In the caste system of India, the Untouchables were at the bottom and were considered impure and polluted. As a result, they were segregated from the rest of society and had to live in separate communities to avoid contaminating others. This discrimination was based on the belief that contact with Untouchables would bring bad luck or spiritual pollution. By living separately, they were able to maintain social distance and uphold the purity norms of the caste system.

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  • 14. 

    A person who spoke these words most likely belonged to which caste, "I have been learning about battle.  My father is showing me how to use different kinds of weapons so I will be a good warrior."

    • A.

      Shudras

    • B.

      Vaishyas

    • C.

      Brahmins

    • D.

      Kshatriyas

    Correct Answer
    D. Kshatriyas
    Explanation
    The person who spoke these words most likely belonged to the Kshatriya caste. The statement suggests that the person's father is teaching them about battle and how to use weapons, indicating a focus on warfare and military skills. In the traditional Hindu caste system, the Kshatriyas were the warriors and rulers, responsible for protecting society and engaging in warfare.

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  • 15. 

    Archaeologists found a structure that was 39 feet long and 8 feet deep, with a well nearby and a drain along one side.  How was it likely used?

    • A.

      For bathing

    • B.

      For cooking

    • C.

      For making wine

    • D.

      For grinding grain

    Correct Answer
    A. For bathing
    Explanation
    Based on the information provided, the structure's dimensions and the presence of a well and a drain suggest that it was likely used for bathing. The length and depth of the structure indicate that it could accommodate people for bathing purposes, while the presence of a well suggests a water source for filling the structure. Additionally, the drain along one side would help in draining the water after use.

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  • 16. 

    Where did most people of Mohenjo-Daro live?

    • A.

      In the citadel

    • B.

      In the tall tower

    • C.

      In the lower city

    • D.

      In the courtyards

    Correct Answer
    C. In the lower city
    Explanation
    Most people of Mohenjo-Daro lived in the lower city. This can be inferred from archaeological evidence, which shows that the lower city was densely populated and had a well-planned layout with streets, houses, and public buildings. The citadel, on the other hand, was a smaller area that housed the ruling elite and had more administrative and religious structures. The tall tower and courtyards are not mentioned in relation to the living arrangements of the people in Mohenjo-Daro.

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  • 17. 

    Which fact shows that Mohenjo-Daro was carefully planned?

    • A.

      Wheeled carts were pulled by animals.

    • B.

      The workshops were made of mud bricks.

    • C.

      Some of the houses were larger than others.

    • D.

      Nine streets divided the lower city into blocks.

    Correct Answer
    D. Nine streets divided the lower city into blocks.
    Explanation
    The fact that nine streets divided the lower city into blocks suggests that Mohenjo-Daro was carefully planned. This indicates that the city was designed with a structured layout, with clear divisions and organization. The presence of these streets and blocks would have facilitated movement and navigation within the city, indicating a level of thought and intention in the city's design.

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  • 18. 

    What evidence shows us how men in Mohenjo-Daro might have dressed?

    • A.

      Pictographs

    • B.

      An ancient statue

    • C.

      A report by a visitor

    • D.

      Remains of an old robe

    Correct Answer
    B. An ancient statue
    Explanation
    An ancient statue provides evidence of how men in Mohenjo-Daro might have dressed. The statue would depict the clothing and attire worn by men during that time period, giving us a visual representation of their dress style. By studying the statue, we can gather information about the types of garments, fabrics, and styles that were prevalent in Mohenjo-Daro. This helps us understand the fashion and clothing choices of the people living in that civilization.

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  • 19. 

    Which feature of Mohenjo-Daro was quite different from other settlements of that time?

    • A.

      High wall

    • B.

      Dirt roads

    • C.

      Brick homes

    • D.

      Sewer homes

    Correct Answer
    D. Sewer homes
    Explanation
    The feature of sewer homes in Mohenjo-Daro was quite different from other settlements of that time. This advanced system of underground drains and sewage disposal was not commonly found in other settlements during that period. The presence of sewer homes in Mohenjo-Daro indicates a high level of urban planning and sanitation infrastructure in the city, setting it apart from other contemporary settlements.

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  • Current Version
  • Mar 21, 2023
    Quiz Edited by
    ProProfs Editorial Team
  • Jan 10, 2013
    Quiz Created by
    Stjulianad
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