The Geography And The Early Settlement Of Ancient India

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Ancient India Quizzes & Trivia

Mesopotamia was an ancient region located in the eastern Mediterranean bounded in the northeast by the Zagros Mountains and in the Southeast by the Arabian Plateau. They have been credited for being the best farmers and scholars. Take the quiz and see how much you know about them. All the best!


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

     India is attached to Asia and surrounded on three sides by water. Because of these features, it is called 

    • A.

      An isthmus

    • B.

      A subcontinent

    • C.

      An ecosystem

    • D.

      A plateau

    Correct Answer
    B. A subcontinent
    Explanation
    India is called a subcontinent because it is attached to the larger continent of Asia and is surrounded on three sides by water. This geographical feature separates India from the rest of Asia and gives it a distinct identity. The term "subcontinent" is used to describe a large, self-contained landmass that is smaller than a continent but still significant in size and geographical features. India's unique position and size make it fitting to be referred to as a subcontinent.

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  • 2. 

    2. The Brahmaputra River begins in the Himalayas, flows into a valley, and eventually joins the Ganges River on the plains. As it flows, its depth varies. At what point is the Brahmaputra at its shallowest?

    • A.

      A. in the mountains

    • B.

      B. during the monsoons

    • C.

      C. in the valley

    • D.

      D. during the summer

    Correct Answer
    A. A. in the mountains
    Explanation
    The Brahmaputra River begins in the Himalayas, which are known for their high elevations and rugged terrain. Therefore, it is reasonable to assume that the river would be at its shallowest point while it is still in the mountains. As the river flows down from the mountains into the valley and eventually joins the Ganges River on the plains, it is likely to deepen due to the increased volume of water and the wider channel.

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  • 3. 

    3. What is located between the Eastern and Western Ghats?

    • A.

      A. the Hindu Kush Mountains

    • B.

      B. the Himalaya Mountains

    • C.

      C. the Deccan Plateau

    • D.

      D. the Indus River

    Correct Answer
    C. C. the Deccan Plateau
    Explanation
    The correct answer is C. the Deccan Plateau. The Deccan Plateau is a large plateau located in central and southern India. It is bounded by the Eastern Ghats to the east and the Western Ghats to the west. These mountain ranges act as natural barriers, separating the Deccan Plateau from the coastal plains on either side. The Hindu Kush Mountains and the Himalaya Mountains are located in northern India and Pakistan, far away from the Eastern and Western Ghats. The Indus River is located in Pakistan, also far away from the Ghats. Therefore, the Deccan Plateau is the most logical answer.

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  • 4. 

    4. The Himalaya Mountains form India’s northern border. What is one possible benefit of the mountains being there?

    • A.

      A. protection from enemies

    • B.

      B. roads for trade routes

    • C.

      C. constant supply of water

    • D.

      D. fertile farmland for crops

    Correct Answer
    A. A. protection from enemies
    Explanation
    The presence of the Himalaya Mountains as India's northern border provides a possible benefit of protection from enemies. The rugged terrain and high altitude of the mountains act as a natural barrier, making it difficult for invaders to penetrate into the Indian subcontinent. This geographical feature has historically played a crucial role in safeguarding India from potential threats and providing a sense of security to the country.

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  • 5. 

    5. If you had lived in India in 2500 B.C.E., where would you most likely have chosen to settle?

    • A.

      A. on the Deccan Plateau

    • B.

      B. in the Hindu Kush mountains

    • C.

      C. near the Brahmaputra River

    • D.

      D. in the Thar Desert

    Correct Answer
    C. C. near the Brahmaputra River
    Explanation
    In 2500 B.C.E., the Brahmaputra River would have been the most likely place to settle in India because rivers provided a source of water for drinking, irrigation, and transportation. Settlements near rivers also allowed for fertile land for agriculture, which was essential for survival and sustaining a community. The Brahmaputra River is one of the major rivers in India, and its presence would have made it an attractive location for settlement.

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  • 6. 

    6. The Brahmaputra, The Ganges, and Indus Rivers all start in the mountains. What is one result of this?

    • A.

      A. Their water is too cold to be used for farming

    • B.

      B. Their water is too polluted to be used for drinking

    • C.

      C. Their water carries sediment that is good for farming

    • D.

      D. Their water carries fish that is good for eating

    Correct Answer
    C. C. Their water carries sediment that is good for farming
    Explanation
    The correct answer is C. Their water carries sediment that is good for farming. The rivers mentioned in the question, the Brahmaputra, the Ganges, and the Indus, all originate in the mountains. As they flow downstream, they carry sediment with them. This sediment is rich in nutrients and minerals, which makes the soil fertile and suitable for farming. Farmers in the regions surrounding these rivers benefit from this sediment deposition, as it helps in the cultivation of crops and enhances agricultural productivity.

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  • 7. 

    7.Which river does this list describe? -begins in the Himalayas -flows through what is now Pakistan -empties into the Arabian Sea -is home to a wide variety of fish

    • A.

      A. Brahmaputra

    • B.

      B. Ganges

    • C.

      C. Indus

    • D.

      D.Kush

    Correct Answer
    C. C. Indus
    Explanation
    The given description matches the characteristics of the Indus river. The Indus river starts in the Himalayas, flows through what is now Pakistan, and empties into the Arabian Sea. It is also known for its diverse range of fish species. Therefore, the correct answer is C. Indus.

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  • 8. 

    8. Where is the Khyber Pass?

    • A.

      A. in the Hindu Kush mountains

    • B.

      B. on the Deccan Plateau

    • C.

      C. in the Brahmaputra river valley

    • D.

      D. in the Eastern Ghats

    Correct Answer
    A. A. in the Hindu Kush mountains
    Explanation
    The Khyber Pass is located in the Hindu Kush mountains. This pass is an important historical and strategic route that connects Afghanistan and Pakistan. It has been used for centuries as a gateway for trade and invasions between South Asia and Central Asia. The Hindu Kush mountains are known for their rugged terrain and high peaks, making the Khyber Pass a challenging yet vital passage through this mountain range.

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  • 9. 

    9. True or False: Mount Everest, in the Himalayas, reaches five and a half miles into the sky.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    Mount Everest, located in the Himalayas, is the highest mountain in the world. It reaches a height of approximately 29,029 feet or 5.5 miles above sea level. Therefore, the statement is true.

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  • 10. 

    10. True or False:A monsoon is a small wind that brings no rain at all.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    B. False
    Explanation
    A monsoon is not a small wind that brings no rain at all. In fact, a monsoon is a large-scale wind system that typically brings heavy rainfall to a region. Monsoons are characterized by seasonal changes in wind direction, which lead to significant precipitation and can have a significant impact on the climate and agriculture of affected areas. Therefore, the statement "A monsoon is a small wind that brings no rain at all" is false.

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