Ancient Buildings Of The Athenian Agora

26 Questions | Total Attempts: 66

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Ancient Buildings Of The Athenian Agora - Quiz

How well do you know the buildings and features of the ancient Athenian Agora? This is intended as a revision quiz for History of Architecture, with reference to 'The Athenian Agora - Excavations in the Heart of Classical Athens' by J. M. Camp


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    The Temple of Ares is an example of a 'Wandering Temple'.  Briefly explain what this means.
  • 2. 
    Which two of the following buildings were round in form?
    • A. 

      Tholos

    • B. 

      Bouleuterion

    • C. 

      Monopteros

  • 3. 
    The ________ is the main street which passes diagonally through the Agora.  It enters the city at the ____ gate and leads to the ____ and is over 1 km long. 
  • 4. 
    The  ______ was the official name for the Senate House.  It housed the archives of the city.  When the Senate moved to a new building constructed next door the building became known as the _______.Note: please only type one answer from the two blanks.  The quiz will not give you any points for answering two in a row
  • 5. 
    This building has diamond shaped roof tiles resembling the scales of a fish.  Within its walls a group of senators were on duty twenty four hours of the day.
    • A. 

      Stoa

    • B. 

      Bouleuterion

    • C. 

      Tholos

  • 6. 
    _____ is the unusual monument associated with the Metroon and its archival collection.  The ten statues represent the figures after which the then tribes were named.  Every Athenian citizen from the three regions of city, coast and inland was assigned a tribe.  Members were granted the rights and prilileges established by the delevloping democracy.
  • 7. 
    What material were the statues of ten figures representing the ten tribes made from?
    • A. 

      Bronze

    • B. 

      Gold

    • C. 

      Marble

  • 8. 
    ______ was where the 2nd in command of the Athenian Government - the king archon - held office.
  • 9. 
    Where did the army generals hold office?
    • A. 

      The Arsenal

    • B. 

      The Stadium

    • C. 

      The Strategeion

  • 10. 
    In the Archaic period, the Agora was defined by 'horoi' placed at either side of street entrances into the open square.  The inscriptions on the stone faces read "I am the _____ of the Agora"
    • A. 

      Boundary

    • B. 

      Heart

    • C. 

      Guardian

  • 11. 
    Which two buildings formed the heart of the Athenian Democracy?
    • A. 

      Stoa and Basilica

    • B. 

      Bouleuterion and Tholos

    • C. 

      Basilica and Bouleuterion

  • 12. 
    Which famous Stoa was one of the more decorated secular buildings in Athens and had the best location: looking right up the Panathenaic Way to the Acropolis?
    • A. 

      Stoa of Attalos

    • B. 

      The Royal Stoa

    • C. 

      The Painted Stoa

  • 13. 
    The ancient greek stoas were climatically designed in their recommended orientation and other features.  Fill in the blanks:The ______ columned facade took advantage  of the low winter sun for its warmthThe _______ provided a shaded space away from the summer sun or rain for the public to useThe comparatively blind face of the back wall protected the building against the cold ______ windNote: please give your answers in lowercase for this question.  Only type one of the answers from the three blanks to get your score...
  • 14. 
    This religious building was the largest temple near the Agora and the most lavish of the Classical period, built mostly of marble with beautifully sculptured friezes and a coffered ceiling.  It sits atop a hill to the west and still exists today, being one of the best preserved Greek temples from antiquity.  What is the temple's name?
    • A. 

      The Heliaia

    • B. 

      The Temple of Ares

    • C. 

      The Hephaisteion

  • 15. 
    Which of these structures below were situated within the Agora square itself at any time in Antiquity?
    • A. 

      Temple of Ares

    • B. 

      Roman Basilica

    • C. 

      Altar of the 12 Gods

    • D. 

      Cross-road Sanctuary

    • E. 

      Nymphaion

    • F. 

      The Eponymous Heroes

    • G. 

      Library of Pantainos

    • H. 

      Altar of Zeus Agoraios

    • I. 

      The Odeion of Agrippa

  • 16. 
    Which of these functions did the early Agora, or site of the current Agora have?
    • A. 

      Burial ground

    • B. 

      Racetrack for Panathenaic games

    • C. 

      A monthly slave market

    • D. 

      A performance space for drama and music contests

  • 17. 
    The _____ is where representatives of the people met every day
  • 18. 
    This structure seems to have had an offical function as a commercial building during the Classical Period alongside the small private shops and workrooms surrounding the Agora and the temporary booths set up within the square.  It had 16 rooms behind a double Doric colonnade.  The upper storey is built from the more economical sun-dried mud brick.
    • A. 

      South Stoa I

    • B. 

      Southeast Stoa

    • C. 

      Stoa of Attica

  • 19. 
    ______ is the Greek name for the law courts on the south side of the Agora
  • 20. 
    During the Roman Period the Agora was at its greatest level of development
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 21. 
    ________ was the fullest development of its building type.  Its had two stories, each with a double colonnade and twenty one shops on each floor.  It is constructed from marble and limestone.  Due to heavy commercial useage, the bottom third of each exterior column was unfluted to prevent chipping from the constant passage of goods and consumers.
  • 22. 
    Which building constructed during the Hellenistic Period first divided the open square of the Agora into two distinct areas of unequal size?
    • A. 

      South Stoa II

    • B. 

      Middle Stoa

    • C. 

      Temple of Ares

  • 23. 
    The _______ was the most imposing stucture added during the Roman Period and sat right in the centre of the old sqaure.  It served as a concert hall seating about a thousand people.  The exterior columns and pilasters were of the Corinthian order.  At several storeys high, it dominated the other buildings of the Agora.
  • 24. 
    The stones marking the Agora are called _________
  • 25. 
    The _______ is the principle thoroughfare of the city, also known in Athens as the Panathenaic Way.
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