Edf1005 Quiz 7

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Edf1005 Quiz 7 - Quiz

Quiz on Chapter Seven in Textbook and readings from week six and the film, "The Spartans."


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    In early colonial times, education was aimed at

    • A.

      Teaching practical subjects such as navigation and bookkeeping

    • B.

      Saving souls through religious instruction.

    • C.

      Keeping children out of mischief, freeing up men and women to toil in the fields or in the home.

    • D.

      .educating citizens for the demands of a democracy.

    Correct Answer
    B. Saving souls through religious instruction.
    Explanation
    In early colonial times, education had a primary focus on saving souls through religious instruction. This was because religion played a central role in the lives of the colonists, and it was believed that education should prioritize the spiritual well-being of individuals. By teaching religious principles and doctrines, it was believed that souls could be saved and individuals could lead a righteous life. This emphasis on religious instruction also helped to shape the moral values and behaviors of the colonial society.

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  • 2. 

    The “Old Deluder Satan Law” of 1647 required that

    • A.

      All citizens of Massachusetts present themselves periodically to recite Scripture.

    • B.

      Apprenticeships be prohibited in the state of Massachusetts.

    • C.

      All citizens of Massachusetts be assessed to determine reading and writing skills.

    • D.

      Massachusetts provide education for young people.

    Correct Answer
    D. Massachusetts provide education for young people.
    Explanation
    The correct answer is Massachusetts provide education for young people. The "Old Deluder Satan Law" of 1647 required that Massachusetts provide education for young people. This law was passed to ensure that children were educated in order to prevent them from being deceived by Satan and to promote literacy and religious knowledge among the population. It mandated that towns with a certain population size establish schools and hire teachers to educate children. This law laid the foundation for public education in Massachusetts and had a significant impact on the development of education in the United States.

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  • 3. 

    In the colonial period, which area offered the most structured, formal education? 

    • A.

      The southern colonies

    • B.

      The middle colonies

    • C.

      the northern colonies

    • D.

      Actually, the colonial educational system was remarkably uniform across all locations

    Correct Answer
    C. the northern colonies
    Explanation
    During the colonial period, the northern colonies offered the most structured and formal education. This can be attributed to the influence of the Puritans who placed a strong emphasis on education and established schools to ensure that children were properly educated. The Puritans believed that education was essential for reading and interpreting the Bible, and therefore, they established schools and universities such as Harvard to provide education to the community. This focus on education in the northern colonies set them apart from the other regions and made them the leaders in providing structured and formal education during this time.

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  • 4. 

    Only 15 years after arriving in America, the Puritans established the

    • A.

      Latin grammar school

    • B.

      Free Academy.

    • C.

      Junior high school.

    • D.

      Common school.

    Correct Answer
    A. Latin grammar school
    Explanation
    The correct answer is Latin grammar school. This is because the Puritans arrived in America 15 years prior to establishing the Latin grammar school. This suggests that the Latin grammar school was one of the early educational institutions established by the Puritans in America.

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  • 5. 

    Which one of the following features of U.S. education today CANNOT be traced to colonial times?

    • A.

      Tax-supported schools

    • B.

      Teacher competency tests

    • C.

      Compulsory education

    • D.

      local control of schools

    Correct Answer
    B. Teacher competency tests
    Explanation
    Teacher competency tests cannot be traced back to colonial times because they are a relatively recent development in U.S. education. While tax-supported schools, compulsory education, and local control of schools all have roots in colonial times, teacher competency tests emerged much later as a means to ensure that teachers possess the necessary knowledge and skills to effectively educate students.

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  • 6. 

    The first real textbook used in eighteenth-century colonial schools promoting not only mastery of the alphabet but also religious morality was the 

    • A.

      American Spelling Book.

    • B.

      hornbook.

    • C.

      McGuffey Reader.

    • D.

      New England Primer.

    Correct Answer
    D. New England Primer.
    Explanation
    The New England Primer was the first real textbook used in colonial schools in the eighteenth century. It not only taught students the alphabet but also emphasized religious morality. This textbook played a significant role in shaping the education and values of colonial children, making it the correct answer.

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  • 7. 

    Benjamin Franklin’s Academy upheld all of the following principles regarding education EXCEPT 

    • A.

      Education should be available to both boys and girls.

    • B.

      School curricula should emphasize practical subjects.

    • C.

      Education should be available to all children regardless of economic class.

    • D.

      Education should be free from religious influence.

    Correct Answer
    C. Education should be available to all children regardless of economic class.
    Explanation
    Benjamin Franklin's Academy upheld the principles that education should be available to both boys and girls, that school curricula should emphasize practical subjects, and that education should be free from religious influence. However, it did not prioritize providing education to all children regardless of economic class.

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  • 8. 

    Education became a state responsibility through the

    • A.

      Northwest Ordinance.

    • B.

      Tenth Amendment.

    • C.

      Fourteenth Amendment.

    • D.

      Elementary and Secondary Education Act.

    Correct Answer
    B. Tenth Amendment.
    Explanation
    The Tenth Amendment of the United States Constitution states that any powers not specifically delegated to the federal government are reserved for the states. Therefore, education becoming a state responsibility can be attributed to the Tenth Amendment, as it is not an enumerated power given to the federal government. This means that the responsibility for education is left to the individual states to govern and regulate.

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  • 9. 

    The common school movement represented

    • A.

      the effort to standardize curriculum in grammar schools and academies.

    • B.

      Benjamin Franklin’s attempt to provide education to both boys and girls.

    • C.

      The effort to establish public elementary schooling.

    • D.

      An early version of the drive to promote cultural literacy.

    Correct Answer
    C. The effort to establish public elementary schooling.
    Explanation
    The common school movement represented the effort to establish public elementary schooling. This movement aimed to provide education to all children, regardless of their social or economic background. It sought to create a standardized curriculum and make education accessible to everyone, not just the privileged few. This movement was a significant step towards ensuring that every child had the opportunity to receive a basic education.

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  • 10. 

    The name most closely associated with the common school movement is

    • A.

      John Dewey

    • B.

      Horace Mann.

    • C.

      Friedrich Froebel.

    • D.

      Maria Montessori

    Correct Answer
    B. Horace Mann.
    Explanation
    Horace Mann is the correct answer because he is widely recognized as the leading figure in the common school movement. He was an American education reformer who advocated for free public education and played a crucial role in shaping the modern education system in the United States. Mann believed that education should be accessible to all children, regardless of their social or economic backgrounds, and he worked tirelessly to establish public schools and improve the quality of education. His contributions to education reform have had a lasting impact, making him the name most closely associated with the common school movement.

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  • 11. 

    Most Native American children are educated in public schools.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    The statement is true because most Native American children receive their education in public schools. This is because public schools are funded by the government and are accessible to all students, including Native American children. Public schools provide a wide range of educational opportunities and resources to ensure that all students, regardless of their cultural background, receive a quality education. Therefore, it is accurate to say that most Native American children are educated in public schools.

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  • 12. 

    The 1800s, Native Americans willingly sent their children to reservation schools.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    B. False
    Explanation
    During the 1800s, Native Americans did not willingly send their children to reservation schools. The Indian boarding school system was established by the U.S. government, and Native American children were often forcibly taken from their families and sent to these schools. The main objective of these schools was to assimilate Native American children into mainstream American culture by eradicating their Native language, culture, and traditions. Many Native American children faced abuse, neglect, and cultural suppression in these schools, leading to long-lasting negative impacts on their communities.

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  • 13. 

    Church missionaries created a Cherokee syllabary to teach Native American children in their native

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    B. False
    Explanation
    The statement suggests that church missionaries created a Cherokee syllabary to teach Native American children in their native language. However, the correct answer is false, indicating that the statement is not true. Therefore, it can be inferred that church missionaries did not create a Cherokee syllabary for teaching purposes.

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  • 14. 

    Which of the following best describes the “gendered” nature of teaching in the U.S.?

    • A.

      Teaching has always been a “pink-collar” career, with women claiming the vast majority of teaching positions.

    • B.

      Men have dominated teaching since the mid-nineteenth century.

    • C.

      The U.S. educational system has provided a welcome refuge from the gender discrimination typical in other careers.

    • D.

      Males and females have both been considered “unnatural” for choosing a career in teaching.

    Correct Answer
    D. Males and females have both been considered “unnatural” for choosing a career in teaching.
    Explanation
    The correct answer suggests that both males and females have faced societal pressure and discrimination for choosing a career in teaching. This implies that teaching has been traditionally seen as a gendered profession, with expectations and stereotypes attached to both genders.

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  • 15. 

    The importance of the 1874 Kalamazoo, Michigan, court case was that it legally validated public funds for support of

    • A.

      Religious schools.

    • B.

      Elementary schools.

    • C.

      Secondary schools

    • D.

      Colleges

    Correct Answer
    C. Secondary schools
    Explanation
    The 1874 Kalamazoo court case was significant because it legally validated the use of public funds to support secondary schools. This means that it established the legality of using taxpayer money to fund and support these types of schools. This decision had important implications for the education system, as it allowed for increased access and resources for secondary education.

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  • 16. 

    According to the  film " Spartans" this man was the  creator of the utopian Spartan society. He was the legendary lawgiver of Sparta, who established the military-oriented reformation of Spartan society in accordance with the Oracle of Apollo at Delphi. All his reforms were directed towards the three Spartan virtues: equality (among citizens), military fitness and austerity.

    Correct Answer
    L Y C U R G U S
    Explanation
    Lycurgus was the creator of the utopian Spartan society. He was a legendary lawgiver who implemented reforms in Spartan society based on the Oracle of Apollo at Delphi. His reforms focused on the three Spartan virtues of equality among citizens, military fitness, and austerity.

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  • 17. 

    King of Sparta and the leader of the three hundred Spartans who died at Thermopylae

    Correct Answer
    Leonidas
    Explanation
    Leonidas is the correct answer because he was the king of Sparta and the leader of the three hundred Spartans who died at Thermopylae. He is well-known for his bravery and leadership during the Battle of Thermopylae, where he and his small army held off the much larger Persian forces for several days. Despite being outnumbered, Leonidas and his men fought valiantly until their last breath, becoming symbols of courage and sacrifice.

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  • 18. 

    __________________was the name of one of the rites of passage events where twelve year old spartans tried to steal cheese from a altar protected by older boys with whips.

    Correct Answer
    agon
  • 19. 

    In Sparta, older soldiers mentored younger soldiers, helped them i their training and also kept them as lovers

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    In ancient Sparta, it was a common practice for older soldiers to mentor and train younger soldiers. This mentorship included physical training and guidance in military tactics. Additionally, it was also accepted for older soldiers to have intimate relationships with younger soldiers, which were seen as a part of their training and bonding. Therefore, the given statement that older soldiers mentored younger soldiers and also kept them as lovers is true in the context of ancient Sparta.

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  • 20. 

    Helots were names of the class of tradesmen and merchants in Spartan society

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    B. False
    Explanation
    The statement is false because helots were not tradesmen and merchants in Spartan society. Helots were actually a class of enslaved people who were forced to work the land and serve the Spartan citizens. They were considered the property of the state and had limited rights and freedoms.

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  • 21. 

    What we like to think of as "philosophic thought" first appears in Greece in a poem, Theogony , written by Hesiod about 725 B.C

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    The given statement is true. Theogony, written by Hesiod around 725 B.C., is considered one of the earliest examples of philosophical thought in Greece. This poem explores the origins and genealogy of the Greek gods, delving into questions about the nature of the universe and human existence. It lays the foundation for later philosophical inquiries and reflects the beginning of philosophical thought in ancient Greece.

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  • 22. 

    In the latter half of the fifth century, a group called the Sophists ("those with wisdom") shifted the inquiry towards  natural science.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    During the latter half of the fifth century, the Sophists emerged as a group that focused on natural science. The term "Sophists" refers to individuals who were known for their wisdom and expertise. They shifted the inquiry towards natural science, indicating that they were interested in studying and understanding the natural world. Therefore, the statement "True" is correct as it accurately reflects the historical context of the Sophists' focus on natural science during that time period.

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  • 23. 

    _____________ridiculed the anthropomorphic gods of Greece and believed in one great God, which was not physical but was all mind (in Greek: nous ), moving all things by the force of his spirit without himself having to move (since mind was not physical, it couldn't move).

    • A.

      Heraclitus of Ephesus

    • B.

      Parmenides of Elea

    • C.

      Xenophanes of Colophon

    • D.

      Zeno of Elea

    • E.

      Empedocles of Acragas

    Correct Answer
    C. Xenophanes of Colophon
    Explanation
    Xenophanes of Colophon is the correct answer because he ridiculed the anthropomorphic gods of Greece and believed in one great God, which was not physical but was all mind. He believed that this God moved all things by the force of his spirit without himself having to move, as mind was not physical and therefore couldn't move. This belief in a non-physical, all-mind God sets Xenophanes apart from the other philosophers mentioned.

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  • 24. 

    ____________taught that Being (or Existence) must be unchanging and unmoving, and so the changing world registered by our senses has no reality whatsoever and cannot be known at all (how can you "know" an illusion?). Only reason, without the senses, can lead us to the truth about existence, which neither moves nor changes nor has any parts. 

    • A.

      Heraclitus of Ephesus

    • B.

      Parmenides of Elea

    • C.

      Xenophanes of Colophon

    • D.

      Zeno of Elea

    • E.

      Empedocles of Acragas

    Correct Answer
    B. Parmenides of Elea
    Explanation
    Parmenides of Elea believed that Being or Existence is unchanging and unmoving, and that the changing world perceived by our senses is not real and cannot be known. He argued that only reason, independent of the senses, can lead us to the truth about existence, which is eternal, unchanging, and indivisible. This aligns with the statement in the question that Being must be unchanging and unmoving, and the changing world perceived by our senses is not real.

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  • 25. 

    ______________taught that all things come to be from the mixing of innumerable tiny particles of all kinds of substance, shaped by a separate, immaterial, creating principle, Nous ("Mind"). Nous is not explicitly called divine, but has the qualities of a creating god; Nous does not create matter, but rather creates the forms that matter assumes.

    • A.

      Anaxagoras of Athens

    • B.

      Empedocles of Acragas

    • C.

      Parmenides of Elea

    • D.

      Zeno of Elea

    • E.

      Xenophanes of Colophon

    Correct Answer
    A. Anaxagoras of Athens
    Explanation
    Anaxagoras of Athens is the correct answer because he taught that all things are made up of tiny particles and that a separate, immaterial force called Nous shapes these particles into different forms. Although Nous is not explicitly called divine, it possesses the qualities of a creating god. Anaxagoras believed that Nous does not create matter itself, but rather creates the forms that matter takes on.

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  • 26. 

      Zeno of Elea tried to reconcile the views of Heraclitus and Parmenides by identifying four basic elements (which become the standard elements up until modernity): earth, water, air, and fire. These elements remain unchanging but combine to form the changing and moving world of our senses.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    B. False
    Explanation
    Zeno of Elea did not try to reconcile the views of Heraclitus and Parmenides by identifying four basic elements. In fact, Zeno was known for his paradoxes and his philosophical arguments against motion and plurality. He argued that motion is an illusion and that the concept of plurality is logically contradictory. Therefore, the statement given in the question is incorrect.

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  • 27. 

    ________________were professional teachers who, for a fee, would undertake to teach their students how to get ahead in the world.

    • A.

      Atomists

    • B.

      Cubists

    • C.

      Humanists

    • D.

      Sophists

    Correct Answer
    D. Sophists
    Explanation
    The correct answer is sophists. Sophists were professional teachers who charged a fee to teach their students practical skills and persuasive rhetoric. They focused on teaching individuals how to succeed in society, rather than on abstract philosophical or artistic concepts.

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  • 28. 

    __________________is credited for creating the paradox "the race between Achilles and the tortoise."  Achilles may never catch a tortoise if it's given a head start in Anaxagoras' a race. For before he caught up to the tortoise, Achilles would have to reach a point half-way from his starting point and the tortoise, then he must go half-way again, and so to infinity. No matter where Achilles is in relation to the tortoise, he still has an infinity of half-way points to cross, so he can never catch up to the tortoise.

    • A.

      Anaxagoras

    • B.

      Zeno

    • C.

      Parmenides

    • D.

      Protagoras

    Correct Answer
    B. Zeno
    Explanation
    Zeno is credited for creating the paradox "the race between Achilles and the tortoise." According to the paradox, Achilles may never catch a tortoise if it's given a head start. This is because Achilles would have to reach a point halfway between his starting point and the tortoise, and then go halfway again, and so on to infinity. Since there are an infinite number of halfway points, no matter where Achilles is in relation to the tortoise, he will always have an infinite number of halfway points to cross, making it impossible for him to catch up to the tortoise.

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  • 29. 

    The Quote: "Every man has been made by God in order to acquire knowledge and contemplate," is credited to _______________

    Correct Answer
    Pythagoras
    Explanation
    The quote "Every man has been made by God in order to acquire knowledge and contemplate" is credited to Pythagoras. Pythagoras was a Greek philosopher and mathematician who believed in the importance of knowledge and contemplation. He believed that the purpose of human existence was to seek knowledge and understand the world around them. This quote reflects his belief in the divine origin of humanity and the inherent desire to acquire knowledge and contemplate the mysteries of the universe.

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  • 30. 

    RWho is this pre-Socratic Philosopher?

    Correct Answer
    Pythagoras
    Explanation
    Pythagoras is a pre-Socratic philosopher known for his contributions in mathematics and geometry. He is best known for the Pythagorean theorem, which states that in a right-angled triangle, the square of the length of the hypotenuse is equal to the sum of the squares of the other two sides. Pythagoras also founded a religious and philosophical school known as the Pythagoreanism, which emphasized the importance of mathematics and numbers in understanding the world. He believed in the concept of the transmigration of souls and the harmony of the universe. Overall, Pythagoras is an influential figure in both philosophy and mathematics.

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  • 31. 

    Most of the Greek moralists think that, if we are rational, we aim at living well (eu zên) or happiness (eudaimonia). 

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    The explanation for the correct answer, which is True, is that most Greek moralists believed that rational individuals strive to live well or achieve happiness. This implies that they saw rationality as a means to attain a good and fulfilling life.

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  • 32. 

    Living well or happiness, according to the Greeks, is our ultimate end in that a conception of happiness serves to organize our various subordinate ends, by indicating the relative importance of our ends and by indicating how they should fit together into some rational overall scheme. 

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    According to the Greeks, living well or happiness is considered as our ultimate end. They believed that having a conception of happiness helps in organizing our subordinate ends by indicating their relative importance and how they should fit together into a rational overall scheme. Therefore, the answer "True" is correct as it aligns with the Greek perspective on the importance of happiness in life.

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  • 33. 

    ______________is often described as the first pure mathematician. He is an extremely important figure in the development of mathematics yet we know relatively little about his mathematical achievements.

    • A.

      Zeno

    • B.

      Anaxagoras

    • C.

      Parmenides

    • D.

      Pythagoras

    Correct Answer
    D. Pythagoras
    Explanation
    Pythagoras is often described as the first pure mathematician because he made significant contributions to the field of mathematics. He is best known for the Pythagorean theorem, which states that in a right-angled triangle, the square of the length of the hypotenuse is equal to the sum of the squares of the other two sides. This theorem has wide-ranging applications and is fundamental in geometry and trigonometry. Pythagoras' work also extended to number theory, where he explored the properties of whole numbers and discovered certain numerical patterns. Despite his importance, there is limited information available about his mathematical achievements, which adds to his enigmatic reputation.

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