Anatomy Unit 4 Exam Practice

52 Questions | Total Attempts: 66

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Anatomy Quizzes & Trivia

Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    The _________allow the passage of the ________artery, which is a branch of the subclavian and feeds the base of the brain with blood. 
    • A. 

      Intervertebral foramen, vertebral

    • B. 

      Vertebral canal, internal carotid

    • C. 

      Transverse foramen, vertebral

    • D. 

      Verebra promininens, internal carotid

  • 2. 
    The _____ has no body or spinous process and is ring-like. 
    • A. 

      Atlas

    • B. 

      Axis

    • C. 

      C2

    • D. 

      C4

  • 3. 
    The ala of the sacrum are technically remnants of what?
    • A. 

      Articular processes

    • B. 

      Transverse processes

    • C. 

      Costal facets

    • D. 

      Dorsal roots

  • 4. 
    The ______ suture separates the frontal bone from the parietal bone and the ________ suture separates the parietal bone from the temporal bone. 
    • A. 

      Coronal, squamous

    • B. 

      Squamous, coronal

    • C. 

      Sagittal, coronal

    • D. 

      Coronal, sagittal

  • 5. 
    The lambdoid suture separates the parietal from the occipital bone? 
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 6. 
    The _______  ligament acts to limit extension and prevent hyperextension of the spine, while the _________ ligament acts to limit flexion and prevent hyperflexion of the spine.  They both commonly act to stabilize the IV discs. 
    • A. 

      Anterior longitudinal, posterior longitudinal

    • B. 

      Posterior longitudinal, anterior longitudinal

    • C. 

      Intertransverse, interspinous

    • D. 

      Interspinous, intertransverse

  • 7. 
    All of the following ligaments of the spine limit flexion, EXCEPT: 
    • A. 

      Interspinous

    • B. 

      Supraspinous

    • C. 

      Ligamenta flava

    • D. 

      Anterior longitudinal

  • 8. 
    This ligament preserves the curvature of the vertebral column and protects the IV discs: 
    • A. 

      Supraspinous

    • B. 

      Ligamenta flava

    • C. 

      Ligamentum nuchae

    • D. 

      Interspinous

  • 9. 
    The ______ ligament arches across the ring of the atlas to keep the dens in place with the atlas, while the ____ ligament courses laterally from the dens to attach on the medial aspect of the occipital condyles. 
    • A. 

      Cruciate, Check

    • B. 

      Alar, Cruciate

    • C. 

      Check, Alar

    • D. 

      Cruciate, Cervical

  • 10. 
    The ______ gives the IV disc the ability to be both elastic and compressible, while the _______strengthens it. 
    • A. 

      Annulus fibrosis, Nucleus pulposus

    • B. 

      Nucleus pulposus, Annulus fibrosis

  • 11. 
    This muscle functions to elevate the hyoid bone during speaking or swallowing and is innervated by CN V3. 
    • A. 

      Anterior Digastric

    • B. 

      Posterior Digastric

    • C. 

      Omohyoid

    • D. 

      Stylohyoid

  • 12. 
    The infrahyoid muscles are innervated by ________ and receive their blood supply from _________. 
    • A. 

      Ansa cervicalis, facial artery

    • B. 

      Facial nerve, facial artery

    • C. 

      Ansa cervicalis, superior thyroid artery

    • D. 

      Facial nerve, superior thyroid artery

  • 13. 
    What are the contents of the carotid sheath? Check all that apply.
    • A. 

      Internal Jugular Vein

    • B. 

      Common carotid artery

    • C. 

      Vagus nerve

    • D. 

      Ansa cervicalis

    • E. 

      Phrenic nerve

    • F. 

      External Jugular Vein

  • 14. 
    The cervical plexus consists of ______ spinal nerves.  The superior loop of the ansa cervicalis consists of ____ spinal nerves, while the inferior loop consists of ______ spinal nerves, 
    • A. 

      C1-C4; C3; C2-C4

    • B. 

      C3-C5; C2; C1-C3

    • C. 

      C1-C4; C1; C2-C3

    • D. 

      C1-C4; C2; C1-C3

  • 15. 
    The muscles of facial expression are innervated by _______, while the muscles of mastication are innervated by _____. 
    • A. 

      CN V3, CN VII

    • B. 

      CN VII, CN V3

    • C. 

      CN VIII, CN V2

    • D. 

      CN V2, CN VII

  • 16. 
    Which salivary gland is innervated by CN IX?
    • A. 

      Submandibular

    • B. 

      Sublingual

    • C. 

      Parotid

    • D. 

      Lacrimal

  • 17. 
    This endocrine gland is found at the level of C5-T1 and secretes hormones that play a role in protein synthesis and calcium absorption. 
    • A. 

      Thyroid

    • B. 

      Parotid

    • C. 

      Adrenal

    • D. 

      Salivary

  • 18. 
    The _______ provides blood to the muscles and structures superficial to the cranium and has several branches, while the _______ provides blood to the cranium and brain. 
    • A. 

      Internal carotid, external carotid

    • B. 

      Subclavian, internal carotid

    • C. 

      External carotid, internal carotid

    • D. 

      Internal jugular, external jugular

  • 19. 
    The most inferior branch of the external carotid is the ________.  The most superior branch of the external carotid is the _______. 
    • A. 

      Superior thyroid, superficial temporal

    • B. 

      Ascending pharyngeal, superficial temporal

    • C. 

      Superficial temporal, superior thyroid

    • D. 

      Ascending pharyngeal, lingual

  • 20. 
    The spinal cord is a continuation of the medulla oblongata that exits the skull through the _________ and ends at the level of _______, where the _______, a tapering of the spinal cord to a narrow, cone-shape is found. 
    • A. 

      Foramen magnum, L1/L2, medullary cone

    • B. 

      Jugular foramen, L1/L2, conus medullaris

    • C. 

      Foramen magnum, L2/L3, medullary cone

    • D. 

      Foramen magnum, L1/L2, cauda equina

  • 21. 
    The most superficial of the meninges is the: 
    • A. 

      Pia mater

    • B. 

      Arachnoid mater

    • C. 

      Dura mater

    • D. 

      Filum terminale

  • 22. 
    In a cross section of the spinal cord, the peripheral white portion consists of ________forming nerve tracts, and the central gray portion consists of ________. 
    • A. 

      Axons, neuron cell bodies

    • B. 

      Neuron cell bodies, axons

  • 23. 
    The anterior (ventral) horn of the spinal cord contains the cell bodies of _______, while the posterior (dorsal) horn of the spinal cord contains cell bodies of ________. 
    • A. 

      Motor neurons, sensory neurons

    • B. 

      Sensory neurons, motor neurons

  • 24. 
    All but which cranial nerves associate at the brain stem?
    • A. 

      CN I and CN III

    • B. 

      CN II and CN IV

    • C. 

      CN I and CN II

    • D. 

      CN II and CN III

  • 25. 
    A pt comes into the ER with a cut above his left eyebrow. You decide the patient is going to need a few stitches and want to use a local anesthetic to ease the pain.  What nerve needs to be blocked in order for this to work?
    • A. 

      CN V1

    • B. 

      CN V2

    • C. 

      CN V3

    • D. 

      CN IX

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