Anatomy Final Pt 2

47 Questions | Total Attempts: 251

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Anatomy Quizzes & Trivia

Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    A 22-year-old man presented to his family physician with a laceration of the fi brous sheets or bands that cover his body under the skin and invest the muscles. Which of the following structures would most likely be injured?
    • A. 

      Tendon

    • B. 

      Facia

    • C. 

      Synovial tendon sheath

    • D. 

      Aponeurosis

    • E. 

      Ligament

  • 2. 
    A 46-year-old male patient with high blood pressure was examined in the emergency department, and his physician found a leakage of blood from the blood vessel that normally carries richly oxygenated blood. Which of the following vessels would most likely be damaged?
    • A. 

      Superior vena cava

    • B. 

      Pulmonary arteries

    • C. 

      Pulmonary veins

    • D. 

      Portal vein

    • E. 

      Coronary sinus

  • 3. 
    A 33-year-old male patient complains of feeling severe pain when he tries to turn his neck. A physician realizes that the problem is in his pivot (trochoid) joint. Which of the following joints would most likely be examined?
    • A. 

      Atlantooccipital joint

    • B. 

      Atlantoaxial joint

    • C. 

      Carpometacarpal joint

    • D. 

      Proximal tibiofi bular joint

    • E. 

      Intervertebral disks

  • 4. 
    A 21-year-old patient has a lesion of the upper trunk of the brachial plexus (Erb– Duchenne paralysis). Which of the following is the most likely diagnosis?
    • A. 

      Paralysis of the rhomboid major

    • B. 

      Inability to elevate the arm above the horizontal Inability to elevate the arm above the horizontal Inability to elevate the arm above the horizontal Inability to elevate the arm above the horizontal Inability to elevate the arm above the horizontal

    • C. 

      Arm tending to lie in medial rotation

    • D. 

      Loss of sensation on the medial side of the arm

    • E. 

      Inability to adduct the thumb

  • 5. 
    A patient comes in with a gunshot wound and requires surgery in which his thoracoacromial trunk needs to be ligated. Which of the following arterial branches would maintain normal blood fl ow?
    • A. 

      Acromial

    • B. 

      Pectoral

    • C. 

      Clavicular

    • D. 

      Deltoid

    • E. 

      Superior thoracic

  • 6. 
    A 27-year-old patient presents with an inability to draw the scapula forward and downward because of paralysis of the pectoralis minor. Which of the following would most likely be a cause of his condition?
    • A. 

      Fracture of the clavicle

    • B. 

      Injury to the posterior cord of the brachial plexus

    • C. 

      Fracture of the coracoid process

    • D. 

      Axillary nerve injury

    • E. 

      Defects in the posterior wall of the Axilla

  • 7. 
    A 22-year-old patient received a stab wound in the chest that injured the intercostobrachial nerve. Which of the following conditions results from the described lesion of the nerve?
    • A. 

      Inability to move the ribs

    • B. 

      Loss of tactile sensation on the lateral aspect of the arm

    • C. 

      Absence of sweating on the posterior aspect of the arm

    • D. 

      Loss of sensory fi bers from the second intercostal nerve

    • E. 

      Damage to the sympathetic preganglionic fibers

  • 8. 
    A 16 year-old boy fell from a motorcycle, and his radial nerve was severely damaged because of a fracture of the midshaft of the humerus. Which of the following conditions would most likely result from this accident?
    • A. 

      Loss of wrist extension leading to wrist drop

    • B. 

      Weakness in pronating the forearm

    • C. 

      Sensory loss over the ventral aspect of the base of the thumb

    • D. 

      Inability to oppose the thumb

    • E. 

      Inability to abduct the fi ngers

  • 9. 
    A patient comes in complaining that she cannot fl ex her proximal interphalangeal joints. Which of the following muscles appear(s) to be paralyzed on further examination of her fi nger?
    • A. 

      Palmar interossei

    • B. 

      Dorsal interossei

    • C. 

      Flexor digitorum profundus

    • D. 

      Flexor digitorum superficialis

    • E. 

      Lumbricals

  • 10. 
    A 21-year-old woman walks in with a shoulder and arm injury after falling during horseback riding. Examination indicates that she cannot adduct her arm because of paralysis of which of the following muscles?
    • A. 

      Teres Minor

    • B. 

      Suoraspinatus

    • C. 

      Latissmus Dorsi

    • D. 

      Infraspinatus

    • E. 

      Serratus anterior

  • 11. 
    A 14-year-old boy falls on his outstretched hand and has a fracture of the scaphoid bone. The fracture is most likely accompanied by a rupture of which of the following arteries?
    • A. 

      Branchial artery

    • B. 

      Ulnar artery

    • C. 

      Deep Palmar arterial arch

    • D. 

      Radial Artery

    • E. 

      Princeps pollicis artery

  • 12. 
    A 35-year-old man walks in with a stab wound to the most medial side of the proximal portion of the cubital fossa. Which of the following structures would most likely be damaged?
    • A. 

      Biceps Brachii tendon

    • B. 

      Radial nerve

    • C. 

      Branchial artery

    • D. 

      Radial recurrent artery

    • E. 

      Median nerve

  • 13. 
    A 12-year-old boy walks in; he fell out of a tree and fractured the upper portion of his humerus. Which of the following nerves are intimately related to the humerus and are most likely to be injured by such a fracture?
    • A. 

      Axillary and musculocutaneous

    • B. 

      Radial and ulnar

    • C. 

      Radial and axillary

    • D. 

      Median and musculocutaneous

    • E. 

      Median and ulnar

  • 14. 
    A man injures his wrist on broken glass. Which of the following structures entering the palm superfi cial to the fl exor retinaculum may be damaged?
    • A. 

      Ulnar nerve and median nerve

    • B. 

      Median nerve and fl exor digitorum profundus

    • C. 

      Median nerve and fl exor pollicis longus

    • D. 

      Ulnar artery and ulnar nerve

    • E. 

      Ulnar nerve and fl exor digitorum superfi Cialis

  • 15. 
    Use this to answer ques 15-19 A 62-year-old woman slips and falls on the bathroom fl oor. As a result, she has a posterior dislocation of the hip joint and a fracture of the neck of the femur 15 Rupture of the ligamentum teres capitis femoris may lead to damage to a branch of which of the following arteries?
    • A. 

      Medial circumflex femoral

    • B. 

      Lateral circumflex femoral

    • C. 

      Obtruator

    • D. 

      Superior gluteal

    • E. 

      Inferior gluteal

  • 16. 
    Fracture of the neck of the femur results in avascular necrosis of the femoral head, probably resulting from lack of blood supply from which of the following arteries?
    • A. 

      Obturator

    • B. 

      Superior Gluteal

    • C. 

      Inferior gluteal

    • D. 

      Medial femoral circumflex

    • E. 

      Lateral femoral circumflex

  • 17. 
    If the acetabulum is fractured at its posterosuperior margin by dislocation of the hip joint, which of the following bones could be involved?
    • A. 

      Pubis

    • B. 

      Ischium

    • C. 

      Illium

    • D. 

      Sacrum

    • E. 

      Head of the femur

  • 18. 
    The woman experiences weakness when abducting and medially rotating the thigh after this accident. Which of the following muscles is most likely damaged?
    • A. 

      Piriformis

    • B. 

      Obturator internus

    • C. 

      Quadratus femoris

    • D. 

      Gluteaus Maximus

    • E. 

      Gluteaus Minimus

  • 19. 
    The woman undergoes hip surgery. If all of the arteries that are part of the cruciate anastomosis of the upper thigh are ligated, which of the following arteries maintains blood fl ow?
    • A. 

      Medial femoral circumflex

    • B. 

      Lateral femoral circumfl ex

    • C. 

      Superior gluteal

    • D. 

      Inferior gluteal

    • E. 

      First perforating

  • 20. 
    A 17-year-old boy with a stab wound received multiple injuries on the upper part of the arm and required surgery. If the brachial artery were ligated at its origin, which of the following arteries would supply blood to the profunda brachii artery?
    • A. 

      Lateral thoracic

    • B. 

      Subscapular

    • C. 

      Posterior humeral circumfl ex

    • D. 

      Superior ulnar collateral

    • E. 

      Radial recurrent

  • 21. 
    An 18-year-old boy involved in an automobile accident presents with arm that cannot abduct. His paralysis is caused by damage to which of the following nerves?
    • A. 

      Suprascapular and axillary

    • B. 

      Musculocutaneous and median

    • C. 

      Axillary and radial

    • D. 

      Radial and musculocutaneous

    • E. 

      Median and ulnar

  • 22. 
    A 38-year-old homebuilder was involved in an accident and is unable to supinate his forearm. Which of the following nerves are most likely damaged?
    • A. 

      Suprascapular and axillary

    • B. 

      Musculocutaneous and median

    • C. 

      Axillary and radial

    • D. 

      Radial and musculocutaneous

    • E. 

      Median and ulnar

  • 23. 
    A 31-year-old patient complains of sensory loss over the anterior and posterior surfaces of the medial third of the hand and the medial one and one-half fi ngers. He is diagnosed by a physician as having “funny bone” symptoms. Which of the following nerves is injured?
    • A. 

      Axillary

    • B. 

      Radial

    • C. 

      Median

    • D. 

      Ulnar

    • E. 

      Musculocutaneous

  • 24. 
    A 23-year-old woman who receives a deep cut to her ring fi nger by a kitchen knife is unable to move the metacarpophalangeal joint. Which of the following pairs of nerves was damaged?
    • A. 

      Median & Ulna

    • B. 

      Radial and median

    • C. 

      Musculocutaneous and ulnar

    • D. 

      Ulnar and radial

    • E. 

      Radial and axillary

  • 25. 
    A patient has a torn rotator cuff of the shoulder joint as the result of an automobile accident. Which of the following muscle tendons is intact and has normal function?
    • A. 

      Supraspinatus

    • B. 

      Subscapularis

    • C. 

      Teres major

    • D. 

      Teres minoor

    • E. 

      Infraspinatus

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