The Kidney And Osmoregulatory Organs Practice Questions!

25 Questions | Total Attempts: 1013

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The Kidney And Osmoregulatory Organs Practice Questions!

Do you know anything about the kidney and osmoregulatory organs? Although the kidneys are the major osmoregulatory organ, the skin and lungs also play a role in the process. Water and electrolytes are lost because of sweat. It is the job of these organs to regulate the balance. If you want to learn more about kidneys and osmoregulatory organs, then this is the quiz for you.


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    How many nephrons are in 1 kidney ?
    • A. 

      1.25 million

    • B. 

      500,000

    • C. 

      2.5 million

    • D. 

      750,000

  • 2. 
    What is the first part of the nephron ?
    • A. 

      Glomerulus

    • B. 

      Proximal convoluted tubule

    • C. 

      Loop of henle

    • D. 

      Collecting duct

  • 3. 
    Where is most of the water absorbed in the nephron ?
    • A. 

      Nephron

    • B. 

      Proximal convoluted tubule

    • C. 

      Loop of henle

    • D. 

      Collecting duct

  • 4. 
    The collecting duct responds to Antidiuretic hormone and reabsorbs water.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 5. 
    Which part of the nephron responds to the renin-angiotensin-aldosterone system ?
    • A. 

      Glomerulus

    • B. 

      Proximal convoluted tubule

    • C. 

      Loop of henle

    • D. 

      Distal convoluted tubule

  • 6. 
    The renal artery can have a embolus and clot block.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 7. 
    Check all true. The following tests are used to check for dehydration.
    • A. 

      BUN

    • B. 

      Creatine

    • C. 

      Urinanalysis

    • D. 

      PH

  • 8. 
    What increases in gout in the urine ?
    • A. 

      Lactic acid

    • B. 

      Uric acid

    • C. 

      Ketones

    • D. 

      Glucose

  • 9. 
    Which is a wasteproduct eliminated by the urine ?
    • A. 

      Ketones

    • B. 

      Proteins

    • C. 

      Glucose

    • D. 

      Ammonia

  • 10. 
    In which disease are there ketones in the urine ?
    • A. 

      Diabetes Insipidus

    • B. 

      Traumatic Injuries

    • C. 

      Diabetes Mellitus

    • D. 

      Hypertension

  • 11. 
    Oliguria is decreased urine formation.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 12. 
    Normal Urine is less than 700 mL per day.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 13. 
    Electrolytes are primarily reabsorbed in the proximal convoluted tubule.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 14. 
    The medical word for urination is micturition.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 15. 
    Check all that apply. The muscles of urination are ?
    • A. 

      Detrussor

    • B. 

      Levator ani

    • C. 

      Pubococcygeus

    • D. 

      Trigone

  • 16. 
    Dysuria is painful urination.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 17. 
    Cast cells may be made of ?
    • A. 

      Hyaline

    • B. 

      Uric acid

    • C. 

      Calcium

    • D. 

      Ammonia

  • 18. 
    Edema may be caused by kidney disease ?
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 19. 
    The liver and kidney are the primary sites of drug metabolism.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 20. 
    The renal system has valves preventing backflow.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 21. 
    The urine noramlly has proteins in it.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 22. 
    The adrenal glands lie on top of the 2 kidneys.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 23. 
    Diabetes Mellitus is characterized by excessive urine formation.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 24. 
    Anuria means ?
    • A. 

      Excessive urine formation

    • B. 

      Reduced urine formation

    • C. 

      No urine formation

    • D. 

      Blood in the urine

  • 25. 
    Renal disease can cause ?
    • A. 

      Diabetes mellitus

    • B. 

      Hypertension

    • C. 

      Liver failure

    • D. 

      Heart failure

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