Analytical Chemistry Using Alkali Quiz

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Dive into the world of Analytical Chemistry with our "Analytical Chemistry Using Alkali" Quiz. Explore the intricacies of alkali substances and their role in analytical processes. This quiz is designed to test your knowledge on the principles, methods, and applications of alkali chemistry within the realm of analytical chemistry. Whether you're a student seeking to reinforce your understanding or a chemistry enthusiast eager to delve into analytical techniques, this quiz offers an engaging way to explore the fascinating intersection of alkali compounds and analytical science. Challenge yourself with thought-provoking questions and deepen your appreciation for the pivotal role alkalis play Read morein analytical chemistry. Immerse yourself in the quiz to enhance your understanding of this critical aspect of the chemical sciences.


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    Among the following cations which one is a coloured ion?

    • A.

      Sodium ion

    • B.

      Potassium ion

    • C.

      Zinc ion

    • D.

      Ferric ion

    • E.

      Calcium ion

    • F.

      None of the above  

    Correct Answer
    D. Ferric ion
    Explanation
    among the above mentioned ions ferric ion is yellow or brown in colour

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  • 2. 

    Among the following anions which one is colourless ion?

    • A.

      Chromate ion

    • B.

      Dichromate ion

    • C.

      Permanganate ion

    • D.

      Nitrate ion

    Correct Answer
    D. Nitrate ion
    Explanation
    chromate ion is yellow
    dichromate is orange
    permanganate is purple or violet

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  • 3. 

    Solution of which of the following salts will become a deep inky blue when excess of an ammonium hydroxide solution is added to it ?

    • A.

      Copper(II)nitrate

    • B.

      Iron(II)sulphate

    • C.

      Iron(III)chloride

    • D.

      Lead(II)nitrate

    • E.

      Magnesium sulphate

    • F.

      Zinc chloride

    Correct Answer
    A. Copper(II)nitrate
    Explanation
    When excess ammonium hydroxide solution is added to Copper(II)nitrate, it forms a deep inky blue solution. This is because the copper(II) ions in the salt react with the ammonium hydroxide to form a complex ion called tetraamminecopper(II) ion, which has a deep blue color. This reaction is specific to copper(II) ions and is used as a test for the presence of copper(II) ions in a solution.

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  • 4. 

    The solution of the which of the folowing salt should be colourless ?

    • A.

      Iron(II)sulphate

    • B.

      Copper(II)sulphate

    • C.

      Iron(III)chloride

    • D.

      Zinc(II)nitrate

    Correct Answer
    D. Zinc(II)nitrate
    Explanation
    Zinc(II)nitrate should be colorless because zinc ions do not have any unpaired electrons in their d orbitals, which means they do not absorb visible light and do not exhibit any color. In contrast, iron(II)sulphate, copper(II)sulphate, and iron(III)chloride contain transition metal ions that have unpaired electrons and can absorb certain wavelengths of light, resulting in colored solutions.

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  • 5. 

    Which of the following hydroxide will turn black on heating?

    • A.

      Iron(II)hydroxide

    • B.

      Iron(III)hydroxide

    • C.

      Zinchydroxide

    • D.

      Copperhydroxide

    Correct Answer
    D. Copperhydroxide
    Explanation
    Copper hydroxide will turn black on heating because it undergoes thermal decomposition, resulting in the formation of copper oxide and water. The black color is due to the formation of copper oxide, which is a black solid.

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  • 6. 

    A yellow monoxide that dissolves in hot and concentrated caustic alkali 8

    • A.

      PbO

    • B.

      ZnO

    • C.

      Al2O3

    • D.

      CuO

    Correct Answer
    A. PbO
    Explanation
    PbO is the correct answer because it is a yellow monoxide that dissolves in hot and concentrated caustic alkali. The other options, ZnO, Al2O3, and CuO, do not meet the criteria mentioned in the question.

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  • 7. 

    Name a chloride of metal which dissolves in excess of ammonium hydroxide ?

    • A.

      Lead(II)chloride

    • B.

      Copper(II)chloride

    • C.

      Silverchloride

    • D.

      Sodiumchloride

    Correct Answer
    C. Silverchloride
    Explanation
    Silver chloride is the correct answer because it is the only chloride of metal that dissolves in excess of ammonium hydroxide. Lead(II) chloride, copper(II) chloride, and sodium chloride do not dissolve in excess of ammonium hydroxide.

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  • 8. 

    Among mentioned chemical compound which one acts as amphoteric oxide I. Alumininium oxide II.Zinc oxide III.Copper(II)oxide IV.Lead(II)oxide

    • A.

      I

    • B.

      I, II,

    • C.

      I, II ,III

    • D.

      I, II, IV

    • E.

      All of the above

    Correct Answer
    D. I, II, IV
    Explanation
    Aluminium oxide, Zinc oxide, and Lead(II) oxide all act as amphoteric oxides. This means that they can react as both an acid and a base. They can react with both acids and bases to form salts. Copper(II) oxide, on the other hand, is a basic oxide and does not have amphoteric properties. Therefore, the correct answer is I, II, and IV.

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  • 9. 

    Name two base which are not alkali but dissolves in excess of alkali?

    • A.

      Aluminium hydroxide and Sodium hydroxide

    • B.

      Lead(II)hydroxide and Copper(II)hydroxide

    • C.

      Aluminium hydroxide and Lead(II)hydroxide

    Correct Answer
    C. Aluminium hydroxide and Lead(II)hydroxide
    Explanation
    Aluminium hydroxide and Lead(II)hydroxide are two bases that are not alkali but can dissolve in excess alkali. This means that when they are added to an excess of alkali solution, they will react and form soluble compounds. Alkalis are typically bases that are soluble in water, but these two bases are exceptions to that rule. They can still react with alkali solutions, but they do not themselves dissolve readily in water.

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  • 10. 

    On adding dilute ammonia solution to a colourless solution of a salt , a white geletinious precipitate appears. This precipitate however dissolves on addition of excess of ammonia solution. Identify   Which metal salt solution was used ?

    • A.

      Na

    • B.

      Al

    • C.

      Zn

    • D.

      Pb

    • E.

      Fe

    Correct Answer
    C. Zn
    Explanation
    The white gelatinous precipitate that appears when dilute ammonia solution is added to the colorless solution of a salt is a characteristic reaction of zinc salts. This precipitate is zinc hydroxide, which is insoluble in water. However, when excess ammonia solution is added, it forms a soluble complex with zinc, resulting in the dissolution of the precipitate. Therefore, the metal salt solution used in this case is likely a zinc salt.

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  • Current Version
  • Dec 28, 2023
    Quiz Edited by
    ProProfs Editorial Team
  • Jun 29, 2012
    Quiz Created by
    Vishnuanandchoud
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