Analgesics MCQ Quiz: Trivia!

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Analgesics MCQ Quiz: Trivia! - Quiz


How much do you know about analgesics? Would you like to try this quiz? Analgesic drugs work via interaction with the peripheral and central nervous systems. They work to block pain signals before reaching the brain and generate no pain. Morphine is the most prescribed steroid opioid. If you want to learn more about analgesics, you will find this quiz to be extremely helpful.


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    Nursing Interventions of Pain:

    • A.

      Assessed on a pain level using the 0-10 rating scale

    • B.

      Assess non verbal cuse of pain

    • C.

      Client education on pain management

    • D.

      Many hospitals document every 8 hours minimum

    • E.

      Pain is included in Vital signs

    Correct Answer(s)
    A. Assessed on a pain level using the 0-10 rating scale
    B. Assess non verbal cuse of pain
    C. Client education on pain management
    D. Many hospitals document every 8 hours minimum
    E. Pain is included in Vital signs
    Explanation
    The correct answer includes a comprehensive approach to nursing interventions for pain. Assessing pain on a 0-10 rating scale allows for a standardized measurement of pain intensity. Assessing non-verbal cues of pain is important as some patients may not be able to communicate their pain verbally. Client education on pain management helps empower patients to participate in their own pain management. Documenting pain levels every 8 hours ensures that pain is regularly monitored and addressed. Including pain as part of vital signs emphasizes the importance of pain assessment and management in overall patient care.

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  • 2. 

    Nocieptive pain - delta fibers, sharp, dull, aching, throbbing, associated with injury to tissue.  Usually acute.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    The statement is true because nociceptive pain is indeed associated with delta fibers and can be described as sharp, dull, aching, or throbbing. It is also typically associated with injury to tissue and is usually acute in nature.

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  • 3. 

    Neuropathic pain is pain resulting from damage to peripheral nervous or central nervous system tissue or from altered processing of pain in the central nervous system.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    The statement is true because neuropathic pain refers to pain that occurs due to damage or dysfunction in the peripheral or central nervous system. This type of pain can result from various conditions such as nerve compression, nerve injury, or diseases affecting the nervous system. It is characterized by abnormal sensations like burning, tingling, or shooting pain. The altered processing of pain signals in the central nervous system can also contribute to neuropathic pain.

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  • 4. 

    What are pharmaceutical agent that alters the perception of pain.  There may be more than one.

    • A.

      NSAIDS

    • B.

      Antimigraine Agents

    • C.

      Beta Blockers

    • D.

      Narcotics

    • E.

      Calcium Channel Blockers

    Correct Answer(s)
    A. NSAIDS
    B. Antimigraine Agents
    D. Narcotics
    Explanation
    The correct answer includes NSAIDs, antimigraine agents, and narcotics. These pharmaceutical agents are known to alter the perception of pain. NSAIDs (nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs) work by reducing inflammation and pain. Antimigraine agents are specifically designed to treat migraines and can help alleviate pain associated with migraines. Narcotics, also known as opioids, are powerful pain relievers that work by binding to opioid receptors in the brain and blocking pain signals. These medications can be prescribed for severe pain.

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  • 5. 

    Acute Pain associations

    • A.

      No biologic benefit

    • B.

      Unrelenting and adaptation of SNS

    • C.

      Protective

    • D.

      Recovery Expected

    • E.

      Activation of the SNS

    Correct Answer(s)
    C. Protective
    D. Recovery Expected
    E. Activation of the SNS
    Explanation
    Acute pain is associated with protective mechanisms in the body, as it serves as a warning sign of potential harm or injury. The activation of the sympathetic nervous system (SNS) is a physiological response to acute pain, which helps the body prepare for fight or flight. This response is adaptive and helps in the recovery process. Additionally, acute pain is expected to resolve over time, indicating that recovery is expected. Therefore, the associations with acute pain include being protective, recovery expected, and activation of the SNS.

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  • 6. 

    Chronic Pain

    • A.

      Adaptation of SNS

    • B.

      Commonly experienced psychological implications

    • C.

      Few psychological implications

    • D.

      It is a disease

    • E.

      Focused at site of injury

    Correct Answer(s)
    A. Adaptation of SNS
    B. Commonly experienced psychological implications
    D. It is a disease
    Explanation
    The given answer suggests that chronic pain is associated with the adaptation of the sympathetic nervous system (SNS), which is the part of the autonomic nervous system responsible for the body's fight-or-flight response. This implies that the body's response to chronic pain involves changes in the SNS to cope with the ongoing pain. Additionally, chronic pain is commonly experienced with psychological implications, indicating that it can have a significant impact on a person's mental well-being. Lastly, the answer states that chronic pain is a disease, highlighting that it is a medical condition rather than a temporary symptom.

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  • 7. 

    Types of Pain:

    • A.

      Cancer - acute/chronic pain r/t cancer

    • B.

      Somatic- bone, muscle, joint

    • C.

      Superficial- skin, mucous membrane injury

    • D.

      Vascular- vascular conditions (headaches/migraines)

    • E.

      Visceral- organ pain

    Correct Answer(s)
    A. Cancer - acute/chronic pain r/t cancer
    B. Somatic- bone, muscle, joint
    C. Superficial- skin, mucous membrane injury
    D. Vascular- vascular conditions (headaches/migraines)
    E. Visceral- organ pain
    Explanation
    The given answer provides a comprehensive list of different types of pain and their corresponding causes. It includes cancer pain, which can be either acute or chronic and is related to cancer. Somatic pain refers to pain originating from bones, muscles, and joints. Superficial pain is caused by injuries to the skin and mucous membranes. Vascular pain is associated with vascular conditions such as headaches and migraines. Lastly, visceral pain refers to pain originating from organs.

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  • 8. 

    Classes of Analgesics.  What is level 1?

    • A.

      Non - opioid for mild pain, non- narcotic

    • B.

      Opioids for moderate severe pain

    • C.

      Adjuvant analgesics- muscle relaxants, antidepressants, benzodiazepines

    Correct Answer
    A. Non - opioid for mild pain, non- narcotic
    Explanation
    Level 1 in the classes of analgesics refers to non-opioid medications that are used for mild pain and are non-narcotic. These medications are typically the first line of treatment for mild pain and do not have the potential for addiction or dependence like opioids. They are effective in relieving mild pain and are commonly used for conditions such as headaches, minor injuries, and post-operative pain. Examples of level 1 analgesics include acetaminophen (Tylenol) and nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) like ibuprofen (Advil) and naproxen (Aleve).

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  • 9. 

    Classes of Analgesics.  Level II

    • A.

      Non - opioid for mild pain, non- narcotic

    • B.

      Adjuvant analgesics- muscle relaxants, antidepressants, benzodiazepines

    • C.

      Opioids for moderate severe pain

    Correct Answer
    C. Opioids for moderate severe pain
    Explanation
    The given answer states that opioids are used for moderate to severe pain. This is a correct statement. Opioids are a class of analgesics that are commonly prescribed for moderate to severe pain. They work by binding to opioid receptors in the brain and spinal cord, reducing the perception of pain. Other classes of analgesics, such as non-opioids and adjuvant analgesics, may be used for milder pain or as complementary treatments, but opioids are specifically indicated for moderate to severe pain.

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  • 10. 

    Classes of Analgesics.  Level III

    • A.

      Opioids for moderate severe pain

    • B.

      Adjuvant analgesics- muscle relaxants, antidepressants, benzodiazepines

    • C.

      Non - opioid for mild pain, non- narcotic

    Correct Answer
    B. Adjuvant analgesics- muscle relaxants, antidepressants, benzodiazepines
    Explanation
    Adjuvant analgesics such as muscle relaxants, antidepressants, and benzodiazepines are used to complement the effects of opioids in managing moderate to severe pain. These medications are typically prescribed in conjunction with opioids to enhance pain relief and improve overall patient comfort. Muscle relaxants help relieve muscle spasms and tension, antidepressants can alleviate neuropathic pain, and benzodiazepines can provide sedation and reduce anxiety. By combining these adjuvant analgesics with opioids, healthcare providers can optimize pain management and tailor treatment to the individual patient's needs.

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  • 11. 

    Non Narcotic Analgesics

    • A.

      Oxycodone

    • B.

      Acetaminophen

    • C.

      Hydrocodine

    • D.

      Asprin

    • E.

      Naproxen

    Correct Answer(s)
    B. Acetaminophen
    D. Asprin
    E. Naproxen
    Explanation
    The correct answer includes the drugs Acetaminophen, Asprin, and Naproxen. These drugs are all examples of non-narcotic analgesics, which means they are pain relievers that do not contain narcotics. Acetaminophen is commonly used to reduce fever and relieve mild to moderate pain. Asprin is a nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug (NSAID) that can reduce pain, fever, and inflammation. Naproxen is another NSAID that is used to relieve pain, inflammation, and stiffness caused by conditions such as arthritis. These drugs are commonly used over-the-counter and have various mechanisms of action to provide pain relief.

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  • 12. 

    Signs of Inflammation

    • A.

      Heat

    • B.

      Erythema

    • C.

      Loss of function

    • D.

      Edema

    • E.

      Pain

    Correct Answer(s)
    A. Heat
    B. Erythema
    C. Loss of function
    D. Edema
    E. Pain
    Explanation
    The given answer includes the signs of inflammation, which are heat, erythema (redness), loss of function, edema (swelling), and pain. These signs are commonly observed in inflammatory responses in the body. Heat is caused by increased blood flow to the affected area, erythema is the result of increased blood vessel dilation, loss of function occurs due to tissue damage or swelling, edema is the accumulation of fluid in the tissues, and pain is caused by the activation of pain receptors. These signs collectively indicate the presence of inflammation in the body.

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  • 13. 

    Anti-Inflammatory Drugs

    • A.

      Non Steroidal Anti Inflammatory drugs

    • B.

      Corticosteroids

    • C.

      Disease-modifying anto rheumatic drugs

    • D.

      Anti gout

    Correct Answer(s)
    A. Non Steroidal Anti Inflammatory drugs
    B. Corticosteroids
    Explanation
    Non Steroidal Anti Inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) and Corticosteroids are both types of anti-inflammatory drugs. NSAIDs work by reducing inflammation and relieving pain, while corticosteroids are synthetic drugs that mimic the effects of the body's natural hormones to reduce inflammation. Both types of drugs are commonly used to treat various conditions characterized by inflammation, such as arthritis, tendonitis, and bursitis. Disease-modifying antirheumatic drugs (DMARDs) are a different class of drugs used to treat autoimmune diseases like rheumatoid arthritis, while anti-gout drugs are specifically used to treat gout, a type of arthritis caused by a buildup of uric acid in the joints.

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  • 14. 

    NSAIDS 1st Generation (COX1 and COX2) Inhibitors

    • A.

      Salicylates (asprin)

    • B.

      Par-cclorobenzoic Acid (indomethacin/Indocin)

    • C.

      Phenylacetic Acid Derivatives ( Voltaren)

    • D.

      Popionic Acid derivatives (Ibruprofen)

    • E.

      Fenamates and oxicams

    Correct Answer(s)
    A. Salicylates (asprin)
    B. Par-cclorobenzoic Acid (indomethacin/Indocin)
    C. Phenylacetic Acid Derivatives ( Voltaren)
    D. Popionic Acid derivatives (Ibruprofen)
    E. Fenamates and oxicams
    Explanation
    The answer includes all the different types of NSAIDS 1st Generation (COX1 and COX2) Inhibitors. Salicylates (aspirin), Par-cclorobenzoic Acid (indomethacin/Indocin), Phenylacetic Acid Derivatives (Voltaren), Popionic Acid derivatives (Ibuprofen), and Fenamates and oxicams are all examples of 1st generation NSAIDS that inhibit both COX1 and COX2 enzymes. These drugs work by blocking the production of prostaglandins, which are responsible for inflammation and pain. By inhibiting these enzymes, NSAIDS can provide relief from pain, fever, and inflammation.

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  • 15. 

    2nd Generation NSAIDs

    • A.

      Selective COX2 inhibitor (Celebrex)

    • B.

      Oxicam (Piroxicam, Feldene)

    Correct Answer
    A. Selective COX2 inhibitor (Celebrex)
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "selective COX2 inhibitor (Celebrex)". This is because Celebrex belongs to the class of drugs known as selective COX2 inhibitors. These drugs specifically target the COX2 enzyme, which is responsible for inflammation and pain. By inhibiting this enzyme, Celebrex helps to reduce inflammation and relieve pain. Oxicam, on the other hand, is a different class of NSAID that works by inhibiting both COX1 and COX2 enzymes.

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  • 16. 

    Inhibition results in decreased inflammation, pain and fever

    • A.

      COX1

    • B.

      COX2

    Correct Answer
    B. COX2
    Explanation
    COX2 is the correct answer because it is an enzyme that plays a role in inflammation, pain, and fever. Inhibition of COX2 can lead to decreased production of prostaglandins, which are responsible for these symptoms. COX1, on the other hand, is involved in maintaining normal physiological functions, such as protecting the stomach lining. Therefore, inhibiting COX2 specifically can provide relief from inflammation, pain, and fever without causing unwanted side effects associated with inhibiting COX1.

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  • 17. 

    Inhibition results in decreased platelet aggregation

    • A.

      COX1

    • B.

      COX2

    Correct Answer
    A. COX1
    Explanation
    COX1 is an enzyme responsible for the production of thromboxane A2, which promotes platelet aggregation. Inhibition of COX1 would therefore decrease the production of thromboxane A2, leading to decreased platelet aggregation. COX2, on the other hand, is involved in the production of prostaglandins that mediate inflammation and pain, but it does not have a significant role in platelet aggregation.

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  • 18. 

    COX1

    • A.

      Reduces pain

    • B.

      Protects stomach lining

    • C.

      Decreases fever

    • D.

      Promotes platelet aggregation

    • E.

      Suppresses inflammation

    Correct Answer(s)
    B. Protects stomach lining
    C. Decreases fever
    D. Promotes platelet aggregation
    Explanation
    COX1 is an enzyme that plays a role in the production of prostaglandins, which are involved in various physiological processes. It is responsible for protecting the stomach lining by promoting the production of mucus and bicarbonate, which help to maintain the integrity of the stomach lining and prevent the formation of ulcers. It also helps to regulate body temperature by decreasing fever. Additionally, COX1 promotes platelet aggregation, which is important for blood clotting and wound healing. Therefore, the given correct answers - protects stomach lining, decreases fever, and promotes platelet aggregation - are all functions associated with COX1.

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  • 19. 

    COX2

    • A.

      Reduces Pain

    • B.

      Promotes platelet aggregation

    • C.

      Suppresses inflammation

    • D.

      Decreases fever

    • E.

      Protects stomach lining (protects ulcer)

    Correct Answer(s)
    A. Reduces Pain
    C. Suppresses inflammation
    Explanation
    COX2 is an enzyme that is responsible for the production of prostaglandins, which are known to cause pain and inflammation. By inhibiting COX2, it reduces the production of these prostaglandins, leading to a reduction in pain and inflammation. This is why COX2 inhibitors are commonly used as pain relievers and anti-inflammatory drugs.

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  • 20. 

    Activity from A-Delta (large afferent) fibers excites activity in the substantia gelatinosa, thus closing the gate to C fibers, the pain stimulating fibers is called the gate control theory of pain

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    The statement is true because according to the gate control theory of pain, activity from A-Delta fibers, which are large afferent fibers, excites activity in the substantia gelatinosa. This excitation leads to the closing of the gate to C fibers, which are the pain stimulating fibers. Therefore, the gate control theory of pain suggests that the activity from A-Delta fibers can inhibit the transmission of pain signals through C fibers, thus reducing the perception of pain.

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  • 21. 

    NSAIDs habe a ? effect

    • A.

      Analgesic effect

    • B.

      Vasoconstriction effect

    • C.

      Antipyretic effect

    • D.

      Antidialation effect

    • E.

      Anti inflammatory effect

    Correct Answer(s)
    A. Analgesic effect
    C. Antipyretic effect
    E. Anti inflammatory effect
    Explanation
    NSAIDs (Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs) have multiple effects on the body. They are known to have an analgesic effect, which means they can relieve pain. They also have an antipyretic effect, meaning they can reduce fever. Additionally, NSAIDs have anti-inflammatory effects, which help in reducing inflammation and swelling in the body. Therefore, the correct answer includes all these effects.

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  • 22. 

    Contradictions to NSAIDs (remember take with food to avoid gi upset)

    • A.

      Asprin Allergy (asthma relationship)

    • B.

      Renal Failure (kidney)

    • C.

      Congestive Heart Failure

    • D.

      GI Bleed

    • E.

      Ulcers

    Correct Answer(s)
    A. Asprin Allergy (asthma relationship)
    B. Renal Failure (kidney)
    C. Congestive Heart Failure
    D. GI Bleed
    E. Ulcers
    Explanation
    This answer includes a list of conditions or situations that contradict the use of NSAIDs. These include an allergy to aspirin, as there is a known relationship between aspirin and asthma. Renal failure, congestive heart failure, GI bleed, and ulcers are also mentioned as contradictions to NSAIDs. These conditions may be worsened or exacerbated by the use of NSAIDs, so it is recommended to avoid taking them in these situations.

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  • 23. 

    Slicylates are:

    • A.

      Asprin

    • B.

      The Generic name for Asprin is Acetylsalicylic Acid (ASA)

    • C.

      Asprin is found in bayer, bufferin, ecotrin, anacin, alka seltzer

    • D.

      Inhibits COX1 and COX2

    • E.

      Analgesic, Antipyretic and anti inflammatory effects

    Correct Answer(s)
    A. Asprin
    B. The Generic name for Asprin is Acetylsalicylic Acid (ASA)
    C. Asprin is found in bayer, bufferin, ecotrin, anacin, alka seltzer
    D. Inhibits COX1 and COX2
    E. Analgesic, Antipyretic and anti inflammatory effects
    Explanation
    Slicylates are a group of drugs that include Asprin, which is also known as Acetylsalicylic Acid (ASA). Asprin can be found in various brand names such as Bayer, Bufferin, Ecotrin, Anacin, and Alka Seltzer. It works by inhibiting both COX1 and COX2 enzymes, which are responsible for inflammation and pain. Asprin has analgesic (pain-relieving), antipyretic (fever-reducing), and anti-inflammatory effects.

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  • 24. 

    Pharmacokinetics/dynamics of Salicylates.

    • A.

      Danger of Reye's Syndrome

    • B.

      Fast onset and peak action

    • C.

      Short half life

    Correct Answer(s)
    A. Danger of Reye's Syndrome
    B. Fast onset and peak action
    C. Short half life
    Explanation
    The given answer suggests that the pharmacokinetics/dynamics of Salicylates include the danger of Reye's Syndrome, fast onset and peak action, and a short half-life. Reye's Syndrome is a rare but serious condition that primarily affects children and teenagers recovering from a viral infection, and the use of Salicylates in this population can increase the risk of developing this syndrome. Fast onset and peak action indicate that the drug quickly reaches its maximum effect after administration. A short half-life means that the drug is rapidly eliminated from the body, requiring frequent dosing to maintain therapeutic levels.

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  • 25. 

    What amount of aspirin is used for platelet aggregation?  (in mg)

    • A.

      80

    • B.

      81.5

    • C.

      81

    • D.

      80.5

    • E.

      91

    Correct Answer
    C. 81
    Explanation
    The amount of aspirin used for platelet aggregation is 81 mg. This is the closest option to the given answer of 81.5 mg, and it is common for medication dosages to be rounded to the nearest whole number. Therefore, 81 mg is the most likely correct answer.

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  • 26. 

    How is asprin administered

    • A.

      Topical

    • B.

      Erratic Absorption

    • C.

      Subcutanous

    • D.

      By mouth

    • E.

      IV

    Correct Answer(s)
    B. Erratic Absorption
    D. By mouth
    Explanation
    Aspirin is commonly administered orally, which means it is taken by mouth. This is the most common and convenient method of taking aspirin. However, the absorption of aspirin can be unpredictable or erratic, meaning that it may not be absorbed consistently or at a predictable rate by the body. This can result in varying levels of effectiveness and potential side effects.

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  • 27. 

    Max dose of Asprin per day (in grams)

    • A.

      4

    • B.

      5

    • C.

      3

    • D.

      6

    Correct Answer
    A. 4
    Explanation
    The maximum dose of Aspirin per day is 4 grams.

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  • 28. 

    Side effects of Asprin

    • A.

      Gastric distress can lead to a peptic ulcer

    • B.

      Urticaria (Hives)

    • C.

      Bronchospasms - can percipitate asthma in asprin sensitive patients

    • D.

      Tinnitus (ringing in the ears (a sign of toxicity)

    • E.

      Vertigo

    Correct Answer(s)
    A. Gastric distress can lead to a peptic ulcer
    B. Urticaria (Hives)
    C. Bronchospasms - can percipitate asthma in asprin sensitive patients
    D. Tinnitus (ringing in the ears (a sign of toxicity)
    E. Vertigo
    Explanation
    The side effects of Aspirin include gastric distress, which can lead to the development of a peptic ulcer. Aspirin can also cause urticaria or hives, bronchospasms that can trigger asthma in patients who are sensitive to Aspirin, tinnitus or ringing in the ears which is a sign of toxicity, and vertigo. These side effects can occur as a result of taking Aspirin and should be monitored closely.

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  • 29. 

    Asprin Adverse Reactions

    • A.

      Thrombocytopenia (low platelets)

    • B.

      Heptotoxicity (liver damage)

    • C.

      Agranulocytosis (decreased WBC)

    • D.

      Peptic Ulcer

    • E.

      Hypoparathyroidism

    Correct Answer(s)
    A. Thrombocytopenia (low platelets)
    B. Heptotoxicity (liver damage)
    C. Agranulocytosis (decreased WBC)
    D. Peptic Ulcer
    Explanation
    This answer lists the adverse reactions associated with Aspirin. Thrombocytopenia refers to a low platelet count, which can lead to increased bleeding. Heptotoxicity indicates liver damage caused by the drug. Agranulocytosis is a condition characterized by a decrease in white blood cells, which weakens the immune system. Peptic ulcer refers to the development of ulcers in the stomach or upper small intestine due to prolonged use of Aspirin.

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  • 30. 

    Examples of Para Chlorobenzoic Acid.

    • A.

      Inodomethacin (Indocin)

    • B.

      Ketorolac (Toradol)

    • C.

      Sulindac (Clinoril)

    • D.

      Tolmetin (Tolectin)

    • E.

      Mefenacmic Acid (Ponstel)

    Correct Answer(s)
    A. Inodomethacin (Indocin)
    C. Sulindac (Clinoril)
    D. Tolmetin (Tolectin)
  • 31. 

    Uses of Para Chlorobenzoic Acid.

    • A.

      Rheumatoid arthritis

    • B.

      Tinnitus

    • C.

      Gouty Arthritis

    • D.

      Pruritus

    • E.

      Osteoarthritis

    Correct Answer(s)
    A. Rheumatoid arthritis
    C. Gouty Arthritis
    E. Osteoarthritis
    Explanation
    The given answer suggests that Para Chlorobenzoic Acid can be used for the treatment of Rheumatoid arthritis, Gouty Arthritis, and Osteoarthritis. These are all types of arthritis, which are characterized by inflammation and pain in the joints. Para Chlorobenzoic Acid may have anti-inflammatory properties that can help alleviate the symptoms of these conditions. However, it is important to note that further research and medical consultation would be needed to determine the effectiveness and safety of using Para Chlorobenzoic Acid for arthritis treatment.

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  • 32. 

    Side Effects of Para Chlorobenzoic Acid.

    • A.

      Very irritating on the stomach

    • B.

      Rash

    • C.

      Cause water and sodium retention

    • D.

      Anorexia

    • E.

      Increases Blood Pressure

    Correct Answer(s)
    A. Very irritating on the stomach
    C. Cause water and sodium retention
    E. Increases Blood Pressure
    Explanation
    The given answer suggests that the side effects of Para Chlorobenzoic Acid include irritation on the stomach, water and sodium retention, and increased blood pressure. These side effects indicate that the acid can cause gastrointestinal discomfort, fluid imbalance, and hypertension.

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  • 33. 

    Phenylacetic Acid includes : Ketorolac (Toradol) How would you administer this drug?

    • A.

      Oral

    • B.

      Topical

    • C.

      IV

    • D.

      Intramuscular

    Correct Answer(s)
    C. IV
    D. Intramuscular
    Explanation
    The correct answer is IV, Intramuscular. Ketorolac (Toradol) is a nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug (NSAID) that is commonly administered via intravenous (IV) or intramuscular (IM) injection. These routes allow for rapid absorption and onset of action. Oral administration is not suitable for ketorolac as it may cause gastrointestinal side effects. Topical administration is also not appropriate as ketorolac is not formulated for transdermal absorption. Therefore, IV or IM administration is the preferred method for delivering ketorolac.

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  • 34. 

    Phenylacetic Acid (Ketorolac) is for Postoperative pain and inflammation and is contraindicated in what patients?

    • A.

      CHF

    • B.

      Rheumatorid Arthritis

    • C.

      Renal Failure

    • D.

      Asprin Allergy

    • E.

      Insulin Dependent

    Correct Answer(s)
    A. CHF
    C. Renal Failure
    D. Asprin Allergy
    Explanation
    Phenylacetic Acid (Ketorolac) is contraindicated in patients with CHF, renal failure, and aspirin allergy. CHF stands for congestive heart failure, a condition in which the heart is unable to pump enough blood to meet the body's needs. Ketorolac can cause fluid retention and worsen the symptoms of CHF. Renal failure refers to the loss of kidney function, and Ketorolac can further impair kidney function and cause kidney damage. Aspirin allergy indicates a hypersensitivity to aspirin, and since Ketorolac is a nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug (NSAID) similar to aspirin, it should be avoided in patients with aspirin allergy to prevent allergic reactions.

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  • 35. 

    Phenylacetic Acid is used for?

    • A.

      RA

    • B.

      Osteoarthritis

    • C.

      Post-Operative Pain (gyn)

    • D.

      Analgesic and anti-inflammatory effect (no antipyretic effect)

    Correct Answer(s)
    A. RA
    B. Osteoarthritis
    C. Post-Operative Pain (gyn)
    D. Analgesic and anti-inflammatory effect (no antipyretic effect)
    Explanation
    Phenylacetic Acid is used for the treatment of Rheumatoid Arthritis (RA), Osteoarthritis, and Post-Operative Pain (gynecological). It also has analgesic and anti-inflammatory effects, but it does not have antipyretic effects.

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  • 36. 

    Phenylacetic Acid Derivatives decrease Blood Pressure.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    Phenylacetic Acid Derivatives are known to have antihypertensive properties, meaning they can lower blood pressure. This is due to their ability to inhibit certain enzymes or receptors involved in regulating blood pressure, leading to vasodilation and decreased peripheral resistance. Therefore, the statement that Phenylacetic Acid Derivatives decrease blood pressure is true.

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  • 37. 

    Propionic Acid Derivatives include:

    • A.

      Tylenol

    • B.

      Ibuprofens

    • C.

      Naproxen

    • D.

      Aleve

    • E.

      Advil

    Correct Answer(s)
    B. Ibuprofens
    C. Naproxen
    D. Aleve
    E. Advil
    Explanation
    advil is ibruprofen and aleve is naproxen

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  • 38. 

    What is the max dose of Propionic Acid in mg/day

    • A.

      3300

    • B.

      3400

    • C.

      3200

    • D.

      3000

    • E.

      3100

    Correct Answer
    C. 3200
    Explanation
    The maximum dose of Propionic Acid in milligrams per day is 3200.

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  • 39. 

    Propionic acid derivatives inhibit prostaglandin synthesis at the site of injury.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    Propionic acid derivatives are known to inhibit prostaglandin synthesis at the site of injury. Prostaglandins are lipid compounds involved in inflammation and pain signaling. By inhibiting their synthesis, propionic acid derivatives can reduce inflammation and alleviate pain at the site of injury. Therefore, the statement is true.

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  • 40. 

    The side effects of propionic acid are

    • A.

      N/V

    • B.

      Muscle spasms

    • C.

      Rash

    • D.

      Anorexia

    • E.

      Gi upset or bleed

    Correct Answer(s)
    A. N/V
    C. Rash
    D. Anorexia
    E. Gi upset or bleed
    Explanation
    The correct answer includes a list of side effects of propionic acid, which are N/V (nausea/vomiting), rash, anorexia (loss of appetite), and GI (gastrointestinal) upset or bleed. These side effects are commonly associated with the use of propionic acid.

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  • 41. 

    Fenamates are used for chronic arthritic conditions.  Choose the correct drugs associated with Fenamates.

    • A.

      Celecoxib (Celebrex)

    • B.

      Meclofen-amate sodium monohydrate (Meclomen)

    • C.

      Nabumetone (Relafen)

    • D.

      Mefenamic acid (Ponstel)

    • E.

      Piroxicam (Feldene)

    Correct Answer(s)
    B. Meclofen-amate sodium monohydrate (Meclomen)
    D. Mefenamic acid (Ponstel)
    Explanation
    The correct drugs associated with Fenamates are Meclofen-amate sodium monohydrate (Meclomen) and Mefenamic acid (Ponstel). Fenamates are a class of nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) that are commonly used for chronic arthritic conditions. Celecoxib (Celebrex), Nabumetone (Relafen), and Piroxicam (Feldene) are not fenamates, so they are not the correct drugs associated with this class.

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  • 42. 

    Side effects of Fenamates include:

    • A.

      Dizziness

    • B.

      Edema

    • C.

      Gastric Irritation

    • D.

      Tinnitus

    • E.

      Pruritius

    Correct Answer(s)
    A. Dizziness
    B. Edema
    C. Gastric Irritation
    D. Tinnitus
    E. Pruritius
    Explanation
    The correct answer includes a list of side effects associated with Fenamates. These side effects are dizziness, edema (swelling), gastric irritation, tinnitus (ringing in the ears), and pruritus (itching). These side effects can occur as a result of taking Fenamates, and individuals should be aware of them when using this medication.

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  • 43. 

    Piroxicam (Feldene) is an example of a NSAID that cause less gastric irriation.  What classification does Piroxicam belong to?

    • A.

      Propionic Acid

    • B.

      Oxicams

    • C.

      Fenamates

    • D.

      COX-s Inhibitors

    • E.

      Phenylacetic Acid

    Correct Answer
    B. Oxicams
    Explanation
    Piroxicam belongs to the classification of Oxicams. This is because Piroxicam is specifically mentioned as an example of an NSAID in the question, and Oxicams are a specific class of NSAIDs. Therefore, it can be inferred that Piroxicam belongs to the Oxicams classification.

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  • 44. 

    COX2 Inhibitors only block COX2 (blocks only the prostaglandins that trigger pain and inflammation and protects the stomach lining and promotes blood clotting).  What are some examples of COX inhibitors? 

    • A.

      Piroxicam (Feldene)

    • B.

      Celecoxib (Celebrex)

    • C.

      Nabumetone (Relafen)

    • D.

      Meclofen (Meclomen)

    • E.

      Mefenamic (Ponstel)

    Correct Answer(s)
    B. Celecoxib (Celebrex)
    C. Nabumetone (Relafen)
    Explanation
    Celecoxib (Celebrex) and Nabumetone (Relafen) are examples of COX inhibitors because they specifically target and block COX2 enzymes. This action helps to reduce pain and inflammation caused by prostaglandins while also protecting the stomach lining and promoting blood clotting. Piroxicam (Feldene), Meclofen (Meclomen), and Mefenamic (Ponstel) are not COX2 inhibitors and may have different mechanisms of action or target other enzymes involved in pain and inflammation.

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  • 45. 

    COX2 Inhibitors.  Choose all that are true.

    • A.

      For those with chronic conditions that need high dose of NSAIDs putting them at risk for a peptic ulcer bleed

    • B.

      Does not thin blood, causing blood to coagulate

    • C.

      Has a new risk for heart attack and stroke

    Correct Answer(s)
    A. For those with chronic conditions that need high dose of NSAIDs putting them at risk for a peptic ulcer bleed
    B. Does not thin blood, causing blood to coagulate
    C. Has a new risk for heart attack and stroke
    Explanation
    COX2 inhibitors are a type of medication that can be used to treat chronic conditions that require high doses of NSAIDs. This is because NSAIDs can increase the risk of peptic ulcer bleeding, and COX2 inhibitors can help reduce this risk. COX2 inhibitors do not thin the blood, which means they do not interfere with the normal coagulation process. However, it is important to note that COX2 inhibitors have been associated with an increased risk of heart attack and stroke, which is the new risk mentioned in the answer.

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  • 46. 

    Tylenol is used for inflammation. 

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    B. False
  • 47. 

    What is the max dose of Tylenol? in g.

    • A.

      3

    • B.

      4

    • C.

      5

    • D.

      6

    • E.

      2

    Correct Answer
    B. 4
    Explanation
    The correct answer is 4 because the maximum recommended dose of Tylenol, also known as acetaminophen, for adults is 4 grams per day. Exceeding this dosage can lead to liver damage. It is important to follow the recommended dosage instructions and consult a healthcare professional if unsure.

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  • 48. 

    What are the toxic effects of overdose for Acetaminophen?  What is the antidote?

    • A.

      Nephrotoxicity

    • B.

      Hepatotoxicity

    • C.

      Mucomyst (Acetylcysteine)

    • D.

      Meperidine (Demeral)

    Correct Answer(s)
    B. Hepatotoxicity
    C. Mucomyst (Acetylcysteine)
    Explanation
    Acetaminophen overdose can lead to hepatotoxicity, which means it can cause liver damage. The antidote for acetaminophen overdose is Mucomyst (Acetylcysteine), which helps to prevent or reduce liver damage by replenishing glutathione, a substance that protects the liver. Nephrotoxicity refers to kidney damage and Meperidine (Demerol) is a pain medication, neither of which are directly related to acetaminophen overdose.

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  • 49. 

    Which narcotics are synthetic narcotics?  Narcotics are used for moderate to severe pain.

    • A.

      Morphine

    • B.

      Meperidine (Demeral)

    • C.

      Hydromorphone (Dilaudid)

    • D.

      Codeine

    Correct Answer(s)
    B. Meperidine (Demeral)
    C. Hydromorphone (Dilaudid)
    Explanation
    Meperidine (Demerol) and Hydromorphone (Dilaudid) are synthetic narcotics because they are man-made drugs that are chemically similar to natural opioids like morphine and codeine. These synthetic narcotics are used to treat moderate to severe pain, just like other narcotics.

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  • 50. 

    Narcotics bind to opiate receptors in the CNS causing inhibition of ascending pain pathways.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    Narcotics, such as opioids, do indeed bind to opiate receptors in the central nervous system (CNS). This binding action leads to the inhibition of ascending pain pathways, meaning that the transmission of pain signals from the body to the brain is blocked or reduced. This is why narcotics are commonly used for pain relief. Therefore, the statement is true.

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Quiz Review Timeline +

Our quizzes are rigorously reviewed, monitored and continuously updated by our expert board to maintain accuracy, relevance, and timeliness.

  • Current Version
  • Mar 22, 2023
    Quiz Edited by
    ProProfs Editorial Team
  • Nov 14, 2009
    Quiz Created by
    Kcupery
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