American History II - Exam Review 3 (spring 2017)

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American History II - Exam Review 3 (spring 2017)

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Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    The “new immigrants” who arrived in the United States after the Civil War were different from the “old immigrants” in that they…Unit 6
    • A. 

      Came mostly from Latin American counties

    • B. 

      Settled in rural areas in the Midwest where land was plentiful

    • C. 

      Were better prepared than previous immigrants had been to face the challenges of urban life

    • D. 

      Spoke different languages and had different customs than most Americans and thus were not easily assimilated

    • E. 

      Came from Asia rather than Europe

  • 2. 
    What is the main connection between Lincoln's Emancipation Proclamation in 1863 and Martin Luther King, Jr.'s "I Have A Dream Speech" in 1963?Unit 10
    • A. 

      Equality

    • B. 

      Diversity

    • C. 

      Freedom

    • D. 

      Respect

  • 3. 
    Which earlier period did the 1960s program causing the poverty decline best reflect?Unit 10
    • A. 

      Populism

    • B. 

      New Deal

    • C. 

      Reconstruction

    • D. 

      Progressivism

  • 4. 
    This political cartoon from 1919 best illustrates the American fear of what?Unit 7
    • A. 

      Modernists

    • B. 

      Fascism

    • C. 

      A welfare state

    • D. 

      Communism

  • 5. 
    Which of the following events would represent a peak in the Red Scare in the United States in the 1920s?Unit 8 
    • A. 

      Sacco and Vanzetti case

    • B. 

      Scopes Trial

    • C. 

      Teapot Dome Scandal

    • D. 

      Presidential election of 1924

  • 6. 
    Which "totalitarian regimes" was Truman referring to?Unit 10
    • A. 

      Germany

    • B. 

      USSR

    • C. 

      Japan

    • D. 

      China

  • 7. 
    Shortly after the Truman Doctrine (1947), Truman's administration announced the Marshall Plan.  What was the driving reason behind the execution of the Marshall Plan?Unit 10
    • A. 

      Humanitarian goals to fight against poverty, hunger and desperation in Europe

    • B. 

      To aid former African colonies in their efforts for freedom

    • C. 

      To prevent mutually assured destruction

    • D. 

      To prevent the expansion of Communist influence

  • 8. 
    What was the primary cause of the trends shown on the graph?Unit 6
    • A. 

      Closing of the western frontier

    • B. 

      Industrialization in the North and the Midwest

    • C. 

      Passage of the Homestead Act

    • D. 

      completion of the transcontinental railroad

  • 9. 
    The instructions referred to in this public notice resulted in the...Unit 9
    • A. 

      Deportation of most Japanese aliens to Japan

    • B. 

      protection of the homes and property of Japanese Americans

    • C. 

      Removal of Japanese Americans to internment camps

    • D. 

      Drafting of all young Japanese American men into the United States military

  • 10. 
    The shelter pictured in this handbook was designed to help Americans survive...Unit 10
    • A. 

      Global climate changes

    • B. 

      pandemic diseases

    • C. 

      natural disasters

    • D. 

      Nuclear war

  • 11. 
    What was the main reason for the emergence of “Hoovervilles” like the one shown in the photograph?Unit 8
    • A. 

      Many Americans had lost jobs during the Great Depression.

    • B. 

      Thousands of homes had been destroyed by the effects of the Dust Bowl.

    • C. 

      Housing projects could not keep up with the demand for homes needed by the poor

    • D. 

      Preparations for World War II had created a shortage of building materials.

  • 12. 
    Dust Storm Disaster On the 14th day of April of 1935, There struck the worst of dust storms that ever filled the sky. You could see that dust storm comin’, the cloud looked deathlike black, And through our mighty nation, it left a dreadful track.… The storm took place at sundown, it lasted through the night, When we looked out next morning, we saw a terrible sight. We saw outside our window where wheat fields they had grown Was now a rippling ocean of dust the wind had blown. It covered up our fences, it covered up our barns, It covered up our tractors in the wild and dusty storm. We loaded our jalopies and piled our families in, We rattled down that highway to never come back again.— Woody GuthrieWhich region of the United States was most directly affected by the situation described in this song?Unit 8
    • A. 

      Southeast

    • B. 

      Great Lakes

    • C. 

      Great Plains

    • D. 

      Pacific Northwest

  • 13. 
    Which factor is most closely associated with the decision of the United States to declare war on Spain in 1898?Unit 7
    • A. 

      Isolationist policy

    • B. 

      Labor union pressure

    • C. 

      yellow journalism

    • D. 

      unrestricted submarine warfare

  • 14. 
     A major purpose of President Woodrow Wilson’s Fourteen Points (1918) was to...Unit 7
    • A. 

      Ask Congress to enter World War I

    • B. 

      Set goals for achieving peace after World War I

    • C. 

      Provide an aid program for rebuilding war-torn nations

    • D. 

      Retaliate for the sinking of the Lusitania

  • 15. 
    The “clear and present danger” doctrine established in Schenck v. United States (1919) concerned the issue of...Unit 7
    • A. 

      Freedom of speech

    • B. 

      The right to bear arms

    • C. 

      The right to an attorney

    • D. 

      separation of church and state

  • 16. 
    Why did many United States farmers fail to benefit from the economic prosperity of the 1920s?Unit 8
    • A. 

      No technological advances were made in agriculture

    • B. 

      Levels of farm production declined

    • C. 

      Farm exports were heavily taxed.

    • D. 

      Agricultural goods were overproduced.

  • 17. 
    The Scopes trial of the 1920s dealt with a conflict between...Unit 8
    • A. 

      Communism and capitalism

    • B. 

      Protestants and Catholics

    • C. 

      science and religion

    • D. 

      Labor and management

  • 18. 
    Which economic factor contributed most directly to the start of the Great Depression?Unit 8
    • A. 

      Low worker productivity

    • B. 

      High income taxes

    • C. 

      Decreasing tariff rates

    • D. 

      Buying stocks on margin

  • 19. 
    What effect did the end of World War II have on American women who worked in defense industries during the war?Unit 9 & 10
    • A. 

      They were invited to join labor unions

    • B. 

      Their jobs were taken by returning servicemen

    • C. 

      Their wages were increased to match those of male workers

    • D. 

      Their contributions were rewarded by the government.

  • 20. 
    “This Government, as promised, has maintained the closest surveillance of the Soviet Military buildup on the island of Cuba. Within the past week, unmistakable evidence has established the fact that a series of offensive missile sites is now in preparation on that imprisoned island. The purpose of these bases can be none other than to provide a nuclear strike capability against the Western Hemisphere. . . .”— President John F. Kennedy, October 22, 1962 Which action did President Kennedy take following this statement?Unit 10
    • A. 

      Urging Allied forces to remove Soviet weapons from Cuba

    • B. 

      Ordering a naval quarantine of Cuba

    • C. 

      Breaking off diplomatic relations with the Soviet Union

    • D. 

      asking the United Nations to stop grain shipments to the Soviet Union