Practice Test For The Mo American Government EOC Test

Approved & Edited by ProProfs Editorial Team
The editorial team at ProProfs Quizzes consists of a select group of subject experts, trivia writers, and quiz masters who have authored over 10,000 quizzes taken by more than 100 million users. This team includes our in-house seasoned quiz moderators and subject matter experts. Our editorial experts, spread across the world, are rigorously trained using our comprehensive guidelines to ensure that you receive the highest quality quizzes.
Learn about Our Editorial Process
| By Clancyh
C
Clancyh
Community Contributor
Quizzes Created: 3 | Total Attempts: 23,509
Questions: 40 | Attempts: 471

SettingsSettingsSettings
Practice Test For The Mo American Government EOC Test - Quiz

In this Practice Test for the Mo American Government Eoc Test, we’ll be seeing if you know all there is to know about the system that runs the United States of America. What do you know about legislature, federal law, confederation, congress and more? Let’s find out.


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    Which of these is the main function of the legislative branch?

    • A.

      To make laws

    • B.

      To enforce laws

    • C.

      To define laws

    • D.

      To interpret laws

    Correct Answer
    A. To make laws
    Explanation
    The main function of the legislative branch is to make laws. This branch of government is responsible for proposing, debating, and passing laws that govern the country. They have the authority to create new laws, amend existing laws, and repeal outdated laws. The legislative branch plays a crucial role in ensuring that the laws of the land reflect the needs and values of the society it represents. They are separate from the executive branch, which enforces laws, and the judicial branch, which interprets laws.

    Rate this question:

  • 2. 

    State Populations Texas: 23,507,783 Florida: 18,089,880 Michigan: 10,095,643 Missouri: 5,842,713 According to the chart, which state has the largest delegation in the United States House of Representatives

    • A.

      Missouri

    • B.

      Florida

    • C.

      Michigan

    • D.

      Texas

    Correct Answer
    D. Texas
    Explanation
    Texas has the largest delegation in the United States House of Representatives because it has the highest population among the given states. With a population of 23,507,783, Texas has more representatives in the House compared to Florida, Michigan, and Missouri. The size of a state's delegation is determined by its population, with more populous states having more representatives to ensure fair representation in the House.

    Rate this question:

  • 3. 

    Which best explains why groups may hold meetings to discuss unpopular ideas in the United States?

    • A.

      State laws allow their actions.

    • B.

      Executive orders protect their actions.

    • C.

      Constitutional rights protect their actions.

    • D.

      Municipal ordinances permit their actions.

    Correct Answer
    C. Constitutional rights protect their actions.
    Explanation
    Groups may hold meetings to discuss unpopular ideas in the United States because constitutional rights protect their actions. The First Amendment of the United States Constitution guarantees freedom of speech, assembly, and association, allowing individuals and groups to express their opinions, even if they are unpopular or controversial. This protection ensures that groups can openly discuss and debate unpopular ideas without fear of government interference or censorship.

    Rate this question:

  • 4. 

    2000 Presidential Election Percentage of Eligible Voters Who Cast a Ballot 18–24 Years Old 29% All Voters 55% Which of these can best be concluded from the information in the chart?

    • A.

      Many Americans did not know their political rights.

    • B.

      Many college students volunteered in their communities.

    • C.

      Many young people neglected their civic responsibilities.

    • D.

      Many American citizens actively participated in civic life.

    Correct Answer
    C. Many young people neglected their civic responsibilities.
    Explanation
    Many young people neglected their civic responsibilities can best be concluded from the information in the chart because the percentage of eligible voters who cast a ballot in the 18-24 age group is significantly lower (29%) compared to the overall percentage of all voters (55%). This suggests that a large portion of young people did not exercise their right to vote, indicating neglect of their civic responsibilities.

    Rate this question:

  • 5. 

    Mason thinks he has a great idea for a law. What is the best action for Mason to take to get the law passed?

    • A.

      Post his opinions on a website

    • B.

      Talk with his best friend about his idea

    • C.

      Write a letter to the editor of the local paper

    • D.

      Contact his representative in Congress about his idea

    Correct Answer
    D. Contact his representative in Congress about his idea
    Explanation
    Mason should contact his representative in Congress about his idea in order to get the law passed. This is the best action because representatives in Congress are responsible for making and passing laws. By directly contacting his representative, Mason can express his idea and potentially gain support for it. This is a more effective approach compared to posting opinions on a website or talking with a friend, as contacting the representative directly increases the chances of his idea being considered and potentially turned into a law. Writing a letter to the editor of the local paper could also help raise awareness, but contacting the representative directly is the most direct and influential action.

    Rate this question:

  • 6. 

    Which example best demonstrates a change in government involvement in the economy?

    • A.

      Involvement in the United Nations

    • B.

      Creation of the Social Security Administration

    • C.

      Deployment of military troops to Iraq

    • D.

      Implementation of the Voting Rights Act

    Correct Answer
    B. Creation of the Social Security Administration
    Explanation
    The creation of the Social Security Administration best demonstrates a change in government involvement in the economy. This is because the establishment of the Social Security Administration represents a significant expansion of the government's role in providing social welfare and economic support to its citizens. It involves the government taking on the responsibility of providing financial assistance and retirement benefits to individuals, which directly impacts the economy by redistributing wealth and ensuring social stability.

    Rate this question:

  • 7. 

    Which is a result of having a political system dominated by two political parties?

    • A.

      It is easier to obtain a majority of votes.

    • B.

      There is less confusion in the primaries.

    • C.

      There are fewer legal challenges to elections.

    • D.

      It increases voter turnout.

    Correct Answer
    A. It is easier to obtain a majority of votes.
    Explanation
    Having a political system dominated by two political parties makes it easier to obtain a majority of votes because the majority of voters tend to align themselves with one of the two major parties. This is because the two-party system creates a clear and distinct choice for voters, making it more likely for one of the parties to secure a majority of votes. In contrast, in a multi-party system, the votes are often more fragmented among various parties, making it more difficult for any single party to obtain a majority.

    Rate this question:

  • 8. 

    The Articles of Confederation represented the

    • A.

      Rejection of weaknesses in the Bill of Rights

    • B.

      First attempt at self-government in the United States

    • C.

      Acceptance of British rule in the colonies

    • D.

      Early effort to improve United States ties to other nations

    Correct Answer
    B. First attempt at self-government in the United States
    Explanation
    The Articles of Confederation were the first attempt at self-government in the United States. This document, adopted in 1781, established a weak central government with limited powers and gave most authority to the individual states. It served as the framework for governing the newly independent colonies during the Revolutionary War and the early years of the United States. However, it soon became clear that the Articles had many weaknesses and were ineffective in addressing the needs of the nation. This led to the drafting and adoption of the Constitution in 1787, which replaced the Articles and created a stronger federal government.

    Rate this question:

  • 9. 

    Which issue is exclusively the responsibility of federal law?

    • A.

      Driver’s licenses

    • B.

      Gun control

    • C.

      Teaching certifications

    • D.

      Counterfeit money

    Correct Answer
    D. Counterfeit money
    Explanation
    Counterfeit money is exclusively the responsibility of federal law because it involves the production and distribution of fake currency, which is a federal crime. The federal government has the authority to regulate and prosecute individuals involved in counterfeiting money in order to protect the integrity of the national currency and the economy as a whole. State laws may also address counterfeit money, but federal law takes precedence in this matter.

    Rate this question:

  • 10. 

    Congress is prohibited from establishing an official religion by the

    • A.

      First Amendment

    • B.

      Second Amendment

    • C.

      Fourth Amendment

    • D.

      Fifth Amendment

    Correct Answer
    A. First Amendment
    Explanation
    The First Amendment of the United States Constitution prohibits Congress from establishing an official religion. This amendment ensures the separation of church and state, protecting individuals' freedom of religion and preventing the government from favoring or promoting any specific religious beliefs. It guarantees the right to religious freedom and prevents the government from interfering with or endorsing any particular religious practices.

    Rate this question:

  • 11. 

    Which person is a member of the legislative branch?

    • A.

      President

    • B.

      Speaker of the House

    • C.

      Secretary of education

    • D.

      Ambassador to the United Nations

    Correct Answer
    B. Speaker of the House
    Explanation
    The Speaker of the House is a member of the legislative branch because they hold a position within the United States Congress. As the presiding officer of the House of Representatives, the Speaker plays a crucial role in the legislative process, including setting the agenda, guiding debates, and influencing the passage of legislation. This position is specifically designated within the legislative branch, making it the correct answer.

    Rate this question:

  • 12. 

    Which feature of ancient Rome made it a republic?

    • A.

      Absence of a king or emperor

    • B.

      Rule by elected representatives

    • C.

      Right to speak in civic gatherings

    • D.

      Equality for all adult male citizens

    Correct Answer
    B. Rule by elected representatives
    Explanation
    The feature of ancient Rome that made it a republic was the rule by elected representatives. In a republic, the power is held by the people and their elected representatives, rather than by a monarch or emperor. This system allowed for the citizens of Rome to have a voice in their government and participate in decision-making through the election of officials. It promoted a sense of democracy and ensured that power was not concentrated in the hands of a single ruler.

    Rate this question:

  • 13. 

    The expansion of suffrage in the United States best illustrates society’s changing views of

    • A.

      Civil rights

    • B.

      Limited government

    • C.

      Popular sovereignty

    • D.

      Due process of law

    Correct Answer
    A. Civil rights
    Explanation
    The expansion of suffrage in the United States refers to the gradual increase in the right to vote to a broader range of individuals, including women and minorities. This expansion demonstrates society's changing views of civil rights, as it reflects a growing recognition of the importance of equal rights and opportunities for all citizens. It signifies a shift towards inclusivity and equality, highlighting the evolving understanding of civil rights in American society.

    Rate this question:

  • 14. 

    Which part of the Connecticut (or Great) Compromise benefi ts states with smaller populations?

    • A.

      Each state has two representatives in the Senate.

    • B.

      The Senate ratifi es all treaties with foreign nations.

    • C.

      All bills for spending money must originate in the House of Representatives.

    • D.

      A state’s population determines how many members it has in the House of Representatives.

    Correct Answer
    A. Each state has two representatives in the Senate.
    Explanation
    The part of the Connecticut (or Great) Compromise that benefits states with smaller populations is that each state has two representatives in the Senate. This ensures that each state, regardless of its population size, has equal representation in the Senate. This is advantageous for smaller states as it gives them an equal voice and influence in the legislative process, balancing out the power of larger states with larger populations.

    Rate this question:

  • 15. 

    Mexico has a governmental system in which the power is divided between the national government and each state. Based on the information above, what type of government system does Mexico have?

    • A.

      Capitalism

    • B.

      Communism

    • C.

      Federalism

    • D.

      Totalitarianism

    Correct Answer
    C. Federalism
    Explanation
    Mexico has a federalism government system. This means that power is divided between the national government and each state. In a federalism system, both the national government and state governments have their own separate powers and responsibilities, and they share power and authority. This allows for a balance of power and allows each state to have some level of autonomy while still being part of a larger national government.

    Rate this question:

  • 16. 

    • 1980: Candy Lightner establishes Mothers Against Drunk Driving (MADD) to advocate for strong drunk driving laws • 1988: Minimum drinking age set at twenty-one in all fi fty states • 1992: Alcohol-related driving deaths drop 26 percent since 1984 The best title for the chart is

    • A.

      The Critical Need for Federal Speed Limit Reform

    • B.

      The Growing Problem of Drunk Driving in the United States

    • C.

      Why Alcohol Advertising Needs to Be Banned

    • D.

      How an Individual Citizen Helped Improve Community Safety

    Correct Answer
    D. How an Individual Citizen Helped Improve Community Safety
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "How an Individual Citizen Helped Improve Community Safety." This title accurately reflects the information provided in the chart, which highlights the efforts of Candy Lightner in establishing Mothers Against Drunk Driving (MADD) and the subsequent decrease in alcohol-related driving deaths. The other options do not accurately capture the main focus of the chart.

    Rate this question:

  • 17. 

    Which statement best describes a function of interest groups?

    • A.

      They nominate candidates to run for elected office.

    • B.

      They attempt to override presidential actions by protesting.

    • C.

      They advocate for citizens who have similar ideas about issues.

    • D.

      They organize public education forums to raise money for a cause.

    Correct Answer
    C. They advocate for citizens who have similar ideas about issues.
    Explanation
    Interest groups are organizations that are formed by individuals who share common interests or goals. The main function of interest groups is to advocate for these citizens and their ideas about various issues. They work to influence public policy, lobby government officials, and raise awareness about their cause. Interest groups do not typically nominate candidates for office or attempt to override presidential actions through protests. While they may organize public education forums, their main focus is on advocating for their members and their shared ideas.

    Rate this question:

  • 18. 

    Enlightenment-era political philosophers such as Hobbes, Locke, Rousseau, and Montesquieu

    • A.

      Rejected governmental policies that allowed the expansion of property rights

    • B.

      Adhered to traditional social customs in the creation of governmental offices

    • C.

      Emphasized governmental structures based on reason and social progress

    • D.

      Pursued strict obedience to religious scripture in governmental affairs

    Correct Answer
    C. Emphasized governmental structures based on reason and social progress
    Explanation
    During the Enlightenment era, political philosophers like Hobbes, Locke, Rousseau, and Montesquieu advocated for governmental structures that were grounded in reason and social progress. They believed that governments should be based on rationality and the improvement of society, rather than adhering to traditional social customs or strict obedience to religious scripture. These philosophers emphasized the importance of using reason and logic to create a just and fair society, and they advocated for governments that would prioritize the well-being and progress of the people.

    Rate this question:

  • 19. 

    Which of these circumstances illustrates a danger of majority rule?

    • A.

      A law is ruled unconstitutional by a judge.

    • B.

      A law is used to oppress a group of people.

    • C.

      A petition is signed by many people.

    • D.

      A prisoner is wrongly let out of prison.

    Correct Answer
    B. A law is used to oppress a group of people.
    Explanation
    The circumstance that illustrates a danger of majority rule is when a law is used to oppress a group of people. This implies that the majority, who have the power to make decisions, can use their authority to discriminate against or harm a minority group. This highlights the potential for the abuse of power and the violation of the rights and freedoms of individuals who may not have the same level of influence or representation.

    Rate this question:

  • 20. 

    Mr. Leonard was not required to testify at his own trial for armed robbery. This is known as

    • A.

      Right to legal counsel

    • B.

      Right against false testimony

    • C.

      Right to legal privacy

    • D.

      Right against self-incrimination

    Correct Answer
    D. Right against self-incrimination
    Explanation
    Mr. Leonard was not required to testify at his own trial for armed robbery because of his right against self-incrimination. This right allows individuals to refuse to answer questions or provide evidence that may incriminate themselves. By exercising this right, Mr. Leonard avoided the risk of saying something that could be used against him in court. The right against self-incrimination is an important legal protection that ensures individuals are not forced to testify against themselves and helps maintain fairness in the criminal justice system.

    Rate this question:

  • 21. 

    Which of these received increased authority under the reserved powers clause of the Constitution?

    • A.

      States

    • B.

      Congress

    • C.

      Businesses

    • D.

      Supreme Court

    Correct Answer
    A. States
    Explanation
    Under the reserved powers clause of the Constitution, the states received increased authority. This means that certain powers not delegated to the federal government are reserved for the states. This allows the states to have more control and decision-making power over various issues within their own jurisdiction.

    Rate this question:

  • 22. 

    Some people believe that the Supreme Court has too much power because justices

    • A.

      Accumulate great sums of campaign contributions

    • B.

      Can ignore the outcome of confi rmation hearings

    • C.

      Issue decisions in cases brought to them

    • D.

      Serve until they die or choose to retire

    Correct Answer
    D. Serve until they die or choose to retire
    Explanation
    The fact that Supreme Court justices serve until they die or choose to retire can be seen as a reason why some people believe that the Supreme Court has too much power. This is because the lifetime tenure of justices allows them to hold their positions for an extended period of time, potentially influencing the court's decisions and policies for decades. Critics argue that this lack of term limits can lead to an imbalance of power and hinder the ability to bring in fresh perspectives and ideas to the court.

    Rate this question:

  • 23. 

    Which headline best illustrates an example of checks and balances?

    • A.

      “President to Seek Second Term”

    • B.

      “House Passes Tax Legislation”

    • C.

      “Senate Confi rms New Chief Justice”

    • D.

      “Supreme Court Rejects Case”

    Correct Answer
    C. “Senate Confi rms New Chief Justice”
    Explanation
    The headline "Senate Confirms New Chief Justice" best illustrates an example of checks and balances because it demonstrates the role of the Senate in the confirmation process for a key position in the judiciary. The confirmation of a Chief Justice by the Senate is a key check on the power of the President, ensuring that the appointment is subject to the approval of another branch of government. This headline highlights the system of checks and balances in action, as the Senate exercises its power to confirm or reject the President's nominee for Chief Justice.

    Rate this question:

  • 24. 

    “Government of the people, by the people, for the people, shall not perish from the earth.” —President Abraham Lincoln, 1863Which is the best conclusion about President Lincoln’s quotation?

    • A.

      He believed all men are created equal.

    • B.

      He intended to be reelected.

    • C.

      He supported a republic.

    • D.

      He was against slavery.

    Correct Answer
    C. He supported a republic.
    Explanation
    President Lincoln's quotation emphasizes the idea of a government that is "of the people, by the people, for the people." This phrase is often associated with the concept of a republic, where power rests with the citizens who elect representatives to govern on their behalf. By stating that the government "shall not perish from the earth," Lincoln expresses his support for the continuation and preservation of a republic. This conclusion is supported by the context of the quotation and Lincoln's role as the President of the United States during a time when the country was engaged in a civil war to uphold the principles of democracy and the republic.

    Rate this question:

  • 25. 

    The most important role of the Electoral College is to

    • A.

      Nominate candidates to local offices and Congress

    • B.

      Vote for the president and vice president

    • C.

      Settle national elections in case of a tie

    • D.

      Educate voters prior to an election

    Correct Answer
    B. Vote for the president and vice president
    Explanation
    The Electoral College's most important role is to vote for the president and vice president. This is done through a system where each state is allocated a certain number of electors based on their representation in Congress. These electors then cast their votes for the candidates who have won the popular vote in their respective states. The candidate who receives a majority of the electoral votes becomes the president. This system ensures that smaller states have a voice in the election process and prevents the president from being elected solely based on the popular vote.

    Rate this question:

  • 26. 

    Chris challenged the law in his home state that allowed the chief of police to identify him as “a dangerous driver” based on observation. This classifi cation denied him the right to renew his driver’s license. Chris successfully argued that he was entitled to a hearing before the state could post his name on the dangerous driver list. Which constitutional principle does the scenario represent?

    • A.

      Judicial review

    • B.

      Due process of law

    • C.

      Popular sovereignty

    • D.

      Checks and balances

    Correct Answer
    B. Due process of law
    Explanation
    The scenario represents the constitutional principle of due process of law. This principle ensures that individuals are entitled to fair treatment and protection of their rights by the government. In this case, Chris argued that he should have the opportunity to present his case and defend himself before being classified as a dangerous driver. This aligns with the idea of due process, which requires that individuals be given a fair hearing and an opportunity to be heard before any adverse action is taken against them.

    Rate this question:

  • 27. 

    Which activity of an interest group for teachers would have the most signifi cant political impact?

    • A.

      Providing legal advice for members who feel their rights have been violated

    • B.

      Ensuring that continuing education is provided for experienced educators

    • C.

      Providing instructors with lesson plans that align with curriculum

    • D.

      Lobbying elected officials to enact new education laws

    Correct Answer
    D. Lobbying elected officials to enact new education laws
    Explanation
    Lobbying elected officials to enact new education laws would have the most significant political impact for an interest group for teachers. This activity involves actively advocating for specific policies and laws that directly affect the education system. By engaging in lobbying efforts, the interest group can directly influence the decision-making process and potentially shape the future of education policies. This activity allows the group to have a direct impact on the political landscape and potentially bring about significant changes in the education sector.

    Rate this question:

  • 28. 

    “No freeman shall be taken, or imprisoned, . . . or in any way harmed . . . save by the lawful judgment of his peers, or by the law of the land. . . . To none will we sell, to none deny or delay, right or justice.” —Magna Carta, 1215 According to the statement in the chart, which constitutional guarantee is most related to the Magna Carta?

    • A.

      Rights to bear arms

    • B.

      Rights of the accused

    • C.

      Rights of former slaves

    • D.

      Rights of the convicted

    Correct Answer
    B. Rights of the accused
    Explanation
    The statement from the Magna Carta emphasizes the protection of individual freedoms and rights, specifically stating that no freeman shall be taken, imprisoned, or harmed without lawful judgment or due process. This aligns closely with the constitutional guarantee of the rights of the accused, which ensures that individuals accused of a crime have the right to a fair trial, legal representation, and protection against unjust treatment.

    Rate this question:

  • 29. 

    In order for a bill to become law, what happens after both houses of Congress pass it?

    • A.

      The president signs it.

    • B.

      The Supreme Court reviews it.

    • C.

      The president vetoes it.

    • D.

      The Supreme Court interprets it.

    Correct Answer
    A. The president signs it.
    Explanation
    After both houses of Congress pass a bill, the next step is for the president to sign it. This is the final stage in the legislative process before a bill becomes law. The president's signature indicates their approval and support for the bill, and once signed, it becomes legally binding. The Supreme Court's role is to interpret laws, not to review or sign them, so the option "The Supreme Court interprets it" is not correct.

    Rate this question:

  • 30. 

    “It is equally evident, that the members of each department should be as little dependent as possible on those of the others . . . . Were the executive magistrate, or the judges, not independent of the legislature in this particular, their independence in every other would be merely nominal.” —Federalist No. 51 Which constitutional principle is described in the quotation?

    • A.

      Federalism

    • B.

      Due process

    • C.

      Judicial review

    • D.

      Separation of powers

    Correct Answer
    D. Separation of powers
    Explanation
    The quotation describes the principle of separation of powers. It emphasizes the need for each department (executive, legislative, and judicial) to be independent and not dependent on each other. This principle ensures that power is not concentrated in one branch of government, but rather divided among different branches, preventing any one branch from becoming too powerful and potentially abusing their authority.

    Rate this question:

  • 31. 

    What happens when a state law confl icts with a federal law?

    • A.

      The federal government can penalize the state.

    • B.

      The federal government must change its law.

    • C.

      The state government can enforce its own law.

    • D.

      The state must yield to the federal government.

    Correct Answer
    D. The state must yield to the federal government.
    Explanation
    When a state law conflicts with a federal law, the state must yield to the federal government. This means that the state law is invalidated and cannot be enforced, as federal law takes precedence over state law. The Supremacy Clause of the United States Constitution establishes that federal law is the supreme law of the land, and any state law that contradicts it is considered unconstitutional. Therefore, the state government cannot enforce its own law in such cases.

    Rate this question:

  • 32. 

    “The most powerful, and perhaps the only, means of interesting men in the welfare of their country which we still possess is to make them partakers in the government.” —Alexis de Tocqueville Which statement best refl ects Tocqueville’s point of view?

    • A.

      Becoming involved in society will make businesses prosper.

    • B.

      Taking an active role in society will help promote contributions to a nation.

    • C.

      Encouraging people to become involved in communities will improve schools.

    • D.

      Participating in the creation of legislation is particularly important for young citizens.

    Correct Answer
    B. Taking an active role in society will help promote contributions to a nation.
    Explanation
    Tocqueville's point of view is best reflected in the statement "Taking an active role in society will help promote contributions to a nation." This statement aligns with Tocqueville's belief that involving individuals in the government and the welfare of their country is crucial. By actively participating in society, individuals can contribute to the betterment of their nation. This supports Tocqueville's idea that making people partakers in the government is a powerful means of interesting them in the welfare of their country.

    Rate this question:

  • 33. 

    Which executive action best demonstrates a check on legislative branch power?

    • A.

      The Senate rejects a Supreme Court nominee.

    • B.

      The Supreme Court overturns a presidential pardon.

    • C.

      The president vetoes a bill passed by Congress.

    • D.

      The Speaker of the House consults with the vice president.

    Correct Answer
    C. The president vetoes a bill passed by Congress.
    Explanation
    The president vetoing a bill passed by Congress is the best demonstration of a check on legislative branch power. This action allows the president to reject a bill that has been approved by the legislative branch, thereby preventing it from becoming law. By exercising this power, the president can influence the legislative process and ensure that any potential legislation aligns with their own priorities and agenda. This serves as a direct check on the power of the legislative branch, as it requires their cooperation and agreement in order for the bill to become law.

    Rate this question:

  • 34. 

    • Under the Articles of Confederation, taxes were applied by Congress and collected by the states. • Under the Constitution, taxes are both applied and collected by Congress. Which of these best describes the change in government refl ected in the chart?

    • A.

      Reducing duties of the executive branch

    • B.

      Reducing duties of the legislative branch

    • C.

      Expanding political power of state governments

    • D.

      Expanding political power of the national government

    Correct Answer
    D. Expanding political power of the national government
    Explanation
    The change in government reflected in the chart is the expanding political power of the national government. Under the Articles of Confederation, taxes were applied by Congress but collected by the states, indicating a limited role for the national government. However, under the Constitution, taxes are both applied and collected by Congress, demonstrating an increase in the authority and power of the national government in taxation matters. This shift signifies the expansion of political power at the national level.

    Rate this question:

  • 35. 

    In a presidential form of government, the head of the executive branch is

    • A.

      Elected independently from the legislative branch and serves a fixed term

    • B.

      Selected from the legislative branch and serves an indefi nite term

    • C.

      Elected to become the ruling member of the legislature and serves a fixed term

    • D.

      Selected by the legislature to rule independently and serves an indefi nite term

    Correct Answer
    A. Elected independently from the legislative branch and serves a fixed term
    Explanation
    In a presidential form of government, the head of the executive branch is elected independently from the legislative branch and serves a fixed term. This means that the president is chosen by the people through a separate election process, and their term in office is predetermined and cannot be extended. This separation of powers ensures a system of checks and balances, as the president is not directly accountable to the legislative branch and can exercise their executive powers without interference from the legislature.

    Rate this question:

  • 36. 

    Which of these situations illustrates citizens responsibly practicing the freedoms of a democratic society?

    • A.

      Melissa loudly argues with the grocery store manager about high food prices.

    • B.

      Lindsay falsely accuses Jim of reckless driving in the local newspaper.

    • C.

      Billy celebrates homecoming by honking his car horn in a residential neighborhood at midnight.

    • D.

      Miko and some friends picket the local shoe factory because of recent layoffs.

    Correct Answer
    D. Miko and some friends picket the local shoe factory because of recent layoffs.
    Explanation
    Miko and some friends picketing the local shoe factory because of recent layoffs illustrates citizens responsibly practicing the freedoms of a democratic society. Picketing is a form of peaceful protest and expression of their dissatisfaction with the factory's actions. This action allows them to exercise their freedom of speech and assembly, which are fundamental rights in a democratic society. The other situations, such as arguing loudly, making false accusations, or causing disturbance in a residential area, do not demonstrate responsible practice of democratic freedoms.

    Rate this question:

  • 37. 

    Which interest group would most likely oppose eliminating the social security system?

    • A.

      National Rifl e Association (NRA)

    • B.

      American Federation of Labor (AFL)

    • C.

      Mothers Against Drunk Driving (MADD)

    • D.

      American Association of Retired Persons (AARP)

    Correct Answer
    D. American Association of Retired Persons (AARP)
    Explanation
    The American Association of Retired Persons (AARP) would most likely oppose eliminating the social security system because it is an organization that represents the interests of retired individuals. The social security system provides financial support and benefits for retired individuals, and eliminating it would negatively impact the members of AARP. They would advocate for the preservation and improvement of the social security system to ensure the financial security of retired individuals.

    Rate this question:

  • 38. 

    Which of these is an example of popular sovereignty?

    • A.

      Federal courts overrule laws passed by Congress.

    • B.

      Some states decided to prohibit slavery by a vote of residents.

    • C.

      Political parties choose presidential candidates at national conventions.

    • D.

      Former colonial governments declared independence from British control.

    Correct Answer
    B. Some states decided to prohibit slavery by a vote of residents.
    Explanation
    Some states deciding to prohibit slavery by a vote of residents is an example of popular sovereignty because it demonstrates the power of the people to make decisions and determine the laws and policies of their own states. Popular sovereignty is the principle that the authority of the government is derived from the consent of the people, and this example illustrates the exercise of that authority through a democratic process.

    Rate this question:

  • 39. 

    Since the 1960s, which political party in the United States most closely represents the views of conservative voters?

    • A.

      Democratic Party

    • B.

      Republican Party

    • C.

      Socialist Party

    • D.

      Green Party

    Correct Answer
    B. Republican Party
    Explanation
    The Republican Party is the correct answer because since the 1960s, it has been associated with conservative views and policies. The party has generally advocated for limited government intervention, lower taxes, and a focus on individual liberties and free-market principles. This aligns with the values and beliefs of conservative voters in the United States.

    Rate this question:

  • 40. 

    Which view of presidential power led to the Twenty-Second Amendment?

    • A.

      The office of the president had too much power in the nineteenth century.

    • B.

      Original checks and balances in the Constitution sufficiently limit the president’s power.

    • C.

      Congress should have more power to check the president’s power.

    • D.

      Term limits are needed to keep any one president from growing too powerful.

    Correct Answer
    D. Term limits are needed to keep any one president from growing too powerful.
    Explanation
    The Twenty-Second Amendment, which limits the president to two terms in office, was introduced as a response to concerns about a president becoming too powerful. By imposing term limits, it prevents any one president from holding office for an extended period and accumulating too much power. This amendment aims to ensure a balance of power and prevent the concentration of power in the hands of a single individual.

    Rate this question:

Quiz Review Timeline +

Our quizzes are rigorously reviewed, monitored and continuously updated by our expert board to maintain accuracy, relevance, and timeliness.

  • Current Version
  • Mar 21, 2023
    Quiz Edited by
    ProProfs Editorial Team
  • Mar 19, 2010
    Quiz Created by
    Clancyh
Back to Top Back to top
Advertisement
×

Wait!
Here's an interesting quiz for you.

We have other quizzes matching your interest.