America In The 1920's & 30's

Approved & Edited by ProProfs Editorial Team
The editorial team at ProProfs Quizzes consists of a select group of subject experts, trivia writers, and quiz masters who have authored over 10,000 quizzes taken by more than 100 million users. This team includes our in-house seasoned quiz moderators and subject matter experts. Our editorial experts, spread across the world, are rigorously trained using our comprehensive guidelines to ensure that you receive the highest quality quizzes.
Learn about Our Editorial Process
| By Zspencer
Z
Zspencer
Community Contributor
Quizzes Created: 2 | Total Attempts: 882
Questions: 15 | Attempts: 387

SettingsSettingsSettings
America Quizzes & Trivia

This is an open note quiz over America in the 20's and 30's. Open up all of your notes before you start the quiz.


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    What was the Great Migration? 

    • A.

      A movement of African Americans to the North

    • B.

      A movement of farmers to the West

    • C.

      A movement of Germans to America

    Correct Answer
    A. A movement of African Americans to the North
    Explanation
    The Great Migration refers to the movement of African Americans from the Southern states to the Northern states in the United States during the early 20th century. This mass migration was primarily driven by economic opportunities, the desire to escape racial discrimination and violence, and the hope for a better life in the North. African Americans sought jobs in industrial cities like Chicago, Detroit, and New York, where they faced different challenges but also found new opportunities for education, employment, and political participation. The Great Migration had a profound impact on the demographics, culture, and civil rights movement in the United States.

    Rate this question:

  • 2. 

    How did culture change in the 1920s? 

    • A.

      Consumerism was frowned upon.

    • B.

      Culture became more standardized throughout the country

    • C.

      Fewer people took cross-country trips.

    Correct Answer
    B. Culture became more standardized throughout the country
    Explanation
    During the 1920s, culture underwent a significant change as it became more standardized throughout the country. This was primarily due to the rise of mass media, such as radio and cinema, which allowed for the widespread dissemination of popular culture. The increased accessibility to these forms of entertainment resulted in the homogenization of cultural practices, tastes, and trends. Additionally, the decade witnessed the emergence of a consumer-driven society, with the growth of advertising and the availability of new products, leading to a shift towards consumerism. Consequently, this cultural standardization had a profound impact on various aspects of society, including fashion, music, and social norms.

    Rate this question:

  • 3. 

    How did conservatism affect immigration laws in the 1920s? 

    • A.

      Most states passed relaxed immigration reforms

    • B.

      Protestant fundamentalists called for more immigration.

    • C.

      Asian immigrants were the excluded immigrant groups.

    Correct Answer
    C. Asian immigrants were the excluded immigrant groups.
    Explanation
    Conservatism in the 1920s had a significant impact on immigration laws, particularly in excluding Asian immigrants. The conservative mindset during this period emphasized preserving traditional values and protecting the interests of the dominant white population. As a result, the Immigration Act of 1924, also known as the Johnson-Reed Act, was passed, which imposed strict quotas on immigration based on nationality and heavily restricted immigration from Asia. This legislation effectively excluded Asian immigrants from entering the United States, reflecting the conservative belief in preserving racial and cultural homogeneity.

    Rate this question:

  • 4. 

    Which of the following best describes Harding's policies? 

    • A.

      They lowered taxes for the wealthy.

    • B.

      They increased federal spending.

    • C.

      They lowered tariffs.

    Correct Answer
    A. They lowered taxes for the wealthy.
    Explanation
    Harding's policies can be described as favoring the wealthy due to his decision to lower taxes for them. This suggests that he aimed to reduce the financial burden on the wealthy individuals and potentially stimulate economic growth through their increased investments and spending. This policy choice indicates a preference for supply-side economics, which focuses on providing incentives to the wealthy in order to promote economic prosperity.

    Rate this question:

  • 5. 

    What caused major economic difficulties for farmers in the 1920s? 

    • A.

      Drought

    • B.

      Inflation

    • C.

      Overproduction

    Correct Answer
    C. Overproduction
    Explanation
    In the 1920s, overproduction was a major cause of economic difficulties for farmers. Due to advancements in technology and increased efficiency in farming practices, farmers were able to produce more crops than the market demanded. This led to a surplus of agricultural products, causing prices to plummet. As a result, farmers struggled to sell their goods at profitable prices, leading to financial hardships and economic instability in the agricultural sector.

    Rate this question:

  • 6. 

    Which of the following, combined with the market crash of 1929, helped cause the Great Depression? 

    • A.

      Falling unemployment

    • B.

      Low wages

    • C.

      The housing boom

    Correct Answer
    B. Low wages
    Explanation
    Low wages, combined with the market crash of 1929, helped cause the Great Depression. When the stock market crashed, many businesses suffered and were unable to maintain their previous levels of production. This led to a decrease in demand for goods and services, causing businesses to cut costs, including reducing wages. As a result, consumers had less disposable income to spend, further decreasing demand and causing a downward spiral in the economy. The combination of the market crash and low wages created a cycle of economic decline, contributing to the severity and duration of the Great Depression.

    Rate this question:

  • 7. 

    100What was a reason for the New Deal losing steam by 1938?

    • A.

      Foreign policies were more important than domestic ones

    • B.

      An increase in foreign trade

    • C.

      The Depression was over

    Correct Answer
    A. Foreign policies were more important than domestic ones
    Explanation
    The New Deal lost steam by 1938 because foreign policies became more important than domestic ones. This shift in focus away from domestic issues meant that less attention and resources were dedicated to implementing and sustaining New Deal programs. As a result, the momentum of the New Deal began to wane, leading to a decrease in its effectiveness and popularity.

    Rate this question:

  • 8. 

    Radio, movies, factories and department stores all shaped popular culture during the 1920s. Which of the following statements describes the effect of these new technologies?

    • A.

      They undermined labor unions because consumption replaced organization and hard work.

    • B.

      They developed a culture of consumerism, with advertising targeting women as the chief consumers of goods.

    • C.

      In the 1920s women could work at any sort of job, while in the 1890s most jobs were reserved for men.

    Correct Answer
    B. They developed a culture of consumerism, with advertising targeting women as the chief consumers of goods.
    Explanation
    The new technologies of radio, movies, factories, and department stores in the 1920s had the effect of developing a culture of consumerism. Advertising specifically targeted women as the primary consumers of goods. This means that these technologies and the advertising associated with them encouraged people to buy and consume more, leading to a culture focused on material possessions and consumption.

    Rate this question:

  • 9. 

    Which of the following statements about the "Great Migration" of African-Americans from the South to the North is correct?

    • A.

      The Great Migration led to the Harlem Renaissance as African-American artists and writers congregated in Harlem and inspired each other to create a magnificent body of work.

    • B.

      The Great Migration began during World War I and continued through the 1920s and onward.

    • C.

      All of these statements are correct.

    Correct Answer
    C. All of these statements are correct.
    Explanation
    The Great Migration refers to the movement of African-Americans from the South to the North during the early 20th century. This migration did indeed lead to the Harlem Renaissance, as many African-American artists and writers settled in Harlem, New York, and their presence and collaboration inspired a flourishing of artistic and literary achievements. Additionally, the Great Migration did begin during World War I and continued throughout the 1920s and beyond. Therefore, all of the statements provided are correct.

    Rate this question:

  • 10. 

    Which immigrants were welcomed by the National Origins Act, and which were excluded?

    • A.

      East Asians were welcomed, people from Southern and Eastern Europe were restricted, and people from Northern and Western Europe were excluded.

    • B.

      East Asians were excluded, people from Southern and Eastern Europe were restricted, and people from Northern and Western Europe were welcomed.

    • C.

      East Asians were excluded, people from Southern and Eastern Europe were welcomed, and people from Northern and Western Europe were restricted.

    Correct Answer
    B. East Asians were excluded, people from Southern and Eastern Europe were restricted, and people from Northern and Western Europe were welcomed.
    Explanation
    The National Origins Act welcomed immigrants from Northern and Western Europe, while excluding East Asians. Additionally, people from Southern and Eastern Europe were restricted.

    Rate this question:

  • 11. 

    Which of the following statements about the Ku Klux Klan in the 1920s is correct?

    • A.

      The Klan advocated "100% Americanism," which meant that it envisioned a country of "morally pure," white, Protestant, native-born Americans.

    • B.

      Although the Klan is widely known for its anti-black activity, in the North and West the Klan often targeted Jews and Catholics.

    • C.

      Both of these answers are correct.

    Correct Answer
    C. Both of these answers are correct.
    Explanation
    Both of these answers are correct. The first statement accurately describes the Klan's belief in "100% Americanism," which promoted a vision of a racially and religiously homogeneous America. The second statement acknowledges that while the Klan is commonly associated with anti-black sentiments, it also targeted other minority groups, such as Jews and Catholics, particularly in the North and West.

    Rate this question:

  • 12. 

    Which of the following statements about the Scopes trial of 1925 is what we learned?

    • A.

      John T. Scopes, a high school teacher, was charged with teaching Charles Darwin's theory of evolution, which violated a state law prohibiting the teaching of any doctrine that denied the divine creation of humans.

    • B.

      Clarence Darrow, a famous defense lawyer, defended John Scopes. Darrow's arguments were celebrated by people who liked the change and innovation of the modern world.

    • C.

      William Jennings Bryan, former presidential candidate, was the prosecuting attorney in the case. Bryan's arguments were celebrated by people who wanted to hold onto a world of absolute truths.

    Correct Answer
    A. John T. Scopes, a high school teacher, was charged with teaching Charles Darwin's theory of evolution, which violated a state law prohibiting the teaching of any doctrine that denied the divine creation of humans.
    Explanation
    The correct answer is that John T. Scopes, a high school teacher, was charged with teaching Charles Darwin's theory of evolution, which violated a state law prohibiting the teaching of any doctrine that denied the divine creation of humans. This statement accurately reflects the main focus and controversy of the Scopes trial of 1925, where Scopes was prosecuted for teaching evolution in a public school. The trial was a significant event in the history of science education and the clash between religious beliefs and scientific theories.

    Rate this question:

  • 13. 

    Which of the following statements about Warren G. Harding and the "return to normalcy" is correct?

    • A.

      "Normalcy" was a word used by President Warren Harding to describe the calm political and social order to which he wished to return the United States after the idealism and commotion of the presidency of Woodrow Wilson.

    • B.

      In the presidential election of 1920 Republican Warren Harding's call for "normalcy" appealed to many Americans who were tired of divisive reform issues.

    • C.

      Both of these statements are correct.

    Correct Answer
    C. Both of these statements are correct.
    Explanation
    Both of these statements are correct. "Normalcy" was indeed a word used by President Warren Harding to describe his desire to return the United States to a state of calm political and social order after the tumultuous presidency of Woodrow Wilson. In the presidential election of 1920, Harding's call for "normalcy" resonated with many Americans who were weary of the divisive reform issues that had characterized Wilson's presidency.

    Rate this question:

  • 14. 

    While the 1920s were prosperous overall, not every group of Americans did well during this decade. Who saw their economic status decline during the era of "Normalcy"?

    • A.

      Rich people

    • B.

      Farmers

    • C.

      Middle Class

    Correct Answer
    B. Farmers
    Explanation
    During the 1920s, the United States experienced a period of economic prosperity known as the "Roaring Twenties." However, not all groups benefited from this prosperity. Farmers, in particular, saw their economic status decline during this decade. This was primarily due to overproduction, which led to a decrease in agricultural prices. Additionally, advancements in technology and machinery reduced the demand for agricultural labor, further impacting farmers' economic well-being. As a result, many farmers faced financial difficulties and struggled to make a living during the era of "Normalcy."

    Rate this question:

  • 15. 

    Which of the following factors was a cause of the Great Depression?

    • A.

      Over-investment in stocks

    • B.

      The lack of farmers' and workers' purchasing power

    • C.

      Both of these are correct

    Correct Answer
    C. Both of these are correct
    Explanation
    Both over-investment in stocks and the lack of farmers' and workers' purchasing power were causes of the Great Depression. Over-investment in stocks led to the stock market crash in 1929, which triggered the economic downturn. This crash caused a loss of confidence in the economy, leading to a decrease in consumer spending and investment. The lack of farmers' and workers' purchasing power was also a factor as many people faced unemployment and poverty during the Great Depression, which further reduced consumer demand and worsened the economic crisis.

    Rate this question:

Quiz Review Timeline +

Our quizzes are rigorously reviewed, monitored and continuously updated by our expert board to maintain accuracy, relevance, and timeliness.

  • Current Version
  • Mar 18, 2023
    Quiz Edited by
    ProProfs Editorial Team
  • May 16, 2010
    Quiz Created by
    Zspencer
Back to Top Back to top
Advertisement
×

Wait!
Here's an interesting quiz for you.

We have other quizzes matching your interest.