Quiz On Air Pollution

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| By Kotyou987
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Quiz On Air Pollution - Quiz

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Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    What are the two main causes of air pollution?

    • A.

      Man made and Natural

    • B.

      Natural resources and waste disposal

    • C.

      Natural and waste

    • D.

      Man made and natural resources

    Correct Answer
    A. Man made and Natural
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "Man made and Natural." This answer is correct because air pollution can be caused by both human activities (man made) and natural processes. Man made causes of air pollution include industrial emissions, vehicle exhaust, and burning of fossil fuels. Natural causes of air pollution include volcanic eruptions, wildfires, and dust storms. Both of these causes contribute to the degradation of air quality and can have harmful effects on human health and the environment.

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  • 2. 

    List two pollutants which result in man made air pollution.

    • A.

      Nitrogen and carbon dioxide

    • B.

      Carbon monoxides and nitrogen

    • C.

      Oxygen and carbon dioxide

    • D.

      Carbon monoxides and nitrogen oxide

    Correct Answer
    D. Carbon monoxides and nitrogen oxide
    Explanation
    Carbon monoxides and nitrogen oxide are two pollutants that contribute to man-made air pollution. Carbon monoxide is a colorless and odorless gas produced by the incomplete combustion of fossil fuels, such as gasoline and coal. It is harmful to human health as it reduces the amount of oxygen that can be transported in the bloodstream. Nitrogen oxide is a group of gases, mainly nitrogen monoxide (NO) and nitrogen dioxide (NO2), which are produced from the burning of fossil fuels and industrial processes. They contribute to the formation of smog and acid rain and can have detrimental effects on human respiratory systems.

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  • 3. 

    What are the causes of man made air pollution and natural air pollution respectively?

    • A.

      Waste incinerators and forest fires

    • B.

      Swimming and wind erosion

    • C.

      Cycling and forest fires

    • D.

      Hurricanes and power plant emissions

    Correct Answer
    A. Waste incinerators and forest fires
    Explanation
    Man-made air pollution is caused by waste incinerators, which release harmful pollutants into the air when burning waste materials. Forest fires also contribute to man-made air pollution as they release large amounts of smoke and pollutants into the atmosphere. On the other hand, natural air pollution is mainly caused by natural phenomena such as wind erosion, which can lift dust and particles into the air, affecting air quality. Therefore, waste incinerators and forest fires are the causes of man-made air pollution, while natural air pollution is primarily caused by wind erosion.

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  • 4. 

    List three effects of air pollution on human health.

    • A.

      Insomnia, Rhinitis and cardiac

    • B.

      Asthma, Rhinitis and high blood pressure

    • C.

      Pulmonary, cardiac and vascular

    • D.

      Diabetics, Rhinitis and heart attack

    Correct Answer
    C. Pulmonary, cardiac and vascular
    Explanation
    Air pollution can have several negative effects on human health. Pulmonary refers to the lungs, so air pollution can cause respiratory problems like difficulty breathing and lung diseases. Cardiac refers to the heart, so air pollution can increase the risk of heart diseases and heart attacks. Vascular refers to the blood vessels, so air pollution can lead to circulatory problems and increase the risk of strokes and other cardiovascular issues. Therefore, the answer "Pulmonary, cardiac and vascular" accurately identifies three effects of air pollution on human health.

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  • 5. 

    List three effects of air pollution that harms the environment.

    • A.

      Destroy Eco system, acid rain destroy the habitats and climate changes

    • B.

      Corrode buildings, affect photosynthesis and cause poor visibility

    • C.

      Destroy plants, destroy Eco system and cause soil erosion

    • D.

      Cause climate changes, cause natural disasters and the air destroy habitats

    Correct Answer
    A. Destroy Eco system, acid rain destroy the habitats and climate changes
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "Destroy Eco system, acid rain destroy the habitats and climate changes." Air pollution can have detrimental effects on the environment. It can lead to the destruction of ecosystems by harming and killing various species of plants and animals. Acid rain, which is caused by air pollution, can destroy habitats by polluting water bodies and damaging vegetation. Additionally, air pollution contributes to climate change by releasing greenhouse gases, which can lead to rising temperatures and other adverse weather patterns.

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  • 6. 

    What are the causes of air pollution in Bangkok?

    • A.

      Increase in birth rate and death rate

    • B.

      City's rapid development and growing number of vehicles

    • C.

      Increase in public transport and decrease in number of vehicles

    • D.

      Deforestation and waste disposal

    Correct Answer
    B. City's rapid development and growing number of vehicles
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "City's rapid development and growing number of vehicles." This is because as a city develops and grows, there is an increase in industrial activities, construction, and urbanization, which leads to the release of pollutants into the air. Additionally, the growing number of vehicles on the road contributes to air pollution through emissions from exhaust fumes. These factors combined contribute to the air pollution problem in Bangkok.

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  • 7. 

    What measurements does the government in Bangkok take to prevent air pollution?

    • A.

      Reduce bus services and increase the fare for public transport

    • B.

      Enforce emissions standards for only new vehicles and improve fuel quality

    • C.

      Enforce emissions standards for in-use vehicles and eliminate lead from gasoline

    • D.

      Featured a subway line and an above ground sky train in 2004 and improve fuel quality

    Correct Answer
    D. Featured a subway line and an above ground sky train in 2004 and improve fuel quality
    Explanation
    The government in Bangkok takes measures to prevent air pollution by featuring a subway line and an above ground sky train in 2004 and improving fuel quality. These actions aim to reduce the reliance on private vehicles and promote the use of public transportation, which can help decrease emissions. Additionally, improving fuel quality can lead to cleaner combustion and reduced pollution from vehicles.

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  • 8. 

    What are the causes of air pollution in London?

    • A.

      People are burning more coal and an anticyclone blew all the smog

    • B.

      Factories emit smoke and vehicles producing more carbon monoxide

    • C.

      Population increase and number of vehicles increase

    • D.

      City's rapid development and people are burning more coal

    Correct Answer
    A. People are burning more coal and an anticyclone blew all the smog
    Explanation
    The correct answer suggests that air pollution in London is caused by two factors: people burning more coal and an anticyclone blowing all the smog. Burning coal releases pollutants into the air, contributing to air pollution. An anticyclone is a weather phenomenon that can trap pollutants and prevent their dispersion, leading to the accumulation of smog in the area. Thus, the combination of increased coal burning and the presence of an anticyclone can explain the causes of air pollution in London.

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  • 9. 

    What measurements does the government in London take to prevent smog?

    • A.

      Eliminated lead from gasoline and improve fuel quality

    • B.

      Improving fuel quality and enforcing emission standard for vehicles

    • C.

      Government decreed that emission of black smoke is illegal and residents and factories operators had to switch to smokeless fuels

    • D.

      Improve fuel quality and factories operators had to switch to smokeless fuels

    Correct Answer
    C. Government decreed that emission of black smoke is illegal and residents and factories operators had to switch to smokeless fuels
    Explanation
    The government in London takes measures to prevent smog by decreeing that the emission of black smoke is illegal and requiring residents and factory operators to switch to smokeless fuels. This regulation aims to reduce the amount of pollutants released into the air, thereby improving air quality and preventing the formation of smog. By enforcing this decree, the government is taking proactive steps to address the issue of smog and protect the health and well-being of its citizens.

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  • 10. 

    What contributed to acid rain in Japan?

    • A.

      Deforestation and emission of pollutants by vehicles

    • B.

      Coal burning and emission of harmful chemical by factories

    • C.

      Waste dumping and coal burning

    • D.

      Deforestation and waste dumping

    Correct Answer
    B. Coal burning and emission of harmful chemical by factories
    Explanation
    Coal burning and emission of harmful chemicals by factories contributed to acid rain in Japan. This is because when coal is burned, it releases sulfur dioxide and nitrogen oxides which react with water vapor in the atmosphere to form sulfuric acid and nitric acid respectively. These acids then fall back to the earth's surface as acid rain. Additionally, factories emitting harmful chemicals further exacerbate the problem by releasing pollutants that contribute to the acidity of the rain.

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  • 11. 

    What can be classified as PRIMARY pollutants?

    • A.

      Sulfur dioxide

    • B.

      Carbon dioxide

    • C.

      Hydrogen fluoride

    Correct Answer(s)
    A. Sulfur dioxide
    B. Carbon dioxide
    C. Hydrogen fluoride
    Explanation
    Primary pollutants are substances that are directly emitted into the atmosphere from human activities or natural sources. They are harmful pollutants that can have direct adverse effects on human health and the environment. Sulfur dioxide, carbon dioxide, and hydrogen fluoride are all examples of primary pollutants. Sulfur dioxide is mainly emitted from burning fossil fuels, carbon dioxide is primarily released through the burning of fossil fuels and deforestation, and hydrogen fluoride is emitted from industrial processes such as aluminum production and glass manufacturing. These pollutants contribute to air pollution and can lead to respiratory issues, climate change, and damage to ecosystems.

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  • 12. 

    How can Air Pollution harm the ENVIRONMENT?

    • A.

      Climate Change

    • B.

      Ozone layer gets damaged

    • C.

      Ecosystem remains unchanged

    • D.

      Habitats get destroyed

    Correct Answer(s)
    A. Climate Change
    B. Ozone layer gets damaged
    D. Habitats get destroyed
    Explanation
    Air pollution can harm the environment in several ways. Firstly, it can contribute to climate change by releasing greenhouse gases into the atmosphere, leading to global warming and disrupting weather patterns. Secondly, air pollution can damage the ozone layer, which protects the Earth from harmful ultraviolet radiation. Thirdly, habitats can be destroyed due to air pollution, as it can contaminate soil and water, leading to the death of plants and animals. Overall, air pollution has detrimental effects on the environment, causing climate change, ozone layer depletion, and habitat destruction.

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  • 13. 

    What can you do to reduce air pollution?

    • A.

      Take more public transport

    • B.

      Use low sulphur content fuel

    • C.

      Recycling

    • D.

      All of the above

    Correct Answer
    D. All of the above
    Explanation
    All of the options mentioned in the question can contribute to reducing air pollution. Taking more public transport reduces the number of vehicles on the road, which in turn reduces emissions. Using low sulphur content fuel reduces the amount of harmful pollutants released into the air. Recycling helps in reducing the need for energy-intensive production processes that contribute to air pollution. Therefore, all of these actions can play a role in reducing air pollution.

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  • 14. 

    What is an example of natural air pollution?

    • A.

      Acid rain

    • B.

      Vehicle emission of harmful gases

    • C.

      Volcanic eruption

    • D.

      Burning fuels

    Correct Answer
    C. Volcanic eruption
    Explanation
    Volcanic eruption is an example of natural air pollution because it releases large amounts of gases and particles into the atmosphere. These emissions include sulfur dioxide, carbon dioxide, ash, and other harmful substances that can have detrimental effects on air quality. Volcanic eruptions can result in the formation of volcanic smog, or vog, which can cause respiratory problems and other health issues. Additionally, volcanic ash can travel long distances and affect air quality in regions far away from the eruption site.

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Our quizzes are rigorously reviewed, monitored and continuously updated by our expert board to maintain accuracy, relevance, and timeliness.

  • Current Version
  • Mar 22, 2023
    Quiz Edited by
    ProProfs Editorial Team
  • Jul 23, 2012
    Quiz Created by
    Kotyou987
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